BURIAL CHURCHES OF LITHUANIAN SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

 

BARI (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF ST NICHOLAS (Bari, Basilica di San Nicola, Largo Urbano II):

 

Grand Duchess BONA SFORZA (+1557), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund the Old

 

CHEŁM (POLAND)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF THE BIRTH OF THE VIRGIN MARY (Chełm, cerkiew Narodzenia NMP):

 

Grand Duke SVARNAS (+1269)

The tomb has not been preserved. The church had been demolished in the early 18th century and a new church was built on its site.

 

 

DRESDEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF THE HOLY TRINITY (Kathedrale St. Trinitatis/Hofkirche, Theaterplatz):

 

1. Grand Duke AUGUSTUS III (+1763)

 

2. Grand Duchess MARIA JOSEPHA OF AUSTRIA (+1757), consort of Grand Duke Augustus III

 

 

KRAKÓW (POLAND)

BURIED IN WAWEL ROYAL BASILICA

(Kraków, Bazylika Królewska na Wawelu):

 

01. Grand Duke JOGAILA (+1434)

His heart was buried in the Franciscan church in Gródek near Lwów (Poland).

 

02. Grand Duchess HEDVIG OF ANJOU (+1399), consort of Grand Duke Jogaila

 

03. Grand Duke CASIMIR JAGIELLONIAN (+1492)

 

04. Grand Duchess ELIZABETH OF AUSTRIA (+1505), consort of Grand Duke Casimir Jagiellonian

 

05. Grand Duke SIGISMUND THE OLD (+1548)

 

06. Grand Duchess BARBARA ZAPOLYA (+1515), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund the Old

 

07. Grand Duke SIGISMUND AUGUSTUS (+1572)

His heart was buried in St John's Church in Knyszyn (Poland).

 

08. Grand Duke STEPHEN BATHORY (+1586)

 

09. Grand Duchess ANNA JAGIELLONIAN (+1596)

 

10. Grand Duke SIGISMUND VASA (+1632)

 

11. Grand Duchess ANNA OF AUSTRIA (+1598), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund Vasa

 

12. Grand Duchess CONSTANCE OF AUSTRIA (+1631), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund Vasa

Her heart was buried in the Church of Our Lady of Grace in Warsaw (Poland).

 

13. Grand Duke LADISLAUS VASA (+1648)

His heart and viscera were buried in St Stanislaus' Cathedral in Wilno (Vilnius).

 

14. Grand Duchess CECILIA RENATA OF AUSTRIA (+1644), consort of Grand Duke Ladislaus Vasa

Her heart was buried in the Church of Our Lady of Grace in Warsaw (Poland).

 

15. Grand Duchess LOUISE MARIA GONZAGA (+1667), consort of Grand Duke Ladislaus Vasa

Her heart was buried in the Church of the Nuns of Visitation in Warsaw (Poland).

 

16. Grand Duke JOHN CASIMIR VASA (+1672)

His heart was buried in the Abbey of Saint-Germain-des-Prés in Paris (France).

 

17. Grand Duke MICHAEL KORYBUT WIŚNIOWIECKI (+1673)

His viscera were buried in the Latin Basilica in Lwów (Poland) and his heart was buried in the Cameldolite Church in Warsaw.

 

18. Grand Duke JOHN SOBIESKI (+1696)

His heart was buried in the Capuchin Church in Warsaw (Poland).

 

19. Grand Duchess MARIA CASIMIRA DE LA GRANGE D'ARQUIEN (+1716), consort of Grand Duke John Sobieski

Her heart was buried in the church of St Vincent de Paul in Blois (France).

 

20. Grand Duke AUGUSTUS II THE STRONG (+1733)

His viscera were buried in the Capuchin Church in Warsaw and his heart was buried in the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Dresden (Saxony).

 

 

NANCY (FRANCE)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF NOTRE DAME DE BONSECOURS (Nancy, Église Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours, Rue de Bonsecours):

 

1. Grand Duke STANISLAUS LESZCZYŃSKI (+1766)

The grand ducal tomb had been despoiled during the French Revolution. Following this incident some of grand ducal remains were transferred to Cracow’s Royal Basilica on Wawel Hill in Poland.

 

2. Grand Duchess CATHERINE (+1747), consort of Grand Duke Stanislaus I

 

 

NOWOGRÓDEK (BELARUS)

BURIED IN THE THE MOUND OF MINDAUGAS (Navahrudak, Hara Mindauga/Nowogródek, Góra Mendoga):

 

King MINDAUGAS I (+1263)

The legend has it that the king was buried in the Mound of Mindaugas.

 

 

PALANGA (LITHUANIA)

BURIED IN BIRUTE'S HILL (Palanga, Birutės kalnas, Meiles aleja):

 

Grand Duchess BIRUTĖ (+1382/89), consort of Grand Duke Kęstutis

 

Uncertain; it is believed that she was buried at the foot of the hill which now is situated in the Botanical Gardens.

 

 

PRETZSCH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (Pretzsch, Stadtkirche St. Nikolaus, Elbstr.):

 

Grand Duchess CHRISTIANE EBERHARDINE OF BRANDENBURG-BAYERUTH (+1727),

consort of Grand Duke Augustus II the Strong

 

 

SAINT DENIS (FRANCE)

BURIED IN SAINT-DENIS ABBEY (La basilique Saint-Denis, Place de la Légion d’Honneur):

 

1. Grand Duke HENRY OF VALOIS (+1589)

The tomb has not been preserved. His heart was firstly buried in the Collegiate Church at Saint-Cloud. In 1818 it was reburied in the Basilica of St-Denis.

 

2. Grand Duchess LOUISE OF LORRAINE (+1601), consort of Grand Duke Henry of Valois

 

 

ST FLORIAN (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN ST FLORIAN ABBEY (Abtei St Florian, Stiftstr.):

 

Grand Duchess CATHERINE OF HABSBURG (+1572), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund Augustus

 

 

VELIUONA (LITHUANIA)

BURIED IN THE MOUND OF GEDIMINAS (Gedimino Kapo kalnas):

 

Grand Duke GEDIMINAS (+1341)

 

There is a monument to Grand Duke Gediminas on a mound which is believed to be his place of burial.

 

Photo by Wojsyl

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CAPUCHIN CHURCH (Wien, Kapuzinerkirche, Neuer Markt):

 

Grand Duchess ELEANOR OF HABSBURG (+1697), consort of Grand Duke Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki

 

 

VILNIUS/WILNO (LITHUANIA)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF ST STANISLAUS (Vilnius, Sv. Stanislovo Bazilika, Katedros aikste/Wilno, bazylika Św. Stanisława, Plac Katedralny):

 

1. Grand Duke VYTAUTAS THE GREAT (+1430)

His tomb was destroyed by Russians in 1655.

 

2. Grand Duke ALEXANDER (+1506)

 

3. Grand Duchess ELIZABETH OF HABSBURG (+1545), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund Augustus

 

4. Grand Duchess BARBARA OF RADZIWIŁŁ (+1551), consort of Grand Duke Sigismund Augustus

 

VILNIUS/WILNO (LITHUANIA)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF THE IMMACULATE VIRGIN MARY (Vilnius, Skaisčiausios Dievo motinos cerkvė, Maironio g.):

 

1. Grand Duke ALGIRDAS (+1377)

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

2. Grand Duchess JULIANA OF TVER (+1392), consort of Grand Duke Algirdas

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

3. Grand Duchess HELEN OF MUSCOVY (+1513), consort of Grand Duke Alexander

The tomb has not been preserved.

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Tomasz Moszczyński

 

WARSAW (POLAND)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF ST JOHN THE BAPTIST (Warszawa, Bazylika Archikatedralna Św. Jana Chrzciciela, ul. Świętojańska):

 

Grand Duke STANISLAUS II AUGUSTUS (+1798)

 

Photo courtesy of Mr Tomasz Moszczyński

LIST OF LITHUANIAN SOVEREIGNS 1236-1795

 

DUCHY OF LITHUANIA TO 1253:

1236-1253: MINDAUGAS I (King from 1253)

 

KINGDOM OF LITHUANIA 1253-1263:

1253-1263: MINDAUGAS I

Born in c. 1203/12.

Father: Rimgaudas. Mother: ?

Married firstly an unknown woman.

Married secondly MARTHA (+1262).

Married thirdly Martha's sister.

He was crowned with his consort Martha in 1253.

His issue who reigned: VAIŠVILKAS (+1268).

Died in 1263 (murdered).

Probably buried in Mindaugas's Mound in Nowogródek, now Belarus.

 

 

GRAND DUCHY OF LITHUANIA 1263-1795:

1263-1265: TRENIOTA

Born in ?

He was the nephew of King Mindaugas I.

Deposed in 1265.

Died in 1265. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1265-1267: VAIŠVILKAS

Born in ?

Father: King Mindaugas I of Lithuania.

Abdicated in 1267.

Died in 1268 at Włodzimierz Wołyński (murdered). Burial place unknown.

 

 

1267-1269: SVARNAS

Born in 1230.

Father: King Daniel I of Halicz (Galicia). Mother: Duchess Anna of Novgorod (+c. 1252).

Married in 1255 a daughter of King Mindaugas I.

Died in 1269.

He was buried in the Church of the Birth of the Virgin Mary in Chełm, Poland (demolished).

 

 

1269-1282: TRAIDENIS

Born in ?

Father: ?

His issue who reigned:

-BUTIGEIDIS (+1291),

-PUKUVERAS (+1295),

-Gaudemunda (+1288; Duchess of Mazovia).

Died in 1282. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1282-1285: DAUMANTAS

Born in ?

Father: ?

Died in c. 1285. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1285-1291: BUTIGEIDIS

Born in 1230.

Father: Grand Duke Traidenis of Lithuania.

Died in c. 1291. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1292-1295: PUKUVERAS (or BUTVYDAS)

Born in ?

Father: Grand Duke Traidenis of Lithuania.

His issue who reigned:

-VYTENIS (+1316),

-GEDIMINAS (*c. 1260,+1341).

Died in 1295. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1295-1316: VYTENIS

Born in ?

Father: Grand Duke Pukuveras of Lithuania.

Died in 1316. Burial place unknown.

 

 

HOUSE OF GEDIMINAS (Gediminaičių dinastija)

1316-1341: GEDIMINAS

Born in c. 1260 near Veliuona.

Father: Grand Duke Pukuveras of Lithuania.

Married firstly Wida.

Married secondly OLGA of Smolensk.

Married thirdly JEWNA of Polotsk (+1344).

His issue who reigned:

-ALGIRDAS (*c. 1296,+1377),

-JAUNUTIS (*c. 1300,+1366),

-KESTUTIS (*c. 1297,+1382),

-Aldona-Anna (*1309,+1339; Queen of Poland),

-Gaudemunda-Euphemia (*c. 1316,+1342; Duchess of Halicz/Galicia),

-Anastasia (+1345; Grand Duchess of Muscovy).

Died in 1341 at Veliuona.

Probably buried on Gediminas's Mound in Veliuona.

 

 

1341-1345: JAUNUTIS

Born in c. 1300.

Father: Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Jewna of Polotsk.

Married ?

Deposed in 1345.

Died after 1366. Burial place unknown.

 

 

1345-1377: ALGIRDAS (ruled together with Gr. Duke Kęstutis)

Born in c. 1296.

Father: Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Olga of Smolensk.

Married firstly in 1318 Princess MARIA of Vitebsk (+1346).

Married secondly in c. 1350 Princess JULIANA of Tver (*c. 1325,+c. 1392 Kiev).

His issue who reigned:

-JOGAILA (*c. 1351,+1434; King of Poland; son of Juliana),

-ŠVITRIGAILA (*1355,+1452; son of Juliana),

-Alexandra (c. 1368/70,+1434; Duchess of Mazovia; daughter of Juliana).

Died in 1377.

Buried with his second consort Grand Duchess Juliana in the Church of the Immaculate Virgin Mary in Vilnius.

 

 

1345-1382: KĘSTUTIS (ruled together with Gr. Duke Algirdas 1345-1377. Ruled as Duke of Trakai 1377-1381. Ruled as Grand Duke of Lithuania 1381-1382)

Born in c. 1297.

Father: Grand Duke Gediminas of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Jewna of Polotsk.

Married firstly in 1351 an unknown woman.

Married secondly in c. 1344 BIRUTĖ (+c. 1382/89 probably in Palanga).

His issue who reigned:

-VYTAUTAS THE GREAT (*1344/50,+1430 Łuck, Volhynia; son of Birutė),

-SIGISMUND (*after 1350,+1440; son of Birutė),

-Danutė Anna (*1362,+1448; Duchess of Mazovia; daughter of Birutė),

-Rimgailė Elizabeth (+1433; Princess of Moldavia).

Deposed in 1382 and imprisoned.

Died in 1382 at Kreva (murdered).

His body was cremated in the Valley of Sventaragis in Vilnius.

His consort Grand Duchess Birute is believed to be buried in Birute's Hill at Palanga.

 

 

HOUSE OF JAGIEŁŁO (Jogailaičių dinastija)

1377-1392: JOGAILA (King of Poland as Ladislaus II Jagiełło)

Born in c. 1351 in Lithuania.

Father: Grand Duke Algirdas of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Juliana of Tver.

Married firstly in 1386 in Cracow Queen of Poland HEDVIG of Anjou (*1374 Buda,+1399 Cracow).

Married secondly in 1402 in Cracow Countess ANNA of Cilli (*c. 1381 Celje, now Slovenia,+1416 Cracow).

Married thirdly in 1417 in Sanok ELIZABETH Granowska of Pilcza (*c. 1372,+1420 Cracow).

Married fourthly in 1422 in Nowogródek Princess SOPHIA of Holszany (*c. 1405,+1461 Cracow).

His issue who reigned:

-Ladislaus III (*1424,+1444; King of Poland and Hungary; son of Sophia),

-CASIMIR JAGIELLONIAN (*1427,+1492; son of Sophia).

Deposed in 1381 by his uncle Gr. Duke Kęstutis. Restored in 1382.

Died in 1434 in Gródek near Lwów, Poland.

Buried with his four consorts in the Royal Basilica in Cracow (the tombs of Anna of Cilli and Elizabeth of Pilcza are lost).

 

 

1392-1430: VYTAUTAS (ALEXANDER) THE GREAT (Vytautas Aleksandras Didysis)

Born in 1344/50 at Senieji Trakai.

Father: Grand Duke Kęstutis of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Birutė.

Married firstly before 1387 Princess Anna of Smolensk (+1418).

Married secondly Princess Juliana of Holszany (*1375,+1448).

His issue who reigned: Sophia (*c. 1370,+1453; Grand Duchess of Muscovy; daughter of Anna).

Died in 1430 in Trakai.

Buried in the Basilica of St Stanislaus in Vilnius (no tomb, epitaph only).

 

 

1430-1432: ŠVITRIGAILA

Born in 1355.

Father: Grand Duke Algirdas of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Juliana of Tver.

Married in 1430/31 Princess Anna SOPHIA of Tver (+1471/84).

Deposed in 1432. Exiled in Poland and in Wallachia.

Died in 1452 at Łuck, Volhynia.

 

 

1432-1440: SIGISMUND (Žygimantas Kęstutaitis)

Born after 1350.

Father: Grand Duke Kęstutis of Lithuania. Mother: Grand Duchess Birutė.

Married firstly a daughter of Andrzej Odynczewicz.

Married secondly in 1416 an unknown woman.

Died in 1440 at Trakai (murdered). Burial place unknown.

 

 

1440-1492: CASIMIR JAGIELLONIAN (Kazimieras; King of Poland)

Born in 1427 in Cracow.

Father: King Ladislaus II of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Sophia of Holszany.

Married in 1454 in Cracow Archduchess ELIZABETH of Austria (*1436 Vienna,+1505 Cracow).

His issue who reigned:

-Ladislaus II (*1456,+1516; King of Bohemia and Hungary),

-Hedvig (*1457,+1502, Electress of Bavaria),

-John I Albert (*1459,+1501; King of Poland),

-ALEXANDER (*1461,+1506),

-Sophia (*1464,+1512; Electress of Brandenburg),

-SIGISMUND THE OLD (*1467,+1548),

-Barbara (*1478,+1534; Electress of Saxony).

Died in 1492 in Grodno.

Buried with his consort Grand Duchess Elizabeth at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

1492-1506: ALEXANDER (Aleksandras; King of Poland)

Born in 1461 in Cracow.

Father: King Casimir IV of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Austria.

Married in 1495 in Vilnius Princess HELENA of Muscovy (*1476 Moscow,+1513 Brasław).

Died in 1506 in Vilnius.

Buried at Basilica of St Stanislaus in Vilnius (Wilno).

His consort Gr. Duchess Helen was buried at the Orthodox Church of Immaculate Virgin Mary in Vilnius (no tomb).

 

 

1506-1548: SIGISMUND THE OLD (Žygimantas Senasis; King of Poland as Sigismund I)

Born in 1467 in Kozienice.

Father: King Casimir IV of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Elizabeth of Austria.

Married firstly in 1512 in Cracow BARBARA Zapolya (*1495 Hungary,+1515 Cracow).

Married secondly in 1518 in Cracow Princess BONA Sforza of Milan (*1494 Vigevano near Milan,+1557 Bari, Italy).

His issue who reigned:

-Hedvig (*1513,+1573; Electress of Brandenburg; daughter of Barbara),

-Isabella (*1519,+1559; Queen of Hungary; daughter of Bona),

-SIGISMUND AUGUSTUS (*1520,+1572; son of Bona),

-Sophia (*1522,+1575; Duchess of Brunswick; daughter of Bona),

-ANNE JAGIELLONIAN (*1523,+1596; daughter of Bona),

-Catherine (*1526,+1583; Queen of Sweden; daughter of Bona).

Died in 1548 in Cracow.

Buried with his consort Grand Duchess Barbara at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

His second consort Grand Duchess Bona was firstly buried at Bari Cathedral. In 1593 she was reburied in the Basilica of St Nicholas in Bari, Italy.

 

 

1529-1572: SIGISMUND AUGUSTUS (Žygimantas Augustas; King of Poland as Sigismund II Augustus)

Born in 1520 in Cracow.

Father: King Sigismund the Old of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Bona Sforza of Milan.

Married firstly in 1543 in Cracow Archduchess ELIZABETH of Habsburg (*1526 Linz,+1545 Vilnius).

Married secondly in 1547 in Vilnius Princess BARBARA of Radziwiłł (*1520 Vilnius or Dubingiai/Dubinki,+1551 Cracow).

Married thirdly in 1553 in Cracow Archduchess CATHERINE of Habsburg (*1533 Vienna,+1572 Linz).

Died in 1572 in Knyszyn.

Buried at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

His first consort Grand Duchess Elizabeth of Habsburg and his second consort Barbara of Radziwiłł were buried in the Basilica of St Stanislaus in Vilnius (Wilno).

His third consort Grand Duchess Catherine of Habsburg was buried at St Florian's Abbey near Linz, Austria.

 

 

HOUSE OF VALOIS (Valua)

1573-1574/75: HENRY OF VALOIS (Henrikas Valua; King of Poland and France)

Born in 1551 at Fontainebleau, France.

Father: King Henry II of France. Mother: Queen Catherine de Medici.

Shortly before his dethronement in 1575 he married in Reims, France Countess LOUISE de Lorraine-Vaudémont

(*1553 Nomeny,+1601 Moulins).

Following his departure from Poland-Lithuania in 1574 he was dethroned in 1575 in Stężyca.

He became king of France in 1574.

Died in 1589 in Saint-Cloud near Paris (stabbed).

Buried firstly in Compiègne. In 1610 his remains were translated to the Basilica of Saint-Denis near Paris.

His consort Grand Duchess Louise was firstly buried at the Capuchin Convent in Paris. In 1817 her remains were translated to the Basilica of Saint-Denis near Paris.

 

 

HOUSE OF BATHORY (Batoras)

1575-1586: STEPHEN BATHORY (Steponas Batoras; King of Poland, Prince of Transylvania)

Born in 1533 in Somlyó, Transylvania.

Father: Stephen VI of Transylvania. Mother: Anna Catherine Thelegdi.

Married in 1576 in Cracow Queen and Grand Duchess ANNE Jagiellonian of Poland-Lithuania (*1523 Cracow,+1596 Warsaw).

Died in 1586 in Grodno.

Buried in 1588 at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

HOUSE OF JAGIEŁŁO (Jogailaičių dinastija)

1575-1596: ANNE JAGIELLONIAN (Ona Jogailaitė; Queen of Poland)

Born in 1523 in Cracow.

Father: King Sigismund the Old of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Bona Sforza of Milan.

Married in 1576 in Cracow Prince Stephen Bathory of Transylvania (*1533 Somlyó,+1586 Grodno).

Died in 1596 in Warsaw.

Buried at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

HOUSE OF VASA (Vazų dinastija)

1587-1632: SIGISMUND VASA (Žygimantas Vaza; King of Poland as Sigismund III and of Sweden)

Born in 1566 at Gripsholm Castle in Sweden.

Father: King John III of Sweden. Mother: Queen Catherine Jagiellonian, born Princess of Poland-Lithuania.

Married firstly in 1592 in Cracow Archduchess ANNE of Austria (*1573 Graz,+1598 Warsaw).

Married secondly in 1605 in Cracow Archduchess CONSTANCE of Austria (*1588 Graz,+1631 Cracow).

His issue who reigned:

-LADISLAUS (*1595,+1648; son of Anna),

-JOHN CASIMIR (*1609,+1672; son of Constance).

Died in 1632 in Warsaw.

Buried with his two consorts at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

1632-1648: LADISLAUS (Vladislovas Vaza; King of Poland as Ladislaus IV, Czar of Russia)

Born in 1595 in Łobzów near Cracow (Kraków).

Father: King Sigismund Vasa of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Anne of Austria.

Married firstly in 1637 in Warsaw Archduchess CECILIA RENATA of Austria (*1611 Graz,+1644 Wilno/Vilnius).

Married secondly in 1646 in Warsaw Princess LOUISE MARIE Gonzague de Nevers (*1611 Paris or Nevers,+1667 Warsaw).

Died in 1648 in Merkinė (Merecz), Lithuania.

Buried with his two consorts at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

1648-1668: JOHN CASIMIR (Jonas Kazimieras; King of Poland as John II Casimir)

Born in 1609 in Cracow (Kraków).

Father: King Sigismund Vasa of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Constance of Austria.

Married in 1649 in Warsaw Dowager Grand Duchess LOUISE MARIE (*1611 Paris or Nevers,+1667 Warsaw).

Abdicated in 1668. Left Poland-Lithuania for France in 1669.

Died in 1672 in Nevers, France.

Buried firstly at the Jesuit Church in Nevers, France.

In 1675 king's remains were translated to Poland and in 1676 buried at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

 

 

HOUSE OF WIŚNIOWIECKI

1669-1673: MICHAEL KORYBUT (Mykolas Kaributas Visniaveckis; King of Poland)

Born in 1640 in Wiśniowiec, Volhynia.

Father: Duke Jeremi Michał Wiśniowiecki. Mother: Gryzelda Konstancja née Zamoyska.

Married in 1670 in Częstochowa Archduchess ELEANOR of Habsburg (*1653 Vienna,+1697 Innsbruck).

Died in 1673 in Lwów, Poland.

Buried in 1676 in the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

His consort Grand Duchess Eleanor was buried in Vienna's Capuchin Church.

 

 

HOUSE OF SOBIESKI

1674-1696: JOHN SOBIESKI (Jonas Sobieskis; King of Poland as John III)

Born in 1629 in Olesko.

Father: Jakub Sobieski. Mother: Zofia Teofilia née Daniłowicz.

Married in 1665 in Warsaw MARIA CASIMIRA de la Grange d’Arquien (*1641 Nevers in France,+1716 Castle Blois, France).

His issue who reigned: Theresa Kunigunda (*1676,+1730; Electress of Bavaria).

Died in 1696 in Wilanów near Warsaw.

Buried firstly in the Capuchin Church in Warsaw. In 1734 his coffin was translated to the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

His consort Grand Duchess Maria Casimira was firstly buried in Blois, France.

In 1716 her remains were translated to Warsaw's Capuchin Church and in 1734 to Cracow's Royal Basilica.

 

 

HOUSE OF WETTIN (Vetinų dinastija)

1697-1704 and 1710-1733: AUGUSTUS II THE STRONG (Augustas II Stiprusis; King of Poland, Elector of Saxony)

Born in 1670 in Dresden, Saxony.

Father: Elector John George III of Saxony. Mother: Electress Anna Sophia, Princess of Denmark.

Married in 1693 in Dresden CHRISTIANE EBERHARDINE of Brandenburg-Bayeruth (*1671 Bayeruth,+1727 Pretzsch).

His issue who reigned: AUGUSTUS III (*1696,+1763).

Deposed in 1704 in Warsaw. Restored in 1710.

Died in 1733 in Warsaw.

Buried at the Royal Basilica in Cracow.

His consort Grand Duchess Christine was buried at Church of St Nicholas in Pretzsch.

 

 

HOUSE OF LESZCZYŃSKI

1704-1710 and 1733-1736: STANISLAUS I LESZCZYŃSKI (Stanislovas I Leščinskis; King of Poland)

Born in 1677 in Lwów.

Father: Rafał Leszczyński. Mother: Anna née Jabłonowska.

Married in 1698 in Cracow CATHERINE (Katarzyna) née Opalińska (*1680 Poznań,+1747 Luneville, France).

His issue who reigned: Maria (*1703,+1768; Queen of France).

Deposed twice: in 1710 and 1736.

Exiled in Germany (1710-1733) and in France (1736-1766).

Died in 1766 in Nancy (France).

Buried with Grand Duchess Catherine at the Church of Notre Dame de Bon Secours in Nancy.

 

 

HOUSE OF WETTIN (Vetinų dinastija)

1733/36-1763: AUGUSTUS III (Augustas III; King of Poland, Elector of Saxony)

Born in 1696 in Dresden, Saxony.

Father: King Augustus II the Strong of Poland-Lithuania. Mother: Queen Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayeruth.

Married in 1719 in Vienna Archduchess MARIA JOSEPHA of Austria (*1699 Vienna,+1757 Dresden).

His issue who reigned:

-Frederick Christian (*1722,+1763; Elector of Saxony),

-Maria Amalia (*1724,+1760; Queen of Spain),

-Maria Anna (*1728,+1797; Electress of Bavaria),

-Carl Christian (*1733,+1796; Duke of Courland).

Died in 1763 in Dresden.

Buried with Grand Duchess Maria Josepha at the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

HOUSE OF PONIATOWSKI (Poniatovskių dinastija)

1764-1795: STANISLAUS II AUGUSTUS (Stanislovas II Augustas; King of Poland)

Born in 1732 in Wołczyn, Polesie.

Father: Count Stanisław Poniatowski. Mother: Princess Konstancja Czartoryska.

Unmarried.

Abdicated in 1795 in Grodno.

Exiled 1795-1797 in Grodno and 1797-1798 in St Petersburg (Russia) where he remained under house arrest.

Died in 1798 in St Petersburg.

Buried firstly at St Catherine's Roman Catholic Church in St Petersburg.

In 1938 king's remains were translated to the Church of The Holy Trinity at his former estate in Wołczyn, Polesie.

After 1945 his tomb was despoiled by the Soviets. In 1989 his remains had been translated to Warsaw and in 1995 buried in the Basilica of St John in Warsaw.

 

 

1795: LITHUANIA ANNEXED TO RUSSIA

 

 

KINGDOM OF LITHUANIA 1918

(German protectorate):

Prince Wilhelm von Urach of Württemberg (*1864 Monaco,+1928 in Rapallo, Italy) had been designated to become the king of Lithuania as Mindaugas II, but never assumed his duties.

 

 

REPUBLIC OF LITHUANIA FROM 1918

 

 

 

The tomb of Grand Duke STANISLAUS II AUGUSTUS in St John's Basilica in Warsaw (Poland)

 

Photo courtesy of Dr Jerzy Paździora

 

LITHUANIAN CORONATIONS

 

CORONATION VENUE UNKNOWN:

1253: Mindaugas I and Martha

 

Only one Lithuanian ruler was ever crowned - Mindaugas I (but the coronation venue is not recorded). Other rulers of Lithuania from Vytautas the Great (1392-1430) to Sigismund Augustus (1529-1572) were invested in the Cathedral of St Stanislaus in Vilnius (Wilno). Later this tradition was abandoned.

 

 

Select Bibliography

Spórna M. & Wierzbicki P.: Słownik władców Polski i pretendentów do tronu polskiego, Kraków 2003

Lietuvos istoriniai simboliai, Vilnius 1989

Miller J., Chorągwie i flagi polskie, Warszawa 1962