BURIAL CHURCHES OF CZECH SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

 

BRATISLAVA (SLOVAKIA)

BURIED IN ST MARTIN’S CATHEDRAL (Bratislava, Dóm sv. Martina, Rudnayovo námeste):

 

Queen SOPHIA OF BAVARIA (+1425), consort of King Wenceslaus IV

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

BRNO (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN CONVENT OF AULAE SANCTAE MARIAE (Brno, klášter cisterciaček, Mendlovo námestí):

 

Queen ELIZABETH-RYKSA OF POLAND (+1335), consort of King Wenceslaus II and Rudolph I

 

 

BUDAPEST (HUNGARY)

BURIED IN ST SIGISMUND’S ROYAL CHAPEL (Budapest, Szent Zsigmond kápolna):

 

Queen ANNE OF FOIX (+1506), consort of King Ladislaus II

 

The chapel was destroyed in 1686 during the Siege of Buda and demolished after 1767.

 

 

DOBRJOŁUG/DOBERLUG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY OF DOBRYŁUG (Klóster Dobryług, Dobrjoług-Góstkow, Delnja Łužica/Kloster Dobrilugk in Doberlug-Kirchhain, Niederlausitz, Schlossstr.):

 

Duchess ELIZABETH OF POLAND (+1209), consort of Duke Soběslav II

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

DOKSANY (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE PREMONSTRATENSIAN ABBEY (Doksany, Premonstratský klášter):

 

1. Duchess GERTRUDE OF AUSTRIA (+1151), consort of Duke Ladislaus II

 

2. Duke HENRY BRETISLAV (+1197)

 

The tombs have not been preserved, but there are two Baroque epitaphs to the buried.

 

 

GNIEZNO (POLAND)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF OF THE ASSUMPTION (Gniezno, Bazylika Katedralna Wniebowzięcia NMP, ul. Kolegiaty):

 

Duchess EMNILDA (+1013/17), consort of Duke Boleslaus IV the Brave

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

GRAZ (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE IMPERIAL MAUSOLEUM (Graz, Kaiserliches Mausoleum, Bürgergasse):

 

King FERDINAND II (+1637)

 

 

KLADRUBY (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE BENEDICTINE CONVENT (Kladruby, kostel Panny Marie, opatství benediktinske, Husova ul.):

 

1. Duke SVATOPLUK (+1109)

Uncertain. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

2. Duke LADISLAUS I (+1125)

 

 

LILIENFELD (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY (Stift Lilienfeld, Klosterrotte):

 

Queen MARGARET OF BABENBERG (+1266), consort of King Přemysl Otakar II

 

 

LONDON (ENGLAND)

BURIED IN WESTMINSTER ABBEY (London, Dean's Yard):

 

Queen ELIZABETH STUART (+1662), consort of King Frederick of the Palatinate

 

 

LUXEMBOURG (LUXEMBOURG)

BURIED IN OUR LADY’S CATHEDRAL   (Luxembourg, la cathédrale Notre Dame, Rue Notre Dame):

 

King JOHN OF LUXEMBOURG (+1346)

 

 

MADRID (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF DISCALCED FRANCISCANS (Madrid, Monasterio de las Descalzas Reales, calle de la Misericordia):

 

Queen MARY OF SPAIN (+1603), consort of King Maximilian I

 

 

MEISSEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE HOLY CROSS MONASTERY   (Meissen, Kloster Heilig Kreuz, Hohuferstr.):

 

Queen ADELAIDE OF MEISSEN (+1211), consort of King Přemysl Otakar I

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

MĚLNIK (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST PETER AND PAUL (Mělník, kostel sv. Petra a Pavla, Česka ul.):

 

Queen JOANNA OF ROŽMITAL (+1475), consort of King George of Poděbrady

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

MONTE (MADEIRA-PORTUGAL)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF OUR LADY OF MONTE (Monte, Igreja Nossa Senhora do Monte, Caminho Das Babosas):

 

King CHARLES III (+1922)

His heart was buried in Muri Abbey, Switzerland.

 

 

MUNICH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE THEATINE CHURCH (München, Theatinerkirche St. Kajetan, Theatinerstrasse):

 

1. King CHARLES ALBERT OF BAVARIA (+1745)

His heart was buried in the Holy Chapel in Altötting, Bavaria.

 

2. Queen MARIA AMALIA OF AUSTRIA (+1756), consort of King Charles Albert of Bavaria

Her heart was buried in the Holy Chapel in Altötting, Bavaria.

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Alexander Krischnig

 

 

NAGYVÁRAD/ORADEA (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF VÁRAD FORTRESS:

 

King SIGISMUND OF LUXEMBOURG (+1437)

 

The burial church of Várad Fortress and the royal tomb inside it were demolished by the Turks in the 17th c.

 

POBLET (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE ROYAL ABBEY OF ST MARY (El Reial Monestir de Santa Maria de Poblet):

 

Queen BEATRICE OF NAPLES (+1508), consort of King Ladislaus II

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

POZNAŃ (POLAND)

BURIED IN BASILICA OF ST PETER AND ST PAUL (Poznań, Bazylika Archikatedralna Św. Piotra i Pawła, Ostrów Tumski):

 

Duke BOLESLAUS IV THE BRAVE (+1025)

 

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CONVENT OF ST AGNES (Praha, klašter sv. Anežky, Anežská):

 

1. King WENCESLAUS I (+1253)

His viscera were buried in the church at Králův Dvůr near Beroun.

 

2. Queen KUNIGUNDE OF HOHENSTAUFEN (+1248), consort of King Wenceslaus I

 

3. Queen KUNIGUNDE OF HALICZ (+1285), consort of King Přemysl Otakar II

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF ST GEORGE (Praha, bazilika sv. Jiří, Jiřská):

 

1. Duke BOLESLAUS I (+967/972)

Uncertain. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

2. Duchess BIAGOTA, consort of Duke Boleslaus I

Uncertain. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

3. Duchess LUDMILA (+921), consort of Duke Borivoj I

 

4. Duke VRATISLAV I (+921)

 

5. Duke BOLESLAUS II THE PIOUS (+999)

 

6. Duke OLDŘICH (+1034)

Uncertain. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

7. Duke JAROMIR (+1035)

Uncertain. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN STRAHOV ABBEY (Praha, Strahovský klášter, Strahovské nádvoří):

 

King LADISLAUS I (+1174)

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ST VITUS (Praha, chram sv. Vita):

 

01. Duke ST WENCESLAUS (+935)

 

02. Duke BŘETISLAV I (+1055)

 

03. Duchess JUDITH (+1058), consort of Duke Břetislav I

 

04. Duke SPYTIHNEV II (+1061)

 

05. Duke BŘETISLAV II (+1100)

 

06. Duke BOŘIVOJ II (+1124)

 

07. Duke FREDERICK I (+1189)

 

08. Duke CONRAD II OTTO (+1191)

His viscera were buried in Monte Cassino Abbey (Italy).

 

09. King PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I (+1230)

 

10. King PŘEMYSL OTAKAR II (+1278)

 

11. Queen JUDITH OF HABSBURG (+1297), consort of King Wenceslaus II

 

12. King RUDOLPH I (+1307)

 

13. King CHARLES I/IV (+1378)

 

14. Queen BLANCHE OF VALOIS (+1348), consort of King Charles I/IV

 

15. Queen ANNE OF THE PALATINATE (+1353), consort of King Charles I/IV

 

16. Queen ANNE OF ŚWIDNICA (+1362), consort of King Charles I/IV

 

17. Queen ELIZABETH OF POMERANIA (+1393), consort of King Charles I/IV

 

18. King WENCESLAUS IV (+1419)

 

19. Queen JOANNA OF BAVARIA (+1386), consort of King Wenceslaus IV

 

20. Queen BARBARA OF CILLI (+1451), consort of King Sigismund

 

21. King LADISLAUS THE POSTHUMOUS (+1457)

 

22. King GEORGE OF PODĚBRADY (+1471)

 

23. King FERDINAND I (+1564)

 

24. Queen ANNA JAGIELLONIAN OF BOHEMIA (+1547), consort of King Ferdinand I

 

25. King MAXIMILIAN I (+1576)

 

26. King RUDOLPH II (+1612)

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST ST PETER AND PAUL AT VYŠEHRAD (Praha, kostel sv. Petra a Pavla, Vyšehrad, Stulcova ul.):

 

1. King VRATISLAV II (+1092)

 

2. Queen ŚWIĘTOSŁAWA (+1126), consort of King Vratislav II

 

3. Duke CONRAD I OF BRNO (+1092)

 

4. Duke SOBĚSLAV I (+1140)

 

5. Duke SOBĚSLAV II (+1180)

 

None of the tombs has been preserved. There is a modern epitaph in the church commemorating all the royals buried there.

 

 

PŘEDKLAŠTEŘI (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN PORTA COELI MONASTERY (Předklášteří u Tišnova, klášter Porta Coeli, Uhrova ul.):

 

Queen CONSTANCE OF HUNGARY (+1240), consort of King Přemysl Otakar I

The tomb has not been preserved, save for a piece of the tombstone.

 

 

REICHENBACH AM REGEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN REICHENBACH MONASTERY (Kloster Reichenbach, Eustachius-Kugler-Str.):

 

Duchess RICHENZA OF BERG (+1125), consort of Duke Ladislaus I

 

 

SAINT DENIS (FRANCE)

BURIED IN SAINT-DENIS ABBEY (La basilique Saint-Denis, Place de la Légion d’Honneur):

 

Queen BEATRICE OF BOURBON (+1383), consort of King John of Luxembourg

 

The tomb of Queen Beatrice had been despoiled during the French Revolution and only her cenotaph was saved.

 

 

SAN LORENZO DE EL ESCORIAL (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO (El Monasterio de El Escorial, Avenida Juan De Borbón Y Battemberg):

 

Queen MARY OF HABSBURG (+1558), consort of King Louis I)

 

 

STAMS (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY (Stams, Zisterzienserstift, Stiftshof):

 

1. King HENRY OF CARINTHIA (+1335)

 

2. Queen ANNA OF BOHEMIA (+1313), consort of King Henry of Carinthia

 

 

SZÉKESFEHÉRVÁR (HUNGARY)

BURIED IN THE CORONATION BASILICA  (Székesfehérvár, Koronazó-bazilika):

 

1. King ALBERT OF HABSBURG (+1439)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF BOHEMIA (+1442), consort of King Albert of Habsburg

 

3. King LADISLAUS II (+1516)

 

4. Queen ANNE OF FOIX (+1506), consort of King Anne of Foix

 

5. King LOUIS I (+1526)

 

The basilica and the royal tombs were demolished by the Turks in 1601.

 

 

TEPLICE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN ST JOHN'S CHURCH OF THE BENEDICTINE ABBEY (Teplice, benediktinský klašter, Zámecké námestí):

 

Queen JUDITH OF THURINGIA (+1174), consort of King Ladislaus I

 

The church of the monastery had been destroyed during the wars of religion in the 15th c. and later it was demolished. Only the foundations remained. The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

VELEHRAD (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN MONASTERY (Velehrad, Cisterciacký klašter, Stojanovo nádvoří):

 

Duke LADISLAUS III HENRY (+1222)

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CAPUCHIN CHURCH (Wien, Kapuzinerkirche, Neuer Markt):

 

01. King MATTHEW (+1619)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

02. Queen ANNA OF TYROL (+1618), consort of King Matthew

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

03. King FERDINAND IV (+1654)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

04. King FERDINAND III (+1657)

 

05. Queen MARIA ANNA OF SPAIN (+1646), consort of King Ferdinand III

 

06. Queen MARIA LEOPOLDINA OF TYROL (+1649), consort of King Ferdinand III

 

07. Queen ELEANOR MAGDALEN OF MANTUA-NEVERS-GONZAGA (+1686), consort of King Ferdinand III

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

08. King LEOPOLD I (+1705)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

09. Queen MARGARET THERESA OF SPAIN (+1673), consort of King Leopold I

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

10. Queen ELEANOR MAGDALEN OF THE PALATINATE-NEUBURG (+1720), consort of King Leopold I

 

11. King JOSEPH I (+1711)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

12. King CHARLES II/VI (+1740)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

13. Queen ELIZABETH CHRISTINA OF BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBÜTTEL (+1750), consort of King Charles II

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

14. Queen MARIA THERESA (+1780)

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

15. Emperor FRANCIS I STEPHEN (+1765), consort of Queen Maria Theresa

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

16. King JOSEPH II (+1790)

 

17. King LEOPOLD II (+1792)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

18. Queen MARIA LODOVICA OF SICILY (+1792), consort of King Leopold II

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

19. King FRANCIS I (+1835)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

20. Queen MARIA THERESA OF NAPLES-SICILY (+1807), consort of King Francis I

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

21. Queen MARIA LODOVICA OF MODENA (+1816), consort of King Francis I

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

22. Queen CAROLINE AUGUSTA OF BAVARIA (+1873), consort of King Francis I

 

23. King FERDINAND V THE GOOD (+1875)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

24. Queen MARIA ANNA OF SARDINIA (+1884), consort of King Ferdinand V

 

25. King FRANCIS JOSEPH I (+1916)

 

26. Queen ELIZABETH OF BAVARIA (+1898), consort of King Francis Joseph I

 

27. Queen ZITA OF BOURBON-PARMA (+1989), consort of King Charles III

Her heart was buried in Muri Abbey, Switzerland.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE DOMINICAN CHURCH (Wien, Dominikanerkirche, Postgasse):

 

Queen CLAUDIA FELICITY OF TIROL (+1676), consort of King Leopold I

Her heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE SALESIAN CONVENT (Wien, Salesianerinnenkloster der Heimsuchung Maria, Rennweg):

 

Queen WILHELMINA AMALIA OF BRUNSWICK-LUNEBURG (+1742), consort of King Joseph I

Her heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN ST STEPHEN’S CATHEDRAL (Wien, Stephansdom-Herzogsgruft, Stephansplatz):

 

Queen ELEANOR OF MANTUA (+1655), consort of King Ferdinand II

Her heart was buried in the Imperial Mausoleum in Graz (Austria).

 

 

VYŠŠI BROD (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN MONASTERY (Vyšší Brod, cisterciácký klášter, ul. Míru):

 

Queen VIOLA ELIZABETH OF CIESZYN (+1317), consort of King Wenceslaus III

 

ZBRASLAV (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CISTERCIAN ABBEY CHURCH OF ST JAMES THE GREATER (Zbraslavský klášter, kostel sv. Jakuba Vetšího, U Národní galerie):

 

1. King WENCESLAUS II (+1305)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF BOHEMIA (+1330), consort of King John of Luxembourg

 

 

ZBRASLAV (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE ABBEY CHURCH OF OUR LADY (Zbraslavský klášter, kostel Panny Marie):

 

King WENCESLAUS III (+1306)

The tomb was lost in the 18th century during the demolition of the church.

 

LIST OF CZECH SOVEREIGNS 890-1918

 

DUCHY OF BOHEMIA TO 1085:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

? - 894: BOŘIVOJ I

Married St LUDMILA (+927).

His issue who reigned:

-SPYTIHNĚV I (*c. 875,+915),

-VRATISLAV I (*888,+921).

Deposed in 894.

Died in c. 888/889. Burial place unknown.

His consort Duchess St Ludmila was buried in the Basilica of St George in Prague.

 

 

894- 915: SPYTIHNĚV I

Born in c. 875.

Father: Duke Bořivoj I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess St Ludmila.

Died in 915.

Probably buried in St Mary's Church in Prague (present Cathedral of St Vitus). No tomb.

 

 

915-921: VRATISLAV I

Born in 888.

Father: Duke Spytihněv I of Bohemia. Mother: ?

Married DRAHOMIRA (+after 935).

His issue who reigned:

-ST WENCESLAUS (*911,+935),

-BOLESLAUS I (*+967/972).

Died in 921.

Buried in the Basilica of St George in Prague.

 

 

921-935: SAINT WENCESLAUS I (Svatý Václav)

Born in 911.

Father: Duke Vratislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Drahomira.

Died in 935 in Starà Boleslav (murdered).

Buried firstly in the Church of Saints Cosmas and Damian in Starà Boleslav, later reburied in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

935-967/972: BOLESLAUS I THE CRUEL (Boleslav I Ukrutný)

Born in c. 915.

Father: Duke Vratislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Drahomira.

Married BIAGOTA.

His issue who reigned:

-BOLESLAUS II (*c. 932,+999),

-Dobrava (+977; Duchess of Poland).

Died in c. 967/972.

Probably buried with his consort Duchess Biagota in the Basilica of St George in Prague (no tombs).

 

 

967/972-999: BOLESLAUS II THE PIOUS (Boleslav II Pobožný)

Born in c. 932.

Father: Duke Boleslaus I of Bohemia.

Married Princess Elgiva of Wessex/England (+1005).

His issue who reigned:

-BOLESLAUS III (+c. 1035),

-JAROMIR (+1035),

-OLDŘICH (+1034).

Died in 999.

Buried in the Basilica of St George in Prague.

 

 

999-1002 and 1003: BOLESLAUS III THE RED (Boleslav III Ryšavý)

Born in ?

Father: Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Elgiva of Wessex.

Deposed in 1002 and restored in 1003. Deposed and imprisoned by Poles in 1003.

Died in c. 1035 in Poland. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1002-1003: VLADIVOJ

Born in ?

Father: ?

Died in 1003. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1003, 1004-1012 and 1033-1034: JAROMIR

Born in ?

Father: Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Elgiva of Wessex.

Deposed in 1003. Restored in 1004. Deposed again in 1012 and restored in 1033.

Deposed finally in 1034 and blinded.

Died in 1035 at Lysá nad Labem.

Probably buried in the Basilica of St George in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

HOUSE OF PIAST (Piastovci)

1003-1004: BOLESLAUS IV THE BRAVE (Boleslav IV Chrabrý; Duke of Poland)

Born in 967.

Father: Duke Mieszko I of Poland. Mother: Duchess Dobrawa of Bohemia.

Married firstly in 984 daughter of Margrave of Meissen.

Married secondly in 986 daughter of the Duke of Hungary.

Married thirdly in 988/9 West Slav Princess Emnilda (*970/5,+1013/17).

Married fourthly in 1018 Oda of Meissen (+after1025).

His issue who reigned:

-Bezprym (*986/7,+1032; Duke of Poland; son from 2nd marriage).

-Mieszko II (*990,+1034; King of Poland; son of Emnilda).

Died in 1025.

Buried in the Cathedral of Poznań, Poland.

His consort Duchess Emnilda was probably buried in Gniezno Cathedral, Poland (no tomb).

 

 

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1012-1034: OLDŘICH

Born in ?

Father: Duke Boleslaus II of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Elgiva of Wessex.

Illegitimate issue: BŘETISLAV I (*c. 1002,+1055).

Died in 1034.

Buried in the Basilica of St George in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

1034-1055: BŘETISLAV I

Born in c. 1002.

Father: Duke Oldřich of Bohemia. Mother: ?

Married in 1022/29 in Olomouc JUDITH of Schweinfurt (*before 1003,+1058).

His issue who reigned:

-SPYTIHNĚV II (*1031,+1061),

-VRATISLAV II (*c. 1032,+1092),

-CONRAD I (*c. 1035,+1092).

Died in 1055 at Chrudim.

Buried with his consort Duchess Judith in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1055-1061: SPYTIHNĚV II

Born in 1031.

Father: Duke Břetislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Judith of Schweinfurt.

Married IDA of Wettin (+after 1061).

Died in 1061.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1061-1085: VRATISLAV II (King from 1085)

 

KINGDOM OF BOHEMIA 1085-1092:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1085-1092: VRATISLAV II

Born in c. 1032.

Father: Duke Břetislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Judith of Schweinfurt.

Married firstly Maria.

Married secondly in 1057 Princess ADELAIDE of Hungary (*c. 1040,+1062).

Married thirdly in c. 1062 Princess ŚWIĘTOSŁAWA of Poland (*c. 1046/48,+1126).

He was crowned with his consort Świętosława of Poland in 1086 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-BŘETISLAV II (+1100; son of Adelaide),

-Judith (+1086; Duchess of Poland; daughter of Adelaide),

-BOŘIVOJ II (*c. 1064,+1124; son of Świętosława),

-LADISLAUS I (+1125; son of Świętosława),

-SOBĚSLAV I (*c. 1075/90,+1140; son of Świętosława).

Died in 1092 in Prague-Vyšehrad.

Buried with his third consort Queen Świętosława of Poland (Svatava) in the Church of Saints Peter and Paul at Vyšehrad in Prague (no tomb, epitaph only).

 

 

DUCHY OF BOHEMIA 1092-1158:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1092: CONRAD I OF BRNO (Konrád I Brněnský)

Born in c. 1035.

Father: Duke Břetislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Judith of Schweinfurt.

Married Countess VIRPIRKA of Tengling (*1054,+1092).

Died in 1092 in Prague.

Buried in the Church of St St Peter and Paul at Vyšehrad in Prague (no tomb, epitaph only).

 

 

1092-1100: BŘETISLAV II

Born in ?

Father: King Vratislav II of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Adelaide of Hungary.

Married in 1094 Countess LUITGARD von Bogen (*1075,+?).

Died in 1100 at Zbečno (murdered).

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1101-1107 and 1117-1120: BOŘIVOJ II

Born in c. 1064.

Father: King Vratislav II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Świętosława of Poland.

Married in 1100 GERBERGA of Austria (+1142 Göttweig Abbey, Austria).

Deposed in 1107. Exiled in Poland and in Germany.

Restored in 1117.

Deposed again in 1120. Exiled in Hungary.

Died in 1124 in Hungary.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1107-1109: SVATOPLUK

Born in ?

Father: Duke Otto I of Znojmo. Mother: Duchess Euphemia of Hungary.

Married.

Died in 1109 (murdered).

Probably buried in St Mary's Church at Kladruby (no tomb).

 

 

1109-1117 and 1120-1125: LADISLAUS I (Vladislav)

Born in ?

Father: King Vratislav II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Świętosława of Poland.

Married RICHENZA of Berg (+1125).

His issue who reigned: LADISLAUS II/I (*c. 1110,+1174).

Abdicated in 1117. Regained his throne in 1120.

Died in 1125.

Buried in the St Mary's Church at Kladruby.

His consort Duchess Richenza of Berg was buried in the Reichenbach Monastery, Germany.

 

 

1125-1140: SOBĚSLAV I

Born in c. 1075/90.

Father: King Vratislav II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Świętosława of Poland.

Married in 1123 Princess ADELAIDE of Hungary (*c. 1105/07,+1140).

His issue who reigned:

-SOBĚSLAV II (*1128,+1180),

-WENCESLAUS II (*1137,+c. 1192).

Died in 1140 at Hostinne.

Buried in the Church of St St Peter and Paul at Vyšehrad in Prague (no tomb, epitaph only).

 

 

1140-1158: LADISLAUS II (Vladislav II; King from 1158 as Ladislaus I)

 

KINGDOM OF BOHEMIA 1158-1174:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1158-1174: LADISLAUS I (Vladislav I)

Born in c. 1110.

Father: Duke Ladislaus I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Richenza of Berg.

Married firstly in 1140 GERTRUDE of Austria (*1120,+1151).

Married secondly in 1153 JUDITH of Thuringia (+1174).

He was crowned in 1158 at Regensburg.

His issue who reigned:

-FREDERICK I (*1141/42,+1189; son of Gertrude),

-PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I (*c. 1155,+1230; son of Judith),

-LADISLAUS III HENRY (*c. 1160,+1222; son of Judith).

Died in 1174 at Meerane, Thuringia.

Buried firstly in Meissen, later reburied in Strahov Abbey in Prague (no tomb).

His first consort Duchess Gertrude of Austria was firstly buried in Strahov Abbey in Prague, later reburied in Doksany Abbey (no tomb, epitaph only).

His second consort Queen Judith of Thuringia was buried in Teplice Abbey (demolished).

 

 

DUCHY OF BOHEMIA 1174-1198:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1172-1173 and 1178-1189: FREDERICK I (Bedřich I)

Born in 1141/42.

Father: King Ladislaus I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Gertrude of Austria.

Married after 1157 Princess ELIZABETH of Hungary (+after 1190).

Died in 1189.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

1173-1178: SOBĚSLAV II

Born in 1128.

Father: Duke Soběslav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Adelaide of Hungary.

Married in 1173/77 Princess ELIZABETH of Poland (*1152,+1209).

Deposed in 1178 and exiled.

Died in 1180.

Buried in the Church of Saints Peter and Paul at Vyšehrad, Prague (no tomb, epitaph only).

His consort Duchess Elizabeth of Poland was buried in the Cistercian Abbey of Dobrjoług (Dobrilugk) in Lower Lusatia (no tomb).

 

 

1189-1191: CONRAD II OTTO (Konrad II Ota)

Born in 1136/40.

Father: Prince Henry of Bohemia. Mother: Margaret.

Married before 1176 HEILLICHA of Witttelsbach (+after 1189). Burial place unknown.

Died in 1191 near Naples.

Buried firstly in the Abbey of Monte Cassino, Italy. Later reburied in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

1191: WENCESLAUS II (Vacláv II)

Born in 1137.

Father: Duke Soběslav I of Bohemia. Mother: Duchess Adelaide of Hungary.

Deposed in 1191 and exiled in Germany.

Died in c. 1192 at Meissen (imprisoned). Burial place unknown.

 

 

1193-1197: HENRY BŘETISLAV (Jindřich Břetislav)

Born in ?

Father: Prince Henry of Bohemia. Mother: Margaret.

Unmarried.

Died in 1197 at Cheb.

Buried in the Premonstratensian Convent at Doksany (no tomb, epitaph only).

 

 

1197: LADISLAUS III HENRY (Vladislav III Jindřich)

Born in c. 1160.

Father: King Vladislav I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Judith of Thuringia.

Married HEILWIDA (+after 1228). Burial place unknown.

Died in 1222 at Znojmo.

Buried in the Cistercian Monastery at Velehrad (no tomb).

 

 

1192-1193 and 1197-1198: PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I (King from 1198)

 

KINGDOM OF BOHEMIA 1198-1918:

HOUSE OF PŘEMYSLID (Přemyslovci)

1198-1230: PŘEMYSL OTAKAR I

Born in c. 1155.

Father: King Ladislaus I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Judith of Thuringia.

Married firstly in 1187 ADELAIDE of Meissen (+1211 Meissen). Repudiated in 1198.

Married secondly in 1199 Princess CONSTANCE of Hungary (*c. 1180,+1240 Předklášteři).

He was crowned in 1198 in Mainz Cathedral.

His issue who reigned:

-Dagmar (+1212; Queen of Denmark; daughter of Adelheid),

-WENCESLAUS I (*1205,+1253; son of Constance),

-Anna (*1204,+1265; Duchess of Poland; daughter of Conastance).

Died in 1230.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His first consort Queen Adelheid of Meissen was buried in the Holy Cross Monastery at Meissen (no tomb).

His second consort Queen Constance of Hungary was buried in the Monastery Porta Coeli at Předklášteři, Moravia (no tomb).

 

 

1230-1253: WENCESLAUS I (Václav I)

Born in 1205.

Father: King Přemysl Otakar I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Constance of Hungary.

Married in 1224 Princess KUNIGUNDE of Hohenstaufen (*c. 1200,+1248).

He was crowned with his consort Kunigunde in 1228 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned: PŘEMYSL II OTAKAR (*1230,+1278).

Died in 1253 in Počaply.

Buried with his consort Queen Kunigunde in the Convent of St Agnes in Prague.

 

 

1253-1278: PŘEMYSL OTAKAR II (Duke of Austria)

Born in 1230.

Father: King Wenceslaus I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen.

Married firstly in 1252 Princess MARGARET of Babenberg (+1266). Repudiated.

Married secondly in 1261 Princess KUNIGUNDE of Halicz (*1245,+1285).

His issue who reigned: WENCESLAUS II (*1271,+1305; son of Kunigunda).

Died in 1278 in the Battle of Suché Kruty (Dürnkrut) near Vienna.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His first consort Queen Margaret was buried in the Cistercian Abbey at Lilienfeld, Austria.

His second consort Queen Kunigunde was buried in the Convent of St Agnes in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

1278-1305: WENCESLAUS II (Václav II; Duke and King of Poland)

Born in 1271 in Prague.

Father: King Přemysl Otakar II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Kunigunde of Halicz.

Married firstly in 1285 in Prague JUDITH of Habsburg (*1271 Rheinfelden,+1297 Prague).

Married secondly in 1303 in Prague Princess RYKSA-ELIZABETH of Poland (*c. 1286 Poznań,+1335 Brno, Moravia).

He was crowned in 1297 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort was crowned in 1303 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-WENCESLAUS III (*1289,+1306; son of Judith),

-Elizabeth (*1292,+1330; Queen of Bohemia; daughter of Judith).

Died in 1305 in Prague.

Buried in the Church of Our Lady in the Cistercian Abbey in Zbraslav near Prague. In 1991 reburied in the Church of St James in Zbraslav.

His first consort Queen Judith was buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague (no tomb).

His second consort Queen Elizabeth of Poland was buried at the Cistercian Convent in Brno, Moravia.

 

 

1305-1306: WENCESLAUS III (Václav III; King of Hungary and Poland)

Born in 1289 in Prague.

Father: King Wenceslaus II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Judith of Bohemia.

Married in 1305 Princess VIOLET ELIZABETH of Cieszyn (*c. 1291,+1317).

He was never crowned.

Died in 1306 in Olomouc, Moravia (stabbed).

Buried firstly at the Cathedral in Olomouc.

In 1326 his remains were reburied in the Church of Our Lady in the Cistercian Abbey in Zbraslav near Prague (no tomb).

His Queen Violet Elizabeth of Cieszyn was buried in the Cistercian Monastery in Vyšší Brod.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1306-1307: RUDOLPH I HABSBURG (Rudolf I; Duke of Austria)

Born in c. 1282 in Vienna.

Father: Duke Albert I of Austria. Mother: Duchess Elizabeth of Carinthia.

Married firstly in 1300 in Vienna Princess Blanche of France (*1278 Paris,+1305 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1306 in Prague Dowager Queen of Bohemia RYKSA ELIZABETH of Poland (*c. 1286 Poznań,+1335 Brno).

He was crowned in 1307 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1307 in Horažďovice, Bohemia.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His first consort Princess Blanche was buried in the Minorites Convent in Vienna (no tomb).

His second consort Queen Elizabeth of Poland was buried at the Cistercian Convent in Brno, Moravia.

 

 

HOUSE OF MEINHARD (Menhardovci)

1307-1310: HENRY OF CARINTHIA (Jindřich Korutanský)

Born in 1265.

Father: Count Meinhard II of Carinthia. Mother: Countess Elizabeth of Bavaria.

Married firstly Princess ANNA of Bohemia (*1290,+1313).

Married secondly in 1313 in Innsbruck Adelheid of Brunswick-Grubenhagen (*1285,+1320).

Married thirdly in 1328 Beatrice of Savoy (*1310,+1331).

Deposed in 1310.

Died in 1335 in Tyrol.

Buried with his three consorts in Stams Abbey, Austria.

 

 

HOUSE OF LUXEMBOURG (Lucemburkove)

1310-1346: JOHN OF LUXEMBOURG (Jan Lucemburský)

Born in 1296 in Luxembourg.

Father: Henry IV/VII Emperor of Germany and Count of Luxembourg. Mother: Margaret of Brabant.

Married firstly in 1310 at Speyer Princess ELIZABETH of Bohemia (*1292 Prague,+1330 Vyšehrad).

Married secondly in 1334 at Vincennes Princess BEATRICE of Bourbon (*1320,+1383 Danvillers).

He was crowned in 1311 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Beatrice of Bourbon was crowned in 1337 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-CHARLES I/IV (*1316,+1378; son of Elizabeth),

-Wenceslaus I (*1337,+1383; Duke of Luxembourg; son of Elizabeth),

-Anna (*1319,+1338; Duchess of Austria; daughter of Elizabeth).

Died in 1346 in the Battle of Crécy.

Buried firstly in the Abbey of Altmunster in Luxembourg. Later reburied several times, 1809-1946 in the Chapel at Kastel-am-Saar. Since 1946 buried in the Cathedral of Our Lady in Luxembourg.

His first consort Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia had been buried in the Church of Our Lady in the Cistercian Abbey in Zbraslav near Prague. In 1991 reburied in the Church of St James in Zbraslav.

His second consort Queen Beatrice of Bourbon was buried firstly in the Dominican (Jacobin) Convent in Paris. Following the demolishion of the convent during the French Revolution her tomb was moved to Saint-Denis Abbey near Paris.

 

 

1346-1378: CHARLES I/IV (Karel I/IV; Roman Emperor as Charles IV)

Born in 1316 in Prague.

Father: King of Bohemia John of Luxembourg. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia.

Married firstly in 1329 in Prague Princess BLANCHE of Valois (*1316,+1348 Prague).

Married secondly in 1349 Princess ANNE of the Palatinate (*1329,+1353 Prague).

Married thirdly in 1353 at Buda Princess ANNE of Świdnica (*1339,+1362).

Married fourthly in 1363 in Cracow Princess ELIZABETH of Pomerania (*1347,+1393 Hradec Králové).

He and his first consort Blanche of Valois were crowned in 1347 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Anne of Palatinate was crowned in 1349 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His third consort Anne of Świdnica was crowned in 1353 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His fourth consort Elizabeth of Pomerania was crowned in 1363 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Margaret (*1335,+1349; Queen of Hungary and Poland; daughter of Blanche),

-Catherine (*1342,+1395; Duchess of Austria; daughter of Blanche).

-Elizabeth (*1358,+1373; Duchess of Austria; daughter of Anne of Świdnica),

-WENCESLAUS IV (*1361,+1419; son of Anne of Świdnica).

-Anne (*1366,+1394; Queen of England; daughter of Elizabeth),

-SIGISMUND (*1368,+1437; son of Elizabeth).

Died in 1378 in Prague.

Buried with his four queens in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1378-1419: WENCESLAUS IV (Václav IV; German king, Elector of Brandenburg, Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in 1361 in Nuremberg.

Father: King Charles I/IV of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Anne of Świdnica.

Married firstly in 1370 JOANNA of Bavaria (*c. 1356,+1386 Karlštejn).

Married secondly in 1389 in Prague SOPHIA of Bavaria (*1376,+1425 Bratislava).

He was crowned in 1363 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His first consort Joanna of Bavaria was crowned in 1370 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Sophia of Bavaria was crowned in 1400 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1419 at Kunratice near Prague.

Buried with his first consort Queen Joanna of Bavaria in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Earlier buried in the Church of Saints Paul and Peter at Vyšehrad, then in Zbraslav. In 1423 he was reburied in Prague.

His second consort Queen Sophia of Bavaria was buried in St Martin's Cathedral in Bratislava (no tomb).

 

 

1419-1420 and 1436-1437: SIGISMUND

(Zikmund; Roman Emperor, German king, King of Hungary and Croatia, Elector of Brandenburg)

Born in 1368 in Nuremberg.

Father: King Charles I/IV of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Pomerania.

Married firstly in 1385 Queen Maria of Hungary (*c. 1371,+1395).

Married secondly in 1408 BARBARA of Cilli (*c. 1390/95,+1451).

Crowned in 1420 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Barbara of Cilli was crowned in 1437 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned: Elizabeth (*1409,+1442; Empress of Germany, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; daughter of Barbara).

Deposed in 1420. Restored in 1436.

Died in 1437 at Znojmo, Moravia.

Buried with his first consort Queen Mary of Hungary in the Church of Várad Fortress in Nagyvárad, Transylvania (demolished).

His second consort Queen Barbara of Cilli was buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague (no tomb).

 

 

1420-1436: INTERREGNUM (Hussite Wars)

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1437-1439: ALBERT OF HABSBURG

(Albrecht Habsburský; King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Duke of Austria)

Born in 1397 in Vienna.

Father: Duke Albert IV of Austria. Mother: Duchess Joanna Sophia of Bavaria.

Married in 1421 in Prague Princess ELIZABETH of Bohemia and Hungary (*c. 1409 Prague,+1442 Györ, Hungary).

He was crowned in 1438 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Elizabeth (*1436,+1505; Queen of Poland);

-LADISLAUS THE POSTHUMOUS (*1440,+1457).

Died in 1439 at Neszmély near Esztergom, Hungary.

Buried with his consort Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia and Hungary in the Coronation Basilica at Székesfehérvár, Hungary (demolished).

 

 

1439-1453: INTERREGNUM

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1453-1457: LADISLAUS THE POSTHUMOUS (Ladislav Pohrobek; King of Hungary and Croatia)

Born in 1440 at Komárom, Hungary.

Father: King Albert of Habsburg. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Bohemia and Hungary.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 1453 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1457 in Prague.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

HOUSE OF PODĚBRADY

1458-1471: GEORGE OF PODĚBRADY (Jiři z Poděbrad)

Born in 1420 at Poděbrady.

Father: Viktorin Boček of Poděbrady. Mother: Anna of Vartemberk.

Married firstly in 1441 Kanhuta of Sternberk (*1422,+1449).

Married secondly in 1450 JOANNA of Rožmital (*1425,+1475 Mělnik).

He was crowned with his consort Joanna of Rožmital in 1458 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Zdena (Sidonia;*1449,+1510; Duchess of Saxony; daughter of Kanhuta),

-Catherine (*1449,+1464; Queen of Hungary; daughter of Kanhuta).

Died in 1471 in Prague.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Queen Joanna was buried in the church of St Peter and Paul in Mělnik (no tomb).

 

 

HOUSE OF JAGIELLO (Jagelonci)

1471-1516: LADISLAUS II (Vladislav II; King of Hungary as Ulászló II, King of Croatia)

Born in 1456 in Cracow, Poland.

Father: King Casimir IV of Poland. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Austria.

Married firstly (by proxy only) in 1476 Barbara of Brandenburg (*1464 Ansbach,+1515 Ansbach). Never married in person.

Married secondly in 1490 Dowager Queen of Hungary BEATRICE of Naples (*1457 Capua,+1508 Ischia).

Both marriages were annulled in 1500 by the Pope.

Married thirdly in 1502 Princess ANNE of Foix (*after 1469,+1506).

He was crowned in 1471 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Anna (*1503,+1547; Empress and Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; daughter of Anne),

-LOUIS I (*1506,+1526; son of Anne).

Died in 1516 in Buda.

Buried with his third consort Queen Anne of Foix in the Coronation Basilica at Székesfehérvár, Hungary (demolished).

His first consort Barbara of Brandenburg was buried in the Abbey Church in Heilsbronn, Germany.

His second consort Queen Beatrice was firstly buried in the Monastery of San Domenico in Naples. Later she was translated and reburied in the Cistercian Abbey at Poblet, Spain (no tomb). His third consort Queen Anne of Foix was buried in St Sigismund's Church in Buda (demolished).

 

 

1516-1526: LOUIS I (Ludvik I; King of Hungary as Louis II, King of Croatia)

Born in 1506 in Buda.

Father: King Ladislaus II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Anne of Foix.

Married in 1522 in Buda Archduchess MARY of Habsburg (*1505 Brussels,+1558 Cigales near Valladolid).

He was crowned in 1509 and his consort Mary in 1522 both in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1526 at the Battle of Mohács.

Buried in the Coronation Basilica at Székesfehérvár, Hungary (demolished).

His consort Queen Mary was buried in the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1526-1564: FERDINAND I (Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1503 at Alcala de Henares, Spain.

Father: King Philip I the Fair of Castile. Mother: Queen Joan the Mad of Castile.

Married in 1521 at Linz Princess ANNA Jagiellonian of Bohemia and Hungary (*1503 Buda,+1547 Prague).

He was crowned with his consort Anna Jagiellonian in 1527 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Elizabeth (*1526,+1545; Queen of Poland),

-MAXIMILIAN I (*1527,+1576),

-Anna (*1528,+1590; Electress of Bavaria),

-Catherine (*1533,+1572; Queen of Poland),

-Charles II (*1540,+1590; Archduke of Inner Austria).

Died in 1564 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Anna Jagiellonian in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1564-1576: MAXIMILIAN I

(Maxmilian I; Archduke Maximilian II of Austria, Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king)

Born in 1527 in Vienna.

Father: King Ferdinand I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Anna Jagiellonian of Bohemia and Hungary.

Married in 1548 at Valladolid, Spain Princess MARY of Spain (*1528 Madrid,+1603 Villa Monte, Spain).

He was crowned with his consort Mary of Spain in 1562 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Anna (*1549,+1580; Queen of Spain),

-RUDOLPH II (*1552,+1612),

-Elizabeth (*1554,+1592; Queen of France),

-MATTHEW I (*1557,+1619).

Died in 1576 in Regensburg.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His consort Queen Mary of Spain was buried in the Church of St Clara (Discalced Franciscans) in Madrid.

 

 

1576-1611: RUDOLPH II

(Rudolf II; Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1552 in Vienna.

Father: King Maximilian I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Mary of Spain.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 1575 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Deposed in 1611.

Died in 1612 in Prague.

Buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1611-1619: MATTHEW I

(Matyas I; Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1557 in Vienna.

Father: King Maximilian I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Mary of Spain.

Married in 1611 in Vienna Archduchess ANNA of Tyrol (*1585 Innsbruck,+1618 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1611 and his consort Anna of Tyrol in 1616, both at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1619 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Anna of Tyrol in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH (Wittelsbachové)

1619-1620: FREDERICK OF THE PALATINATE, THE WINTER KING (Fridrich Falcký, zimný král)

Born in 1596 in Deinschwang near Amberg.

Father: Elector Frederick IV of the Palatinate. Mother: Electress Louise Juliana of Orange-Nassau.

Married in 1613 in London Princess ELIZABETH Stuart (*1596 Dunfermline,+1662 London).

He and his consort were crowned in 1619 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned: Sophia (*1630,+1714; Electress of Hanover).

Deposed in 1620 and exiled mostly in the Netherlands.

Died in 1632 at Mainz.

His burial site is unknown but he was probably buried somewhere in Sedan. His heart was buried in the Church of St Catherine at Oppenheim.

His Queen Elizabeth was buried in Westminster Abbey, London.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1619-1637: FERDINAND II (Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1578 in Graz.

Father: Archduke Charles II of Inner Austria. Mother: Archduchess Maria of Bavaria.

Married firstly in 1600 in Graz Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria (*1574 Munich,+1616 Graz).

Married secondly in 1622 in Innsbruck Princess ELEANOR Gonzaga of Mantua (*1598 Mantua,+1655 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1617 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His second consort Eleanor of Mantua was crowned in 1627 at the Cathedral of St Vitus, Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-FERDINAND III (*1608,+1657; son of Maria Anna),

-Maria Anna (*1610,+1665; Electress of Bavaria; daughter of Maria Anna),

-Cecilia Renata (*1611,+1644; Queen of Poland; daughter of Maria Anna).

Died in 1637 in Vienna.

Buried in the Imperial Mausoleum at Graz with his first consort Princess Maria Anna of Bavaria.

His second consort Queen Eleanor of Mantua was buried in St Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna.

 

 

1627-1657: FERDINAND III

(Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1608 in Graz.

Father: King Ferdinand II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Maria Anna of Bavaria.

Married firstly in 1631 in Vienna Princess MARIA ANNA of Spain (*1608 Escorial,+1646 Linz).

Married secondly in 1648 in Linz Archduchess MARIA LEOPOLDINA of Tyrol (*1632 Innsbruck,+1649 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1651 in Vienna Princess ELEANOR Gonzaga of Mantua (*1630 Mantua,+1686 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1627 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His third consort Eleanor Gonzaga was crowned in 1656 at the Cathedral of St Vitus, Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-FERDINAND IV (*1633,+1654; son of Maria Anna),

-Maria Anna (*1635,+1696; Queen of Spain; daughter of Maria Anna);

-LEOPOLD I (*1640,+1705; son of Maria Anna),

-Eleanor (*1653,+1697; Queen of Poland; daughter of Eleanor).

Died in 1657 in Vienna.

Buried with his three queens in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1646-1654: FERDINAND IV (German king, King of Hungary and Croatia)

Born in 1633 in Vienna.

Father: King Ferdinand III of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Maria Anna of Spain.

Unmarried.

He was crowned in 1646 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Died in 1654 in Vienna.

Buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1657-1705: LEOPOLD I

(Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1640 in Vienna.

Father: King Ferdinand III of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Maria Anna of Spain.

Married firstly in 1666 in Vienna Princess MARGARET THERESA of Spain (*1651 Madrid,+1673 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1673 in Vienna Archduchess CLAUDIA FELICITY of Tyrol (*1653 Innsbruck,+1676 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1676 in Vienna Princess ELEANOR MAGDALEN of Palatinate-Neuburg (*1655 Düsseldorf,+1720 Vienna).

He was crowned in 1656 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Antonia (*1669,+1692; Electress of Bavaria; daughter of Margaret Theresa),

-JOSEPH I (*1678,+1711; son of Eleanor Magdalen),

-Maria Anna (*1683,+1754; Queen of Portugal; daughter of Eleanor Magdalen),

-CHARLES II/VI (*1685,+1740; son of Eleanor Magdalen).

Died in 1705 in Vienna.

Buried with his first and third consort in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

His second consort Queen Claudia Felicity was buried in the Dominican Church in Vienna.

 

 

1705-1711: JOSEPH I

(Josef I; Roman Emperor, King of Hungary, Croatia, Naples and Sicily, German king, Archduke of Austria)

Born in 1678 in Vienna.

Father: King Leopold I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg.

Married in 1699 in Vienna Princess WILHELMINA AMALIA of Brunswick-Lüneburg (*1673 Lüneburg,+1742 Vienna).

He was never crowned in Bohemia.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Josepha (*1699,+1757; Queen of Poland, Electress of Saxony),

-Maria Amalia (*1701,+1756; Electress of Bavaria).

Died in 1711 in Vienna.

Buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

His consort Queen Wilhelmina Amalia was buried in the Salesian Convent in Vienna.

 

 

1711-1740: CHARLES II/VI (Karel II; Roman Emperor as Charles VI, King of Hungary, Croatia, Naples and Sicily, German king, Duke of Parma and Luxembourg)

Born in 1685 in Vienna.

Father: King Leopold I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg.

Married in 1708 in Barcelona Princess ELIZABETH CHRISTINA of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (*1691 Wolfenbüttel,+1750 Vienna).

He and his consort were crowned in 1723 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned: MARIA THERESA (*1717,+1780).

Died in 1740 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Elizabeth Christina in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

HOUSE OF WITTELSBACH (Wittelsbachové)

1741-1743: CHARLES ALBERT OF BAVARIA

(Karel Albrecht Bavorský; Roman Emperor as Charles VII, German king, Elector of Bavaria)

Born in 1697 in Brussels.

Father: Elector Maximilian II Emmanuel of Bavaria. Mother: Electress Theresa Kunigunda Sobieska of Poland.

Married in 1722 in Munich Archduchess MARIA AMALIA of Austria (*1701 Vienna,+1756 Munich).

He was crowned in 1741 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Antonia (*1724,+1780; Electress of Saxony),

-Maximilian III Joseph (*1727,+1777; Elector of Bavaria),

-Maria Josepha (*1739,+1767; German Empress).

Died in 1745 in Munich.

Buried with his consort Queen Maria Amalia in the Theatine Church in Munich.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Habsburci)

1743-1780: MARIA THERESA (Marie Terezie; Queen of Hungary and Croatia, Archduchess of Austria, Duchess of Parma)

Born in 1717 in Vienna.

Father: King Charles II (VI) of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Married in 1736 in Vienna Duke FRANCIS STEPHEN of Lorraine, later Emperor Francis I Stephen (*1708 Luneville,+1765 Innsbruck).

She was crowned in 1743 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Her issue who reigned:

-JOSEPH II (*1741,+1790),

-Marie Amalie (*1746,+1804; Duchess of Parma),

-LEOPOLD II (*1747,+1792),

-Marie Caroline (*1752,+1814; Queen of the Two Sicilies),

-Ferdinand (*1754,+1806; Duke of Massa-Carrara),

-Marie Antoinette (*1755,+1793; Queen of France).

Died in 1780 in Vienna.

Buried with her consort Emperor Francis I Stephen in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG-LORRAINE (Dinastie Habsbursko-lotrinská)

1780-1790: JOSEPH II (Josef II; Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria

Born in 1741 in Schönbrunn.

Father: Emperor Francis I Stephen. Mother: Queen Maria Theresa of Bohemia.

Married firstly in 1760 in Vienna Princess Isabella of Bourbon-Parma (*1741 Madrid,+1763 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1765 in Vienna Princess Maria Josepha of Bavaria (*1739 Munich,+1767 Vienna).

He was never crowned in Bohemia.

Died in 1790 in Vienna.

Buried with his both consorts in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1790-1792: LEOPOLD II (Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Croatia, German king, Archduke of Austria, Grand Duke of Tuscany)

Born in 1747 in Schönbrunn.

Father: Emperor Francis I Stephen. Mother: Queen Maria Theresa of Bohemia.

Married in 1765 in Innsbruck Princess MARIA LOUISA of Spain and Sicily (*1745 Portici near Naples,+1792 Vienna).

He was crowned with his consort Maria Louisa in 1791 at the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Theresa (*1767,+1827; Queen of Saxony),

-FRANCIS I (1768,+1835),

-Ferdinand (1769,+1824; Grand Duke of Tuscany).

Died in 1792 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Maria Louisa in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1792-1835: FRANCIS I

(František I; Roman Emperor, Archduke and Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia-Slavonia, Dalmatia and Lombardo-Venetia, German king)

Born in 1768 in Florence.

Father: King Leopold II of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Maria Louisa of Spain.

Married firstly in 1788 in Vienna Duchess Elizabeth of Württemberg (*1767 Treptow,+1790 Vienna).

Married secondly in 1790 in Vienna Princess MARIA THERESA of Naples-Sicily (*1772 Naples,+1807 Vienna).

Married thirdly in 1808 in Vienna Archduchess MARIA LODOVICA of Modena (*1787 Monza,+1816 Verona).

Married fourthly in 1816 in Vienna Princess CAROLINE AUGUSTA of Bavaria (*1792 Mannheim,+1873 Vienna).

He was crowned with his second consort Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily in 1792 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

His issue who reigned:

-Marie Louise (*1791,+1847; Empress of the French; daughter of Maria Theresa),

-FERDINAND V (*1793,+1875; son of Maria Theresa),

-Maria Leopoldina (*1797,+1826; Queen of Portugal, Empress of Brazil; daughter of Maria Theresa).

Died in 1835 in Vienna.

Buried with all his consorts in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1835-1848: FERDINAND V THE GOOD

(Ferdinand V Dobrotivý; Emperor of Austria; King of Hungary, Croatia-Slavonia, Dalmatia and Lombardo-Venetia)

Born in 1793 in Vienna.

Father: King Francis I of Bohemia. Mother: Queen Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily.

Married in 1831 in Vienna Princess MARIA ANNA of Sardinia (*1803 Rome,+1884 Prague).

He was crowned with his consort Maria Anna of Sardinia in 1836 in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

Abdicated in 1848.

Died in 1875 in Prague.

Buried with his consort Queen Maria Anna of Sardinia in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1848-1916: FRANCIS JOSEPH I (František Josef I; Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia-Slavonia, Dalmatia and Lombardo-Venetia)

Born in 1848 in Vienna.

Father: Archduke Francis of Austria. Mother: Archduchess Sophia of Bavaria.

Married in 1854 in Vienna Duchess ELIZABETH of Bavaria (*1837 Munich,+1898 Geneva).

He was never crowned in Bohemia.

Died in 1916 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Queen Elizabeth of Bavaria in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1916-1918: CHARLES III

(Karel III; Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, Croatia-Slavonia and Dalmatia)

Born in 1887 in Persenbeug.

Father: Archduke Otto of Austria. Mother: Archduchess Maria of Saxony.

Married in 1911 in Schwarzau am Steinfelde Princess ZITA of Bourbon-Parma (*1892 Villa Pianore,+1989 Zizers, Switzerland).

He was never crowned in Bohemia.

His issue who reigned: Otto (*1912; nominal King of Hungary).

Deposed in 1918 and exiled in Switzerland (1919-1921) and on Madeira (1921-1922).

Died in 1922 in Monte, Madeira.

Buried in the Church of Our Lady of Monte, Madeira.

His consort Queen Zita was buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

REPUBLIC OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA FROM 1918

CZECH REPUBLIC FROM 1993

 

 

The cenotaph of Duke BOLESLAUS THE BRAVE in the Cathedral of Poznań (Poland)

 

The epitaph to Duchess GERTRUDE OF AUSTRIA, consort of Duke Ladislaus II, in Doksany Abbey (Czech Republic)

 

The epitaph to Duke HENRY BŘETISLAV in Doksany Abbey (Czech Republic)

 

The tombs of King MATTHEW I and his consort Queen ANNA OF TYROL in the Capuchin Church in Vienna (Austria)

 

FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC

BRNO:

Jobst of Moravia, German King

MNICHOVO HRADIŠTĚ:

Albert of Waldstein, Duke of Mecklenburg

PRAGUE:

1. Agnes of Bohemia, Duchess of Austria, consort of Duke Rudolph II

2. Gryfina of Halicz, Duchess of Poland, consort of Duke Leszek II the Black

3. Maria Amelia of Austria, Duchess of Parma, consort of Duke Ferdinand

4. Rudolph II, Duke of Austria

ROUDNICE NAD LABEM:

Maria Josepha von Harrach, Princess of Liechtenstein, consort of Prince John Nepomuk

VRANOV:

1. Aloysius I, Prince of Liechtenstein

2. Aloysius II, Prince of Liechtenstein

3. Anthony Florian, Prince of Liechtenstein

4. Edmunda Maria Theresa of Dietrichstein, Princess of Liechtenstein, consort of Prince Hans Adam I

5. Francis I, Prince of Liechtenstein

6. Francis Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein

7. Francisca Kinsky, Princess of Liechtenstein, consort of Prince Aloysius II

8. Hans Adam I, Prince of Liechtenstein

9. John I, Prince of Liechtenstein

10. John II the Good, Prince of Liechtenstein

11. John Nepomucene, Prince of Liechtenstein

12. Joseph John Adam, Prince of Liechtenstein

13. Joseph Wenceslaus, Prince of Liechtenstein

14. Josepha of Fuerstenberg, Princess of Liechtenstein, consort of Prince John I

ZÁKUPY:

Anna Maria of Saxe-Lauenburg, Grand Duchess of Tuscany, consort of Grand Duke Gian Gastone

 

The Crown of St Wenceslaus (1347) on public display

in the Old Royal Castle in Prague, May 2013

 

CZECH REGALIA

The most important items of the Czech regalia are kept at the Treasury of the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague and unfortunately are not on public display, although they are shown to the visitors on rare occasions. They include:

-Crown of St Wenceslaus (14th century),

-Royal Sceptre (16th century),

-Royal Orb (16th century),

-Sword of St Wenceslaus (10th c.) - the Czech coronation sword.

 

The Czech coronation mantle (1653/1723) and the royal throne (1836) are kept at the Old Royal Castle in Prague.

 

 

HISTORY OF THE CZECH REGALIA

BY MARIUSZ PAŹDZIORA

 

Not much is known of the Czech regalia before Charles I commissioned his superb crown in 1347, and no trustworthy image of them has survived down to our times, if such one ever existed at all. It is known that in 1085 Prince Vratislav II of Bohemia as the first Czech sovereign was crowned in Mainz with a gold ornament by Emperor Henry IV. The emperor ordered then Archbishop Egilbert of Trier to anoint and crown Vratislav II in Prague’s Cathedral which duly happened in the following year. The second Czech ruler who was crowned, was Prince Ladislaus II (Ladislaus I as king) in 1158. His secular coronation took place in Regensburg under the auspices of Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa. A contemporary chronicler mentioned only that the king was crowned with a gold crown decorated with pearls and precious gemstones. The third Czech ruler who had been rised to the royal rank was Přemysl Otakar I. He was crowned in 1198 in Mainz and received a hereditary royal title. From then on all Czech rulers were entitled to the royal title and the right to coronation. It seems that the ornament used for early Czech coronations was the one which Charles I used in 1347 to make a new crown for himself, the Crown of St Wenceslaus.

 

Charles I, King of Bohemia and Roman Emperor (as Charles IV) commissioned a new crown to be made for his coronation in 1347. The new crown of the Czech kings was to be universally known as the Crown of St Wenceslaus. With time it became the most venerated item of the Czech regalia and the symbol of the Czech nationhood. Actually the new crown was just an earlier crown of the Czech kings which Charles I had refashioned for his coronation. The king decreed that the crown should rest on the reliquary of St Wenceslaus in Prague Cathedral and only be removed in exceptional circumstances such as coronations. The Crown of St Wenceslaus is made of four gold plates each in the form of massive fleur-de-lis. The plates hinged together form a circlet. Initially the crown had been a corona aperta but later when two gold hoops surmounted by a gold cross were added inside the gold circlet it was transformed into a corona clausa. The crown weighs 2358 grammes. Its height is 19 cm. The cross on the top of the crown contains a relic of the Crown of Thorns with an appropriate legend in Latin: Hic est spina de Corona Domini. The crown is lavishly decorated with twenty pearls and ninety-six gemstones including sapphires, rubies, balas rubies, emeralds and lynx sapphires. Several sapphires in the crown are among world’s largest (320 and 270 carats). They probably originate from Siam. The biggest ruby in the crown is also the biggest ruby in the world (250 carats). It comes from Burma.

 

In the 16th century a sceptre and an orb were added to the set of the Czech regalia. These masterpieces of the goldsmith’s art were commissioned by the Czech King and Roman Emperor Rudolph II. The orb is made of gold and is covered with scenes from the Old Testament in relief. It is topped with a gold cross and inlaid with 31 pearls, 8 sapphires and 6 balas rubies. The orb weighs 780 grammes. Its height is 22 cm. The richly ornamented sceptre is made of gold, and inlaid with 4 sapphires, 4 rubies and numerous pearls. The sceptre is 63 cm long and it weights 1013 grammes.

 

Following Charles I’s coronation, the Crown of St Wenceslaus was kept in St Vitus’ Cathedral in Prague and used only during subsequent coronations and royal burials. In 1378 the crown was set on public display for eleven days in the Royal Castle in Prague where the dead king, Charles I, was lying in state. In 1420, amid turmoil caused by the Hussite wars, King Sigismund of Luxembourg took the Crown of St Wenceslaus with him to his foreign exile. Sixteen years later the crown was returned to the Kingdom of Bohemia. It was deposited at the Castle of Karlštejn near Prague, where it was to be safeguarded. The crown was to be removed from Karlštejn to Prague exclusively for royal coronations and burials. The inventory of the regalia drawn up in 1541 mentioned that the Crown of St Wenceslaus was inlaid with 19 rubies, 28 balas rubies, 25 emeralds, 19 sapphires and 20 big pearls. During the 1598 inventory the Czech regalia were displayed on the altar of the chapel in Karlštejn Castle for all to see. In 1619 the regalia were transferred from Karlštejn to Prague for the coronation of Frederick of the Palatinate. The transfer became permanent as Karlštejn was no longer considered a safe place for the regalia. The ancient ornaments of the Czech kings were deposited in St Vitus’ Cathedral in Prague. In 1631 during the war with Saxony the Czech regalia were transferred to a church in Budějovice in Southern Bohemia, where they were hidden. Six years later, during the Swedish invasion, the regalia were transferred to the Imperial Treasury in Vienna where they were to remain until 1791. They were, however, transferred to Prague for the coronations of the emperors as Czech kings. In 1782, during his visit to Vienna, Pope Pius VI had a chance to see for himself the Czech regalia kept in the Imperial Treasury. Emperor Leopold II allowed the transfer of the Czech regalia from Vienna to Prague in 1790. In the following year the regalia were deposited in the Regalia Chamber beside St Wenceslaus’ Chapel in St Vitus’ Cathedral in Prague. The chamber was locked with seven keys which were to be in the possession of seven guardians, including the king and the archbishop of Prague. The tradition has been continued ever since.

 

During the Austro-Prussian war of 1866 the Czech regalia were again sent to Vienna for safeguarding. This time they were transported by train. The Crown of St Wenceslaus was returned to Prague in the following year. The train carrying the regalia was greeted with music and joyful celebrations by the crowds which gathered along its entire route on Czech territory. Following their arrival in Prague the Czech national regalia were displayed on the high altar of St Vitus’ Cathedral for all to see. In 1871 the heir apparent to the Austrian throne, Archduke Rudolph, visited Prague and inspected the Crown of St Wenceslaus. Four years later the regalia were displayed in the Royal Castle in Prague next to the coffin of King Ferdinand V. In 1929 the Czech regalia were put on public display in St Vitus' Cathedral in Prague to mark the millennium of the death of St Wenceslaus. In September 1938 fearing the approaching war the Czechoslovak government decided to send the regalia to a safer place far away from the troubled Sudetenland and the German border which were all too close to Prague. The vaults of the National Bank in Žilina in Slovakia were chosen for the purpose. The Crown of St Wenceslaus and the remaining Czech regalia were dispatched to Žilina near the Polish border on 19th September 1938 but just 16 days later, on 6th October 1938, they were brought back to Prague and laid down in the secret safe of the Czechoslovak President, so they wouldn’t be found in case of German occupation. They were, however, found by the Germans after several months of meticulous searching. Hitler was unable, however, to see the crown when he arrived in Prague with his army in March 1939. During the German occupation of Czechoslovakia in the Second World War, the Germans demanded that three out of seven keys to the Regalia Chamber be given to the German authorities. In 1941, however, they made copies of the remaining four keys, thus gaining undisturbed access to the Crown of St Wenceslaus. The Czechs were unable to prevent this obvious breach of the tradition and the law. Suddenly the Czech national regalia found themselves at the mercy of the Third Reich. In 1941 the German Protector of Bohemia-Moravia, Reinhard Heydrich, visited the Regalia Chamber in St Vitus’ Cathedral and examined the Crown of St Wenceslaus. Despite warnings of ill fortune hanging over anyone who illicitly wears the crown, Heydrich lost his usual restraint and put the Crown of St Wenceslaus on his head making faces and posing in front of cameras as "the Czech King". A short time after that unauthorized use of the crown Heydrich met his fate: he was shot dead in Prague by members of the Czech resistance. In 1944, fearing allied raids, the authorities had the regalia transferred to the vaults of the Royal Castle in Prague. When the war ended in 1945 the Czech regalia were put on public display in St Vitus’ Cathedral. Afterwards they were transferred to the Regalia Chamber in the Cathedral where they have been safeguarded until the present day. The regalia are put on public display only on very rare occasions. Since 1945 they have been publicly displayed only ten times: in 1955, 1958, 1968, 1975, 1978, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008 and 2013.

 

 

 

CZECH CORONATIONS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

(Year, venue, name of the crowned):

1086 PRAGUE: Vratislav II and Świętosława of Poland

1158 REGENSBURG: Ladislaus I

1198 MAINZ: Přemysl Otakar I

1228 PRAGUE: Wenceslaus I and Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen

1297 PRAGUE: Wenceslaus II

1303 PRAGUE: Elizabeth-Ryksa of Poland, consort of Wenceslaus II

1307 PRAGUE: Rudolph I Habsburg

1311 PRAGUE: John of Luxembourg

1337 PRAGUE: Beatrice of Bourbon, consort of John of Luxembourg

1347 PRAGUE: Charles I/IV and Blanche of Valois

1349 PRAGUE: Anne of the Palatinate, consort of Charles I/IV

1353 PRAGUE: Anne of Świdnica, consort of Charles I/IV

1363 PRAGUE: Elizabeth of Pomerania, consort of Charles I/IV

1363 PRAGUE: Wenceslaus IV

1370 PRAGUE: Joanna of Bavaria, consort of Wenceslaus IV

1400 PRAGUE: Sophia of Bavaria, consort of Wenceslaus IV

1420 PRAGUE: Sigismund

1437 PRAGUE: Barbara of Cilli, consort of Sigismund

1438 PRAGUE: Albert of Habsburg

1453 PRAGUE: Ladislaus the Posthumous

1458 PRAGUE: George of Poděbrady and Joanna

1471 PRAGUE: Ladislaus II

1509 PRAGUE: Louis I

1522 PRAGUE: Mary of Habsburg, consort of Louis I

1527 PRAGUE: Ferdinand I and Anna Jagiellonian

1562 PRAGUE: Maximilian I and Maria of Spain

1575 PRAGUE: Rudolph II

1611 PRAGUE: Matthew I

1616 PRAGUE: Anna of Tyrol, consort of Matthew I

1617 PRAGUE: Ferdinand II

1619 PRAGUE: Frederick of the Palatinate and Elizabeth Stuart

1627 PRAGUE: Eleanor of Mantua, consort of Ferdinand II

1627 PRAGUE: Ferdinand III

1646 PRAGUE: Ferdinand IV

1656 PRAGUE: Eleanor Gonzaga, consort of Ferdinand III

1656 PRAGUE: Leopold I

1723 PRAGUE: Charles II and Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick

1741 PRAGUE: Charles Albert of Bavaria

1743 PRAGUE: Maria Theresa

1791 PRAGUE: Leopold II and Queen Maria Lodovica of Sicily

1792 PRAGUE: Francis I and Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily

1836 PRAGUE: Ferdinand V the Good and Maria Anna of Sardinia

 

CZECH CORONATION CHURCHES

 

MAINZ CATHEDRAL/ GERMANY (Mainzer Dom, Marktplatz).

Here was crowned:

 

1198: Přemysl Otakar I

 

PRAGUE, CATHEDRAL OF ST VITUS (Praha, chram sv. Vita):

Here were crowned:

1086: Vratislav II and Świętosława of Poland

1228: Wenceslaus I and Kunigunde of Hohenstaufen

1297: Wenceslaus II

1303: Elizabeth-Ryksa of Poland, consort of Wenceslaus II

1307: Rudolph I Habsburg

1311: John of Luxembourg

1337: Beatrice of Bourbon, consort of John of Luxembourg

1347: Charles I/IV and Blanche of Valois

1349: Anne of the Palatinate, consort of Charles I/IV

1353: Anne of Świdnica, consort of Charles I/IV

1363: Elizabeth of Pomerania, consort of Charles I/IV

1363: Wenceslaus IV

1370: Joanna of Bavaria, consort of Wenceslaus IV

1400: Sophia of Bavaria, consort of Wenceslaus IV

1420: Sigismund

1437: Barbara of Cilli, consort of Sigismund

1438: Albert of Habsburg

1453: Ladislaus the Posthumous

1458: George of Poděbrady and Joanna

1471: Ladislaus II

1509: Louis I

1522: Mary of Habsburg, consort of Louis I

1527: Ferdinand I and Anna Jagiellonian

1562: Maximilian I and Maria of Spain

1575: Rudolph II

1611: Matthew I

1616: Anna of Tyrol, consort of Matthew I

1617: Ferdinand II

1619: Frederick of the Palatinate and Elizabeth Stuart

1627: Eleanor of Mantua, consort of Ferdinand II

1627: Ferdinand III

1646: Ferdinand IV

1656: Eleanor Gonzaga, consort of Ferdinand III

1656: Leopold I

1723: Charles II and Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick

1741: Charles Albert of Bavaria

1743: Maria Theresa

1791: Leopold II and Queen Maria Lodovica of Sicily

1792: Francis I and Maria Theresa of Naples-Sicily

1836: Ferdinand V the Good and Maria Anna of Sardinia

 

Wenceslaus III was never crowned.

Rudolph I died prior to his coronation.

Joseph I, Joseph II, Francis Joseph I and Charles III were never crowned.

 

Select Bibliography

Hlobil I. et al., Česke korunovačni klenoty, Praha 1998

Lord Twining, European Regalia, London 1967

Mazan L., Święty Wacław i siódmy klucz in "Przekrój", Kraków 1999

Reifenscheid R.: Die Habsburger. Von Rudolf I. bis Karl I., Graz 1982

Znamierowski A., Illustrated Book of Flags, London 2003