BURIAL CHURCHES OF DUTCH SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

 

DELFT (THE NETHERLANDS)

BURIED IN THE NEW CHURCH

(De Nieuwe Kerk, Markt):

 

01. King WILLIAM I (+1843)

 

02. Queen WILHELMINA OF PRUSSIA (+1837), consort of King William I

 

03. King WILLIAM II (+1849)

 

04. Queen ANNA OF RUSSIA (+1865), consort of King William II

 

05. King WILLIAM III (+1890)

 

06. Queen SOPHIA OF WÜRTTEMBERG (+1877), consort of King William III

 

07. Queen EMMA OF WALDECK (+1934), consort of King William III

 

08. Queen WILHELMINA (+1962)

 

09. Prince HENRY OF MECKLENBURG (+1934), consort of Queen Wilhelmina

 

10. Queen JULIANA (+2004)

 

11. Prince BERNHARD OF LIPPE (+2004), consort of Queen Juliana

 

12. Prince CLAUS VON AMSBERG (+2002), consort of Queen Beatrix

 

 

RUEIL-MALMAISON (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST ST PAUL AND PETER (l’église Saint Pierre-Saint Paul, Place de l'Église):

 

Queen HORTENSIA (+1837), consort of King Louis I

 

 

ST-LEU-LA-FORET (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST-LEU

(l’église de St-Leu-St-Gilles, Rue du Général Leclerc/Rue de l'Église):

 

1. King LOUIS I (+1846)

 

2. King LOUIS II (+1831)

 

LIST OF DUTCH SOVEREIGNS FROM 1806

 

KINGDOM OF HOLLAND 1806-1810:

 

HOUSE OF BONAPARTE (Huis van Bonaparte)

1806-1810: LOUIS I NAPOLEON (Lodewijk I Napoleon)

Born in 1778 in Ajaccio, Corsica.

Father: Carlo Maria Bonaparte.

Mother: Maria Letizia née Ramolino.

Married in 1802 in Paris Duchess HORTENSE de Beauharnais (*1783 Paris,+1837 Château de Arenberg, Switzerland).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

-LOUIS II (*1804,+1831),

-Charles Louis Napoleon (*1808,+1873; Emperor of the French as Napoleon III).

Deposed in 1810 by the French and forced to abdicate in favour of his son. Exiled in Austria.

Died in 1846 in Leghorn (Livorno), Italy.

Buried in the Church of St Leu-St Gilles in Saint-Leu-La-Forêt, France.

His Queen Hortensia was buried in St Peter and Paul's Church in Rueil Malmaison near Paris.

 

 

1810: LOUIS II (Lodewijk II; nominal king for 12 days only, following his father's abdication)

Born in 1804 in Paris.

Father: King Louis I Napoleon of Holland.

Mother: Queen Hortensia.

Married in 1827 in Florence Charlotte Bonaparte (*1802 Paris,+1839 Sarzana, Italy).

Deposed in 1810 by the French.

Died in 1831 in Forlí, Italy.

Buried in the Church of St Leu-St Gilles at Saint-Leu-La-Forêt, France.

 

 

1810-1814: FRENCH OCCUPATION

 

 

KINGDOM OF THE UNITED NETHERLANDS 1815-1830,

KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS FROM 1831:

 

HOUSE OF ORANGE (Huis van Oranje)

1815-1840: WILLIAM I (Willem I; Grand Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in 1772 in The Hague.

Father: William V, Prince of Orange.

Mother: Princess Wilhelmina of Prussia.

Married firstly in 1791 in Berlin Princess WILHELMINA of Prussia (*1774 Potsdam,+1837 The Hague).

Married secondly in 1841 in Berlin Countess Henriette d'Oultremont (*1792 Maastricht,+1864 Castle Rahe).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

WILLIAM II (*1792,+1849; son of Wilhelmina).

Abdicated in 1840 and left for Prussia.

Died in 1843 in Berlin.

Buried with his Queen Wilhelmina in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

1840-1849: WILLIAM II (Willem II; Grand Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in 1792 in The Hague.

Father: King William I of the Netherlands.

Mother: Queen Wilhelmina of Prussia.

Married in 1816 in St Petersburg Grand Duchess ANNA of Russia (*1795 St Petersburg,+1865 The Hague).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

-WILLIAM III (*1817,+1890),

-Sophia (*1824,+1897; Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar).

Died in 1849 in Het Loo, Apeldoorn.

Buried with his Queen Anna in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

1849-1890: WILLIAM III (Willem III; Grand Duke of Luxembourg)

Born in 1817 in Brussels.

Father: King William II of the Netherlands.

Mother: Queen Anna of Russia.

Married firstly in 1839 in Stuttgart Princess SOPHIA of Württemberg (*1818 Stuttgart,+1877 The Hague).

Married secondly in 1879 in Arolsen Princess EMMA of Waldeck-Pyrmont (*1858 Arolsen,+1934 The Hague).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

WILHELMINA (*1880,+1962; daughter of Emma).

Died in 1890 in Het Loo, Apeldoorn.

Buried with his two queens in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

1890-1948: WILHELMINA

Born in 1880 in The Hague.

Father: King William III of the Netherlands.

Mother: Queen Emma of Waldeck-Pyrmont.

Married in 1901 in The Hague Prince HENRY of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (*1876 Schwerin,+1934 The Hague).

She was never crowned.

Her issue who reigned: JULIANA (*1909,+2004).

She was exiled in Great Britain and Canada during German occupation of the Netherlands 1940-1945.

Abdicated in 1948.

Died in 1962 in Het Loo, Apeldoorn.

Buried with her consort Prince Henry in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

1948-1980: JULIANA

Born in 1909 in The Hague.

Father: Duke Henry of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. Mother: Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands.

Married in 1937 in The Hague Prince BERNHARD of Lippe-Biesterfeld (*1911 Jena,+2004 Utrecht).

She was never crowned.

Her issue who reigned: BEATRIX (*1938).

Abdicated in 1980.

Died in 2004 in Soestdijk near Baarn.

Buried with her consort Prince Bernhard in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

1980-2013: BEATRIX

Born in 1938 in Soestdijk near Baarn.

Father: Prince Bernhard of Lippe-Biesterfeld. Mother: Queen Juliana of the Netherlands.

Married in 1966 in Amsterdam CLAUS von Amsberg (*1926 Dötzingen,+2002 Amsterdam).

She was never crowned.

Her issue who reigned:

WILLIAM ALEXANDER (*1967).

Abdicated in 2013.

Her consort Prince Claus was buried in the New Church in Delft.

 

 

FROM 2013: WILLIAM ALEXANDER (Willem Alexander)

Born in 1967 in Utrecht.

Father: Prince Claus von Amsberg.

Mother: Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands.

Married in 2002 in Amsterdam MAXIMA Zorreguieta (*1971 Buenos Aires, Argentina).

He was never crowned.

His issue: Catharina (*2003), Alexia (*2005), Ariane (*2007).

 

The cenotaph of King WILLIAM I in the New Church in Delft, The Netherlands

 

 

The vault in the New Church in Delft in the Netherlands where the Dutch sovereigns of the House of Orange and their spouses are buried

 

DUTCH REGALIA

 

The coronation was never introduced in the Kingdom of the Netherlands, however, a set of regalia were produced for ceremonial use. The monarchs usually take an oath on the Constitution in Amsterdam’s Nieuwe Kerk, which serves as the act of their official accession to the throne of the Netherlands (Wiliam I took his oath in Brussels in 1815).The Dutch regalia are kept at the Royal Palace Noordeinde in The Hague and unfortunately are not on public display. They include the following items:

-The crown, the orb and the sceptre of William I (1815),

-The crown, the orb, the sceptre and the sword of William II (1840).

 

 

The crown of Willam II (1840)

FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN THE NETHERLANDS:

DOORN

Wilhelm II, Emperor of Germany

MIDDELBURG

1. Elizabeth of Brunswick, German Queen, consort of William of Holland

2. William of Holland, German King

 

Select Bibliography

Burke's Royal Families of the World, vol. I: Europe and Latin America, London 1977

Flaggenbuch, Berlin 1905

Fogd-Pedersen Ch.: Alverdens flag i farver, København 1970 & 1979

Herzog H. U.: Flaggen und Wappen, Leipzig 1982

Kannik P.: Alverdens flag i farver, København 1956

Le Gras M. A.: Album des pavillons, guidons, flammes de toutes les puissances maritimes, Paris 1858

Pavillons des puissances maritimes en 1819, [Paris 1819?]