BURIAL PLACES OF DANISH SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

s_alvastra

ALVASTRA ABBEY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN ALVASTRA ABBEY (Alvastra Kloster):

Queen ULVHILD (+1140/1150), consort of King Niels

The church had been ruined during the Reformation period and the tomb was lost.

mk_doberan

BAD DOBERAN (GERMANY)
BURIED IN DOBERAN MINSTER
(Bad Doberan Münster, Klosterstr.):

Queen MARGARET SAMBIRIA OF POMERANIA (+1282), consort of King Christopher I

dk_bordesholm

BORDESHOLM (GERMANY)
ABBEY CHURCH (Bordesholm, Klosterkirche, Lindenplatz):

Cenotaph to King FREDERICK I (+1533)

The double tomb had been made for the then Duke Frederick of Schleswig-Holstein and his first wife Duchess Anna of Brandenburg who was buried in the tomb. Frederick had become king of Denmark-Norway and was later buried in Schleswig Cathedral with his second wife Queen Sophia of Pomerania.

dk_celle

CELLE (GERMANY)
BURIED IN THE TOWN CHURCH
(Celle, Stadtkirche, An der Stadtkirche):

Queen CAROLINE MATILDA OF GREAT BRITAIN (+1775), consort of King Christian VII

dk_dalby

DALBY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE HOLY CROSS CHURCH
(Dalby, Heligkorskyrka/Helligkorskirke, Skåne, Lundavägen):

King HAROLD III (+1080)
The tomb has not been preserved.

dk_darlowo

DARŁOWO (POLAND)
BURIED IN OUR LADY’S CHURCH
(Darłowo, kościół Mariacki, ul. Franciszkańska):

King ERIC VII OF POMERANIA (+1459)

ESRUM ABBEY (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ESRUM ABBEY CHURCH (Esrum Kloster):

Queen HELVIG OF SCHLESWIG (+1374), wife of King Valdemar IV

The tomb was lost during the demolition of the abbey church in the 16th century.

dk_grathe_hede1

GRATHE MOOR, STORE GRÅSKOV (DENMARK)
BURIED IN GRATHE MOOR
(Grathe Hede, Store Gråskov syd for Thorning, Grågårdevej):

King SWEYN III (+1157)

dk_jelling

JELLING (DENMARK)
BURIED IN JELLING CHURCH (Jelling, Kirke, Thyrasvej):

01. King GORM THE OLD (+958)
02. Queen THYRA (+c. 935), consort of King Gorm.

Her tomb has not been preserved. In front of the church there are runic stones commemorating the Queen and the King.

placeholder image

JERUSALEM (THE HOLY LAND)
BURIED IN THE ABBEY OF ST MARY OF JEHOSHAPHAT, CHURCH OF THE TOMB OF THE VIRGIN MARY (Al-Quds, Derekh Yericho):

Queen BODIL (+1103), consort of King Eric I the Evergood.

The tomb was lost following the destruction of the church by Saladin's troops in 1187.

dk_odense

ODENSE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ST CANUTE’S CATHEDRAL
(Odense, Skt. Knuds Domkirke, Klosterbakken):

01. King CANUTE II THE HOLY (+1086)
02. King ERIC III (+1146).
The tomb has not been preserved.
03. King HANS (+1513)
04. Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY (+1521), consort of King Hans
05. King CHRISTIAN II (+1559)
06. Queen ELIZABETH OF CASTILE (+1526), consort of King Christian II

dk_pafos

PAPHOS (CYPRUS)
BURIED IN PAPHOS BASILICA:

King ERIC I THE EVERGOOD (+1103)

The Basilica of Paphos and the tomb were destroyed in an earthquake.

Photo courtesy of Mr Władysław Łowczyk

dk_ribe

RIBE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN RIBE CATHEDRAL (Ribe Domkirke, Torvet):

01.King ERIC II (+1137).
The tomb has not been preserved.
02. King CHRISTOPHER I (+1259)

dk_ringsted

RINGSTED (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ST BENDT'S CHURCH
(Ringsted, Skt. Bendts Kirke, Sankt Bendtsgade):

01. King VALDEMAR I THE GREAT (+1182)
02. Queen SOPHIA OF NOVGOROD (+1198), consort of King Valdemar I the Great
03. King CANUTE IV (+1202)
04. King VALDEMAR THE YOUNG (+1231)
05. Queen ELEANOR OF PORTUGAL (+1231), consort of King Valdemar the Young.
The tomb has not been preserved.
06. King VALDEMAR II THE VICTORIOUS (+1241)
07. Queen DAGMAR OF BOHEMIA (+1212), consort of King Valdemar II the Victorious
08. Queen BERENGARIA OF PORTUGAL (+1221), consort of King Valdemar II the Victorious
09. King ERIC IV THE PLOUGHPENNY (+1250)
10. Queen AGNES OF BRANDENBURG (+1304), consort of King Eric V.
The tomb has not been preserved.
11. King ERIC VI (+1319)
12. Queen INGEBORG OF SWEDEN (+1319), consort of King Eric VI

dk_roskilde

ROSKILDE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ROSKILDE CATHEDRAL
(Roskilde, Domkirke, Domkirkepladsen):

01. King HAROLD I BLUETOOTH (+987)
02. King SWEYN I FORKBEARD (+1014).
The tomb has not been preserved.
03. King SWEYN II ESTRIDSEN (+1074)
04. Queen MARGARET I (+1412)
05. King CHRISTOPHER OF BAVARIA (+1448).
The tomb has not been preserved.
06. Queen DOROTHEA OF BRANDENBURG (+1495), consort of kings Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I
07. King CHRISTIAN I (+1481)
08. King CHRISTIAN III (+1559)
09. Queen DOROTHEA OF SAXE-LAUENBURG (+1571), consort of King Christian III
10. King FREDERICK II (+1588)
11. Queen SOPHIA OF MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (+1631), consort of King Frederick II
12. King CHRISTIAN IV (+1648)
13. Queen ANNA CATHERINE OF BRANDENBURG (+1612), consort of King Christian IV
14. King FREDERICK III (+1670)
15. Queen SOPHIA AMALIA OF BRUNSWICK-LÜNEBURG (+1685), consort of King Frederick III
16. King CHRISTIAN V (+1699)
17. Queen CHARLOTTE AMALIE OF HESSE-KASSEL(+1714), consort of King Christian V
18. King FREDERICK IV (+1730)
19. Queen LOUISE OF MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW (+1721), consort of King Frederick IV
20. Queen ANNA SOPHIA REVENTLOW (+1743), consort of King Frederick IV
21. King CHRISTIAN VI (+1746)
22. Queen SOPHIA MAGDALENA OF BRANDENBURG-KULMBACH (+1770), consort of King Christian VI
23. King FREDERICK V (+1766)
24. Queen LOUISE OF GREAT BRITAIN (+1751), consort of King Frederick V
25. Queen JULIANA MARIA OF BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBÜTTEL (+1796), consort of King Frederick V
26. King CHRISTIAN VII (+1808)
27. King FREDERICK VI (+1839)
28. Queen MARIE OF HESSE-KASSEL (+1852), consort of King Frederick VI
29. King CHRISTIAN VIII (+1848)
30. Queen CAROLINE AMALIE of SCHLESWIG-HOLSTEIN (+1881), consort of King Christian VIII
31. King FREDERICK VII (+1863)
32. King CHRISTIAN IX (+1906)
33. Queen LOUISE OF HESSE-KASSEL (+1898), consort of King Christian IX
34. King FREDERICK VIII (+1912)
35. Queen LOUISE OF SWEDEN (+1926), consort of King Frederick VIII
36. King CHRISTIAN X (+1947)
37. Queen ALEXANDRINE OF MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN (+1952), consort of King Christian X

dk_mauz_roskilde

ROSKILDE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN THE CHAPEL OUTSIDE ROSKILDE CATHEDRAL (Roskilde, Frederik 9. begravelsesplads, Domkirkepladsen):

01. King FREDERICK IX (+1972)
02. Queen INGRID OF SWEDEN (+2000), consort of King Frederick IX

dk_slesvig

SCHLESWIG (GERMANY)
BURIED IN SCHLESWIG CATHEDRAL
(Schleswiger Dom, Süderdomstr./Kirchstr.):

01. King NIELS (+1134).
The tomb has not been preserved.
02. King ABEL (+1252).
The tomb has not been preserved.
03. King FREDERICK I (+1533)
04. Queen SOPHIA of POMERANIA (+1568), consort of Frederick I

King Frederick I and his Queen Sophia are buried in the vault under the Ducal Chapel.

dk_soro

SORØ (DENMARK)
BURIED IN THE ABBEY CHURCH
(Sorø, klosterkirke, Akademigrunden):

01. King CHRISTOPHER II (+1332)
02. Queen EUPHEMIA OF POMERANIA (+1330), consort of King Christopher II
03. King VALDEMAR IV ATTERDAG (+1375)
04. King OLUF II (+1387).
His heart and viscera were buried in Lund Cathedral in Scania, now Sweden.

n_trondheim

TRONDHEIM (NORWAY)
BURIED IN NIDAROS CATHEDRAL
(Trondheim, Nidaros Domkirke, Kongsgårdsgaten):

King MAGNUS I THE GOOD (+1047)

s_vadstena

VADSTENA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VADSTENA ABBEY CHURCH
(Vadstena, Klosterkyrka, Lasarettsgatan):

Queen PHILIPPA OF ENGLAND (+1430), consort of King Eric VII of Pomerania

dk_vae

VÄ (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST MARY
(Vä, Sta Maria Kyrka, Kung Valdemars Väg):

Queen GERTRUDE OF SAXONY AND BAVARIA (+1197), consort of King Canute IV.

The tomb has not been preserved.

s_varnhem

VARNHEM (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VARNHEM ABBEY CHURCH
(Varnhem Klosterkyrka, Kyrkogatan):

Queen MECHTILDE OF HOLSTEIN (+1288), consort of King Abel

dk_viborg

VIBORG (DENMARK)
BURIED IN VIBORG CATHEDRAL
(Viborg Domkirke, Domkirkepladsen):

King ERIC V (+1286)

s_vreta

VRETA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VRETA ABBEY CHURCH
(Vreta Kloster vid Linköping):

Queen INGEGERD OF NORWAY, consort of King Oluf I the Hunger

gb_winchester

WINCHESTER (ENGLAND)
BURIED IN WINCHESTER CATHEDRAL
(Winchester, The Close/Great Minster St):

01. King CANUTE I THE GREAT (+1035)
02. Queen EMMA OF NORMANDY (+1052), consort of King Canute I the Great

LIST OF DANISH SOVEREIGNS

KINGDOM OF DENMARK:
HOUSE OF SKJOLDUNG
(Skjoldunger)
? - c. 958: GORM THE OLD (Gorm den Gamle)
Born in ?
Father: Hardicanute. Mother: ?
Married THYRA.
His issue who reigned:
-HAROLD I BLUETOOTH (+c. 987).
Died in 958.
Buried firstly with his Queen Thyra in a mound near Jelling Church. Around 965 their remains were translated to Jelling Church, Jutland. In the 20th c. they remained at the National Museum in Copenhagen to be finally reburied in Jelling Church in 2000.

c. 958-987: HAROLD I BLUETOOTH (Harald I Blåtand)
Born in c. 930.
Father: King Gorm the Old of Denmark. Mother: Queen Thyra of England.
Married firstly in c. 965 GUNHILD. Her burial place is unknown.
Married secondly in c. 970 TOVE. Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned:
-SWEYN I FORKBEARD (+1014; son of Gunhild).
Killed in c. 987 on the Isle of Wolin (Pomerania).
Buried in the Trinity Church in Roskilde (now Roskilde Cathedral).

987-1014: SWEYN I FORKBEARD
(Svend I Tveskæg; King of England)
Born in c. 960.
Father: King Harold I Bluetooth of Denmark. Mother: Queen Gunhild.
Married Dowager Queen of Sweden ŚWIĘTOSŁAWA (Gunhild) of Poland (*966/72,+1014/16). Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned:
-HAROLD II (+1018),
-CANUTE I THE GREAT (*c. 995,+1035).
Died in 1014 in Gainsborough (England).
Buried firstly in York, later reburied in the Trinity Church in Roskilde (now Roskilde Cathedral). The tomb has not been preserved.

1014-1018: HAROLD II (Harald II)
Born in c. 989.
Father: King Sweyn I Forkbeard of Denmark. Mother: Queen Świętosława (Gunhild) of Poland.
Unmarried.
Died in 1018.
His burial place is unknown.

1018-1035: CANUTE I THE GREAT
(Knud I den Store; King of England and Norway)
Born in c. 995.
Father: King Sweyn I Forkbeard of Denmark. Mother: Queen Świętosława (Gunhild) of Poland.
Married in 1017 Dowager Queen of England EMMA of Normandy (+1052).
His issue who reigned:
-Harold I Harefoot (*1016/17,+1040; King of England; illegitimate),
-Sweyn (+1036; King of Norway; illegitimate),
-HARDICANUTE (*1018,+1042; son of Emma).
Died in 1035 at Shaftesbury, Dorset.
Buried with his Queen Emma in Winchester Cathedral (England).

1035-1042: HARDICANUTE (Hardeknud; King of England)
Born in 1018 in England.
Father: King Canute I the Great of Denmark. Mother: Queen Emma of Normandy.
Unmarried.
Died in 1042 in London.
Buried in Winchester Cathedral (England).

1042-1047: MAGNUS THE GOOD
(Magnus den Gode; King of Norway)
Born in c. 1024.
Father: King Saint Olav of Norway. Mother: Alfhild, king's concubine.
Unmarried.
Died in 1047 in Alsted, Zealand.
Buried in Trondheim Cathedral (Norway). The tomb has not been preserved.

HOUSE OF ESTRIDSEN
1047-1074: SWEYN II ESTRIDSEN
(Svend II Estridsen)
Born in c. 1020.
Father: Ulf Jarl. Mother: Estrid of Denmark.
Married in c. 1060 Dowager Queen of Sweden GUNHILD (later repudiated). Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned:
-HAROLD III (*c. 1040,+1080; illegitimate),
-CANUTE II THE HOLY (+1086; illegitimate),
-OLUF I THE HUNGER (+1095; illegitimate),
-ERIC I (+1103; illegitimate),
-Ingrid (Queen of Norway; illegitimate),
-NIELS (+1134; illegitimate).
Died in 1074.
Buried in the Trinity Church in Roskilde (now Roskilde Cathedral).

1074-1080: HAROLD III (Harald III Hen)
Born in c. 1040.
Father: King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married MARGARET. Her burial place is unknown.
Died in 1080.
Buried in Dalby Church in Scania (now Sweden). The tomb has not been preserved.

1080-1086: CANUTE II THE HOLY (Knud II den Hellige)
Born in c. 1043.
Father: King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married c. 1082 EDEL of Flanders (+c. 1115). Her burial place is unknown.
Killed in 1086 in Odense.
Buried at St Canute's Cathedral in Odense.

1086-1095: OLUF I HUNGER (Oluf I Hunger)
Born in c. 1052.
Father: King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married INGEGERD of Norway.
Died in 1095.
His burial place is unknown.
His Queen Ingegerd of Norway was buried in Vreta Abbey, Sweden.

1095-1103: ERIC I THE EVERGOOD (Erik I Ejegod)
Born in c. 1056 in Slangerup.
Father: King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married before 1086 BODIL (+1103 Jerusalem).
His issue who reigned:
-ERIC II (+1137; illegitimate)
Died in 1103 in Paphos (Cyprus).
Buried in Paphos Basilica (demolished).
His Queen Bodil was buried in the Church of the Tomb of Virgin Mary in Jerusalem (no tomb).

1104-1134: NIELS
Born in c. 1064.
Father: King Sweyn II Estridsen of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married firstly in 1105 Dowager Queen of Norway MARGARET FREDKULLA of Sweden (+c. 1130). Her burial place is unknown.
Married secondly in c. 1130 ULVHILD (+1140/1150; later Queen of Sweden).
His issue who reigned:
-Magnus I (+1134; King of Sweden; son of Margaret).
Murdered in 1134 in Schleswig (Slesvig).
Buried in Schleswig Cathedral (now Germany).
His tomb has not been preserved.
His second consort Queen Ulvhild was probably buried in Alvastra Monastery, Sweden (no tomb).

1134-1137: ERIC II (Erik II Emune)
Born in c. 1090.
Father: King Eric I the Evergood of Denmark. Mother: unknown concubine of the king.
Married in c. 1132 Dowager Queen of Norway MALMFRED of Kiev (+c. 1138). Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned:
-SWEYN III (+1157; illegitimate).
Murdered in 1137 at Urnehoved Ting near Ribe.
Buried in Ribe Cathedral, Jutland. His tomb has not been preserved.

1137-1146: ERIC III THE LAMB (Erik III Lam)
Born in c. 1100.
Father: Hakon Jyde. Mother: Ragnhild.
Married in 1144 LUITGARD of Salzwedel (+1152 Winzenburg, Germany). Her burial place is unknown.
Died in 1146 in Odense.
Buried at Franciscan Church in Odense. Later his remains were translated to St Canute's Cathedral in Odense. His tomb has not been preserved.

1146-1157: SWEYN III GRATHE (Svend III Grathe)
Born in ?
Father: King Eric II of Denmark. Mother: Thuna (King Eric II's concubine).
Married in c. 1152 ADELA af Meissen (+after 1157 in Germany). Her burial place is unknown.
He was crowned in 1152 in Merseburg (Germany).
Killed in 1157 on Grathe Moor in Jutland where he was also buried.

1146-1157: CANUTE III (Knud III)
Born in c. 1128.
Father: King Magnus I of Sweden. Mother: Queen Rycheza of Poland.
Married a daughter of King Sverker I of Sweden.
Died in 1157 in Roskilde (murdered).
His burial place is unknown.

1154/57-1182: VALDEMAR I THE GREAT (Valdemar I den Store)
Born in 1131 in Schleswig.
Father: Prince Knud Lavard. Mother: Princess Ingeborg of Kiev.
Married in 1157 in Viborg Princess SOPHIA of Novgorod (*c. 1141,+1198).
His issue who reigned:
-Richiza (+1220; Queen of Sweden),
-CANUTE IV (*1163,+1202),
-VALDEMAR II THE VICTORIOUS (*1170,+1241),
-Ingeborg (*1175,+1236; Queen of France).
Died in 1182 in Vordingborg.
Buried with his Queen Sophia in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.

1182-1202: CANUTE IV (Knud IV den Sjette)
Born in 1163.
Father: King Valdemar I the Great of Denmark. Mother: Queen Sophia of Novgorod.
Married in 1177 in Lund GERTRUD of Saxony (*c. 1154,+1197).
He was crowned in 1170 in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.
Died in 1202.
Buried at St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.
His Queen Gertrud was buried in St Mary's Church in Væ (Vä) near Kristianstad in Scania. Her tomb has not been preserved.

1202-1241: VALDEMAR II THE VICTORIOUS (Valdemar II Sejr)
Born in 1170.
Father: King Valdemar I the Great of Denmark. Mother: Queen Sophia of Novgorod.
Married firstly in 1205 in Ribe Princess Dagmar of Bohemia (+1212 Ribe).
Married secondly in 1214 Princess Berengaria of Portugal (*c.1195,+1221).
He was crowned in 1202 in Lund Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-VALDEMAR (III) THE YOUNGER (*1209,+1231; son of Dagmar),
-ERIC IV THE PLOUGHPENNY (*1216,+1250; son of Berengaria),
-ABEL (*c. 1218,+1252; son of Berengaria),
-CHRISTOPHER I (*c. 1219,+1259; son of Berengaria).
Died in 1241 in Vordingborg.
Buried with his two queens in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.

1218-1231: VALDEMAR THE YOUNG (Valdemar den Unge)
Born in 1209.
Father: King Valdemar II the Victorious of Denmark. Mother: Queen Dagmar of Bohemia.
Married in 1229 Princess Eleanor of Portugal (*c. 1211,+1231).
He was crowned in 1218 in Schleswig by his father King Valdemar II.
Died in 1231 at Refsnæs (shot while hunting).
Buried with his Queen Eleanor of Portugal in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (her tomb has not been preserved).

1241-1250: ERIC IV PLOUGHPENNY (Erik IV Plovpennig)
Born in 1216.
Father: King Valdemar II the Victorious of Denmark. Mother: Queen Berengaria of Portugal.
Married in 1239 JUTTA of Saxony (+after 1250 in Germany). Her burial place is unknown.
He was crowned in 1232 in Lund Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-Sophie (+1286; Queen of Sweden),
-Ingeborg (*c. 1244,+1287; Queen of Norway).
Died (murdered) in 1250 in Schleswig (Slesvig).
Buried firstly in the Dominican Church in Schleswig. In 1258 reburied in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.

1250-1252: ABEL
Born in 1218.
Father: King Valdemar II the Victorious of Denmark. Mother: Queen Berengaria of Portugal.
Married in 1237 MECHTILDE of Holstein (+1288 Kiel).
He and his consort were crowned in 1250 in Lund Cathedral (or in Roskilde Cathedral).
Died in 1252 in Husumbro.
Buried in Schleswig (Slesvig) Cathedral. His tomb has not been preserved.
His Queen Mechtilde was buried in Varnhem Abbey Church, Sweden.

1252-1259: CHRISTOPHER I (Christoffer I)
Born in c. 1219.
Father: King Valdemar II the Victorious of Denmark. Mother: Queen Berengaria of Portugal.
Married in 1248 MARGARET SAMBIRIA of Pomerania (*c. 1230,+1282 Rostock).
He and his consort were crowned in 1252 in Lund Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-ERIC V (*1249,+1286).
Died in 1259 in Ribe.
Buried in Ribe Cathedral.
His Queen Margaret was buried in Doberan Minster (Mecklenburg).

1259-1286: ERIC V (Erik V Klipping)
Born in 1249.
Father: King Christopher I of Denmark. Mother: Queen Margaret Sambiria of Pomerania.
Married in 1273 AGNES of Brandenburg (*1258,+1304).
He was crowned in 1259 in Viborg Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-ERIC VI (*1274,+1319),
-CHRISTOPHER II (*1276,+1332),
-Margaret (+1341; Queen of Sweden).
Died in 1286 in Finderup, Jutland (stabbed).
Buried in Viborg Cathedral.
His Queen Agnes is buried at St Bendt's Church in Ringsted. The tomb has not been preserved.

1286-1319: ERIC VI (Erik VI Menved)
Born in 1274.
Father: King Eric V of Denmark. Mother: Queen Agnes of Brandenburg.
Married in 1296 in Helsingborg Princess INGEBORG of Sweden (+1319 Roskilde).
He was crowned in 1287 in Lund Cathedral.
Died in 1319.
Buried with his Queen Ingeborg at St Bendt's Church in Ringsted.

1320-26 and 1329/30-32: CHRISTOPHER II (Christoffer II)
Born in 1276.
Father: King Eric V of Denmark. Mother: Queen Agnes of Brandenburg.
He was crowned in 1324 in Vordingborg Church.
Married before 1307 EUPHEMIA of Pomerania (*c. 1285,+1330).
His issue who reigned:
-VALDEMAR IV (*c. 1320,+1375).
Deposed in 1326. Restored in 1330.
Died in 1332 in Nykøbing-Falster.
Buried with his Queen Euphemia in Sorø Abbey Church.

1326-1329/30: VALDEMAR III
Born in c. 1315.
Father: Prince Erik Valdemarsen. Mother: Adelheid of Holstein.
Married RICARDIS of Schwerin (+c. 1385). Her burial place is unknown.
Deposed in 1330.
Died in 1364. His burial place is unknown.

1332-1340: INTERREGNUM

1340-1375: VALDEMAR IV ATTERDAG
Born in c. 1320.
Father: King Christopher II of Denmark. Mother: Queen Euphemia of Pomerania.
Married in 1340 in Sønderborg HELVIG of Holstein (+c. 1374).
His issue who reigned:
-MARGARET I (*1353,+1412).
Died in 1375 at Gurre Castle, North Zealand.
Buried firstly in the Castle Church at Vordingborg. Later his remains were translated to Sorø Abbey Church.
His Queen Helvig was buried in Esrum Abbey Church, NW of Copenhagen (not preserved).

1376-1387: OLUF II (King of Norway as Olav IV)
Born in 1370 in Oslo.
Father: King Haakon VI of Norway. Mother: Queen Margaret I of Denmark.
Unmarried.
Died in 1387 at Falsterbo Castle, Scania.
Buried in Sorø Abbey Church.

1387-1412: MARGARET I (Margrethe I; Queen of Norway and Sweden)
Born in 1353 at Søborg Castle.
Father: King Valdemar IV of Denmark. Mother: Queen Helvig of Schleswig.
Married in 1363 in Copenhagen King HÅKON VI of Norway (*1340,+1380).
She was never crowned.
Her issue who reigned:
-OLUF II (*1370,+1387).
Died in 1412 in Flensborg Fjord.
Buried firstly in Sorø Abbey Church. In 1413 she was reburied in Roskilde Cathedral.

1396-1439: ERIC VII OF POMERANIA (Erik VII af Pommern; King of Norway and Sweden)
Born in c. 1382 in Darłowo, Pomerania.
Father: Duke Vartislav VII of Pomerania. Mother: Duchess Maria of Mecklenburg.
Married in 1406 in Lund Princess PHILIPPA of England (*1394,+1430 Vadstena).
He was crowned in 1397 in Kalmar.
His consort was crowned in 1406 in Lund Cathedral.
Deposed in 1439 and exiled in Pomerania.
Died in 1459 in Pomerania.
Buried in Our Lady's Church in Darłowo (Pomerania, Poland).
Queen Philippa is buried in the Abbey Church in Vadstena, Sweden.

1440-1448: CHRISTOPHER III OF BAVARIA (Christoffer III af Bayern; King of Norway and Sweden)
Born in 1416.
Father: John I of Neumarkt. Mother: Catherine of Pomerania.
Married in 1445 in Copenhagen DOROTHEA of Brandenburg (*c. 1430,+1495 Kalundborg).
He was crowned in 1443 in Ribe Cathedral.
His consort was crowned in 1445 at Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
Died in 1448 in Helsingborg, Scania.
Buried with his Queen Dorothea in Roskilde Cathedral (his tomb was lost).

HOUSE OF OLDENBURG (Oldenborgske linje)
1448-1481: CHRISTIAN I (King of Norway and Sweden)
Born in 1426.
Father: Diderik of Oldenburg. Mother: Hedvig of Holstein.
Married in 1449 in Copenhagen Christopher III's widow Queen DOROTHEA of Brandenburg (*c. 1430,+1495 Kalundborg).
He was crowned in 1449 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-HANS (*1455,+1513),
-Margaret (*1456,+1486; Queen of Scotland),
-FREDERICK I (*1471,+1533).
Died in 1481 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Dorothea in Roskilde Cathedral.

1481-1513: HANS (King of Norway and Sweden)
Born in 1455 in Aalborg.
Father: King Christian I of Denmark. Mother: Queen Dorothy of Brandenburg.
Married in 1478 in Copenhagen CHRISTINA of Saxony (*1461 Torgau,+1521 Odense).
He and his consort were crowned in 1483 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN II (*1481,+1559),
-Elizabeth (*1485,+1555; Electress of Brandenburg).
Died in 1513 in Aalborg.
Buried firstly with his Queen Christina at the Franciscan Church in Odense. In 1805 their remains were translated to St Canute's Cathedral in Odense.

1513-1523: CHRISTIAN II (King of Norway and Sweden)
Born in 1481 in Nyborg.
Father: King Hans I of Denmark. Mother: Queen Christina of Saxony.
Married in 1515 in Copenhagen Princess ELIZABETH (Isabella) of Castile (*1501 Gent,+1526 Zwijnaarde near Gent).
He was crowned in 1514 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned: Christina (*1521,+1590; Duchess of Milan).
Deposed in 1523 and exiled in the Low Countries.
Captured and imprisoned following his restoration attempt in 1532.
Died in 1559 in captivity at Kalundborg Castle.
Buried firstly at the Franciscan Church in Odense. In 1805 reburied in St Canute's Cathedral in Odense.
His Queen Elizabeth was firstly buried at St Peter's Abbey Church in Gent. In 1883 her remains were translated to St Canute's Cathedral in Odense.

1523-1533: FREDERICK I (Frederik I; King of Norway)
Born in 1471 at Haderslev.
Father: King Christian I of Denmark. Mother: Queen Dorothea of Brandenburg.
Married firstly in 1502 at Stendal Princess Anna of Brandenburg (*1487 Berlin,+1514 Kiel).
Married secondly in 1518 in Kiel Princess SOPHIA of Pomerania (*1498 Szczecin,+1568 Kiel).
He was crowned in 1524 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His second consort was crowned in 1525 at Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN III (*1503,+1559; son of Anna),
-Dorothea (*1504,+1547; Duchess of Prussia; daughter of Anna),
-Elizabeth (*1524,+1586; Duchess of Mecklenburg; daughter of Sophia).
Died in 1533 at Gottorp Castle in Schleswig.
Buried with his Queen Sophia in Schleswig Cathedral.
His first consort Duchess Anna of Brandenburg was buried in Bordesholm Abbey Church, Holstein.

1534-1559: CHRISTIAN III (King of Norway)
Born in 1503 at Gottorp Castle, Schleswig.
Father: King Frederick I of Denmark. Mother: Duchess Anna of Brandenburg.
Married in 1525 in Lauenburg DOROTHEA of Saxe-Lauenburg (*1511 Lauenburg,+1571 Sønderborg).
He and his consort were crowned in 1537 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-Anna (*1532,+1585; Electress of Saxony),
-FREDERICK II (*1534,+1588),
-Dorothea (*1546,+1617; Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg).
Died in 1559 at Kolding Castle.
Buried with his Queen Dorothea in Roskilde Cathedral (she was buried in Sønderborg Castle Church until 1581).

1559-1588: FREDERICK II (Frederik II; King of Norway)
Born in 1534 in Haderslev.
Father: King Christian III of Denmark. Mother: Queen Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg.
Married in 1572 in Copenhagen SOPHIA of Mecklenburg (*1557 Wismar,+1631 Nykøbing-Falster).
He was crowned in 1559 at Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His consort was crowned in 1572 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-Elizabeth (*1573,+1626; Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel),
-Anne (*1574,+1619; Queen of Scotland and England),
-CHRISTIAN IV (*1577,+1648),
-Hedvig (*1581,+1641; Electress of Saxony).
Died in 1588 at Antvorskov Castle near Slagelse.
Buried with his Queen Sophia in Roskilde Cathedral.

1588-1648: CHRISTIAN IV (King of Norway)
Born in 1577 at Frederiksborg Castle (Hillerød).
Father: King Frederick II of Denmark. Mother: Queen Sophia of Mecklenburg.
Married firstly in 1597 in Haderslev ANNA CATHERINE of Brandenburg (*1575 Wolmirstedt,+1612 Copenhagen).
Married secondly and morganatically in 1615 Kirsten Munk (*1598 Nørlund,+1658). Divorced in 1629.
He was crowned in 1596 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His first consort was crowned in 1589 at Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned: FREDERICK III (*1609,+1670; son of Anna Catherine).
Died in 1648 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Anna Catherine in Roskilde Cathedral.
His second wife Kirsten Munk was buried in Odense Cathedral.

1648-1670: FREDERICK III (Frederik III; King of Norway)
Born in 1609 in Haderslev.
Father: King Christian IV of Denmark. Mother: Queen Anna Catherine of Brandenburg.
Married in 1643 at Glücksburg Castle SOPHIA AMALIA of Brunswick-Lüneburg (*1628 Herzberg am Harz,+1685 Copenhagen).
He and his consort were crowned in 1648 in Our Lady's Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN V (*1646,+1699)
-Anna Sophia (*1647,+1717; Electress of Saxony),
-George (*1653,+1708; married Queen Anne of England),
-Ulrica Eleanora (*1656,+1693; Queen of Sweden).
Died in 1670 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Sophia Amalia in Roskilde Cathedral.

1670-1699: CHRISTIAN V (King of Norway)
Born in 1646 in Flensborg (Schleswig).
Father: King Frederick III of Denmark. Mother: Queen Sophia Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
Married in 1667 in Nykøbing-Falster CHARLOTTE AMALIE of Hesse-Kassel (*1650 Kassel,+1714 Copenhagen).
He and his consort were crowned in 1671 in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK IV (*1671,+1730).
Died in 1699 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Charlotte Amalie in Roskilde Cathedral.

1699-1730: FREDERICK IV (Frederik IV; King of Norway)
Born in 1671 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Christian V of Denmark. Mother: Queen Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel.
Married firstly in 1695 in Copenhagen Princess LOUISE of Mecklenburg-Güstrow (*1667 Güstrow,+1721 Copenhagen).
Married secondly, morganatically and bigamously, in 1703 Helene von Vieregg (*1679,+1704).
Married thirdly in 1712 in Skanderborg Countess ANNE SOPHIE Reventlow (*1693 Clausholm Castle,+1743 Clausholm Castle, Jutland). This marriage was morganatic and bigamous (until 1721).
He and his first consort were crowned in 1700 in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His third consort, Anna Sophia, was crowned in 1721 at Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN VI (*1699,+1746; son of Louise).
Died in 1730 in Odense.
Buried with his two consorts, Queen Louise and Queen Anna Sophia, in Roskilde Cathedral.

1730-1746: CHRISTIAN VI (King of Norway)
Born in 1699 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Frederick IV of Denmark. Mother: Queen Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.
Married in 1721 in Pretzsch SOPHIA MAGDALENA of Brandenburg-Kulmbach (*1700 Schönberg,+1770 Hirschholm Castle).
He and his consort were crowned in 1731 in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK V (*1723,+1766),
-Louise (*1726,+1756; Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen).
Died in 1746 at Hirschholm Castle (now Hørsholm).
Buried with his Queen Sophia Magdalena in Roskilde Cathedral.

1746-1766: FREDERICK V (Frederik V; King of Norway)
Born in 1723 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Christian VI of Denmark. Mother: Queen Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach.
Married firstly in 1743 in Copenhagen Princess LOUISE of Great Britain (*1724 London,+1751 Copenhagen).
Married secondly in 1752 in Frederiksborg Castle JULIANA MARIA of Brunswick-Wolfebüttel (*1729 Wolfenbüttel,+1796 Fredensborg)
He and his first consort were crowned in 1747 in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His second consort was crowned in 1752 at Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His issue who reigned:
-Sophia Magdalena (*1746,+1813; Queen of Sweden; daughter of Louise),
-Wilhelmina Caroline (*1747,+1820; Electress of Hesse-Kassel; daughter of Louise),
-CHRISTIAN VII (*1749,+1808; son of Louise).
Died in 1766 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his two queens in Roskilde Cathedral.

1766-1808: CHRISTIAN VII (King of Norway)
Born in 1749 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Frederick V of Denmark. Mother: Queen Louise of Great Britain.
Married in 1766 in Copenhagen Princess CAROLINE MATILDA of Great Britain (*1751 London,+1775 Celle near Hanover). Divorced in 1772.
He and his consort were crowned in 1767 in Christiansborg Palace Church in Copenhagen.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK VI (*1768,+1839).
Died in 1808 in Rendsburg (Rendsborg), Holstein.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral.
His Queen Caroline Matilda was buried in the Town Church in Celle.

1808-1839: FREDERICK VI (Frederik VI; King of Norway to 1814)
Born in 1768 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Christian VII of Denmark. Mother: Queen Caroline Matilda of Great Britain.
Married in 1790 in Gottorp, Schleswig MARIE of Hesse-Kassel (*1767 Hanau,+1852 Copenhagen).
He and his consort were crowned in 1815 in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
Died in 1839 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Marie in Roskilde Cathedral.

1839-1848: CHRISTIAN VIII (King of Norway, 1814)
Born in 1786 in Copenhagen.
Father: Prince Frederik of Denmark. Mother: Princess Sophie Frederikke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Married firstly in 1806 in Ludwigslust Princess Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (*1784 Ludwigslust,+1840 Rome). Divorced in 1810. She was buried in the Teutonic Cemetery in Rome.
Married secondly in 1815 in Augustenborg, Schleswig Princess CAROLINE AMALIE of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Augustenborg (*1796 Copenhagen,+1881 Copenhagen).
He and his second consort were crowned in 1840 at Frederiksborg Castle Chapel in Hillerød.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK VII (*1808,+1863; son of Charlotte Frederica).
Died in 1848 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Caroline Amalie in Roskilde Cathedral.

1848-1863: FREDERICK VII (Frederik VII)
Born in 1808 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Christian VIII of Denmark. Mother: Queen Charlotte Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Married firstly in 1828 in Copenhagen Princess Vilhelmine of Denmark (*1808 Kiel,+1891 Glücksburg/Lyksborg). Divorced in 1837. She was buried in Glücksburg.
Married secondly in 1841 in Neustrelitz Princess Caroline Marianne of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (*1821 Neustrelitz,+1876 Neustrelitz). Divorced in 1846. She was buried in Mirow, Mecklenburg.
Married thirdly and morganatically in 1850 at Frederiksborg Castle in Hillerød Louise Rasmussen Countess Danner (*1815 Copenhagen,+1874 Genoa). She was buried in Jægerspris park near Frederikssund.
He was never crowned.
Died in 1863 in Glücksburg (Lyksborg), Schleswig.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral.

HOUSE OF OLDENBURG-GLÜCKSBURG (Glücksborgske linje)
1863-1906: CHRISTIAN IX
Born in 1818 in Gottorp, Schleswig.
Father: Duke Vilhelm of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderborg-Glücksborg. Mother: Duchess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel.
Married in 1842 in Copenhagen Princess LOUISE of Hesse-Kassel (*1817 Kassel,+1898 Gentofte).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK VIII (*1843,+1912),
-Alexandra (*1844,+1925; Queen of Great Britain),
-Vilhelm (*1845,+1913; King of Greece as George I),
-Dagmar (*1847,+1928; Empress of Russia as Maria Fedorovna).
Died in 1906 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Louise in Roskilde Cathedral.

1906-1912: FREDERICK VIII (Frederik VIII)
Born in 1843 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Christian IX of Denmark. Mother: Queen Louise of Hesse-Kassel.
Married in 1869 in Stockholm Princess LOUISE of Sweden-Norway (*1851 Stockholm,+1926 Copenhagen).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN X (*1870,+1947),
-Carl (*1872,+1957; King of Norway as Haakon VII).
Died in 1912 in Hamburg.
Buried with his Queen Louise in Roskilde Cathedral.

1912-1947: CHRISTIAN X (King of Iceland)
Born in 1870 in Charlottenlund near Copenhagen.
Father: King Frederick VIII of Denmark. Mother: Queen Louise of Sweden-Norway.
Married in 1898 in Cannes Princess ALEXANDRINE of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (*1879 Schwerin,+1952 Hellerup).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned:
-FREDERICK IX (*1899,+1972).
Died in 1947 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Alexandrine in Roskilde Cathedral.

1947-1972: FREDERICK IX (Frederik IX)
Born in 1899 in Kgs. Lyngby near Copehagen.
Father: King Christian X of Denmark. Mother: Queen Alexandrine of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Married in 1935 in Stockholm Princess INGRID of Sweden (*1910 Stockholm,+2000 Fredensborg).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned:
-MARGARET II (*1940),
-Anne Marie (*1946; Queen of the Hellenes).
Died in 1972 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Ingrid in the Royal Chapel outside Roskilde Cathedral.

FROM 1972: MARGARET II (Margrethe II)
Born in 1940 in Copenhagen.
Father: King Frederick IX of Denmark. Mother: Queen Ingrid of Sweden.
Married in 1967 in Copenhagen Count HENRI de Laborde de Monpezat (*1934 Talence, France,+2018 Fredensborg). Burial place unknown.
She was never crowned.
Issue of marriage: Frederik (*1968), Joachim (*1969).

TOMBS OF DANISH SOVEREIGNS

01. The silver mark on the floor of Jelling Church in Denmark marking the place where King GORM THE OLD was buried.
02. The runic stones raised in memory of Queen THYRA and King GORM THE OLD in front of Jelling Church (Denmark).

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The tomb of King HAROLD THE BLUETOOTH
in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)





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The mortuary chest of King CANUTE THE GREAT and his Queen EMMA in Winchester Cathedral (England)

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The tomb of King HARDICANUTE, Winchester Cathedral (England)



01. The fresco picturing King SWEYN II ESTRIDSEN over his tomb in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark).
02. The tomb of King SWEYN II ESTRIDSEN in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark).

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The tomb of King CANUTE II THE HOLY
in Odense Cathedral (Denmark)

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The tomb of Queen INGEGERD OF NORWAY, consort of King Oluf I Hunger, Vreta Abbey (Sweden)

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The memorial plaque in burial place of King ERIC I in Paphos (Cyprus)

Photo courtesy of Mr Władysław Łowczyk


















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The grave of King SWEYN III in Grathe Moor (Denmark)






Tombs in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (Denmark):
01. King VALDEMAR I THE GREAT.
02. Queen SOPHIA OF NOVGOROD, consort of King Valdemar I the Great.
03. King CANUTE IV.

Tombs in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (Denmark):
01. King VALDEMAR II THE VICTORIOUS (right) and his Queen BERENGARIA OF PORTUGAL.
02. Queen DAGMAR OF BOHEMIA, consort of King Valdemar II.

Tombs in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (Denmark):
01. King VALDEMAR THE YOUNG (called Valdemar III).
02. King ERIC IV PLOUGHPENNY.

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The tomb of Queen MECHTILDE OF HOLSTEIN, consort of King Abel, in Varnhem Abbey Church (Sweden)

01. Remains of the tomb of King CHRISTOPHER I in Ribe Cathedral (Denmark).
02. The tomb of Queen MARGARET SAMBIRIA, consort of King Christopher I, Doberan Minster (Germany).
03. The tomb of King ERIC V in Viborg Cathedral (Denmark).

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The tomb of King ERIC VI and his Queen INGEBORG OF SWEDEN in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (Denmark)

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The tomb of King CHRISTOPHER II and his Queen EUPHEMIA OF POMERANIA in Sorø Abbey Church (Denmark)




Tombs in Sorø Abbey Church (Denmark):
01. King VALDEMAR IV.
02. The tombstone from the tomb of King OLUF II.

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The tomb of Queen MARGARET I in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

01. The tomb of King ERIC VII OF POMERANIA in Our Lady's Church in Darłowo (Poland).
02. The tomb of Queen PHILIPPA OF ENGLAND, consort of King Eric VII of Pomerania, in Vadstena Abbey (Sweden).



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The tombs of King CHRISTIAN I (left) and his Queen DOROTHEA OF BRANDENBURG in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

01. The funeral monument over the tombs of King HANS and his Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY in Odense Cathedral (Denmark).
02. The tomb of King HANS in Odense Cathedral (Denmark).
03. The tomb of Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY, consort of King Hans, in Odense Cathedral (Denmark).

Tombs in Odense Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King CHRISTIAN II.
02. Queen ELIZABETH OF CASTILE, consort of King Christian II.

01. The tomb of King FREDERICK I in Schleswig Cathedral (Germany).
02. The cenotaph to King FREDERICK I in Bordesholm Abbey Church (Germany).

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The tomb of King CHRISTIAN III and his Queen DOROTHEA in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

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The tomb of King FREDERICK II and his Queen SOPHIA in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King CHRISTIAN IV.
02. Queen ANNA CATHERINE, consort of King Christian IV.

Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King FREDERICK III.
02. Queen SOPHIA AMALIA, consort of King Frederick III.

Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King CHRISTIAN V.
02. Queen CHARLOTTE AMALIE, consort of Christian V.
03. King FREDERICK IV.
04. Queen LOUISE OF MECKLENBURG, consort of Frederick IV.
05. Queen ANNA SOPHIA REVENTLOW, consort of Frederick IV.








Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King CHRISTIAN VI.
02. Queen SOPHIA MAGDALENA OF BRANDENBURG-KULMBACH, consort of Christian VI.

Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King FREDERICK V.
02. Queen LOUISE OF GREAT BRITAIN, consort of Frederick V.
03. Queen JULIANA MARIA OF BRUNSWICK, wife of Frederick V.

01. The tomb of King CHRISTIAN VII in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark).
02. The tomb of Queen CAROLINE MATILDA OF GREAT BRITAIN, consort of Christian VII in the Town Church in Celle (Germany).

Tombs in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King FREDERICK VI.
02. Queen MARIE OF HESSE-KASSEL, consort of Frederick VI.
03. King CHRISTIAN VIII.
04. Queen CAROLINE AMALIE, consort of Christian VIII.







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The tomb of King FREDERICK VII in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

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The sarcophagus of King CHRISTIAN IX and his Queen LOUISE OF HESSE-KASSEL in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

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The double sarcophagus of King FREDERICK VIII and his Queen LOUISE OF SWEDEN in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

01. The sarcophagi of King CHRISTIAN X (left) and his Queen ALEXANDRINE in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark).
02. The grave of King FREDERICK IX and his Queen
INGRID OF SWEDEN in the Royal Chapel outside Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark).

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FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN DENMARK
(save kings of Denmark who were sovereigns in Iceland, Norway and Sweden)

FÅREVEJLE:
James Hepburn, consort of Queen Mary I of Scotland

NORDBORG:
Elizabeth of Anhalt-Harzgerode, Princess of Anhalt-Köthen, consort of Prince William Louis

RINGSTED:
01. Rikissa of Denmark, Queen of Sweden, consort of King Eric X
02. Birger Magnusson, King of Sweden
03. Margaret of Denmark, Queen of Sweden, consort of King Birger Magnusson

DANISH CORONATION CHURCHES

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COPENHAGEN, CHRISTIANSBORG PALACE CHURCH/DENMARK (København, Christiansborg Slotskirke, Vindebrogade).
Here were crowned:
1767: Christian VII and Caroline Matilda of Great Britain

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COPENHAGEN, OUR LADY’S CATHEDRAL/DENMARK
(København, Vor Frues Domkirke, Nørregade).
Here were crowned:
1445: Dorothea of Brandenburg, consort of Christopher III
1449: Christian I
1483: Hans I and Christina of Saxony
1514: Christian II
1515: Elizabeth of Castile
1524: Frederick I
1525: Sophia of Pomerania, consort of Frederick I
1537: Christian III and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
1559: Frederick II
1572: Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, consort of Frederick II
1596: Christian IV
1598: Anna Catherine of Brandenburg, consort of Christian IV
1648: Frederick III and Sophia Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg

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HILLERØD, FREDERIKSBORG CASTLE CHAPEL/DENMARK (Frederiksborg Slotskirke, Møntportvejen).
Here were crowned:
1671: Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
1700: Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1721: Anna Sophia, consort of Frederick IV
1731: Christian VI and Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1747: Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
1752: Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, consort of Frederick V
1815: Frederick VI and Marie of Hesse-Kassel
1840: Christian VIII and Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein

KALMAR/SWEDEN
(the coronation church was demolished in the 16th century).
Here was crowned:
1397: Eric VII of Pomerania

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LUND CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN (Lund, Domkyrka, Kyrkogatan).
Here were crowned:
1202: Valdemar II the Victorious
1232: Eric IV the Ploughpenny
1250: Abel and Mechtilde of Holstein
1252: Christopher I and Margaret Sambiria
1287: Eric VI
1406: Philippa of England, consort of Eric VII of Pomerania

MERSEBURG/GERMANY
Here was crowned:
1152: Sweyn III

THE DANISH REGALIA

Danish regalia are on public display at Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen and include:
-Christian IV's crown from 1596,
-Christian V's crown from 1670,
-Christian V's coronation robe from 1671,
-Queen's crown from 1731,
-Frederick III's sceptre from 1648,
-The orb from 1648,
-The coronation rapier from 1648,
-The ampulla (1648),
-The thrones of the king (1665) and the queen (1731),
-The throne of Christian VI (1740) and other items.

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The crown of Christian IV (1596)

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The crown of Christian V (1670; right) and the crown of Danish queen (1731)

DANISH CORONATIONS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
(Year, venue, name of the crowned):
1152 MERSEBURG: Sweyn III
1170 RINGSTED: Canute IV
1202 LUND: Valdemar II the Victorious
1218 SCHLESWIG: Valdemar the Young
1232 LUND: Eric IV the Ploughpenny
1250 LUND: Abel and Mechtilde of Holstein
1252 LUND: Christopher I and Margaret Sambiria
1259 VIBORG: Eric V
1287 LUND: Eric VI
1324 VORDINGBORG: Christopher II
1397 KALMAR: Eric VII of Pomerania
1406 LUND: Philippa of England, consort of Eric VII of Pomerania
1443 RIBE: Christopher III of Bavaria
1445 COPENHAGEN: Dorothea of Brandenburg, consort of Christopher III of Bavaria
1449 COPENHAGEN: Christian I
1483 COPENHAGEN: Hans I and Christina of Saxony
1514 COPENHAGEN: Christian II
1515 COPENHAGEN: Elizabeth of Castile
1524 COPENHAGEN: Frederick I
1525 COPENHAGEN: Sophia of Pomerania, consort of Frederick I
1537 COPENHAGEN: Christian III and Dorothea of Saxe-Lauenburg
1559 COPENHAGEN: Frederick II
1572 COPENHAGEN: Sophia of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, consort of Frederick II
1596 COPENHAGEN: Christian IV
1598 COPENHAGEN: Anna Catherine of Brandenburg, consort of Christian IV
1648 COPENHAGEN: Frederick III and Sophia Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg
1671 HILLERØD: Christian V and Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
1700 HILLERØD: Frederick IV and Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
1721 HILLERØD: Anna Sophia, consort of Frederick IV
1731 HILLERØD: Christian VI and Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Kulmbach
1747 HILLERØD: Frederick V and Louise of Great Britain
1752 HILLERØD: Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, consort of Frederick V
1767 COPENHAGEN: Christian VII and Caroline Matilda of Great Britain
1815 HILLERØD: Frederick VI and Marie of Hesse-Kassel
1840 HILLERØD: Christian VIII and Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein

HISTORY OF THE DANISH REGALIA

BY MARIUSZ PAŹDZIORA

The coronation was introduced in Denmark in 1170 when Canute IV was anointed and crowned in Ringsted. Unfortunately not much is known of the mediaeval Danish regalia. It is known, however, that a crown, sceptre, orb and sword were used during Christopher III’s coronation in 1443. The year 1537 opened the age of Protestant coronations in Denmark. In that year Christian III was crowned in Our Lady’s Church in Copenhagen. Nothing specific is known about the regalia which were used during the ceremony. Christian III commissioned, however, a new sword of state in 1551. It is made of silver gilt and decorated with enamel and diamonds. The total length of the sword is 135 cm. It was executed by Johan Siebe, Christian III’s goldsmith. The sword of state was used during subsequent royal coronations until 1648.

For his coronation in 1596 Christian IV commissioned a lavishly decorated crown, sceptre and orb. The only item of Christian IV’s regalia which has been preserved down to our own times is the crown. Christian IV’s crown is a corona aperta, i.e. an open crown without arches. It is made of gold and enamel and richly inlaid with numerous pearls and diamonds. It consists of twelve leaf-shaped points in two different sizes built up in the shape of circlet. The total weight of the crown is 2895 g. This masterpiece of Renaissance jewellery was made by the royal goldsmith Dirich Tyring. In the 1640s Christian IV was forced to pawn the Danish regalia in order to raise money to finance his costly and disastrous wars. The crown of Christian IV was recovered in 1648 for the coronation of his son, Frederick III, but the remaining Danish regalia were lost, so in the same year a new orb and a new sceptre were commissioned. The orb is made of gold. It is decorated with enamel and diamonds and topped with a gold cross inlaid with diamonds. The weight of the orb is 895 g. It was made by an unknown goldsmith in Hamburg. The Danish royal sceptre is one of the most splendid pieces of regalia anywhere in Europe. It is made of gold. It consists of a long rod at the end of which is a large crowned enamel lily inlaid with diamonds. The length of the sceptre is 98,2 cm and its weight is 1359 g. It is unclear whether the sceptre is the work of a goldsmith from Copenhagen or from Amsterdam. A crown for the queen was commissioned together with the orb and the sceptre. It was melted down in 1790.

Frederick III was the last king to use Christian IV’s crown at his coronation in 1648. Following the introduction of hereditary and absolute monarchy, Christian V commissioned a new crown for his coronation in 1671. Christian V’s crown is made of gold and decorated with enamel, diamonds, sapphires and rubies. It is a corona clausa or closed crown made in the shape of a circlet with eight palmettes and arches surmounted by an enamel globe with a cross on its top. The crown weighs 2080 g and its height is 21 cm. It was made in 1670 by Poul Kurtz in Copenhagen. The crown was used at all subsequent Danish coronations including Christian VIII’s coronation in 1840, the last Danish coronation. Christian V’s crown has been used at the lying-in-state of the deceased Danish kings up to the present day.

The newest item among the Danish crowns is the queen’s crown made for Sophia Magdalena's coronation in 1731 by Frederik Farbritius, a renowned Copenhagen goldsmith. Sophia Magdalena refused to wear the previous queen's crown which had been used at the 1721 coronation of Anna Sophia Reventlow, the queen she hated. The queen’s crown is made of gold and it is a corona clausa. It consists of an oval circlet with eight palmettes and the same number of arches which intersect each other in the middle of the crown and are surmounted by an enamel globe with a cross. The crown is decorated with enamel and diamonds. Its total weight is 954 g. Its height is 15,5 cm. The crown was used at all the coronations from 1731 to 1840 and at the lying-in-state of the Danish queens in the 18th century.

The remaining items belonging to the Danish regalia and safeguarded at Rosenborg Castle in Copenahgen include:
the coronation robe of Christian V (made in 1671; ermine and silk adorned with 1400 crowns embroidered with gold threads),
the coronation rapier (made in 1648 probably in Copenhagen; gold, enamel, diamonds),
the ampulla (made in 1648 either in Copenhagen or in Amsterdam; gold, enamel, diamonds),
the Chain and the Star of the Order of the Elephant with Insignia (gold, enamel, diamonds),
the Chain and the Star of the Order of Dannebrog with Insignia (gold, enamel, diamonds) and other smaller items.

In the 16th and 17th centuries the Danish regalia were safeguarded in the vaults of the old royal palace in Copenhagen but around 1681 they were transferred to Rosenborg Castle in Copenhagen where they have remained ever since. Since 1922 the regalia have been on public display in the museum of Rosenborg Castle. In 1940 the Danish authorities, fearing the theft of the regalia by invading German armies, had the crowns and the remaining items removed from the museum and hidden in a special underground shelter in which they remained until the liberation of the country in 1945. The Germans, however, did not seem to have searched for the Danish regalia, as they had done a year earlier in Prague, where they had mobilised all their powers to find the Czech crown of St Wenceslaus.

dk_ribe

RIBE CATHEDRAL/DENMARK (Ribe Domkirke, Torvet).
Here was crowned:
1443: Christopher III of Bavaria

dk_ringsted

DANISH ROYAL STANDARDS

01. Danish royal standard, 12th-17th c.
02. Royal standard of King Eric of Pomerania, 14th/14th c.
03. Danish royal standard, 17th c. to 1731.
04. Danish royal standard, 1731-1814.
05. Danish royal standard, 1815-1914.
06. Danish royal standard, 1914-1947.
07. The standard of Queen Alexandrine, 1914-1952.
08. Danish royal standard, 1947-1972.
09. The standard of Queen Ingrid, 1948-2000.
10. Danish royal standard since 1972.
11. The standard of Prince Henrik, 1972-2018.


RINGSTED, ST BENDT’S CHURCH/DENMARK
(Ringsted, Skt. Bendts Kirke, Sankt Bendtsgade).
Here was crowned:
1170: Canute IV

dk_slesvig

SCHLESWIG CATHEDRAL/GERMANY
(Schleswiger Dom, Süderdomstr./Kirchstr.).
Here was crowned:
1218: Valdemar the Young

dk_viborg

VIBORG CATHEDRAL/DENMARK (Viborg Domkirke, Domkirkepl.).
Here was crowned:
1259: Eric V

VORDINGBORG, CASTLE CHURCH OF ST ANDREW/DENMARK

(Skt. Andreas Slotskirke; the church was demolished in the past).
Here was crowned:
1324: Christopher II

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Kannik P.: Alverdens flag i farver, København 1956
Langer T. W. (red.): Lademann, vol. 5., København 1983
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Lord Twining: European Regalia, London 1967
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Pavillons des puissances maritimes en 1819, [Paris 1819?]
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