BURIAL CHURCHES OF GERMAN KINGS

FROM A TO Z

 

AACHEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN AACHEN CATHEDRAL (Aachener Dom, Domhof):

 

King and Emperor OTTO III (+1002)

His viscera were buried in the Church of St Ulric and St Afra in Augsburg

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Alexander Krischnig

 

 

ALTÖTTING (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST PHILIP AND JACOB (Altötting, Wallfahrtskirche Sankt Philipp und Jakob, Tillyplatz/Kapellplatz):

 

King CARLOMAN OF BAVARIA (+880)

 

 

ANDLAU (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE PARISH CHURCH OF SAINTS PETER AND PAUL (Andlau, L'église paroissiale Saint Pierre-et-Paul, Rue Deharbe):

 

Queen and Empress RICHARDIS (+c. 894/896), consort of Emperor Charles III the Fat

 

 

ANDRIA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ANDRIA (Andria, Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta, Piazza Duomo):

 

1. Queen and Empress ISABELLA OF JERUSALEM (Yolande of Brienne;+1228), consort of Emperor Frederick II

 

2. Queen and Empress ISABELLA OF ENGLAND (+1241), consort of Emperor Frederick II

 

 

BAMBERG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF BAMBERG (Bamberger Dom, Domplatz):

 

1. King and Emperor HENRY II (+1024)

 

2. Queen and Empress KUNIGUNDE OF LUXEMBOURG (+1033), consort of Emperor Henry II

 

3. King CONRAD III (+1152)

 

 

BRATISLAVA (SLOVAKIA)

BURIED IN ST MARTIN’S CATHEDRAL (Bratislava, Dóm sv. Martina, Rudnayovo námeste):

 

Queen SOPHIA OF BAVARIA (+1425), consort of King Wenceslaus

 

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

BRNO (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST THOMAS (Brno, kostel sv. Tomaše, Moravské náměsti):

 

King JOBST OF MORAVIA (+1411)

 

 

BRUNSWICK (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ST BLASIUS (Braunschweig, Dom St. Blasii, Domplatz):

 

1. King and Emperor OTTO IV (+1218)

 

2. Queen and Empress BEATRICE OF SWABIA (+1212), consort of Emperor Otto IV

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

COLOGNE (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY OF ST PANTALEON (Köln, Benediktinerabtei St. Pantaleon, Am Pantaleonsberg):

 

Queen and Empress THEOPHANO OF BYZANTIUM (+991), consort of Emperor Otto II

 

 

COSENZA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF COSENZA (Cosenza, Cattedrale dell'Assunta, Piazza Duomo):

 

King HENRY HOHENSTAUF (+1242)

 

 

EBRACH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY CHURCH (Ebrach, Zisterzienserabteikirche, Marktplatz):

 

Queen GERTRUDE OF SULZBACH (+1146), consort of King Conrad III

 

 

FULDA (GERMANY)

BURIED IN FULDA ABBEY (Fulda Abtei, Domplatz):

 

King CONRAD I (+918)

 

The Abbey had been demolished and replaced by the Cathedral of Fulda and the tomb was lost. There is an epitaph only.

 

 

GENOA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF SAN FRANCESCO DI CASTELLETTO (Genova, Chiesa di San Francesco di Castelletto):

 

Queen MARGARET OF BRABANT (+1311), consort of Emperor Henry VII

 

The church and the tomb, by Giovanni Pisano, were demolished in 1798.

 

 

GRAZ (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE IMPERIAL MAUSOLEUM (Graz, Kaiserliches Mausoleum, Bürgergasse):

 

King and Emperor FERDINAND II (+1637)

 

His heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

HAILES ABBEY (ENGLAND)

BURIED IN HAILES ABBEY:

 

1. King RICHARD OF CORNWALL (+1272)

His heart was buried in the Church of the Franciscan Friars Minor in Oxford.

 

2. Queen SANCHIA OF PROVENCE (+1261), consort of King Richard of Cornwall

 

The abbey and the tombs had been demolished in c. 1540 and only some ruins have remained.

 

 

HEIDELBERG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF THE HOLY SPIRIT (Heidelberg, Heilig Geist Kirche, Hauptstr.):

 

1. King RUPERT (+1410)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF NUREMBERG (+1411), consort of King Rupert

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Jörg Heinrich

 

 

INNSBRUCK (AUSTRIA)

THE COURT CHURCH (Innsbruck, Hofkirche, Universitätsstr.):

 

Cenotaph of King and Emperor MAXIMILIAN I (+1519)

Maximilian I was, however, not buried here, but in St George's Chapel in Wiener Neustadt.

 

 

KIEV (UKRAINE)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF THE CAVES (Kyiv, Pecherska Lavra, vul. Sichnevogo Povstannya):

 

Queen and Empress ADELAIDE PRAXEDIS OF KIEV (+1109), consort of Emperor Henry IV

 

 

KÖNIGSLUTTER (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY (Königslutter, Kaiserdom, Abt-Fabricius-Weg):

 

1. King and Emperor LOTHAIR III (+1137)

 

2. Queen and Empress RICHENZA OF NORTHEIM (+1141), consort of Emperor Lothair III

 

 

LILIENFELD (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY (Stift Lilienfeld, Klosterrotte):

 

Queen MARGARET OF BABENBERG (+1266), consort of King Henry Hohenstauf

 

 

LORCH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN LORCH ABBEY (Kloster Lorch, Klosterstr.):

 

Queen IRENE OF BYZANTIUM (+1208), consort of King Philip of Swabia

 

 

LORSCH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY (Lorsch, Benediktinische Kloster, Nibelungenstr.):

 

1. King LOUIS I THE GERMAN (+876)

 

2. King LOUIS II THE YOUNGER(+882)

 

3. Queen KUNIGUNDE (+after 915), consort of King Conrad I

 

The abbey was demolished in the 17th century.

 

 

LOUVAIN/LEUVEN (BELGIUM)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST PETER (Louvain/Leuven, Sint Pieterskerk, Margarethaplein):

 

Empress MARY OF BRABANT (+1260), consort of Emperor Otto IV

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Alexander Krischnig

 

 

MADRID (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF DISCALCED FRANCISCANS (Madrid, Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales, calle de la Misericordia):

 

Queen and Empress MARY OF SPAIN (+1603), consort of Emperor Maximilian II

 

 

MAGDEBURG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ST MAURICE (Magdeburg, Dom St. Mauritius und St. Katharina, Domplatz):

 

1. King and Emperor OTTO I THE GREAT (+973)

 

2. Queen EDITH OF ENGLAND (+947), consort of Emperor Otto I the Great

 

 

MESSINA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF THE ASSUMPTION OF ST MARY (Messina, Basilica di Santa Maria Assunta, Piazza del Duomo):

 

King CONRAD IV (+1254)

 

The tomb was destroyed in the past.

 

 

MIDDELBURG (THE NETHERLANDS)

BURIED IN THE ABBEY CHURCH (Middelburg, Abdijkerken-Koorkerk, Groenmarkt/Koorkerkstraat):

 

1. King WILLIAM OF HOLLAND (+1256)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF BRUNSWICK (+1266), consort of King William of Holland

 

 

MUNICH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF OUR LADY (München, Frauenkirche, Frauenplatz):

 

1. King and Emperor LOUIS IV THE BAVARIAN (+1347)

His heart was buried in the Abbey of Fürstenfeld in Fürstenfeldbruck.

 

2. Queen BEATRICE OF SILESIA-GŁOGÓW (+1322), consort of Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian

 

 

MUNICH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE THEATINE CHURCH (München, Theatinerkirche St. Kajetan, Theatinerstrasse):

 

1. King and Emperor CHARLES VII ALBERT (+1745)

His heart was buried in the Holy Chapel in Altötting.

 

2. Queen and Empress MARIA AMALIA OF AUSTRIA (+1756), consort of Emperor Charles VII Albert

Her heart was buried in the Holy Chapel in Altötting.

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Alexander Krischnig

 

 

NAGYVÁRAD/ORADEA (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF VÁRAD FORTRESS:

 

King and Emperor SIGISMUND OF LUXEMBOURG (+1437)

 

The burial church of Várad Fortress and the royal tombs inside it were demolished by the Turks in the 17th c.

 

 

OXFORD (ENGLAND)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF THE FRANCISCAN FRIARS MINOR/GREYFRIARS:

 

Queen BEATRICE OF FALKENBURG (+1277), consort of King Richard of Cornwall

 

 

PALERMO (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL (Cattedrale di Palermo, Via dell'Incoronazione/Via Vittorio Emanuele):

 

1. King and Emperor HENRY VI (+1197)

 

2. Queen and Empress CONSTANCE (+1198), consort of Emperor Henry VI

 

3. King and Emperor FREDERICK II (+1250)

 

4. Queen CONSTANCE OF ARAGON (+1222), consort of Emperor Frederick II

 

 

PARIS (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE AUGUSTINIAN CONVENT (Paris, Couvent des Grands-Augustins):

 

Queen AGNES OF BURGUNDY (+1323), consort of King Rudolph I

 

The convent was demolished after 1789.

 

 

PISA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF PISA (Pisa, Duomo, Piazza del Duomo):

 

King and Emperor HENRY VII (+1313)

 

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ST VITUS (Praha, chram sv. Vita):

 

01. King and Emperor CHARLES IV (+1378)

 

02. Queen BLANCHE OF VALOIS (+1348), consort of Emperor Charles IV

 

03. Queen ANNE OF THE PALATINATE (+1353), consort of Emperor Charles IV

 

04. Queen and Empress ANNE OF ŚWIDNICA (+1362), consort of Emperor Charles IV

 

05. Queen and Empress ELIZABETH OF POMERANIA (+1393), consort of Emperor Charles IV

 

06. King WENCESLAUS (+1419)

 

07. Queen JOANNA OF BAVARIA (+1386), consort of King Wenceslaus

 

08. Queen and Empress BARBARA OF CILLI (+1451), consort of Emperor Sigismund of Luxembourg

 

09. King and Emperor FERDINAND I (+1564)

 

10. Queen ANNE JAGIELLONIAN OF BOHEMIA AND HUNGARY (+1547), consort of King (later Emperor) Ferdinand I

 

11. King and Emperor MAXIMILIAN II (+1576)

 

12. King and Emperor RUDOLPH II (+1612)

 

 

QUEDLINBURG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST SERVATIUS (Quedlinburg, Stiftskirche St. Servatius, Schlossberg):

 

1. King HENRY I THE FOWLER (+936)

 

2. Queen MATILDA (+968), consort of King Henry I the Fowler

 

 

REGENSBURG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN ST EMMERAM’S BASILICA (Regensburg, St. Emmeram Basilika, Emmeramplatz):

 

1. Queen EMMA (+876), consort of King Louis I the German

 

2. King and Emperor ARNULF OF CARINTHIA (+899)

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

3. Queen and Empress ODA (+after 903), consort of Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

4. King LOUIS III THE CHILD (+911)

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

REICHENAU (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY CHURCH OF ST MARY AND ST MARK (Kloster Reichenau, Münster St. Maria und Markus, Burgstr.):

 

King and Emperor CHARLES THE FAT (+888)

 

 

ROME (THE VATICAN)

BURIED IN ST PETER'S BASILICA

(Roma, Basilica San Pietro, Piazza San Pietro):

 

1. King and Emperor OTTO II (+983)

 

2. Queen and Empress AGNES OF POITOU (+1077), consort of Emperor Henry III

 

 

RONCESVALLES/ORREAGA (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE AUGUSTINIAN ROYAL ABBEY OF ST MARY (Roncesvalles/Orreaga, Iglesia de la Real Colegiata de Santa María, Calle de Nuestra Señora de Roncesvalles):

 

Queen YOLANDE OF ARAGON (+1300), consort of King Alfonso of Castile

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

ROUEN (FRANCE)

BURIED IN ROUEN CATHEDRAL (Rouen, Cathédrale Notre-Dame, Rue Saint-Romain):

 

Queen and Empress MATILDA OF ENGLAND (+1167), consort of Emperor Henry V

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Guy Cocriamont

 

 

SAN LORENZO DE EL ESCORIAL (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO (El Monasterio de El Escorial, Avenida Juan De Borbón Y Battemberg):

 

1. King and Emperor CHARLES V (+1558)

 

2. Queen and Empress ISABELLA OF PORTUGAL (+1539), consort of Emperor Charles V

 

 

SELTZ (FRANCE)

BURIED IN ST STEPHEN'S CHURCH (Seltz, l'église Saint Étienne, Rue Principale):

 

Queen and Empress ADELAIDE OF BURGUNDY (+999), consort of Emperor Otto I

 

The tomb hasn't been preserved. The relics of Empress Adelaide were mentioned for the last time in 1474.

 

 

SEVILLE (SPAIN)

BURIED IN SEVILLE CATHEDRAL (Sevilla, la Catedral, Avenida de la Constitución):

 

King ALFONSO OF CASTILE (+1284)

His heart and viscera were buried in the Cathedral of Murcia.

 

 

SPEYER (GERMANY)

BURIED IN SPEYER CATHEDRAL (Speyer Dom, Domplatz):

 

01. King and Emperor CONRAD II (+1039)

His heart and viscera were buried in St Martin's Cathedral in Utrecht (Holland).

 

02. Queen and Empress GISELA OF SWABIA (+1043), consort of Emperor Conrad II

 

03. King and Emperor HENRY III (+1056)

His heart was firstly buried in the Church of Saints Simon and Judas in Goslar, later reburied with his viscera in St Ulric's Chapel in Goslar.

 

04. King and Emperor HENRY IV (+1106)

 

05. Queen and Empress BERTHA OF SAVOY (+1087), consort of Emperor Henry IV

 

06. King and Emperor HENRY V (+1125)

His heart and viscera were buried in St Martin's Cathedral in Utrecht (Holland).

 

07. Queen and Empress BEATRICE OF BURGUNDY (+1184), consort of Emperor Frederick I

 

08. King PHILIP OF SWABIA (+1208)

 

09. King RUDOLPH I (+1291)

 

10. King ADOLPHUS OF NASSAU (+1298)

 

11. King ALBERT I HABSBURG (+1308)

 

 

STAMS (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY (Stams, Zisterzienserstift, Stiftshof):

 

1. Queen ELIZABETH OF BAVARIA (+1273), consort of King Conrad IV

 

2. Queen and Empress BIANCA MARIA SFORZA (+1510), consort of Emperor Maximilian I

 

 

ST PAUL IM LAVANTTAL (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY (Benediktinerstift St. Paul im Lavanttal, Hauptstr.):

 

1. Queen GERTRUDE ANNE OF HOHENBERG (+1281), consort of King Rudolph I

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF CARINTHIA (+1313), consort of King Albert I Habsburg

 

 

SZÉKESFEHÉRVÁR (HUNGARY)

BURIED IN THE CORONATION BASILICA  (Székesfehérvár, Koronazó-bazilika):

 

1. King ALBERT II (+1439)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF LUXEMBOURG (+1442), consort of King Albert II

 

The basilica and the royal tombs were demolished by the Turks in 1601.

 

 

TYRE (LEBANON)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF TYRE:

 

King and Emperor FREDERICK I (+1190)

 

Only his bones were buried in Tyre Cathedral. His flesh was buried in the Cathedral of St Peter in Antioch (now Turkey). His heart and viscera were buried in the Cathedral of Tarsus (now Turkey).

The Cathedral of Tyre was demolished by the Mamluks following the capture of Tyre in 1291.

 

 

VALENCIENNES (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE FRANCISCAN CONVENT (Valenciennes, Couvent des Franciscains):

 

Queen and Empress MARGARET OF HAINAUT (+1356), consort of Emperor Louis IV the Bavarian

 

The convent was demolished in the past.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CAPUCHIN CHURCH (Wien, Kapuzinerkirche, Neuer Markt):

 

01. King and Emperor MATTHEW (+1619)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

02. Queen and Empress ANNE OF TYROL (+1618), consort of Emperor Matthew

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

03. King and Emperor FERDINAND IV (+1654)

 

04. King and Emperor FERDINAND III (+1657)

 

05. Queen and Empress MARIA ANNA OF SPAIN (+1646), consort of Emperor Ferdinand III

 

06. Queen and Empress MARIA LEOPOLDINA OF TYROL (+1649), consort of Emperor Ferdinand III

 

07. Queen and Empress ELEANOR MAGDALEN OF MANTUA-NEVERS-GONZAGA (+1686), consort of Emperor Ferdinand III

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

08. King and Emperor LEOPOLD I (+1705)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

09. Queen and Empress MARGARET THERESA OF SPAIN (+1673), consort of Emperor Leopold I

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

10. Queen and Empress ELEANOR MAGDALEN OF THE PALATINATE-NEUBURG (+1720), consort of Emperor Leopold I

 

11. King and Emperor JOSEPH I (+1711)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

12. King and Emperor CHARLES VI (+1740)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

13. Queen and Empress ELIZABETH CHRISTINA OF BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBÜTTEL (+1750), consort of Emperor Charles VI

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

14. King and Emperor FRANCIS I STEPHEN (+1765)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

15. Queen and Empress MARIA THERESA (+1780), consort of Emperor Francis I Stephen

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

16. King and Emperor JOSEPH II (+1790)

 

17. Queen and Empress MARIA JOSEPHA OF BAVARIA (+1767), consort of Emperor Joseph II

 

18. King and Emperor LEOPOLD II (+1792)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

19. Queen and Empress MARIA LODOVICA OF SICILY (+1792), consort of Emperor Leopold II

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

20. King and Emperor FRANCIS I (+1835)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

21. Queen and Empress MARIA THERESA OF NAPLES-SICILY (+1807), consort of Emperor Francis I

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE DOMINICAN CHURCH (Wien, Dominikanerkirche, Postgasse):

 

Queen and Empress CLAUDIA FELICITY OF TIROL (+1676), consort of Emperor Leopold I

 

Her heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

LIST OF GERMAN KINGS 843-1806

 

CAROLINGIAN DYNASTY (Karolinger)

843-876: LOUIS I THE GERMAN (Ludwig I. der Deutsche)

Born in 804.

Father: Frankish King Louis I the Debonair. Mother: Queen Ermengarde.

Married in 827 EMMA of Altdorf (+876).

His issue who reigned:

-CARLOMAN OF BAVARIA (*829,+880),

-LOUIS II THE YOUNGER (*c. 830,+882),

-CHARLES III THE FAT (*839,+888).

Died in 876 at Frankfurt/Main.

Buried in the Abbey of Lorsch (demolished).

His Queen Emma was buried in St Emmeram's Basilica at Regensburg.

 

 

876-880: CARLOMAN OF BAVARIA (Karlmann von Bayern)

Born in 829.

Father: East Frankish King Louis I the German. Mother: Queen Emma.

Married a daughter of Bavarian duke Ernest.

His issue who reigned: ARNULF OF CARINTHIA (*c. 850,+899; illegitimate).

Died in 880 at Oettingen.

Buried in the Church of St St Philip and Jacob at Altötting.

 

 

876-882: LOUIS II THE YOUNGER (Ludwig II. der Jüngere)

Born in c. 830.

Father: East Frankish King Louis I the German. Mother: Queen Emma.

Married firstly an unknown woman.

Married secondly in 874 at Aschaffenburg LIUTGARD of Saxony (+885).

Died in 882 at Frankfurt/Main.

Buried in the Abbey of Lorsch (demolished).

 

 

876-887: CHARLES III THE FAT (Karl III. der Dicke; Roman Emperor from 881; West Frankish/French King)

Born in 839.

Father: East Frankish King Louis I the German. Mother: Queen Emma.

Married in 862 RICHARDIS (+c. 894/96 Andlau).

He and his consort Richardis were crowned emperor and empress in 881 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Deposed in 887.

Died in 888 at Neudingen.

Buried in the Monastery of Reichenau, Baden.

His consort Queen and Empress Richardis was buried in St St Peter and Paul's Church in Andlau, now France.

 

 

887-899: ARNULF OF CARINTHIA (Arnulf von Kärnten; Roman Emperor from 896)

Born in c. 850.

Father: East Frankish King Carloman. Mother: Liutswind.

Married ODA of Bavaria (+after 903).

He was crowned emperor in 896 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-LOUIS III (*893,+911),

-Glismut (East Frankish Queen).

Died in 899 at Regensburg.

Buried with his Queen and Empress Oda in St Emmeram's Basilica in Regensburg (no tomb).

 

 

900-911: LOUIS III THE CHILD (Ludwig III. der Kind)

Born in 893 in Altötting, Bavaria.

Father: East Frankish King and Emperor Arnulf of Carinthia. Mother: Queen and Empress Oda of Bavaria.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 900 in Forchheim.

Died in 911 in Frankfurt/Main.

Buried in St Emmeram's Basilica at Regensburg (no tomb).

 

 

CONRADINE DYNASTY (Konradiner)

911-918: CONRAD I (Konrad I.)

Born in 918 at Weilburg.

Father: Duke Conrad of the Franks. Mother: Princess Glismut.

Married in 913 KUNIGUNDE of Swabia.

Died in 918.

Buried in Fulda Abbey (no tomb, epitaph only).

His consort Queen Kunigunde was buried in Lorsch Abbey (demolished).

 

 

SAXON DYNASTY (Ludolfinger)

919-936: HENRY I THE FOWLER (Heinrich I.)

Born in c. 876.

Father: Duke Otto I of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Hedvig.

Married firstly in 906 Hatheburg. Repudiated in 909.

Married secondly in 909 MATILDA of Ringelheim (*c. 895,+968).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

-OTTO I (*912,+973; son of Matilda),

-Gerberga (+984; Queen of West Franks; daughter of Matilda).

Died in 936 at Memleben (now Saxony-Anhalt).

Buried with his Queen Matilda in the Church of St Servatius in Quedlinburg.

 

 

936-973: OTTO I THE GREAT (Otto I. der Grosse; Roman Emperor from 962)

Born in 912.

Father: King Henry I of Germany. Mother: Queen St Matilda.

Married firstly in c. 930 Princess EDITH of England (*910/13,+946/47).

Married secondly in 951 ADELAIDE of Burgundy (+999).

He and his consort Edith of England were crowned king and queen in 936 in Aachen Cathedral.

He and his consort Adelaide of Burgundy were crowned emperor and empress in 962 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned: OTTO II (*955,+983; son of Adelaide).

Died in 973 at Memleben.

Buried with his first consort Queen Edith of England in Magdeburg Cathedral.

His second consort Empress Adelaide was buried in Seltz Abbey (now France). In the 14th c. her remains were translated to St Stephen's Church in Seltz.

 

 

973-983: OTTO II (Roman Emperor from 967)

Born in 955.

Father: King and Emperor Otto I of Germany. Mother: Queen and Empress Adelaide of Burgundy.

Married in 972 Princess Theophano of Byzantium (+991).

He was crowned king in 961 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned emperor in 967 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His consort Theophano was crowned empress in 972 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned: OTTO III (*980,+1002).

Died in 983 in Rome.

Buried in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His consort Empress Theophano was buried in St Pantaleon's Abbey in Cologne.

 

 

983-1002: OTTO III (Roman Emperor from 996)

Born in 980 in Kessel, now the Netherlands.

Father: King and Emperor Otto II of Germany. Mother: Queen and Empress Theophano of Byzantium.

Unmarried.

He was crowned king in 983 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned emperor in 996 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Died in 1002 in Paterno, Italy.

Buried in Aachen Cathedral.

 

 

1002-1024: HENRY II (Heinrich II.; Roman Emperor from 1014)

Born in 973 in Abbach.

Father: Duke Henry the Quarrelsome of Bavaria. Mother: Duchess Gisela of Burgundy.

Married Countess KUNIGUNDE of Luxembourg (*c. 975,+1033 Kaufungen).

He was crowned king in 1002 in Mainz Cathedral.

His consort Kunigunde was crowned queen in 1002 in Paderborn Cathedral.

He and his consort Kunigunde were crowned emperor and empress in 1014 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Died in 1024 at Bamberg.

Buried with his Empress and Queen Kunigunde in Bamberg Cathedral.

 

 

SALIAN DYNASTY (Salier)

1024-1039: CONRAD II (Konrad II.; Roman Emperor from 1027)

Born in c. 990.

Father: Count Henry of Speyer. Mother: Adele of Metz.

Married in 1016 GISELA of Swabia (*989,+1043 Goslar).

He was crowned king in 1024 in Mainz Cathedral.

He and his consort Gisela were crowned emperor and empress in 1027 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His consort Gisela was crowned in 1024 in Cologne Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-HENRY III (*1017,+1056),

-Matilda (+1034; Queen of France).

Died in 1039 in Utrecht.

Buried with his Empress and Queen Gisela in Speyer Cathedral.

 

 

1039-1056: HENRY III (Heinrich III.; Roman Emperor from 1046)

Born in 1017.

Father: Emperor and King Conrad II of Germany. Mother: Empress Gisela of Swabia.

Married firstly in 1036 at Nijmegen Princess Gunhild of Denmark-England (*1019,+1038).

Married secondly in 1043 AGNES of Poitou (*1024,+1077).

He was crowned king in 1028 in Aachen Cathedral.

His second consort Agnes of Poitou was crowned queen in 1043 in Mainz Cathedral.

He and his second consort Agnes were crowned emperor and empress in 1046 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-HENRY IV (*1050,+1106; son of Agnes),

-Judith (*1054,+after 1105; Queen of Hungary and Duchess of Poland; daughter of Agnes).

Died in 1056 at Bodfeld.

Buried in Speyer Cathedral.

His first consort Princess Gunhild of Denmark was buried in Limburg Abbey at Bad Dürkheim.

His second consort Empress Agnes was buried in St Peter's Basilica in Rome (no tomb).

 

 

1056-1106: HENRY IV (Heinrich IV.; Roman Emperor from 1084)

Born in 1050.

Father: Emperor and King Henry III of Germany. Mother: Empress Agnes of Poitou.

Married firstly in 1066 BERTHA of Savoy (c. 1051,+1087).

Married secondly in 1089 in Cologne Princes PRAXEDIS-ADELAIDE of Kiev (+1109).

He was crowned king in 1054 in Aachen Cathedral.

His first consort Bertha of Savoy was crowned queen in 1066 at Würzburg.

He and his first consort Bertha were crowned emperor and empress in 1084 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-Agnes (*1072/73,+1143; Margravine of Austria; daughter of Bertha),

-HENRY V (*1086,+1125; son of Bertha).

Died in 1106 at Liège.

Buried with his first consort Empress Bertha in Speyer Cathedral.

His second consort Empress Adelaide was buried in the Monastery of the Caves in Kiev (no tomb).

 

 

1106-1125: HENRY V (Heinrich V.; Roman Emperor from 1111)

Born in 1086.

Father: Emperor and King Henry IV of Germany. Mother: Empress Bertha of Savoy.

Married in 1114 at Mainz Princess MATILDA of England (*1102 Winchester,+1167 Rouen).

He was crowned king in 1099 in Aachen Cathedral.

His consort Matilda of England was crowned queen twice in 1110 and 1114 at Mainz Cathedral.

He and his consort Matilda were crowned emperor and empress in 1117 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Died in 1125 at Utrecht.

Buried in Speyer Cathedral.

His Queen and Empress Matilda of England was buried firstly in Bec Abbey near Rouen, then reburied in Notre Dame of Rouen in 1847.

 

 

HOUSE OF SUPPLINBURG (Supplinburger)

1125-1137: LOTHAIR III (Lothar III.; Roman Emperor from 1133)

Born in 1075.

Father: Count Lothar of Supplinburg. Mother: Countess Hedwig von Frombach.

Married in 1100 RICHENZA of Northeim (*c. 1087/89,+1141).

He was crowned king in 1125 in Aachen Cathedral.

He and his consort Richenza were crowned emperor and empress in 1133 in the Basilica of St John Lateran in Rome.

Died in 1137 at Breitenwang, Tyrol.

Buried with his Queen and Empress Richenza at Königslutter Abbey.

 

 

HOUSE OF HOHENSTAUFEN (Staufer)

1138-1152: CONRAD III (Konrad III.)

Born in 1093 at Bamberg.

Father: Duke Frederick I of Swabia. Mother: Duchess Agnes von Waiblingen.

Married firstly in c. 1115 Gertrude of Komburg (+1130/31).

Married secondly in 1136 GERTRUDE of Sulzbach (+1146 Hersfeld).

He was crowned in 1138 in Aachen Cathedral.

Died in 1152 at Bamberg.

Buried the Cathedral of Bamberg.

His second consort Queen Gertrude of Sulzbach was buried in Ebrach Abbey.

 

 

1152-1190: FREDERICK I BARBAROSSA (Friedrich I. Barbarossa; Roman Emperor from 1155)

Born in 1122 in Waiblingen or in Weingarten.

Father: Duke Frederick II of Swabia. Mother: Duchess Judith of Bavaria.

Married firstly in c. 1147 in Cheb, Bohemia ADELAIDE of Vohburg (*1122,+c. 1190 Weissenau Abbey). Marriage was annulled in 1153.

Married secondly in 1156 in Würzburg BEATRICE of Burgundy (*c. 1145,+1184 Jouhe near Dole, Burgundy).

He was crowned king in 1152 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned emperor in 1155 (first time) in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

He and his Queen Beatrice were crowned emperor and empress of Germany in 1167 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-HENRY VI (*1165,+1197; son of Beatrice),

-PHILIP (*c. 1177,+1208; son of Beatrice).

Died in 1190 in the Saleph River (Göksu) in Cilicia (drowned).

Buried in the Cathedral of Tyre (now Lebanon; demolished).

His second consort Empress and Queen Beatrice of Burgundy was buried in the Cathedral of Speyer.

 

 

1190-1197: HENRY VI (Heinrich VI.; Roman Emperor from 1191, King of Sicily)

Born in 1165 at Nijmegen.

Father: Emperor and King Frederick I Barbarossa of Germany. Mother: Queen Beatrice of Burgundy.

Married in 1186 in Milan the future Queen CONSTANCE of Sicily (*1154,+1198).

He was crowned king in 1169 in Aachen Cathedral.

He and his Queen Constance were crowned emperor and empress of Germany in 1191 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned: FREDERICK II (*1194,+1250).

Died in 1197 at Messina.

Buried with his Empress and Queen Constance in Palermo Cathedral.

 

 

1198-1208: PHILIP OF SWABIA (Philipp von Schwaben)

Born in c. 1177.

Father: Emperor and King Frederick I Barbarossa of Germany. Mother: Queen Beatrice of Burgundy.

Married in 1197 Dowager Queen of Sicily, Princess IRENE of Byzantium (+1208 Hohenstaufen).

He was crowned twice: in 1198 in Mainz Cathedral and in 1205 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Beatrice (*1198,+1212; Empress and Queen of Germany),

-Kunigunde (*c. 1200,+1248; Queen of Bohemia),

-Elizabeth (*c. 1203,+1235; Queen of Castile).

Died in 1208 at Bamberg (murdered).

He was buried in the Cathedral of Speyer.

His Queen Irene was buried in the Abbey of Lorch.

 

 

HOUSE OF GUELPH (Welfen)

1198-1215: OTTO IV (Roman Emperor from 1209)

Born in c. 1175/77 in Normandy.

Father: Duke Henry the Lion of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Matilda of England.

Married firstly in 1212 at Nordhausen Princess BEATRICE of Hohenstaufen (*1198,+1212 Nordhausen).

Married secondly in 1214 in Maastricht MARY of Brabant (*c. 1190,+1260).

He was crowned king in 1198 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned emperor in 1209 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

Deposed in 1215.

Died in 1218 at Harzburg.

Buried with his first consort Empress Beatrice in Brunswick Cathedral.

His second consort Empress Mary was buried in St Peter's Church in Louvain.

 

 

HOUSE OF HOHENSTAUFEN (Staufer)

1212-1250: FREDERICK II (Friedrich II.; Roman Emperor from 1220, King of Sicily as Frederick I Roger)

Born in 1194 at Iesi.

Father: Emperor and King Henry VI of Germany. Mother: Queen Constance of Sicily.

Married firstly in 1209 in Messina Dowager Queen of Hungary CONSTANCE of Aragon (*1179,+1222 Catania).

Married secondly in 1225 at Brindisi Queen ISABELLA II of Jerusalem (*1211,+1228 Andria).

Married thirdly in 1235 at Worms Princess ISABELLA Plantagenet of England (*1214,+1241 Foggia).

He was crowned twice as German king: in 1212 in Mainz Cathedral and in 1215 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned as emperor with his first consort Queen Constance of Hungary in 1220 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-CONRAD IV (*1228,+1254; son of Isabella II of Jerusalem),

-HENRY (*1211,+1242).

Died in 1250 at Castel Fiorentino.

Buried with his first consort Queen Constance of Hungary in Palermo Cathedral.

His two other queens Isabella II of Jerusalem and Isabella of England were buried in Andria Cathedral.

 

 

1220-1235: HENRY HOHENSTAUF (Heinrich)

Born in 1211 in Sicily.

Father: King Frederick II. Mother: Queen Constance of Aragon.

Married in 1225 in Nuremberg Princess MARGARET of Austria (+1266).

He was crowned in 1222 in Aachen Cathedral.

His consort Margaret of Austria was crowned in 1227 in Aachen Cathedral.

Deposed in 1235 and imprisoned.

Died in 1242 in Martirano (Calabria).

Buried in Cosenza Cathedral, Italy.

His consort Queen Margaret (later Queen of Bohemia) was buried in Lilienfeld Abbey, Austria.

 

 

1250-1254: CONRAD IV (Konrad IV.; King of Sicily)

Born in 1228 at Andria.

Father: King Frederick I Roger of Sicily. Mother: Queen Isabella II of Jerusalem.

Married in 1246 at Vohburg Princess ELIZABETH of Wittelsbach (*1227 Landshut,+1273).

His issue who reigned: Conradin (*1252,+1268; King of Sicily).

Died in 1254 near Lavello.

Buried in the Cathedral of Messina (no tomb).

His consort Queen Elizabeth was buried in Stams Abbey, Tyrol.

 

 

HOUSE OF HOLLAND (Haus von Holland)

1254-1256: WILLIAM OF HOLLAND (Wilhelm von Holland)

Born in 1227.

Father: Count Floris IV of Holland. Mother: Countess Mechtilde of Brabant.

Married in 1252 ELIZABETH of Brunswick-Lüneburg (+1266).

He was crowned in 1248 in Aachen Cathedral.

Died in 1256 in a battle near Hoogwoud (North Holland).

Buried (in 1282) with his Queen Elizabeth in Middelburg Abbey.

 

 

HOUSE OF PLANTAGENET (Haus Plantagenet)

1257-1272: RICHARD OF CORNWALL

Born in 1209 at Winchester.

Father: King John Lackland of England. Mother: Queen Isabella of Angoulême.

Married firstly in 1231 at Fawley Isabella of Pembroke (*1200 Pembroke,+1240 Berkhamstead).

Married secondly in 1243 in London SANCHIA of Provence (*c. 1225 Aix-en-Provence,+1261 Berkhamstead).

Married thirdly in 1269 in Kaiserslauten BEATRICE of Falkenburg (*c. 1253 Falkenburg,+1277).

He was crowned with his second consort Sanchia in 1257 at Aachen Cathedral.

Died in 1272 at Berkhamstead.

Buried with his second consort Queen Sanchia in Hailes Abbey, Gloucestershire (no tomb).

His first consort Princess Isabella was buried in Beaulieu Abbey, Hampshire.

His third consort Queen Beatrice was buried in the Church of Franciscan Friars Minor at Oxford.

 

 

HOUSE OF BURGUNDY (Haus Burgund)

1257-1273: ALFONSO OF CASTILE (Alfons X. von Kastilien; King of Castile)

Born in 1221 at Toledo.

Father: King Ferdinand III of Castile. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Hohenstaufen.

Married in 1246 in Valladolid Princess YOLANDE of Aragon (*1236,+1301 Roncesvalles).

He was never crowned in Germany.

His issue who reigned: Sancho IV (*1258,+1295; King of Castile).

Deposed in 1273.

Died in 1284 in Seville.

Buried in the Cathedral of Seville.

His Queen Yolande of Aragon was buried in St Mary's Abbey at Roncesvalles.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburger

1273-1291: RUDOLPH I (Rudolf I.; Duke of Austria)

Born in 1218 at Limburg/Breisgau.

Father: Count Albert IV of Habsburg. Mother: Countess Hedvig of Kyburg.

Married firstly in 1253 in Alsace Countess GERTRUDE ANNE of Hohenberg (*1225 Swabia,+1281 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1284 at Besançon Duchess AGNES of Burgundy (*1270 Dijon,+1323 Chambly).

He was crowned with his first consort Gertrude Anne in 1273 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-ALBERT I *1255,+1308; son of Gertrude),

-Clementia (*c. 1262,+1293; Queen of Naples; daughter of Gertrude),

-Rudolph (*c. 1270,+1290; Duke of Austria; son of Gertrude),

-Judith (*1271,+1297; Queen of Bohemia; daughter of Gertrude).

Died in 1291 in Speyer.

Buried in Speyer Cathedral.

His first consort Queen Gertrude Anne was firstly buried in the Minster in Basel/Switzerland, later reburied in the Benedictine Monastery at St Paul im Lavanttal, Austria.

His second consort Queen Agnes was buried in the Augustinian Convent in Paris (demolished).

 

 

HOUSE OF NASSAU (Haus Nassau)

1292-1298: ADOLPHUS OF NASSAU (Adolf von Nassau)

Born in c. 1255.

Father: Count Walram II of Nassau. Mother: Countess Adelaide von Katzenelnbogen.

Married in c. 1271 IMAGINA of Isenburg-Limburg (+c. 1313).

He was crowned with his consort Imagina in 1292 in Aachen Cathedral.

Died in 1298 near Göllheim.

Buried in the Cathedral of Speyer.

His Queen Imagina was buried in the Franciscan Convent of Klarenthal near Wiesbaden (demolished).

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburger)

1298-1308: ALBERT I HABSBURG (Albrecht I.; Duke of Austria)

Born in c. 1255 at Rheinfelden.

Father: Rudolph I, German king. Mother: Queen Gertrude Anna of Hohenberg.

Married in c. 1276 in Vienna Princess ELIZABETH of Carinthia (*c. 1262 Munich,+1313 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1298 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Agnes (*1281,+1364; Queen of Hungary),

-Rudolph I/III (*c. 1282,+1307; King of Bohemia, Duke of Austria),

-FREDERICK THE HANDSOME (*c. 1289,+1330),

-Leopold I (*1290,+1326; Duke of Austria),

-Albert II the Lame (*1298,+1358; Duke of Austria),

-Otto (*1301,+1339; Duke of Austria).

Died in 1308 at Königsfelden near Brugg (murdered).

Buried in Speyer Cathedral.

His consort Queen Elizabeth of Carinthia was buried in the Benedictine Abbey at St Paul im Lavanttal.

 

 

HOUSE OF LUXEMBOURG (Luxemburger)

1308-1313: HENRY VII (Heinrich VII.; Roman Emperor from 1312)

Born in 1274 at Valenciennes.

Father: Count Henry VI of Luxembourg. Mother: Countess Beatrice d'Avesnes.

Married in 1292 at Tervuren MARGARET of Brabant (*1276,+1311 Genoa).

He was crowned with his consort Margaret in 1309 in Aachen Cathedral (royal coronation).

He was crowned emperor in 1312 in the Basilica of St John Lateran in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-John (*1296,+1346; King of Bohemia),

-Mary (*1304,+1324; Queen of France),

-Beatrice (*1305,+1319; Queen of Hungary).

Died in 1313 at Buonconvento near Siena.

Buried in the Cathedral of Pisa.

His Queen Margaret of Brabant was buried in the Church of St Francis di Castelletto in Genoa (demolished).

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburger)

1314-1330: FREDERICK THE HANDSOME

(Friedrich der Schöne; Duke of Austria. Ruled together with Louis IV the Bavarian)

Born in c. 1289 in Vienna.

Father: Albert I, German king. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Carinthia.

Married in 1314 at Castle Gutenstein Princess ELIZABETH (Isabella) of Aragon (*c. 1296 Montpellier,+1330 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1314 in the Collegiate Church at Bonn. His Queen Elizabeth of Aragon was crowned in 1315 in the Cathedral of Basel.

Died in 1330 at Gutenstein, Lower Austria.

Buried in St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna.

His consort Queen Elizabeth of Aragon was buried in the Minorites Church in Vienna (no tomb).

 

 

HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH (Wittelsbacher)

1314-1347: LOUIS IV THE BAVARIAN

(Ludwig IV. der Bayer; Roman Emperor from 1328. Ruled together with Frederick the Handsome)

Born in 1282 in Munich.

Father: Duke Louis II of Upper Bavaria. Mother: Duchess Mechtild of Habsburg.

Married firstly in c. 1309 Princess BEATRICE of Silesia-Głogów (*c. 1290,+1322 Munich).

Married secondly in 1324 in Cologne Countess MARGARET of Hainaut (*1311,+1356 Le Quesnoy).

He was crowned German king with his first consort Beatrice of Silesia-Głogów in 1314 in Aachen Cathedral.

He was crowned emperor in 1328 in the Basilica of St John Lateran in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-Louis the Roman (*1330,+1365; Elector of Brandenburg; son of Margaret),

-Otto the Sluggard (*1340/42,+1379; Elector of Brandenburg; son of Margaret),

-Beatrice (*1344,+1359; Queen of Sweden; daughter of Margaret).

Died in 1347 at Puch near Fürstenfeldbruck.

Buried with his first consort Queen Beatrice of Silesia-Głogów in the Church of Our Lady in Munich.

His second consort Empress and Queen Margaret of Hainaut was buried in the Franciscan Convent at Valenciennes, France (demolished).

 

 

HOUSE OF LUXEMBOURG (Luxemburger)

1346-1378: CHARLES IV (Karl IV.; Roman Emperor from 1355, King of Bohemia)

Born in 1316 in Prague.

Father: King of Bohemia John of Luxembourg. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia.

Married firstly in 1329 in Prague Princess Blanche of Valois (*1316,+1348 Prague).

Married secondly in 1349 Princess Anne of the Palatinate (*1329,+1353 Prague).

Married thirdly in 1353 at Buda Princess Anne of Świdnica (*1339,+1362).

Married fourthly in 1363 in Cracow Princess Elizabeth of Pomerania (*1347,+1393 Hradec Králové).

He was firstly crowned in 1346 in Bonn Collegiate Church.

He (second coronation) and his second consort Anne of the Palatinate were crowned in 1349 in Aachen Cathedral.

He (third coronation) and his third consort Anne of Świdnica were crowned in 1355 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His fourth consort Elizabeth of Pomerania was crowned in 1368 in St Peter's Basilica in Rome.

His issue who reigned:

-Margaret (*1335,+1349; Queen of Hungary and Poland; daughter of Blanche),

-Catherine (*1342,+1395; Duchess of Austria; daughter of Blanche),

-Elizabeth (*1358,+1373; Duchess of Austria; daughter of Anne of Świdnica),

-WENCESLAUS (*1361,+1419; son of Anne of Świdnica).

-Anne (*1366,+1394; Queen of England; daughter of Elizabeth),

-SIGISMUND (*1368,+143; son of Elizabeth).

Died in 1378 in Prague.

Buried with his four queens in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1378-1400: WENCESLAUS

(Wenzel; King of Bohemia as Wenceslaus IV, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in 1361 in Nuremberg.

Father: Emperor and King Charles IV of Germany. Mother: Empress and Queen Anne of Świdnica.

Married firstly in 1370 Joanna of Bavaria (*c. 1356,+1386 Karlštejn).

Married secondly in 1389 in Prague Sophia of Bavaria (*1376,+1425 Bratislava).

He and his first consort Joanna of Bavaria were crowned in 1376 in Aachen Cathedral.

Deposed in 1400.

Died in 1419 at Kunratice near Prague.

Buried with his first consort Queen Joanna of Bavaria in St Vitus' Cathedral in Prague. Earlier buried in the Church of Saints Paul and Peter at Vyšehrad, then in Zbraslav. In 1423 he was reburied in Prague.

His second consort Queen Sophia of Bavaria was buried in St Martin's Cathedral in Bratislava (no tomb).

 

 

HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH (Wittelsbacher)

1400-1410: RUPERT (Ruprecht von der Pfalz)

Born in 1352 at Amberg.

Father: Ruprecht II of the Palatinate. Mother: Beatrice of Sicily.

Married in 1374 at Amberg ELIZABETH of Nuremberg (*1358,+1411 Heidelberg).

He was crowned twice: in 1401 in Cologne Cathedral and in 1407 in Aachen Cathedral.

Died in 1410 at Castle Landskron near Oppenheim.

Buried with his Queen Elizabeth in the Church of The Holy Spirit in Heidelberg.

 

 

HOUSE OF LUXEMBOURG (Luxemburger)

1410-1411: JOBST OF MORAVIA (Jobst von Mähren; Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in c. 1351.

Father: Margrave John Henry of Moravia. Mother: Margaret of Opava.

Married firstly in 1372 Princess Elizabeth of Opole (*1360,+c. 1374).

Married secondly Princess Agnes of Opole (+c. 1409).

He was never crowned as he died prior to his coronation.

Died in 1411 in Brno, Moravia.

Buried in the Church of St Thomas in Brno.

 

 

1410-1437: SIGISMUND OF LUXEMBOURG (Sigismund von Luxemburg; Roman Emperor from 1433, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary, Elector of Brandenburg)

Born in 1368 in Nuremberg.

Father: Emperor Charles IV. Mother: Empress Elizabeth of Pomerania.

Married firstly in 1385 Queen Mary of Hungary (*c. 1371,+1395).

Married secondly in 1408 BARBARA of Cilli (*c. 1390/95,+1451).

Crowned with his second consort Barbara of Cilli in 1414 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned: Elizabeth (*1409,+1442; Empress of Germany, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; daughter of Barbara).

Died in 1437 at Znojmo, Moravia.

Buried with his first consort Queen Mary of Hungary in the Church of Várad Fortress in Nagyvárad, Transylvania (demolished).

His second consort Empress Barbara of Cilli was buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburger)

1438-1439: ALBERT II (Albrecht II.; Duke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1397 in Vienna.

Father: Duke Albert IV of Austria. Mother: Duchess Joanna Sophia of Bavaria.

Married in 1421 in Prague Princess ELIZABETH of Bohemia and Hungary (*c. 1409 Prague,+1442 Györ, Hungary).

He was never crowned in Germany.

His issue who reigned:

-Elizabeth (*1436,+1505; Queen of Poland),

-Ladislaus the Posthumous (*1440,+1457; King of Bohemia and Hungary).

Died in 1439 at Neszmély near Esztergom, Hungary.

Buried with his consort Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia and Hungary in the Coronation Basilica at Székesfehérvár, Hungary (demolished).

 

 

1440-1493: FREDERICK III (Friedrich III.; Roman Emperor from 1452, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1415 at Innsbruck.

Father: Duke Ernest of Austria and Styria. Mother: Duchess Cimburgis (Cymbarka) of Mazovia.

Married in 1452 in Rome Princess ELEANOR of Portugal (*1436 Torres Vedras,+1467 Wiener Neustadt).

He was crowned in 1442 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned: MAXIMILIAN I (*1459,+1519).

Died in 1493 at Linz.

Buried in St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna.

His consort Empress Eleanor of Portugal was buried in the Parish Church Neuklosterkirche at Wiener Neustadt.

 

 

1486-1519: MAXIMILIAN I (Roman Emperor from 1508, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1459 at Wiener Neustadt.

Father: Emperor Frederick III of Austria. Mother: Empress Eleanor of Portugal.

Married firstly in 1477 at Ghent Duchess Mary of Burgundy and Luxembourg (*1457 Brussels,+1482 Bruges).

Married secondly in 1494 at Hall, Tyrol Princess BIANCA MARIA Sforza of Milan (*1472 Milan,+1510 Innsbruck).

He was crowned in 1486 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Philip I the Fair (*1478,+1506; King of Castile; son of Mary),

-Margaret (*1480;+1530; Duchess of Savoy; daughter of Mary).

Died in 1519 at Wels.

Buried in St George's Chapel at Wiener Neustadt.

His first consort Duchess Mary of Burgundy was buried in Our Lady's Church in Bruges.

His second consort Empress Bianca Maria Sforza of Milan was buried in Cistercian Abbey at Stams, Tyrol.

 

 

1519-1556: CHARLES V

(Karl V.; Roman Emperor from 1530, Archduke of Austria, King of Spain, Naples and Sicily)

Born in 1500 at Gent.

Father: King Philip I the Fair of Castile. Mother: Queen Joan the Mad of Castile.

Married in 1526 at Seville Princess ISABELLA of Portugal (*1503 Lisbon,+1539 Toledo).

He was crowned in 1520 in Aachen Catehdral.

His issue who reigned:

-Philip II (*1527,+1598; King of Spain and Portugal),

-Maria (*1528,+1603; Empress and Queen of Bohemia and Hungary).

Abdicated in 1556 in Brussels and left for Spain.

Died in 1558 at San Jerónimo de Yuste, Spain.

Buried with his consort Empress Isabella of Portugal in the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial.

 

 

1531-1564: FERDINAND I

(Roman Emperor from 1556, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1503 at Alcala de Henares, Spain.

Father: King Philip I the Fair of Castile. Mother: Queen Joan the Mad of Castile.

Married in 1521 at Linz Princess ANNE Jagiellonian of Bohemia and Hungary (*1503 Buda,+1547 Prague).

He was crowned in 1531 in Aachen Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Elizabeth (*1526,+1545; Queen of Poland),

-MAXIMILIAN II (*1527,+1576),

-Anna (*1528,+1590; Electress of Bavaria),

-Catherine (*1533,+1572; Queen of Poland),

-Charles II (*1540,+1590; Archduke of Inner Austria).

Died in 1564 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Anna Jagiellonian in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1564-1576: MAXIMILIAN II (Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1527 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Ferdinand I. Mother: Princess Anna Jagiellonian of Bohemia and Hungary.

Married in 1548 at Valladolid, Spain Princess MARY of Spain (*1528 Madrid,+1603 Villa Monte, Spain).

He was crowned in 1562 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Anna (*1549,+1580; Queen of Spain),

-RUDOLPH II (*1552,+1612),

-Elizabeth (*1554,+1592; Queen of France),

-MATTHEW (*1557,+1619).

Died in 1576 in Regensburg.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His consort Empress Mary of Spain was buried in the Church of St Clara (Discalced Franciscans) in Madrid.

 

 

1576-1612: RUDOLPH II

(Rudolf II.; Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1552 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Maximilian II. Mother: Empress Mary of Spain.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 1575 in Regensburg Cathedral.

Died in 1612 in Prague.

Buried in St Vitus' Cathedral in Prague.

 

 

1612-1619: MATTHEW (Matthias; Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1557 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Maximilian II. Mother: Empress Mary of Spain.

Married in 1611 in Vienna Archduchess ANNE of Tyrol (*1585 Innsbruck,+1618 Vienna).

He was crowned together with his consort Anne of Tyrol in 1612 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

Died in 1619 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Empress Anne of Tyrol in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1619-1637: FERDINAND II (Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1578 in Graz.

Father: Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria. Mother: Archduchess Maria of Bavaria.

Married firstly in 1600 in Graz Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria (*1574 Munich,+1616 Graz).

Married secondly in 1622 in Innsbruck Princess ELEANOR Gonzaga of Mantua (*1598 Mantua,+1655 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1619 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-FERDINAND III (*1608,+1657; son of Maria Anna),

-Maria Anna (*1610,+1665; Electress of Bavaria; daughter of Maria Anna),

-Cecilia Renata (*1611,+1644; Queen of Poland; daughter of Maria Anna).

Died in 1637 in Vienna.

Buried in the Imperial Mausoleum at Graz with his first consort Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria.

His second consort Empress Eleanor of Mantua was buried in St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna.

 

 

1637-1657: FERDINAND III (Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1608 in Graz.

Father: Emperor Ferdinand II. Mother: Empress Maria Anna of Bavaria.

Married firstly in 1631 in Vienna Princess MARIA ANNA of Spain (*1608 Escorial,+1646 Linz).

Married secondly in 1648 in Linz Archduchess MARIA LEOPOLDINA of Tyrol (*1632 Innsbruck,+1649 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1651 in Vienna Princess ELEANOR Gonzaga of Mantua (*1630 Mantua,+1686 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1636 at Regensburg Cathedral. His first consort Maria Anna of Spain was crowned in 1637 and his third consort Eleanor Gonzaga was crowned in 1653, both at Regensburg Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-FERDINAND IV (*1633,+1654; son of Maria Anna),

-Maria Anna (*1635,+1696; Queen of Spain; daughter of Maria Anna),

-LEOPOLD I (*1640,+1705; son of Maria Anna),

-Eleanor (*1653,+1697; Queen of Poland; daughter of Eleanor).

Died in 1657 in Vienna.

Buried with his three consorts in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1653-1654: FERDINAND IV (King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1633 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Ferdinand III. Mother: Empress Maria Anna of Spain.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 1653 at Regensburg Cathedral.

Died in 1654 in Vienna.

Buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1657-1705: LEOPOLD I (Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1640 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Ferdinand III. Mother: Empress Maria Anna of Spain.

Married firstly in 1666 in Vienna Princess MARGARET THERESA of Spain (*1651 Madrid,+1673 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1673 in Vienna Archduchess CLAUDIA FELICITY of Tyrol (*1653 Innsbruck,+1676 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1676 in Vienna Princess ELEANOR MAGDALEN of Palatinate-Neuburg (*1655 Düsseldorf,+1720 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1658 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Antonia (*1669,+1692; Electress of Bavaria; daughter of Margaret Theresa),

-JOSEPH I (*1678,+1711; son of Eleanor Magdalen),

-Maria Anna (*1683,+1754; Queen of Portugal; daughter of Eleanor Magdalen),

-CHARLES VI (*1685,+1740; son of Eleanor Magdalen).

Died in 1705 in Vienna.

Buried with his first and third consort in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

His second consort Empress Claudia Felicity was buried in the Dominican Church in Vienna.

 

 

1705-1711: JOSEPH I (Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia, Hungary, Naples and Sicily)

Born in 1678 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Leopold I. Mother: Empress Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg.

Married in 1699 in Vienna Princess AMALIA WILHELMINA of Brunswick-Lüneburg (*1673 Lüneburg,+1742 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1690 in St Ulric's Church at Augsburg.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Josepha (*1699,+1757; Queen of Poland, Electress of Saxony),

-Maria Amalia (*1701,+1756; Electress of Bavaria).

Died in 1711 in Vienna.

Buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

His consort Empress Amalia Wilhelmina was buried in the Salesian Convent in Vienna.

 

 

1711-1740: CHARLES VI (Karl VI.; Roman Emperor, Archduke of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1685 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Leopold I. Mother: Empress Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg.

Married in 1708 in Barcelona Princess ELIZABETH CHRISTINA of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (*1691 Wolfenbüttel,+1750 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1711 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned: Maria Theresa (*1717,+1780; Queen of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary).

Died in 1740 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Empress Elizabeth Christina in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1740-1742: INTERREGNUM

 

 

HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH (Wittelsbacher)

1742-1745: CHARLES VII ALBERT (Karl VII. Albrecht; Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Elector of Bavaria)

Born in 1697 in Brussels.

Father: Elector Maximilian II Emmanuel of Bavaria. Mother: Electress Theresa Kunigunda Sobieska of Poland.

Married in 1722 in Munich Archduchess MARIA AMALIA of Austria (*1701 Vienna,+1756 Munich).

He was crowned in 1742 in Frankfurt Cathedral with his consort Maria Amalia of Austria.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Antonia (*1724,+1780; Electress of Saxony),

-Maximilian III Joseph (*1727,+1777; Elector of Bavaria),

-Maria Josepha (*1739,+1767; German Empress).

Died in 1745 in Munich.

Buried with his consort Empress Maria Amalia in Theatinerkirche in Munich.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG-LORRAINE (Habsburg-Lothringer)

1745-1765: FRANCIS I STEPHEN (Franz I. Stefan; Roman Emperor, Grand Duke of Tuscany)

Born in 1708 in Nancy.

Father: Duke Leopold Joseph of Lorraine. Mother: Princess Elizabeth Charlotte of Orléans.

Married in 1736 in Vienna Archduchess MARIA THERESA of Austria (*1717 Vienna,+1780 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1745 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-JOSEPH II (*1741,+1790),

-Marie Amalie (*1746,+1804; Duchess of Parma),

-LEOPOLD II (*1747,+1792),

-Marie Caroline (*1752,+1814; Queen of the Two Sicilies),

-Ferdinand (*1754,+1806; Duke of Massa-Carrara),

-Marie Antoinette (*1755,+1793; Queen of France).

Died in 1765 in Innsbruck.

Buried with his consort Empress Maria Theresa in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1764-1790: JOSEPH II (Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1741 in Schönbrunn.

Father: Emperor Francis I Stephen. Mother: Empress Maria Theresa of Austria.

Married firstly in 1760 in Vienna Princess Isabella of Bourbon-Parma (*1741 Madrid,+1763 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1765 in Vienna Princess MARIA JOSEPHA of Bavaria (*1739 Munich,+1767 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1764 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

Died in 1790 in Vienna.

Buried with his both consorts in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1790-1792: LEOPOLD II (Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary, Archduke of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany)

Born in 1747 in Schönbrunn.

Father: Emperor Francis I Stephen. Mother: Empress Maria Theresa of Austria.

Married in 1765 in Innsbruck Princess MARIA LOUISE of Spain and Sicily (*1745 Portici near Naples,+1792 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1790 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Theresa (*1767,+1827; Queen of Saxony),

-FRANCIS II (1768,+1835),

-Ferdinand (1769,+1824; Grand Duke of Tuscany).

Died in 1792 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Empress Maria Louisa in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1792-1806: FRANCIS II (Franz II.; Roman Emperor, Archduke and Emperor of Austria, King of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1768 in Florence.

Father: Emperor Leopold II. Mother: Empress Maria Louisa of Spain.

Married firstly in 1788 in Vienna Duchess Elizabeth of Württemberg (*1767 Treptow,+1790 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1790 in Vienna Princess MARIA THERESA of Naples-Sicily (*1772 Naples,+1807 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1808 in Vienna Archduchess Maria Lodovica of Modena (*1787 Monza,+1816 Verona).

Married fourthly in 1816 in Vienna Princess Caroline Augusta of Bavaria (*1792 Mannheim,+1873 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1792 in Frankfurt Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Marie Louise (*1791,+1847; Empress of the French; daughter of Maria Theresa),

-Ferdinand I (*1793,+1875; Emperor of Austria; son of Maria Theresa),

-Maria Leopoldina (*1797,+1826; Queen of Portugal and Empress of Brazil; daughter of Maria Theresa).

Abdicated in 1806.

Died in 1835 in Vienna.

Buried with all his consorts in the Capuchin Church in Vienna (Austria).

 

 

1806: HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE DISSOLVED

 

 

 

The tombs of King and Emperor MATTHEW and his consort Empress ANNE OF TYROL in the Capuchin Church in Vienna (Austria)

FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN GERMANY:

AACHEN

Charlemagne, King of the Franks

BAD DOBERAN

Margaret Sambiria of Pomerania, Queen of Denmark, consort of King Christopher I

BAD KÖSEN (PFORTA)

Agnes of Austria, Duchess of Poland, consort of Duke Ladislaus II the Exile

BAMBERG

Clement II, Pope

CELLE

Caroline Matilda of Great Britain, Queen of Denmark and Norway, consort of King Christian VII

COBURG

Ferdinand I, King of Bulgaria

COLOGNE

Rycheza, Queen of Poland, consort of King Mieszko II

DOBRJOŁUG (DOBERLUG)

Elizabeth of Poland, Duchess of Bohemia, consort of Duke Soběslav II

KASSEL

Adelaide of Hesse, Queen of Poland, consort of King Casimir III the Great

LANDSHUT

Otto I, King of Hungary

LEHNIN

Matilda of Brandenburg, Duchess of Poland, consort of Duke Henry Probus

LICHTENSTEIN

Sophia of Schönburg-Waldenburg, Princess of Albania, consort of Prince William of Wied

MAINZ

Fastrada, Queen of the Franks, consort of King Charlemagne

PANČICY-KUKOW (PANSCHWITZ-KUCKAU)

1. Charles Christian of Saxony, Duke of Courland

2. Francisca Krasińska, Duchess of Courland, consort of Charles Christian of Saxony

MEISSEN

Adelheid of Meissen, Queen of Bohemia, consort of King Přemysl Otakar I

MUNICH

1. Amalia of Oldenburg, Queen of Greece, consort of King Otto I

2. Otto I, King of Greece

PASSAU

Gisela of Bavaria, Queen of Hungary, consort of King Saint Stephen I

PFORZHEIM

Frederica of Baden, Queen of Sweden, consort of King Gustavus IV Adolphus

RATZEBURG

Margaret of Brandenburg, Queen of Poland, consort of King Przemysł II

REICHENBACH

Richenza of Berg, Duchess of Bohemia, consort of Duke Ladislaus I

SCHLESWIG

1. Abel, King of Denmark

2. Frederick I, King of Denmark and Norway

3. Niels, King of Denmark

4. Sophia of Pomerania, Queen of Denmark and Norway, consort of King Frederick I

SIGMARINGEN

Elizabeth of Romania, Queen of Greece, consort of King George II

TÜBINGEN

Mechtilde, Archduchess of Austria, consort of Archduke Albert VI

WEILBURG AN DER LAHN

1. Adelheid Marie of Anhalt, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg, consort of Grand Duke Adolphus I

2. Adolphus I, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

3. William IV, Grand Duke of Luxembourg

WEISSENFELS

Johanna Magdalena, Duchess of Courland, consort of Duke Ferdinand

 

 

FOREIGN CORONATIONS IN GERMANY:

CONSTANCE

Martin V, Pope (1417)

MAINZ

Přemysl Otakar I, King of Bohemia (1198)

MERSEBURG

Sweyn III, King of Denmark (1152)

REGENSBURG

Ladislaus I, King of Bohemia (1158)

 

GERMAN REGALIA

 

HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE

The regalia of the Holy Roman Empire are on public display at the Treasury (Schatzkammer) in Vienna’s Hofburg Palace in Austria and include:

-Imperial Crown (so called Crown of Charlemagne; 9th c.),

-Imperial Orb (13th century),

-Imperial Sceptre (15th century),

-Sabre of Charlemagne (9th century).

 

The Royal Crown of Otto III (10th century), used at his coronation in Aachen in 983, is safeguarded at the Cathedral Treasury in Essen. The crown consists of a gold rim with four fleur-de-lys and is decorated with numerous gems and pearls. It's diameter is 11,8 cm and the height of the crown is 3,6-7,7 cm. Some German historians date the crown for the 11th c. In such case it could not have been used at Otto III's coronation.

 

 

The crown of German King and Emperor

Otto III

 

The Imperial Crown of the Holy Roman Empire

 

GERMAN ROYAL CORONATIONS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

(Year, venue, name of the crowned):

900 FORCHHEIM: Louis III the Child (the earliest German royal coronation)

936 AACHEN: Otto I the Great and Edith of England

961 AACHEN: Otto II

983 AACHEN: Otto III

1002 MAINZ: Henry II

1002 PADERBORN: Kunigunde of Luxembourg, consort of Henry II

1024 MAINZ: Conrad II

1024 COLOGNE: Gisela of Swabia, consort of Conrad II

1028 AACHEN: Henry III

1043 MAINZ: Agnes of Poitou, consort of Henry III

1054 AACHEN: Henry IV

1066 WÜRZBURG: Bertha of Savoy, consort of Henry IV

1099 AACHEN: Henry V

1110 MAINZ: Matilda of England, consort of Henry V (the first coronation)

1114 MAINZ: Matilda of England, consort of Henry V (the second coronation)

1125 AACHEN: Lothair III

1138 AACHEN: Conrad III

1152 AACHEN: Frederick I

1169 AACHEN: Henry VI

1198 MAINZ: Philip of Swabia (the first coronation)

1198 AACHEN: Otto IV

1205 AACHEN: Philip of Swabia (the second coronation)

1212 MAINZ: Frederick II (the first coronation)

1215 AACHEN: Frederick II (the second coronation)

1222 AACHEN: Henry Hohenstauf

1227 AACHEN: Margaret of Austria, consort of Henry Hohenstauf

1235 WORMS: Isabella of England, consort of Frederick II

1248 AACHEN: William of Holland

1257 AACHEN: Richard of Cornwall and Sanchia of Provence

1273 AACHEN: Rudolph I and Gertrude Anna of Hohenberg

1292 AACHEN: Adolphus of Nassau and Imagina of Limburg

1298 AACHEN: Albert I of Habsburg

1309 AACHEN: Henry VII and Margaret of Brabant

1314 BONN: Frederick the Handsome

1314 AACHEN: Louis IV the Bavarian and Beatrice of Silesia-Głogów

1315 BASEL: Elizabeth of Aragon, consort of Frederick the Handsome

1346 BONN: Charles IV (the first coronation)

1349 AACHEN: Charles IV (the second coronation) and Anne of the Palatinate

1376 AACHEN: Wenceslaus and Joanna of Bavaria

1401 COLOGNE: Rupert (the first coronation)

1407 AACHEN: Rupert (the second coronation)

1414 AACHEN: Sigismund and Barbara of Cilli

1442 AACHEN: Frederick III

1486 AACHEN: Maximilian I

1520 AACHEN: Charles V

1531 AACHEN: Ferdinand I

1690 AUGSBURG: Joseph I

1690 AUGSBURG: Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg, consort of Leopold I

 

Henry I, Conrad IV, Alfonso of Castile and Albert II were never crowned as German kings.

Jobst of Moravia died prior to his coronation.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE MINORITES CONVENT, CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF THE SNOW (Wien, Minoritenkloster, Kirche Maria Schnee, Minoritenplatz):

 

Queen ELIZABETH OF ARAGON (+1330), consort of King Frederick the Handsome

 

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE SALESIAN CONVENT (Wien, Salesianerinnenkloster der Heimsuchung Maria, Rennweg):

 

Queen and Empress WILHELMINA AMALIA OF BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG (+1742), consort of Emperor Joseph I

 

Her heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN ST STEPHEN’S CATHEDRAL (Wien, Stephansdom-Herzogsgruft, Stephansplatz):

 

1. King FREDERICK THE HANDSOME (+1330)

His heart was buried in the Ascension Church in Linz.

 

2. King and Emperor FREDERICK III (+1493)

His heart and viscera were buried in the Ascension Church in Linz.

 

3. Queen and Empress ELEANOR OF MANTUA (+1655), consort of Emperor Ferdinand II

Her heart was buried in the Imperial Mausoleum in Graz.

 

 

WIENER NEUSTADT (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE NEUKLOSTERKIRCHE (Wiener Neustadt, Neuklostergasse):

 

Queen and Empress ELEANOR OF PORTUGAL (+1467), consort of Emperor Frederick III

 

IMPERIAL CORONATIONS OF GERMAN KINGS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

(Year, venue, name of the crowned):

881 ROME: Charles III the Fat and Richardis

896 ROME: Arnulf of Carinthia

962 ROME: Otto I the Great and Adelaide of Burgundy

967 ROME: Otto II

972 ROME: Theophano of Byzantium, consort of Otto II

996 ROME: Otto III

1014 ROME: Henry II and Kunigunde of Luxembourg

1027 ROME: Conrad II and Gisela of Swabia

1046 ROME: Henry III and Agnes of Poitou

1084 ROME: Henry IV and Bertha of Savoy

1117 ROME: Henry V and Matilda of England

1133 ROME: Lothar III and Richenza of Northeim

1155 ROME: Frederick I

1167 ROME: Frederick I (the second coronation) and Beatrice of Burgundy

1191 ROME: Henry VI and Constance of Sicily

1209 ROME: Otto IV

1220 ROME: Frederick II and Constance of Aragon and Hungary

1312 ROME: Henry VII

1328 ROME: Louis IV the Bavarian

1355 ROME: Charles IV and Anne of Świdnica

1433 ROME: Sigismund of Luxembourg

1452 ROME: Frederick III and Eleanor of Portugal (the last imperial coronation in Rome)

1530 BOLOGNA: Charles V (the last imperial coronation by the Pope)

1558 FRANKFURT: Ferdinand I

1562 FRANKFURT: Maximilian II
1575 REGENSBURG: Rudolph II

1612 FRANKFURT: Matthew and Anna of Tyrol

1619 FRANKFURT: Ferdinand II
1630 REGENSBURG: Eleanor of Mantua, consort of Ferdinand II

1636 REGENSBURG: Ferdinand III

1637 REGENSBURG: Maria Anna of Spain, consort of Ferdinand III

1653 REGENSBURG: Eleanor of Mantua-Nevers-Gonzaga, consort of Ferdinand III

1653 REGENSBURG: Ferdinand IV

1658 FRANKFURT: Leopold I

1705 FRANKFURT: Joseph I

1711 FRANKFURT: Charles VI

1742 FRANKFURT: Charles VII Albert and Maria Amalia of Austria

1745 FRANKFURT: Francis I Stephen

1764 FRANKFURT: Joseph II

1790 FRANKFURT: Leopold II

1792 FRANKFURT: Francis II

 

Conrad III, Rudolph I and Wenceslaus were never crowned as emperors

 

WIENER NEUSTADT (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN ST GEORGE’S CHAPEL (Wiener Neustadt Georgskapelle, Burgplatz):

 

Emperor MAXIMILIAN I (+1519)

 

His cenotaph is to be found in the Court Church in Innsbruck. His heart was buried inside the tomb of his first consort Duchess Mary of Burgundy in the Church of Our Lady in Bruges (Belgium).

 

 

WIESBADEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE FRANCISCAN CONVENT OF KLARENTHAL (Wiesbaden, Klarissenkloster Klarenthal):

 

Queen IMAGINA OF LIMBURG (+1318), consort of King Adolphus of Nassau

 

The convent was demolished in 1756.