THE BIGGEST EUROPEAN ROYAL MAUSOLEUMS

(By total number of existing royal tombs in surviving churches)

 

AUSTRIA

VIENNA:

The Capuchin Church (40 tombs of Austrian and foreign sovereigns and their consorts)

 

BOHEMIA

PRAGUE:

The Cathedral of St Vitus (over 20 tombs of Czech kings and their consorts)

 

DENMARK

ROSKILDE:

The Cathedral of Roskilde (36 tombs of Danish kings, queens and their consorts)

 

FRANCE

SAINT-DENIS:

The Basilica of Saint-Denis (over 70 tombs of French and foreign sovereigns and their consorts)

 

GERMANY

BERLIN:

The Berlin Cathedral (24 tombs of Brandenburg/Prussian/German/Brunswick sovereigns and their consorts)

 

 

 

 

MONACO

MONACO:

The Cathedral of St Nicholas (tombs of 24 princes of Monaco and their consorts)

 

POLAND

CRACOW (Kraków):

The Royal Basilica on Wawel Hill (25 tombs of Polish kings, queens and their consorts)

 

PORTUGAL

LISBON:

The Church of São Vicente de Fora (22 tombs of Portuguese kings, queens and their consorts)

 

SPAIN

EL ESCORIAL:

The Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial (over 30 tombs of Spanish and foreign sovereigns and their consorts)

 

SWEDEN

STOCKHOLM:

The Riddarholm Church (28 tombs of Swedish kings, queens and their consorts)

 

THE VATICAN

ROME:

St Peter's Basilica (c. 60 papal tombs)

 

 

THE CHRONOLOGY OF EUROPEAN CORONATIONS

(Only sovereigns save their consorts, unless they reigned, too)

 

751: Pepin III the Short (FRANCE)

754: Charlemagne and Carloman I (FRANCE)

 

800: Charlemagne (THE EMPIRE)

816: Louis I the Debonair (FRANCE)

839: Ethelwulf (ENGLAND)

858: Ethelbald (ENGLAND)

860/1: Ethelbert (ENGLAND)

865/6: Ethelred I (ENGLAND)

869: Charles II the Bald (FRANCE)

871: Alfred the Great (ENGLAND)

872: Louis I the German (GERMANY)

876: Carloman of Bavaria (GERMANY)

877: Louis II the Stammerer (1st coronation; FRANCE)

878: Louis II the Stammerer (2nd coronation; FRANCE)

879: Louis III and Carloman II (FRANCE)

881: Charles III the Fat (THE EMPIRE)

888: Eudes (FRANCE)

893: Charles III the Simple (FRANCE)

896: Arnulf of Carinthia (THE EMPIRE)

 

900: Edward the Elder (ENGLAND)

900: Louis III the Child (GERMANY)

910: Tomislav (CROATIA)

913: Simeon I the Great (BULGARIA)

914: Ordoño II (LEÓN)

922: Robert I (FRANCE)

923: Rudolph of Burgundy (FRANCE)

925: Athelstan (ENGLAND)

925: Tomislav I (CROATIA)

931: Ramiro II (LEÓN)

936: Louis IV (FRANCE)

936: Otto I the Great (GERMANY)

939: Edmund the Magnificent (ENGLAND)

946: Edred (ENGLAND)

951: Ordoño III (LEÓN)

954: Lothair (FRANCE)

956: Edwy the Fair (ENGLAND)

956: Sancho I (LEÓN)

958: Ordoño IV (LEÓN)

961: Otto II (GERMANY)

962: Otto I the Great (THE EMPIRE)

967: Otto II (THE EMPIRE)

973: Edgar the Peaceful (ENGLAND)

975: Edward the Martyr (ENGLAND)

978: Roman (BULGARIA)

979: Ethelred II the Unready (ENGLAND)

979: Louis V the Sluggard (FRANCE)

983: Otto III (GERMANY)

985: Bermudo II (LEÓN)

987: Hugh Capet (FRANCE)

987: Robert II the Pious (FRANCE)

996: Otto III (THE EMPIRE)

997: Samuel (BULGARIA)

999: Alfonso V (LEÓN)

 

1001: Stephen I (HUNGARY)

1002: Henry II (GERMANY)

1014: Gabriel Radomir (BULGARIA)

1014: Henry II (THE EMPIRE)

1016: Edmund II Ironside (ENGLAND)

1017: Canute (ENGLAND)

1024: Conrad II (GERMANY)

1025: Boleslaus I the Brave (POLAND)

1025: Mieszko II (POLAND)

1027: Conrad II (THE EMPIRE)

1027: Henry I (FRANCE)

1028: Henry III (GERMANY)

1037: Harold I Harefoot (ENGLAND)

1038: Ferdinand I (CASTILE-LEÓN)

1040: Hardicanute (ENGLAND)

1043: St Edward the Confessor (ENGLAND)

1044: Peter Orseolo (HUNGARY)

1046: Clement II (PAPAL STATES)

1046: Henry III (THE EMPIRE)

1047: Andrew I (HUNGARY)

1048: Damasus II (PAPAL STATES)

1049: Leo IX (PAPAL STATES)

1054: Henry IV (GERMANY)

1055: Victor II (PAPAL STATES)

1057: Lulach the Simple (SCOTLAND)

1058: Malcolm III Canmore (SCOTLAND)

1058: Salomon (1st coronation; HUNGARY)

1059: Nicholas II (PAPAL STATES)

1059: Philip I (FRANCE)

1061: Béla I (HUNGARY)

1063: Salomon (2nd coronation; HUNGARY)

1066: Harold II (ENGLAND)

1066: William I the Conqueror (ENGLAND)

1072: Alfonso VI (CASTILE)

1074: Géza I (HUNGARY)

1076: Boleslaus II the Bold (POLAND)

1077: Saint Ladislaus (HUNGARY)

1084: Henry IV (THE EMPIRE)

1086: Vratislav II (BOHEMIA)

1087: William II Rufus (ENGLAND)

1089: Stephen II (CROATIA)

1095: Koloman (HUNGARY)

1099: Henry V (GERMANY)

 

1100: Henry I (ENGLAND)

1102: Koloman (CROATIA)

1108: Louis VI the Fat (FRANCE)

1109: Urraca I (LEÓN-CASTILE)

1114: Stephen II (HUNGARY)

1117: Henry V (THE EMPIRE)

1118: Gelasius II (PAPAL STATES)

1119: Callistus II (PAPAL STATES)

1125: Lothair III (GERMANY)

1126: Alfonso VII the Emperor (CASTILE)

1129: Philip (FRANCE)

1130: Roger II of Sicily (SICILY)

1131: Béla II the Blind (HUNGARY)

1131: Louis VII the Young (FRANCE)

1133: Lothair III (THE EMPIRE)

1135: Stephen (1st coronation; ENGLAND)

1138: Conrad III (GERMANY)

1141: Géza II (HUNGARY)

1141: Stephen (2nd coronation; ENGLAND)

1143: Alfonso I the Conqueror (PORTUGAL)

1144: Lucius II (PAPAL STATES)

1145: Eugene III (PAPAL STATES)

1146: Stephen (3rd coronation; ENGLAND)

1152: Sweyn III (DENMARK)

1152: Frederick I (GERMANY)

1153: Anastasius IV (PAPAL STATES)

1153: Malcolm IV the Maiden (SCOTLAND)

1154: Adrian IV (PAPAL STATES)

1154: Henry II (ENGLAND)

1155: Frederick I (THE EMPIRE)

1158: Ladislaus I (BOHEMIA)

1159: Alexander III (PAPAL STATES)

1161: Stephen III (HUNGARY)

1161: Ladislaus II (HUNGARY)

1162: Stephen IV (HUNGARY)

1163: Magnus V (NORWAY)

1165: William I the Lion (SCOTLAND)

1167: Frederick I (THE EMPIRE)

1169: Henry VI (GERMANY)

1170: Canute IV (DENMARK)

1170: Henry the Young (1st coronation; ENGLAND)

1170: William II (SICILY)

1172: Henry the Young (2nd coronation; ENGLAND)

1174: Béla III (HUNGARY)

1179: Philip II Augustus (FRANCE)

1181: Lucius III (PAPAL STATES)

1185: Emerich (1st coronation; HUNGARY)

1185: Peter II (BULGARIA)

1185: Sancho I (PORTUGAL)

1185: Urban III (PAPAL STATES)

1187: Gregory VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1189: Richard I Lionheart (ENGLAND)

1190: Tancred (SICILY)

1191: Henry VI (THE EMPIRE)

1191: Celestine III (PAPAL STATES)

1193: Roger III (SICILY)

1194: Sverre Sigurdsson (NORWAY)

1194: Henry (SICILY)

1194: William III (SICILY)

1196: Emerich (2nd coronation; HUNGARY)

1196: Peter II (BULGARIA)

1197: Amalric I (CYPRUS)

1198: Frederick I Roger (SICILY)

1198: Innocent III (PAPAL STATES)

1198: Philip of Swabia (GERMANY)

1198: Přemysl Otakar I (BOHEMIA)

1198: Otto IV (GERMANY)

1199: John (ENGLAND)

 

1202: Valdemar II the Victorious (DENMARK)

1204: Peter II (ARAGON)

1204: Kaloyan (BULGARIA)

1204: Ladislaus III (HUNGARY)

1205: Philip of Swabia (GERMANY)

1205: Andrew II (HUNGARY)

1207: Béla IV (1st coronation; HUNGARY)

1209: Otto IV (THE EMPIRE)

1210: Eric X (SWEDEN)

1212: Frederick II (GERMANY)

1214: Alexander II (SCOTLAND)

1214: Henry I (CASTILE)

1215: Frederick II (GERMANY)

1216: Honorius III (PAPAL STATES)

1218: Ferdinand III the Holy (LEÓN)

1218: Valdemar (III) the Younger (DENMARK)

1219: Ferdinand III (CASTILE)

1219: John I (SWEDEN)

1220: Frederick II (THE EMPIRE)

1220: Henry III (ENGLAND)

1221: Stephen the First-Crowned (SERBIA)

1222: Henry Hohenstauf (GERMANY)

1223: Louis VIII the Lion (FRANCE)

1224: Eric XI (SWEDEN)

1225: Henry I (CYPRUS)

1226: Louis IX the Holy (FRANCE)

1227: Gregory IX (PAPAL STATES)

1228: Stephen Radoslav (SERBIA)

1228: Wenceslaus I (BOHEMIA)

1232: Eric IV the Ploughpenny (DENMARK)

1235: Béla IV (2nd coronation; HUNGARY)

1243: Innocent IV (PAPAL STATES)

1247: Haakon IV (NORWAY)

1248: William of Holland (GERMANY)

1249: Alexander III the Glorious (SCOTLAND)

1250: Abel (DENMARK)

1251: Valdemar (SWEDEN)

1252: Alfonso X the Learned (CASTILE)

1252: Christopher I (DENMARK)

1253: Hugh II (CYPRUS)

1253: Mindaugas I (LITHUANIA)

1254: Alexander IV (PAPAL STATES)

1257: Richard of Cornwall (GERMANY)

1258: Manfred (SICILY)

1259: Eric V (DENMARK)

1261: Magnus VI (NORWAY)

1261: Urban IV (PAPAL STATES)

1265: Charles I (NAPLES)

1265: Clement IV (PAPAL STATES)

1266: Stephen V (HUNGARY)

1267: Hugh III (CYPRUS)

1270: Stephen V (HUNGARY)

1271: Philip III the Bold (FRANCE)

1272: Ladislaus IV (HUNGARY)

1272: Gregory X (PAPAL STATES)

1273: Rudolph I (GERMANY)

1274: Edward I (ENGLAND)

1276: Peter III the Great (ARAGON)

1276: Innocent V (PAPAL STATES)

1276: James II (MAJORCA)

1276: John XXI (PAPAL STATES)

1276: Magnus II (SWEDEN)

1277: Nicholas III (PAPAL STATES)

1280: George I Terter (BULGARIA)

1280: Eric II (NORWAY)

1281: Martin IV (PAPAL STATES)

1282: Peter I (SICILY)

1284: John II (CYPRUS)

1285: Honorius IV (PAPAL STATES)

1286: Alfonso III (ARAGON)

1286: Philip IV the Fair (FRANCE)

1286: James I (SICILY)

1287: Eric VI (DENMARK)

1288: Nicholas IV (PAPAL STATES)

1289: Charles II of Naples (NAPLES)

1290: Andrew III (HUNGARY)

1291: James II (ARAGON)

1292: Adolphus of Nassau (GERMANY)

1292: John Balliol (SCOTLAND)

1294: Celestine V (PAPAL STATES)

1295: Boniface VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1295: Przemysł II (POLAND)

1296: pretender John I (CASTILE)

1296: Frederick II (SICILY)

1297: Wenceslaus II (BOHEMIA)

1298: Albert I of Habsburg (GERMANY)

1299: Haakon V (NORWAY)

 

1300: Theodore Svetoslav (BULGARIA)

1300: Wenceslaus II (POLAND)

1301: Wenceslaus I (HUNGARY)

1302: Birger Magnusson (SWEDEN)

1303: Benedict XI (PAPAL STATES)

1305: Otto I (HUNGARY)

1305: Clement V (PAPAL STATES)

1306: Robert I the Bruce (SCOTLAND)

1307: Louis I (NAVARRE)

1307: Rudolph I Habsburg (BOHEMIA)

1308: Edward II (ENGLAND)

1309: Charles I Robert (1st coronation; HUNGARY)

1309: Henry VII (GERMANY)

1310: Charles I Robert (2nd coronation; HUNGARY)

1311: John of Luxembourg (BOHEMIA)

1311: Sancho I (MAJORCA)

1312: Henry VII (THE EMPIRE)

1314: Frederick the Handsome (THE EMPIRE)

1314: Louis IV Bavarian (GERMANY)

1315: Louis X the Quarreler (FRANCE)

1316: John XXII (PAPAL STATES)

1317: Philip V the Tall (FRANCE)

1320: Ladislaus I the Short (POLAND)

1322: Charles IV the Fair (FRANCE)

1324: Hugh IV (CYPRUS)

1324: Christopher II (DENMARK)

1327: Edward III (ENGLAND)

1328: Alfonso IV (ARAGON)

1328: Louis IV the Bavarian (THE EMPIRE)

1328: Philip VI (FRANCE)

1331: Alfonso XI (CASTILE)

1331: David II (SCOTLAND)

1332: Edward (SCOTLAND)

1333: Casimir III the Great (POLAND)

1335: Benedict XII (PAPAL STATES)

1336: Peter IV (ARAGON)

1336: Magnus VII (NORWAY)

1336: Magnus III (SWEDEN)

1342: Louis I the Great (HUNGARY)

1342: Clement VI (PAPAL STATES)

1344: Joan I (NAPLES; 1st coronation)

1346: Uroš IV Dušan (SERBIA)

1347: Charles I (BOHEMIA)

1349: Charles IV (THE EMPIRE/GERMANY)

1350: John II the Good (FRANCE)

1350: Peter I (CASTILE)

1351: Joan I (NAPLES)

1352: Innocent VI (PAPAL STATES)

1352: Joan I (NAPLES; 2nd coronation)

1355: Charles IV (THE EMPIRE)

1356: Ivan Sratsimir (BULGARIA)

1358: Peter I (CYPRUS)

1362: Urban V (PAPAL STATES)

1363: Wenceslaus IV (BOHEMIA)

1364: Charles V the Wise (FRANCE)

1366: Henry II (CASTILE)

1370: Louis the Great of Hungary (POLAND)

1370: Gregory XI (PAPAL STATES)

1371: Robert II (SCOTLAND)

1372: Peter II (CYPRUS)

1376: Wenceslaus (GERMANY)

1377: Richard II (ENGLAND)

1377: Tvrtko I (BOSNIA)

1378: Urban VI (PAPAL STATES)

1379: John I (CASTILE)

1380: Charles VI the Mad (FRANCE)

1382: Maria (HUNGARY)

1384: Saint Hedvig of Anjou (POLAND)

1385: Charles II (HUNGARY)

1385: James I (CYPRUS)

1385: John I the Great (PORTUGAL)

1386: Ladislaus II Jagiełło (POLAND)

1387: Sigismund of Luxembourg (HUNGARY)

1388: John I (ARAGON)

1389: Boniface IX (PAPAL STATES)

1390: Charles III the Noble (NAVARRE)

1390: Robert III (SCOTLAND)

1399: Henry IV (ENGLAND)

1397: Eric of Pomerania (DENMARK/NORWAY/SWEDEN)

1399: Martin I (ARAGON)

 

1401: Rupert (THE EMPIRE)

1404: Innocent VII (PAPAL STATES)

1406: Gregory XII (PAPAL STATES)

1407: Rupert (GERMANY)

1413: Henry V (ENGLAND)

1414: Ferdinand I (ARAGON)

1414: Sigismund (GERMANY)

1417: Martin V (PAPAL STATES)

1419: Joan II (NAPLES)

1420: Sigismund (BOHEMIA)

1424: James I (SCOTLAND)

1428: John II and Blanche (NAVARRE)

1429: Henry VI (ENGLAND)

1429: Charles VII (FRANCE)

1430: Henry VI of England (FRANCE)

1431: Eugene IV (PAPAL STATES)

1433: Sigismund of Luxembourg (THE EMPIRE)

1434: Ladislaus III of Varna (POLAND)

1437: Albrecht Habsburg (HUNGARY)

1437: James II (SCOTLAND)

1438: Albert of Habsburg (BOHEMIA)

1440: Ulaszlo I (HUNGARY)

1440: Ladislaus V the Posthumous (HUNGARY)

1441: Christopher of Bavaria (SWEDEN)

1442: Frederick III (GERMANY)

1442: Christopher of Bavaria (NORWAY)

1443: Christopher III of Bavaria (DENMARK)

1447: Casimir IV Jagiellonian (POLAND)

1447: Nicholas V (PAPAL STATES)

1448: Charles VIII (SWEDEN)

1449: Christian I (DENMARK)

1449: Charles I (NORWAY)

1450: Christian I (NORWAY)

1452: Frederick III (THE EMPIRE)

1453: Ladislaus the Posthumous (BOHEMIA)

1455: Callistus III (PAPAL STATES)

1457: Christian I (SWEDEN)

1458: George of Podebrady (BOHEMIA)

1458: Pius II (PAPAL STATES)

1459: Ferdinand I (NAPLES)

1460: James III (SCOTLAND)

1461: Stephen Tomašević (BOSNIA)

1461: Edward IV (ENGLAND)

1461: Louis XI (FRANCE)

1464: Matthew I Corvinus (HUNGARY)

1464: Paul II (PAPAL STATES)

1471: Ladislaus II (BOHEMIA)

1471: Sixtus IV (PAPAL STATES)

1473: James III (CYPRUS)

1479: Eleanor (NAVARRA)

1483: Hans (DENMARK)

1483: Richard III (ENGLAND)

1483: Hans (NORWAY)

1484: Charles VIII (FRANCE)

1484: Catherine of Foix and John III (NAVARRE)

1484: Innocent VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1485: Henry VII (ENGLAND)

1486: Maximilian I (GERMANY)

1488: James IV (SCOTLAND)

1490: Ulaszlo II Rex Bene (HUNGARY)

1492: John I Albert (POLAND)

1492: Alexander VI (PAPAL STATES)

1497: John II (SWEDEN)

1498: Louis XII (FRANCE)

 

1501: Alexander Jagiellonian (POLAND)

1503: Julius II (PAPAL STATES)

1503: Pius III (PAPAL STATES)

1507: Sigismund I the Old (POLAND)

1509: Louis I (BOHEMIA)

1509: Henry VIII (ENGLAND)

1513: Leo X (PAPAL STATES)

1513: James V (SCOTLAND)

1514: Christian II (DENMARK)

1514: Christian II (NORWAY)

1515: Francis I (FRANCE)

1516: Louis II (HUNGARY)

1520: Charles V (GERMANY)

1520: Christian II (SWEDEN)

1522: Adrian VI (PAPAL STATES)

1523: Clement VII (PAPAL STATES)

1524: Frederick I (DENMARK)

1526: John I (HUNGARY)

1527: Ferdinand I (BOHEMIA)

1527: Ferdinand I (HUNGARY)

1528: Gustavus I Vasa (SWEDEN)

1530: Charles V (THE EMPIRE)

1530: Sigismund II Augustus (POLAND)

1531: Ferdinand I (GERMANY)

1534: Paul III (PAPAL STATES)

1537: Christian III (DENMARK)

1543: Mary I Stuart (SCOTLAND)

1547: Edward VI (ENGLAND)

1547: Henry II (FRANCE)

1550: Julius III (PAPAL STATES)

1553: Mary I (ENGLAND)

1555: Marcellus II (PAPAL STATES)

1555: Paul IV (PAPAL STATES)

1558: Ferdinand I (THE EMPIRE)

1559: Frederick II (DENMARK)

1559: Elizabeth I (ENGLAND)

1559: Francis II (FRANCE)

1560: Pius IV (PAPAL STATES)

1561: Charles IX (FRANCE)

1561: Eric XIV (SWEDEN)

1562: Maximilian I (BOHEMIA)

1562: Maximilian II (THE EMPIRE)

1563: Maximilian I (HUNGARY)

1566: Pius V (PAPAL STATES)

1567: James VI (SCOTLAND)

1568: Sebastian (PORTUGAL)

1569: John III (SWEDEN)

1570: Cosimo I (TUSCANY)

1572: Gregory XIII (PAPAL STATES)

1572: Rudolph I (HUNGARY)

1574: Henry of Valois (POLAND)

1575: Henry III (FRANCE)

1575: Rudolph II (BOHEMIA)

1575: Rudolph II (THE EMPIRE)

1576: Stephen Batory and Anna Jagiellonian (POLAND)

1579: Henry (PORTUGAL)

1585: Sixtus V (PAPAL STATES)

1587: Sigismund III Vasa (POLAND)

1590: Gregory XIV (PAPAL STATES)

1591: Innocent IX (PAPAL STATES)

1592: Clement VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1594: Henry IV (FRANCE)

1594: Sigismund (SWEDEN)

1596: Christian IV (DENMARK)

 

1603: James I (ENGLAND)

1605: Leo XI (PAPAL STATES)

1605: Paul V (PAPAL STATES)

1607: Charles IX (SWEDEN)

1608: Matthew II (HUNGARY)

1610: Louis XIII (FRANCE)

1611: Matthew I (BOHEMIA)

1612: Matthew (THE EMPIRE)

1617: Ferdinand II (BOHEMIA)

1617: Gustavus II Adolphus (SWEDEN)

1618: Ferdinand II (HUNGARY)

1619: Frederick of the Palatinate (BOHEMIA)

1619: Ferdinand II (THE EMPIRE)

1621: Gregory XV (PAPAL STATES)

1623: Urban VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1625: Ferdinand III (HUNGARY)

1626: Charles I (ENGLAND)

1627: Ferdinand III (BOHEMIA)

1633: Ladislaus IV (POLAND)

1633: Charles I (SCOTLAND)

1636: Ferdinand III (THE EMPIRE)

1640: John IV (PORTUGAL)

1644: Innocent X (PAPAL STATES)

1646: Ferdinand IV (BOHEMIA)

1647: Ferdinand IV (HUNGARY)

1648: Frederick III (DENMARK)

1649: John II Casimir (POLAND)

1650: Christina (SWEDEN)

1651: Charles II (SCOTLAND)

1653: Ferdinand IV (THE EMPIRE)

1654: Louis XIV (FRANCE)

1654: Charles X Gustavus (SWEDEN)

1655: Alexander VII (PAPAL STATES)

1655: Leopold I (HUNGARY)

1656: Leopold I (BOHEMIA)

1658: Leopold I (THE EMPIRE)

1661: Charles II (ENGLAND)

1667: Clement X (PAPAL STATES)

1669: Michael Korybut Wiśniowiecki (POLAND)

1670: Clement X (PAPAL STATES)

1671: Christian V (DENMARK)

1675: Charles XI (SWEDEN)

1676: Innocent XI (PAPAL STATES)

1676: John III Sobieski (POLAND)

1685: James II (ENGLAND)

1687: Joseph I (HUNGARY)

1689: Alexander VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1689: Mary II and William III (ENGLAND)

1690: Joseph I (GERMANY)

1691: Innocent XII (PAPAL STATES)

1697: Augustus II the Strong (POLAND)

1697: Charles XII (SWEDEN)

 

1700: Frederick IV (DENMARK)

1700: Clement XI (PAPAL STATES)

1701: Frederick I (PRUSSIA)

1702: Anne (ENGLAND)

1705: Joseph I (THE EMPIRE)

1705: Stanislaus I Leszczyński (POLAND)

1711: Charles VI (THE EMPIRE)

1712: Charles III (HUNGARY)

1714: George I (ENGLAND)

1719: Ulrica Eleanora (SWEDEN)

1720: Frederick I (SWEDEN)

1721: Innocent XIII (PAPAL STATES)

1722: Louis XV (FRANCE)

1723: Charles II (BOHEMIA)

1724: Benedict XIII (PAPAL STATES)

1727: George II (ENGLAND)

1730: Clement XII (PAPAL STATES)

1731: Christian VI (DENMARK)

1734: Augustus III (POLAND)

1735: Charles V of Sicily (SICILY)

1740: Benedict XIV (PAPAL STATES)

1741: Charles Albert of Bavaria (BOHEMIA)

1741: Maria Theresa (HUNGARY)

1742: Charles VII Albert (THE EMPIRE)

1743: Maria Theresa (BOHEMIA)

1745: Francis I Stephen (THE EMPIRE)

1747: Frederick V (DENMARK)

1751: Adolphus Frederick (SWEDEN)

1758: Clement XIII (PAPAL STATES)

1761: George III (ENGLAND)

1764: Joseph II (THE EMPIRE)

1764: Stanislaus II Augustus Poniatowski (POLAND)

1767: Christian VII (DENMARK)

1769: Clement XIV (PAPAL STATES)

1772: Gustavus III (SWEDEN)

1775: Louis XVI (FRANCE)

1775: Pius VI (PAPAL STATES)

1790: Leopold II (THE EMPIRE)

1790: Leopold II (HUNGARY)

1791: Leopold II (BOHEMIA)

1792: Francis I (BOHEMIA)

1792: Francis II (THE EMPIRE)

1792: Francis I (HUNGARY)

 

1800: Gustavus IV Adolphus (SWEDEN)

1804: Napoleon I (FRANCE)

1805: Napoleon I (ITALY)

1809: Charles XIII (SWEDEN)

1815: Frederick VI (DENMARK)

1818: Charles III John (NORWAY)

1818: Charles XIV John (SWEDEN)

1821: George IV (ENGLAND)

1823: Leo XII (PAPAL STATES)

1825: Charles X (FRANCE)

1829: Nicholas I of Russia (POLAND)

1829: Pius VIII (PAPAL STATES)

1830: Ferdinand V (HUNGARY)

1831: Gregory XVI (PAPAL STATES)

1831: William IV (ENGLAND)

1836: Ferdinand V (BOHEMIA)

1838: Victoria (ENGLAND)

1838: Ferdinand I (LOMBARDO-VENETIA)

1840: Christian VIII (DENMARK)

1844: Oscar I (SWEDEN)

1846: Pius IX (PAPAL STATES)

1860: Charles IV (NORWAY)

1860: Charles XV (SWEDEN)

1861: William I (PRUSSIA)

1867: Francis Joseph I (HUNGARY)

1873: Oscar II (NORWAY)

1873: Oscar II (SWEDEN)

1878: Leo XIII (THE VATICAN)

1881: Charles I (RUMANIA)

 

1902: Edward VII (ENGLAND)

1903: Pius X (THE VATICAN)

1904: Peter I (SERBIA)

1906: Haakon VII (NORWAY)

1911: George V (ENGLAND)

1914: Benedict XV (THE VATICAN)

1916: Charles IV (HUNGARY)

1922: Ferdinand I (RUMANIA)

1922: Pius XI (THE VATICAN)

1937: George VI (ENGLAND)

1939: Pius XII (THE VATICAN)

1953: Elizabeth II (ENGLAND)

1958: John XXIII (THE VATICAN)

1963: Paul VI (THE VATICAN)

 

 

 

 

THE OLDEST CROWNS

(Only surviving crowns used during full coronation rites)

 

THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE/GERMANY:

The Crown of Charlemagne from the 9th century.

Used in over 65 imperial and royal coronations, most recently in 1792 (coronation of Francis II/I).

Nowadays kept in Hofburg Palace, Vienna.

 

The Royal Crown of Otto III from 10th century.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 983 (coronation of Otto III as German king).

Nowadays kept at the Tresury of the Essen Cathedral.

 

ITALY:

The Iron Crown of Lombardy from 9th century.

Used in over 20 coronations, most recently in 1838 (coronation of Ferdinand I of Lombardo-Venetia).

Nowadays kept in the Cathedral of Monza.

 

HUNGARY:

The Crown of Saint Stephen from 11th century.

Used in over 60 coronations, most recently in 1916 (coronation of Charles IV).

Nowadays kept in the Hungarian Parliament, Budapest.

 

BOHEMIA:

The Crown of St Wenceslaus from 1347.

Used in 41 coronations, most recently in 1836 (coronations of Ferdinand V and Maria Anna of Sardinia).

Nowadays kept in the Cathedral of St Vitus, Prague.

 

SCOTLAND:

The Crown of Scotland from 1540.

Used in 6 coronations, most recently in 1651 (coronation of Charles II).

Nowadays kept in Edinburgh Castle.

 

SWEDEN:

The Crown of Eric XIV from 1561.

Used in c. 20 coronations, most recently in 1873 (coronation of Ocar II).

Nowadays kept in the Royal Castle, Stockholm.

 

The Crown of Maria Eleanora from 1620.

Used in 4 coronations, most recently in 1680 (coronation of Ulrica Eleanora).

Nowadays kept in the Royal Castle, Stockholm.

 

The Crown of Louisa Ulrica from 1751.

Used in 8 coronations, most recently in 1873 (coronation of Sophia of Nassau).

Nowadays kept in the Royal Castle, Stockholm.

 

DENMARK:

The Crown of Christan IV from 1596.

Used in 4 coronations, most recently in 1648 (coronation of Frederick III and Sophia Amalia of Brunswick).

Nowadays kept in Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.

 

The Crown of Christian V from 1670.

Used in 10 coronations, most recently in 1840 (coronation of Christian VIII).

Nowadays kept in Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.

 

The Queen's Crown from 1731.

Used in 7 coronations, most recently in 1840 (coronation of Caroline Amalie of Schleswig-Holstein).

Nowadays kept in Rosenborg Castle, Copenhagen.

 

ENGLAND/GREAT BRITAIN:

St Edward's Crown from 1661.

Used in 12 coronations, most recently in 1953 (coronation of Elizabeth II).

Nowadays kept in the Tower of London.

 

The Crown of Queen Mary of Modena from 1685.

Used in 5 coronations, most recently in 1761 (coronation of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz).

Nowadays kept in the Tower of London.

 

The Crown of Queen Alexandra from 1902.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1902 (coronation of Alexandra of Denmark).

Nowadays kept in the Museum of London.

 

The Crown of Queen Mary from 1911.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1911 (coronation of Mary of Teck).

Nowadays kept in the Tower of London.

 

The Crown of Queen Elizabeth from 1937.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1937 (coronation of Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon).

Nowadays kept in the Tower of London.

 

PRUSSIA:

The crowns of Frederick and Sophie Charlotte from 1701.

Used in 2 coronations, most recently in 1861 (coronation of William I and Augusta of Saxe-Weimar).

Nowadays kept in Charlottenburg Palace, Berlin.

 

FRANCE:

The Crown of Louis XV from 1722.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1722 (coronation of Louis XV).

Nowadays kept in Louvre, Paris.

 

POLAND:

The Crown of Empress Anne from 1730.

Used in 1 Polish coronation, most recently in 1829 (coronation of Nicholas I of Russia as king of Poland).

Nowadays kept in the Kremlin, Moscow.

 

The Crown of Augustus III from 1734.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1734 (coronation of Augustus III).

Nowadays kept in the National Museum, Warsaw.

 

The Crown of Maria Josepha from 1734.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1734 (coronation of Maria Josepha of Austria).

Nowadays kept in the National Museum, Warsaw.

 

NORWAY:

The King's Crown from 1818.

Used in 4 coronations, most recently in 1906 (coronation of Haakon VII).

Nowadays kept in Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim.

 

The Queen's Crown from 1830.

Used in 3 coronations, most recently in 1906 (coronation of Maud of Great Britain).

Nowadays kept in Nidaros Cathedral, Trondheim.

 

RUMANIA:

The Iron Crown from 1881.

Used in 2 coronations, most recently in 1922 (coronation of Ferdinand I).

Nowadays kept in Pelisor Palace, Sinaia.

 

The Crown of Queen Elizabeth from 1881.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1881 (coronation of Elizabeth of Wied).

Nowadays kept in the Romanian National Historical Museum, Bucharest.

 

The Crown of Queen Mary from 1922.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1922 (coronation of Mary of Edinburgh).

Nowadays kept in the Romanian National Historical Museum, Bucharest.

 

SERBIA:

The Crown of Serbia from 1904.

Used in 1 coronation, most recently in 1904 (coronation of Peter I).

Nowadays kept in the Historical Museum of Serbia, Belgrade.

 

 

 

 

SO LONG WOULD THEY HAVE REIGNED HAD THEY NOT LOST THEIR THRONES

(17th to 21st c. monarchs who could have reigned for at least 45 years or more, had they not lost their thrones)

 

90 years to date:

Michael I (RUMANIA), king of Rumania 1927-1930 and 1940-1947, forced to abdicate by the communists in December 1947. This would have been the longest reign ever (1927-2017).

 

89 years:

Otto II Habsburg (HUNGARY), nominal king of Hungary 1922-1946.

 

80 years:

Louis II (ETRURIA; died in 1883), king of Etruria 1803-1807. Deposed by the French.

 

79 years:

Bernard II (SAXE-MEININGEN; died in 1882), duke of Saxe-Meiningen 1803-1866. Abdicated in favour of his son George II.

 

73 years to date:

Simeon II (BULGARIA), became king in 1943, forced to leave Bulgaria following the communist coup in 1946. In 2001-2005 he was Prime Minister of Bulgaria.

 

72 years:

Wilhelmina (THE NETHERLANDS; died in 1962), queen of the Netherlands 1890-1948, abdicated in favour of her daughter Juliana.

 

71 years:

Isabella II (SPAIN; died in 1904), queen of Spain 1833-1868. Deposed and exiled in France.

 

66 years:

Adolphus (NASSAU; died in 1905), duke of Nassau 1839-1866. Deposed by the Prussians.

 

66 years:

Charlotte (LUXEMBOURG; died in 1985), grand duchess of Luxembourg 1919-1964. Abdicated in favour of her son John.

 

62 years:

Honorius III (MONACO; died in 1795), prince of Monaco 1733-1793. Deposed by the French.

 

62 years:

Stanislas I Leszczyński (POLAND; died in 1766), king of Poland 1704-10 and 1733-36. Deposed and exiled in France where his daughter Marie was queen.

 

61 years:

Ferdinand I (BULGARIA; died in 1948), prince and king of the Bulgarians 1887-1918. Forced to abdicate in favour of his son Boris III.

 

60 years:

Nicholas I (MONTENEGRO; died in 1921), prince and king of Montenegro 1861-1918. Deposed by the Serbians.

 

58 years:

Charles III (BRUNSWICK; died in 1873), duke of Brunswick 1815-1830. Deposed.

 

57 years:

Charles I (PARMA; died in 1788), duke of Parma 1731-1735. Deposed.

 

57 years:

Christina (SWEDEN; died in 1689), queen of Sweden 1632-1654. Abdicated and left for Rome where she converted to Catholicism.

 

55 years:

Alfonso XIII (SPAIN; died in 1941), king of Spain 1886-1931. Dethroned and exiled in Italy.

 

54 years:

Charles Edward (SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA; died in 1954), duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 1900-1918. Deposed.

 

54 years:

Günther Frederick Charles II (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN; died in 1889), prince of Schwarzburg-Sonderhausen 1835-1880. Abdicated in favour of his son Charles Günther.

 

53 years:

Frederick I (WALDECK; died in 1946), prince of Waldeck 1893-1918. Deposed.

 

53 years:

Jerome Bonaparte (WESTPHALIA; died in 1860), king of Westphalia 1807-1813. Deposed.

 

53 years:

Robert (PARMA; died in 1907), duke of Parma 1854-1859. Deposed.

 

53 years:

Wilhelm II (GERMANY; died in 1941), German emperor and king of Prussia 1888-1918. Deposed and exiled in the Netherlands.

 

52 years to date:

Constantine II (GREECE), became king in 1964, forced to leave Greece following a military coup in 1967.

 

52 years:

John (LUXEMBOURG), grand duke of Luxembourg 1964-2000. Abdicated in favour of his son Henry.

 

49 years:

Leopold III (BELGIUM; died in 1983), king of the Belgians 1934-1951, forced to abdicate in favour of his son Baldwin.

 

49 years:

Ferdinand IV (TUSCANY; died in 1908), grand duke of Tuscany 1859-1860, deposed in 1860 and exiled in Austria-Hungary.

 

48 years:

Frederick Francis IV (MECKLENBURG; died in 1945), grand duke of Mecklenburg 1897-1918. Deposed.

 

48 years:

Ernest II (SAXE-ALTENBURG; died in 1955), duke of Saxe-Altenburg 1908-1918. Deposed.

 

46 years:

Leopold II (TUSCANY; died in 1870), grand duke of Tuscany 1824-1859. Abdicated in favour of his son Ferdinand IV.

 

45 years:

Ernest Louis (HESSE; died in 1937), grand duke of Hesse-Darmstadt 1892-1918. Deposed.

 

45 years:

Gustavus IV Adolphus (SWEDEN; died in 1837), king of Sweden 1792-1809. Forced to abdicate in favour of his uncle Charles XIII and exiled in Switzerland.

 

 

 

 

THE LONGEST REIGN

 

GERMANY (Reuss-Greiz): 77 years (Henry XI)

 

FRANCE: 72 years (Louis XIV)

 

LIECHTENSTEIN: 71 years (John II)

 

AUSTRIA: 68 years (Francis Joseph I)

 

BOHEMIA: 68 years (Francis Joseph I)

 

HUNGARY: 68 years (Francis Joseph I)

 

NORWAY: 68 years (Harold I Finehair)

 

ITALY (Sicily/Two Sicilies): 67 years (Ferdinand III)

 

GREAT BRITAIN: 65 years (Elizabeth II)

 

SPAIN (Aragon): 63 years (James I)

 

DENMARK: 60 years (Christian IV)

 

MONACO: 60 years (Honorius III)

 

MONTENEGRO: 58 years (Nicholas I)

 

THE NETHERLANDS: 58 years (Wilhelmina)

 

SCOTLAND: 58 years (James VI)

 

PORTUGAL: 57 years (Alfonso I the Conqueror)

 

LITHUANIA: 52 years (Casimir Jagiellonian)

 

GREECE: 50 years (George I)

 

POLAND: 48 years (Ladislaus II Jagiełło)

 

ROMANIA: 48 years (Charles I)

 

LUXEMBOURG: 45 years (Charlotte)

 

SWEDEN: 45 years (Magnus III)

 

BELGIUM: 44 years (Leopold II)

 

BULGARIA: 42 years (Peter I)

 

CYPRUS: 39 years (Henry II)

 

SERBIA: 39 years (Stephen II Uroš)

 

BOSNIA: 38 years (Tvrtko I)

 

MILAN: 35 years (Filippo Maria)

 

VATICAN: 32 years (Pius IX)

 

ICELAND: 26 years (Christian X)

 

ALBANIA: 11 years (Zog I)

 

 

 

 

THE DURATION OF REIGN

 

 

77 YEARS:

Henry XI (REUSS-GREIZ)

 

73 YEARS:

George I William (SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE)

 

72 YEARS:

Louis XIV (FRANCE)

 

71 YEARS:

John II (LIECHTENSTEIN)

 

70 YEARS:

Charles Augustus (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

 

68 YEARS:

Francis Joseph I (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Harold I Finehair (NORWAY)

 

67 YEARS:

Ferdinand III (SICILY-TWO SICILIES)

 

66 YEARS:

Leopold III (ANHALT)

 

65 YEARS:

Elizabeth II (GREAT BRITAIN)

 

64 YEARS:

Frederick Augustus I, king (SAXONY)

Frederick William (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Victoria (GREAT BRITAIN)

 

63 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick I (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Bernard II (SAXE-MEININGEN)

James I (ARAGON)

 

62 YEARS:

Victor Amadeus (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

 

60 YEARS:

Christian IV (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Frederick Günther (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

George III (GREAT BRITAIN)

Honorius III (MONACO)

 

59 YEARS:

Gustavus Adolphus (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Louis XV (FRANCE)

Maria Theresa (MASSA-CARRARA)

 

58 YEARS:

Frederick V (AUSTRIA)

Honorius II (MONACO)

James VI (SCOTLAND)

Nicholas I (MONTENEGRO)

Wilhelmina (THE NETHERLANDS)

 

57 YEARS:

Alfonso I (PORTUGAL)

 

56 YEARS:

Alfonso VIII (CASTILE)

Charles Eugene (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Eberhard Louis (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Henry III (ENGLAND)

 

55 YEARS:

Alberico I (MASSA-CARRARA)

Ernest I (SAXE-ALTENBURG)

Frederick (COURLAND)

Henry IV (MECKLENBURG)

Victor Amadeus II (SARDINIA)

 

54 YEARS:

Frederick (SAXE-HILDBURGHAUSEN & SAXE-ALTENBURG)

Henry II (BRUNSWICK)

John II (NAVARRE)

Joseph (HOHENZOLLERN)

Leopold I (ANHALT)

Leopold IV (ANHALT)

Maximilian I (BAVARIA)

Rainier III (MONACO)

William (BRUNSWICK)

 

53 YEARS:

Cosimo III (TUSCANY)

Eric III of Pomerania (NORWAY)

Frederick I Roger (SICILY)

Frederick III (GERMANY)

 

52 YEARS:

Casimir Jagiellonian (LITHUANIA)

Frederick Francis I (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

George III William (HANOVER)

Haakon VII (NORWAY)

 

51 YEARS:

Alfonso II (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Francis Joseph II (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Frederick I (BADEN)

Peter IV (ARAGON)

 

50 YEARS:

Albert Frederick (PRUSSIA)

Anthony Günther II (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

Chalres Emmanuel I (SAVOY)

Edward III (ENGLAND)

Ferdinand IV/I (NAPLES-TWO SICILIES)

George I (GREECE)

Henry IV (GERMANY)

Leopold I (HUNGARY)

Sigismund of Luxembourg (HUNGARY)

 

49 YEARS:

Charles III the Good (SAVOY)

Ernest II (SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA)

Ferdinand II (TUSCANY)

Frederick Charles Augustus (WALDECK)

Henry V (MECKLENBURG)

John Ernest (SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD)

Leopold II (LIPPE)

William I the Lion (SCOTLAND)

 

48 YEARS:

Charles I (RUMANIA)

Charles Alexander (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

Ferdinand II (SICILY)

Frederick William the Great (PRUSSIA)

George II (SAXE-MEININGEN)

George III Victor (WALDECK)

John I (PORTUGAL)

John II (CASTILE)

Joseph Frederick William (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Ladislas II Jagiełło (POLAND)

Leopold VI/I (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY)

Philip I (FRANCE)

Ranuccio II (PARMA)

Simon Augustus (LIPPE)

Ulric III (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

William I (WÜRTTEMBERG)

 

47 YEARS:

Nicholas Frederick Peter (OLDENBURG)

 

46 YEARS:

Anthony Aloysius (HOHENZOLLERN)

Charlemagne (FRANCE)

Dionysius I (PORTUGAL)

Eberhard III (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Frederick II (PRUSSIA)

Haakon IV (NORWAY)

Henry XIV (REUSS-SCHLEIZ)

Philip V (SPAIN)

Victor Emmanuel III (ITALY)

 

45 YEARS:

Alfonso XIII (SPAIN)

Casimir IV (POLAND)

Charles I (BRUNSWICK)

Charlotte (LUXEMBOURG)

Elizabeth I (ENGLAND)

Garcia I (NAVARRE)

Günther Frederick Charles II (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

James I (MAJORCA)

John George I (SAXONY)

Ladislas II (BOHEMIA)

Magnus III (SWEDEN)

Margaret II (DENMARK)

Sigismund III Vasa (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

 

44 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick III (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Alfonso III the Great (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Alfonso VI (LEÓN)

Charles XVI Gustavus (SWEDEN)

Frederick William (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

George (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

John V (PORTUGAL)

Leopold II (BELGIUM)

Louis (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Louis IX the Holy (FRANCE)

Philip III/IV (NAPLES/SICILY/SPAIN)

Sancho VI (NAVARRE)

Victor Frederick (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

 

43 YEARS:

Albert I (PRUSSIA)

Alfonso V (PORTUGAL)

Charles Emmanuel III (SARDINIA)

Christian IX (DENMARK)

Constantine II (SCOTLAND)

Eric VII/XIII of Pomerania (DENMARK/SWEDEN)

Ferdinand Charles (MANTUA)

Francis I (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Francis III (MODENA)

Frederick William III (PRUSSIA)

Gustavus V (SWEDEN)

Henry XXII (REUSS-GREIZ)

Louis VII (FRANCE)

Meinrad I (HOHENZOLLERN)

Peter I the Great (RUSSIA)

Philip II Augustus (FRANCE)

Rinaldo I (MODENA)

Sigismund Augustus (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

 

42 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick IV (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Alfonso V/I (ARAGON/SICILY)

Alfonso IX (LEÓN)

Baudouin I (BELGIUM)

Charles VI (FRANCE)

Christian VII (DENMARK/NORWAY)

David II (SCOTLAND)

Ferdinand I (AUSTRIA)

John Casimir (ANHALT)

Peter I (BULGARIA)

Philip I/II (NAPLES/SICILY/SPAIN)

Sigismund I the Old (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

William IV (BAVARIA)

 

41 YEARS:

Frederick II (SICILY)

Frederick Francis II (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Günther Frederick Charles I (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

James (COURLAND)

Stephen I (HUNGARY)

Wenceslas IV (BOHEMIA)

William III (LUXEMBOURG/THE NETHERLANDS)

 

40 YEARS:

Charles IV/II/I (NAPLES/SICILY/SPAIN)

Charles Frederick (BADEN)

Ferdinand V (CASTILE)

George I (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Henry VI (ENGLAND)

Ivan Alexander (BULGARIA)

Ivan Sratsimir (BULGARIA)

Louis I the Great (HUNGARY)

Louis I (HESSE-DARMSTADT)

Maria Theresa (AUSTRIA/HUNGARY)

Mary I (PORTUGAL)

Sancho VII (NAVARRE)

 

39 YEARS:

Charles I (MASSA-CARRARA)

Charles VII (FRANCE)

Eberhadd I (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Frederick Augustus I, elector (SAXONY)

George I, duke (SAXONY)

Henry II (CYPRUS)

Henry II (NAVARRE)

Joan I (NAPLES)

Juan Carlos I (SPAIN)

Louis I (MONACO)

Ottavio (PARMA)

Stephen Uroš II (SERBIA)

Valdemar II the Victorius (DENMARK)

 

38 YEARS:

Alexius Frederick Christian (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

Alfonso II (MODENA)

Alfonso XI (CASTILE)

Charles II (NAVARRE)

Charles III (NAVARRE)

Daniel I (MONTENEGRO)

Eitel Frederick II (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Ernest I (SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA)

Ferdinand I (BOHEMIA/CROATIA/HUNGARY)

Frederick I Barbarossa (GERMANY)

Frederick II (GERMANY)

Henry III (NAVARRE)

Henry VIII (ENGLAND)

John IV (MECKLENBURG)

Maximilian II Emmanuel (BAVARIA)

Rudolph Augustus (BRUNSWICK)

Tvrtko I (BOSNIA)

Stephen Lazarevic (SERBIA)

Vytautas the Great (LITHUANIA)

Zoltan (HUNGARY)

 

37 YEARS:

Alexander III (SCOTLAND)

Alfonso VI (CASTILE)

Basil II the Blind (MUSCOVY)

Boris I (BULGARIA)

Casimir III the Great (POLAND)

Charles V (GERMANY)

Charles XI (SWEDEN)

Charles Emmanuel II (SAVOY)

Cosimo I (TUSCANY)

Egbert (ENGLAND)

Ethelred II (ENGLAND)

Ferdinand II (ARAGON)

Ferdinand (PARMA)

Gustavus I Vasa (SWEDEN)

Haakon VI (NORWAY)

Maria Theresa (BOHEMIA)

Otto I (GERMANY)

Ulric (WÜRTTEMBERG)

William I (MANTUA)

 

36 YEARS:

Albert I the Bold, duke (SAXONY)

Boleslas III the Wry-mouthed (POLAND)

Boleslas V (POLAND)

Charles II (SCOTLAND)

Christian Günther III (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

Ernest Frederick (SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD)

Ferdinand I (NAPLES)

Frederick II (SAXONY)

Henry II (AUSTRIA)

Henry LVII (REUSS-SCHLEIZ)

James II (ARAGON)

Joachim I Nestor (BRANDENBURG)

Joachim II Hector (BRANDENBURG)

John I of Luxembourg (BOHEMIA)

John III (PORTUGAL)

Magnus VII (NORWAY)

Rudolph II (GERMANY)

 

35 YEARS:

Albert V (AUSTRIA)

Alexander II (SCOTLAND)

Béla IV (HUNGARY)

Boleslas I the Cruel (BOHEMIA)

Charles Augustus Frederick (WALDECK)

Charles I Robert (HUNGARY)

Charles V/III/II (NAPLES/SICILY/SPAIN)

Charles Christian (NASSAU)

Christian X (DENMARK)

Edward I (ENGLAND)

Ernest (SAXE-HILDBURGHAUSEN)

Ernest Frederick III (SAXE-HILDBURGHAUSEN)

Ferdinand III the Holy (CASTILE)

Filippo Maria (MILAN)

Francis Josias (SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD)

Henry I (CYPRUS)

Henry I (ENGLAND)

Henry II (ENGLAND)

Isabella II (SPAIN)

James II (MAJORCA)

Leopold II (TUSCANY)

Malcolm III Canmore (SCOTLAND)

Oscar II (SWEDEN)

Robert II the Pious (FRANCE)

Rudolph II (BOHEMIA)

Sancho III (NAVARRE)

Valdemar IV (DENMARK)

 

34 YEARS:

Catherine of Foix (NAVARRE)

Charles II (FRANCE)

Charles Augustus (NASSAU)

Charles George Lebrecht (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Charles Leopold (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Christian Louis I (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Ercole I (MODENA)

Hugh IV (CYPRUS)

Janus (CYPRUS)

Ladislaus I, king (BOHEMIA)

Leopold I (BELGIUM)

Olav V (NORWAY)

Přemysl Otakar I (BOHEMIA)

Robert I the Good (NAPLES)

Simeon I the Great (BULGARIA)

 

33 YEARS:

Adolphus I (SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE)

Albert I (MONACO)

Augustus (SAXONY)

Beatrix (THE NETHERLANDS)

Boleslas I the Brave (POLAND)

Charles III (MONACO)

Christian I (DENMARK)

Emmanuel Lebrecht (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Eric VI (DENMARK)

Ferdinand I (GERMANY)

Francis (PARMA)

Frederick I (ANHALT)

George II (GREAT BRITAIN/HANOVER)

John George II (ANHALT)

Kęstutis (LITHUANIA)

Kresimir III (CROATIA)

Louis I the German (GERMANY)

Louis IV the Bavarian (GERMANY)

Louis XIII (FRANCE)

Marie Louise (PARMA)

Maximilian I (GERMANY)

Oscar II (NORWAY)

Peter Frederick William (OLDENBURG)

Stephen Uroš I (SERBIA)

 

32 YEARS:

Alfonso IV (PORTUGAL)

Alfonso X (CASTILE)

Algirdas (LITHUANIA)

Charles I/IV (BOHEMIA/GERMANY)

Charles I Louis (LUCCA)

Francis I (FRANCE)

Francis II (MODENA)

Francis IV (MODENA)

George II Henry (WALDECK)

Hans (DENMARK)

John (HOHENZOLLERN)

John III (NAVARRE)

Juliana (THE NETHERLANDS)

Leopold VI (AUSTRIA)

Lothair (FRANCE)

Matthew I Corvinus (HUNGARY)

Maximilian III Joseph (BAVARIA)

Mieszko I (POLAND)

Pius IX (PAPAL STATES)

Rudolph V/I (AUSTRIA/HUNGARY)

Stephen the First-Crowned (SERBIA)

 

31 YEARS:

Albert II (MECKLENBURG)

Alfonso II (ARAGON)

Alfonso III (PORTUGAL)

Alfonso VII (CASTILE/LEÓN)

Augustus the Younger (BRUNSWICK)

Caesar (MODENA)

Christian I (NORWAY)

Ferdinand I (BULGARIA)

Ferdinand II (LEÓN)

Frederick I (SWEDEN)

Frederick IV (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Frederick VI (DENMARK)

Frederick Albert (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

James I (SCOTLAND)

Joan I (NAVARRE)

John I (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Louis I (SAVOY)

Stanislas II Augustus (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Vratislav II (BOHEMIA)

William I (HESSE-KASSEL)

 

30 YEARS:

Albert III (AUSTRIA)

Alfonso I (ARAGON/NAVARRE)

Andrew II (HUNGARY)

Anthony I (MONACO)

Augustus II the Strong (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Augustus III (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Charles III the Simple (FRANCE)

Clovis I (FRANCE)

Ferdinand I (CASTILE)

Frederick II (BRANDENBURG)

Frederick Augustus II, elector (SAXONY)

Hans (NORWAY)

Isabella the Catholic (CASTILE)

John II Sigismund (HUNGARY)

Joseph Wenseslas (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Niels (DENMARK)

Otto I (GREECE)

Philip I (NAVARRE)

Ranuccio I (PARMA)

Sancho I (ARAGON)

Stephen Nemanja (SERBIA)

William (COURLAND)

William II (PRUSSIA)

 

29 YEARS:

Albert I, king (SAXONY)

Albert V (BAVARIA)

Alexander Charles (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

Alfonso I (MODENA)

Alfonso V (LEÓN)

Anthony Ulric (BRUNSWICK)

Boleslas II the Pious (BOHEMIA)

Charles VI/II/III (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Charles III (SPAIN)

Charles Günther (SCHWARZBURG SONDERHAUSEN)

Christian V (DENMARK/NORWAY)

David I (SCOTLAND)

Ferdinand II (TWO SICILIES)

Francis I (MODENA)

Frederick II (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Frederick the Pious (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

George Branković (SERBIA)

George I Louis (HANOVER)

Harold I Bluetooth (DENMARK)

Henry I (FRANCE)

James V (SCOTLAND)

John Albert I (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW/MECKLENBURG)

Louis III (HESSE-DARMSTADT)

Louis VI the Fat (FRANCE)

Louis X (BAVARIA)

Malcolm II (SCOTLAND)

Philip IV the Fair (FRANCE)

Ramiro I (ARAGON)

Victor Emmanuel II (SARDINIA)

 

28 YEARS:

Alberico II (MASSA-CARRARA)

Albert II the Lame (AUSTRIA)

Alfred the Great (ENGLAND)

Anund Jacob (SWEDEN)

Birger Magnusson (SWEDEN)

Canute I (SWEDEN)

Charles II (MANTUA)

Ferdinand I (LEÓN)

Ferdinand Maria (BAVARIA)

Francis II (TUSCANY)

Frederick (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Frederick William (NASSAU)

Günther (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Hans Adam II (LIECHTENSTEIN)

James III (SCOTLAND)

Ladislas (NAPLES)

Louis I (PORTUGAL)

Murat II (TURKEY)

Stephen I (CROATIA)

Stephen Držislav (CROATIA)

Valdemar I the Great (DENMARK)

 

27 YEARS:

Adolphus (NASSAU)

Albert VII (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Alfonso VI (PORTUGAL)

Augustus Louis (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Boleslas IV the Curly (POLAND)

Charles I (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Christian I (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

Emmanuel Philibert (SAVOY)

Frederick William I (PRUSSIA)

John George (BRANDENBURG)

John Paul II (VATICAN)

Joseph I (PORTUGAL)

Ladislas I the Short (POLAND)

Louis II (MONACO)

Mindaugas I (LITHUANIA)

Olaf (SWEDEN)

Otto (BAVARIA)

Ottokar (AUSTRIA)

Petronila (ARAGON)

Sigismund of Luxembourg (GERMANY)

Sigurd I the Crusader (NORWAY)

Sweyn I Forkbeard (DENMARK)

Sweyn II (DENMARK)

Wenceslas II, king (BOHEMIA)

William I (PRUSSIA)

William II (WÜRTTEMBERG)

 

26 YEARS:

Albert I (AUSTRIA)

Bernard I (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Charles William Ferdinand (BRUNSWICK)

Charles III/XIV John (NORWAY/SWEDEN)

Christian II (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

Christian X (ICELAND)

Edward the Elder (ENGLAND)

Emmanuel I (PORTUGAL)

Ernest Louis (HESSE-DARMSTADT)

Ferdinand (COURLAND)

Frederick Anthony (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

George V (GREAT BRITAIN)

Gotthard Kettler (COURLAND)

Harold V (NORWAY)

John II (CYPRUS)

Joseph II (GERMANY)

Louis I (FRANCE)

Magnus II (MECKLENBURG)

Maximilian I (AUSTRIA)

Maximilian IV/I Joseph (BAVARIA)

Meinrad II (HOHENZOLLERN)

Olav III (NORWAY)

Peter Biron (COURLAND)

Sancho I (PORTUGAL)

Sverker I the Older (SWEDEN)

Tvrtko II (BOSNIA)

Ulaszlo II (CROATIA/HUNGARY)

William II (HESSE-KASSEL)

 

25 YEARS:

Albert I (BELGIUM)

Albert of Mecklenburg (SWEDEN)

Boris III (BULGARIA)

Charles II (ENGLAND)

Charles Frederick (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

Christian III (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Ercole II (MODENA)

Eric VI the Victorius (SWEDEN)

Frederick I (BRANDENBURG)

Frederick I (PRUSSIA)

Frederick I (WALDECK)

Frederick IX (DENMARK)

Gediminas (LITHUANIA)

Geza (HUNGARY)

Haakon I the Good (NORWAY)

Inge I (NORWAY)

Inge I (SWEDEN)

Ivan I (MONTENEGRO)

James IV (SCOTLAND)

Leo XIII (VATICAN)

Leopold I (TUSCANY)

Leszek I the White (POLAND)

Louis the Pious (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Margaret I (DENMARK)

Mary I (SCOTLAND)

Mary I (SICILY)

Premysl Otakar II (BOHEMIA)

Sancho II (PORTUGAL)

Sverre Sigurdsson (NORWAY)

Valdemar (SWEDEN)

Vincent I (MANTUA)

William I (LUXEMBOURG/THE NETHERLANDS)

 

24 YEARS:

Aloysius I (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Béla III (HUNGARY)

Casimir I the Restorer (POLAND)

Charles I (ENGLAND/SCOTLAND)

Charles II the Lame (NAPLES)

Charles VI (NAPLES)

Charles VII/V (NAPLES/SICILY)

Christian William (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

Edward the Confessor (ENGLAND)

Ferdinand I (MANTUA)

Henry VII (ENGLAND)

Henry Julius (BRUNSWICK)

Ivan Shishman (BULGARIA)

John III (SWEDEN)

John George II (SAXONY)

Kenneth I (SCOTLAND)

Kenneth II (SCOTLAND)

Leopold (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Leopold III (LIPPE)

Margaret (NORWAY)

Milos Obrenovic I (SERBIA)

Odoardo I (PARMA)

Paul Frederick Augustus (OLDENBURG)

Pius VI (PAPAL STATES)

Roger II (SICILY)

Sancho II (NAVARRE)

Stephen Uroš IV (SERBIA)

 

23 YEARS:

Adrian I (PAPAL STATES)

Augustus Christian (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Gojislav (CROATIA)

Gustavus VI Adolphus (SWEDEN)

Henry XX (REUSS-GREIZ)

Ivan Asen II (BULGARIA)

James II (SCOTLAND)

Jobst of Moravia (BRANDENBURG)

John Frederick (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Ladislas I Herman (POLAND)

Louis I (BAVARIA)

Louis Günther II (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Magnus V (NORWAY)

Margaret I (SWEDEN)

Peter II (PORTUGAL)

Philip II/III (NAPLES/PORTUGAL/SICILY/SPAIN)

Pius VII (PAPAL STATES)

Robert I the Bruce (SCOTLAND)

Victor Amadeus III (SARDINIA)

Wenceslas I (BOHEMIA)

William (NASSAU)

William II (SICILY)

 

22 YEARS:

Alexander III (PAPAL STATES)

Aloysius II (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Charles II (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Charles Theodore (BAVARIA)

Christina (SWEDEN)

Ernest (SAXONY)

Ferdinand I (TUSCANY)

Ferdinand III the Holy (LEÓN)

Frederick III the Handsome (AUSTRIA)

Frederick III (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Frederick III (SICILY)

Frederick Anthony Ulric (WALDECK)

Henry II (GERMANY)

Honorius V (MONACO)

James I (ENGLAND)

John III Sobieski (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

John Albert II (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Leopold (BADEN)

Louis II (BAVARIA)

Oldrich (BOHEMIA)

Philip VI (FRANCE)

Richard II (ENGLAND)

Sancho IV (NAVARRE)

Theodore Svetoslav (BULGARIA)

Umberto I (ITALY)

Wenceslaus (GERMANY)

 

21 YEARS:

Anna Jagiellonian (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Boleslas II the Bold (POLAND)

Bretislav I (BOHEMIA)

Charles XII (SWEDEN)

Clement XI (PAPAL STATES)

Edward IV (ENGLAND)

Ernest Frederick II (SAXE-HILDBURGHAUSEN)

Ferdinand III (TUSCANY)

Frederick II (MANTUA)

Frederick Francis IV (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Frederick Ulric (BRUNSWICK)

Frederick William (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Frederick William IV (PRUSSIA)

George (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

George William (PRUSSIA)

Geza II (CROATIA/HUNGARY)

Gustavus II Adolphus (SWEDEN)

Gustavus III (SWEDEN)

Harold III (NORWAY)

Henry IV (FRANCE)

Joan I (NAPLES)

Joan II (NAVARRE)

John II/I (ARAGON/SICILY)

Julius (BRUNSWICK)

Koloman (HUNGARY)

Leo III (PAPAL STATES)

Mary II (PORTUGAL)

Milan I (SERBIA)

Peter II (MONTENEGRO)

Sebastian (PORTUGAL)

Spytihnev I (BOHEMIA)

Urban VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Vytenis (LITHUANIA)

William I the Conqueror (ENGLAND)

 

20 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick (SWEDEN)

Albert II (BELGIUM)

Albert III (MECKLENBURG)

Canute IV (DENMARK)

Charles II (MASSA-CARRARA)

Charles IV (SPAIN)

Christian II (SAXONY)

Constantine I (BULGARIA)

Edward II (ENGLAND)

Eystein I (NORWAY)

Ferdinand IV/III (AUSTRIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Ferdinand VII (SPAIN)

Francis I Stephen (GERMANY)

Frederick V (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Frederick Louis (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Haakon V (NORWAY)

Henry IV (CASTILE)

James III (MAJORCA)

John Frederick (WÜRTTEMBERG)

John II Casimir (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Kresimir II (CROATIA)

Leo III (ARMENIA)

Leopold I (LIPPE)

Maria Beatrice (MASSA-CARRARA)

Ramiro II (LEÓN)

Roman (BULGARIA)

Sancho I (NAVARRE)

Woldemar (LIPPE)

 

19 YEARS:

Anne (COURLAND)

Borso (MODENA)

Canute (ENGLAND)

Chales (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Charles I (NAPLES)

Charles I (PORTUGAL)

Charles Albert (BAVARIA)

Eric II (NORWAY)

Ethelwulf (ENGLAND)

Francis I (LOMBARDO-VENETIA)

Frederick I/II (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Frederick William (HESSE-KASSEL)

Garcia III (NAVARRE)

Günther I (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

Henry I (BRUNSWICK)

Henry V (GERMANY)

Henry XIX (REUSS-GREIZ)

John I (SAXONY)

Otto III (GERMANY)

Paschal II (PAPAL STATES)

Pelagius (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Peter I (CASTILE)

Philip III (PORTUGAL)

Pius XII (VATICAN)

Ramiro III (LEÓN)

Robert II (SCOTLAND)

Sigurd II (NORWAY)

Stephen (ENGLAND)

Theobald I (NAVARRE)

Trpimir I (CROATIA)

Victor Emmanuel I (SARDINIA)

 

18 YEARS:

Alfonso I (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Benedict XIV (PAPAL STATES)

Charles Albert (SARDINIA)

Charles Edward (SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA)

Christopher (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Durad II (MONTENEGRO)

Ernest Louis I (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Ferdinand III/II (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Frederick Augustus (OLDENBURG)

Frederick Augustus II, king (SAXONY)

George II (SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE)

Gian Galeazzo Maria (MILAN)

Henry (SCHWARZBURG-SONDERHAUSEN)

Innocent III (PAPAL STATES)

John XXII (PAPAL STATES)

John George (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Ladislas I (HUNGARY)

Ladislas IV the Cumanian (HUNGARY)

Ladislas the Posthumous (AUSTRIA)

Lazar Hrebeljanović (SERBIA)

Leopold I, duke (AUSTRIA)

Louis II (HESSE-DARMSTADT)

Louis IV d'Outremer (FRANCE)

Louis XVI (FRANCE)

Louis Philip (FRANCE)

Martin I (SICILY)

Mutimir (CROATIA)

Napoleon III (FRANCE)

Peter I (SERBIA/YUGOSLAVIA)

Philip I (PORTUGAL)

Rudolph I (GERMANY)

Sancho V (NAVARRE)

Tomislav I (CROATIA)

William V (BAVARIA)

 

17 YEARS:

Alexander I (SCOTLAND)

Amadeus VIII (SAVOY)

Anthony Ulric (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Augustus William (BRUNSWICK)

Canute I the Great (DENMARK)

Casimir II the Just (POLAND)

Charles (HOHENZOLLERN)

Charles IV (SICILY)

Ferdinand IV (CASTILE)

Gregory IV (PAPAL STATES)

Gustavus IV Adolphus (SWEDEN)

Hedvig of Anjou (POLAND)

Henry (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Henry I (GERMANY)

Henry I (LUXEMBOURG)

Henry III (GERMANY)

Henry XIII (REUSS-GREIZ)

Hugh III (CYPRUS)

Joan III (NAVARRE)

John Lackland (ENGLAND)

Leopold III (BELGIUM)

Leopold V (AUSTRIA)

Louis XII (FRANCE)

Macbeth (SCOTLAND)

Magnus VI (NORWAY)

Otto IV (GERMANY)

Paul I (GREECE)

Pepin III the Short (FRANCE)

Peter II (ARAGON)

Peter Kresimir IV (CROATIA)

Philip (PARMA)

Pius XI (VATICAN)

Samuel (BULGARIA)

Stephen Thomas (BOSNIA)

Theobald II (NAVARRE)

Urraca (CASTILE/LEÓN)

William Ernest (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

 

16 YEARS:

Albert III Achilles (BRANDENBURG)

Alderano (MASSA-CARRARA)

Alexander I Karađorđević (SERBIA)

Alfonso I (NAPLES)

Alfonso of Castile (GERMANY)

Basil (MONTENEGRO)

Blanche (NAVARRE)

Charles I (SICILY)

Charles V (FRANCE)

Charles Frederick (HOHENZOLLERN)

Childebert III (FRANCE)

Christian VI (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Christian Ernest (SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD)

Clotaire II (FRANCE)

Edgar the Peaceful (ENGLAND)

Ercole III (MODENA)

Eugene IV (PAPAL STATES)

Ferdinand I (PORTUGAL)

Francis I (MILAN)

Frederick II (AUSTRIA)

Frederick the Handsome (GERMANY)

Frederick Casimir (COURLAND)

Garcia IV (NAVARRE)

George VI (GREAT BRITAIN)

Henry III (CASTILE)

Henry XXIV (REUSS-GREIZ)

James I (CYPRUS)

John IV (PORTUGAL)

John VII (MECKLENBURG)

John Nepomucene (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Ladislas IV (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Maximilian II (BAVARIA)

Ordoño I (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Paul V (PAPAL STATES)

Robert III (SCOTLAND)

Simon Henry Adolphus (LIPPE)

Stephen Ostoja (BOSNIA)

Stephen Uroš V (SERBIA)

Theodoric IV (FRANCE)

 

15 YEARS:

Adolphus I (LUXEMBOURG)

Boniface IX (PAPAL STATES)

Catherine (CYPRUS)

Charles II (BRUNSWICK)

Charles VIII (FRANCE)

Conrad II (GERMANY)

Constantine I (SCOTLAND)

Eystein II (NORWAY)

Florestan I (MONACO)

Frederick I (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Frederick VII (DENMARK)

George V (HANOVER)

Gregory XVI (PAPAL STATES)

Henry III (FRANCE)

Henry Hohenstauf (GERMANY)

Jogaila (LITHUANIA)

John George I (ANHALT)

Louis IV (HESSE-DARMSTADT)

Magnus II (SWEDEN)

Oscar I (NORWAY/SWEDEN)

Paul III (PAPAL STATES)

Paul VI (VATICAN)

Philip III (FRANCE)

Philip III (NAVARRE)

Richard of Cornwall (GERMANY)

Soběslav I (BOHEMIA)

Stephen III/II (CROATIA/HUNGARY)

Taksony (HUNGARY)

William Louis (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

 

14 YEARS:

Alexander (LITHUANIA)

Alexander I Obrenović (SERBIA)

Andrew I (HUNGARY)

Athelstan (ENGLAND)

Bermudo II (LEÓN)

Charles IX (FRANCE)

Charles Frederick (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Conrad III (GERMANY)

Ernest I Augustus (HANOVER)

Francis II (GERMANY)

Frederick II (ANHALT)

Frederick Augustus III, king (SAXONY)

Frederick Francis III (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Gian Gastone (TUSCANY)

Gregory IX (PAPAL STATES)

Henry IV (ENGLAND)

Hugh II (CYPRUS)

Ivan V (MUSCOVY)

John I (HUNGARY)

John II the Good (FRANCE)

John II (PORTUGAL)

John X (PAPAL STATES)

Joseph (SAXE-ALTENBURG)

Koloman (CROATIA)

Ladislas (CROATIA)

Lewis II the Roman (BRANDENBURG)

Louis Frederick II (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Martin I (ARAGON)

Martin V (PAPAL STATES)

Sigismund (BRANDENBURG)

Wenceslas I, duke (BOHEMIA)

Wenceslas II (POLAND)

 

13 YEARS:

Albert VII (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Alexander I (YUGOSLAVIA)

Benedict IX (PAPAL STATES)

Branimir (CROATIA)

Charles VIII (SWEDEN)

Charles IV/XV (NORWAY/SWEDEN)

Clement VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Ferdinand I/V (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/HUNGARY/LOMBARDO-VENETIA)

Ferdinand I (RUMANIA)

Ferdinand VI (SPAIN)

Francis I (TUSCANY)

Francis II (MILAN)

Francis V (MODENA)

Frederick William (COURLAND)

George I (GREAT BRITAIN)

George II (GREECE)

George of Podebrady (BOHEMIA)

Gregory XIII (PAPAL STATES)

Hans Adam I (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Henry the Young (ENGLAND)

Henry LXVII (REUSS-SCHLEIZ)

Hugh I (CYPRUS)

Inge II (NORWAY)

Innocent II (PAPAL STATES)

Innocent XI (PAPAL STATES)

John Cicero (BRANDENBURG)

Ladislas V the Posthumous (HUNGARY)

Leopold IV (LIPPE)

Louis the Child (SICILY)

Olav II, Saint (NORWAY)

Peter II (CYPRUS)

Rudolph of Burgundy (FRANCE)

Sancho I (MAJORCA)

Sixtus IV (PAPAL STATES)

Traidenis (LITHUANIA)

Valdemar the Younger (DENMARK)

William II (ENGLAND)

William of Orange (ENGLAND/SCOTLAND)

 

12 YEARS:

Albert II (MONACO)

Alexander II (PAPAL STATES)

Alexander VII (PAPAL STATES)

Alfonso II the Fat (PORTUGAL)

Anne (ENGLAND/SCOTLAND)

Arnulf of Carinthia (GERMANY)

Benedict VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Cosimo II (TUSCANY)

Domagoj (CROATIA)

Ferdinand III (BOHEMIA)

Ferdinand III (NAPLES)

Ferdinand Frederick (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Frederick I (BOHEMIA)

Frederick Augustus (OLDENBURG)

George I Terter (BULGARIA)

Gregory VII (PAPAL STATES)

Henry II (FRANCE)

Henry XLII (REUSS-SCHLEIZ)

Hermann (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Lothair III (GERMANY)

Louis I (BADEN)

Louis XI (FRANCE)

Louis the Great of Hungary (POLAND)

Magnus I the Good (NORWAY)

Malcolm IV (SCOTLAND)

Maurice (SAXONY)

Maximilian II/I (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Olav Magnusson (NORWAY)

Peter II (BULGARIA)

Sverker the Younger (SWEDEN)

William I (SICILY)

 

11 YEARS:

Alexander VI (PAPAL STATES)

Alfonso XII (SPAIN)

Amalric I (CYPRUS)

Andrew III (HUNGARY)

Boril (BULGARIA)

Canute III (DENMARK)

Charles III the Fat (GERMANY)

Clement VII (PAPAL STATES)

Clement XIII (PAPAL STATES)

Constantine (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Donald II (SCOTLAND)

Eochaid (SCOTLAND)

Frederick II (BADEN)

Frederick William II (PRUSSIA)

Fruela I (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Giric (SCOTLAND)

Honorius III (PAPAL STATES)

Innocent IV (PAPAL STATES)

Innocent X (PAPAL STATES)

James I (SICILY)

John I (CASTILE)

John XV (PAPAL STATES)

John George III (SAXONY)

Joseph John Adam (LIECHTENSTEIN)

John Sigismund (BRANDENBURG)

Ladislas I, duke (BOHEMIA)

Louis III the Child (GERMANY)

Malcolm I (SCOTLAND)

Matthew II (AUSTRIA/HUNGARY)

Michael Obrenović III (SERBIA)

Napoleon I (FRANCE)

Oluf II (DENMARK)

Peter I (CYPRUS)

Peter II (YUGOSLAVIA)

Pius X (VATICAN)

Salomon (HUNGARY)

Sancho IV (CASTILE)

Sweyn III (DENMARK)

Urban II (PAPAL STATES)

Urban VI (PAPAL STATES)

Zog I (ALBANIA)

 

10 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick V (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Albert I (GERMANY)

Alexander (LIPPE)

Alexander I Romanov (POLAND)

Anne (RUSSIA)

Béla II (HUNGARY)

Charles I (MANTUA)

Charles II (RUMANIA)

Charles Felix (SARDINIA)

Christian II (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Clement VI (PAPAL STATES)

Clement XII (PAPAL STATES)

Dagobert I (FRANCE)

Edgar (SCOTLAND)

Emund the Old (SWEDEN)

Ernest II (SAXE-ALTENBURG)

Ernest Augustus II (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

Ernest John Biron (COURLAND)

Eudes (FRANCE)

Fajsz (HUNGARY)

Francis III (MANTUA)

Frederick I (DENMARK/NORWAY)

Galeazzo Maria (MILAN)

George IV (GREAT BRITAIN/HANOVER)

Giovanni Maria (MILAN)

Harold II Greycloak (NORWAY)

Håkan the Red (SWEDEN)

Henry II (CASTILE)

Innocent VI (PAPAL STATES)

Joachim III Frederick (BRANDENBURG)

John VI (PORTUGAL)

John VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Joseph II (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Julius II (PAPAL STATES)

Kaloyan (BULGARIA)

Kresimir I (CROATIA)

Ladislas III of Varna (POLAND)

Louis I/II (BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Louis XVIII (FRANCE)

Magnus III Barefoot (NORWAY)

Michael I (RUMANIA)

Michael Asen (BULGARIA)

Mislav (CROATIA)

Otto II (GERMANY)

Ordoño II (LEÓN)

Paul I (PAPAL STATES)

Peter I (ARAGON/NAVARRE)

Peter I (PORTUGAL)

Philibert I (SAVOY)

Philip (HOHENZOLLERN-HECHINGEN)

Philip (SWEDEN)

Philip of Swabia (GERMANY)

Richard I the Lionheart (ENGLAND)

Rupert (GERMANY)

Stephen IV/III (CROATIA/HUNGARY)

Stephen Bathory (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Stephen Ladislas (SERBIA)

Stephen Uroš III (SERBIA)

 

9 YEARS:

Agapitus II (PAPAL STATES)

Albert IV (AUSTRIA)

Alfonso IV (ARAGON)

Anthony I (SAXONY)

Benedict VII (PAPAL STATES)

Bermudo III (LEÓN)

Boniface VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Borivoj II (BOHEMIA)

Borna (CROATIA)

Charles XIII (SWEDEN)

Christian VIII (DENMARK)

Christian Louis II (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Clement V (PAPAL STATES)

Constantine II (GREECE)

Daniel I (MONTENEGRO)

Edred (ENGLAND)

Edward VII (GREAT BRITAIN)

Eric III (DENMARK)

Eric IV the Ploughpenny (DENMARK)

Ernest Frederick I (SAXE-HILDBURGHAUSEN)

Francis I (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Francis Joseph I (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Gregory XII (PAPAL STATES)

Henry V (ENGLAND)

Hugh Capet (FRANCE)

Innocent XII (PAPAL STATES)

James II (CYPRUS)

Jaromir (BOHEMIA)

John I (ARAGON)

John I Albert (POLAND)

John XII (PAPAL STATES)

Leszek II the Black (POLAND)

Maria Louisa (LUCCA

Napoleon I (ITALY)

Nicholas I (PAPAL STATES)

Oluf I the Hunger (DENMARK)

Otto the Merry (AUSTRIA)

Peter III (ARAGON)

Peter III (PORTUGAL)

Rudolph III (AUSTRIA)

Silo (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Stanislas I Leszczyński (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

William II (LUXEMBOURG/THE NETHERLANDS)

 

8 YEARS:

Arpad (HUNGARY)

Benedict XII (PAPAL STATES)

Benedict XV (VATICAN)

Benedict XVI (VATICAN)

Bretislav II (BOHEMIA)

Charles I (SAVOY)

Childeric III (FRANCE)

Christopher II (DENMARK)

Christopher III of Bavaria (DENMARK/SWEDEN)

Emerich (HUNGARY)

Eric I the Evergood (DENMARK)

Eric X (SWEDEN)

Eric XIV (SWEDEN)

Eugene III (PAPAL STATES)

Ferdinand IV (BOHEMIA)

Frederick Augustus I (POLAND)

Gregory XI (PAPAL STATES)

Indulf (SCOTLAND)

Innocent VIII (PAPAL STATES)

John XIX (PAPAL STATES)

John Albert I (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Kenneth III (SCOTLAND)

Ladislas II the Exile (POLAND)

Leo IV (PAPAL STATES)

Leo X (PAPAL STATES)

Louis Frederick I (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Manfred (SICILY)

Maria Theresa (PARMA)

Matthew I (BOHEMIA)

Maximilian I (HOHENZOLLERN)

Mieszko II (POLAND)

Nicholas V (PAPAL STATES)

Otto the Sluggard (BRANDENBURG)

Peter V (PORTUGAL)

Ramiro I (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Rudolph II (AUSTRIA)

Sancho I (LEÓN)

Sigismund (LITHUANIA)

Ulric III (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Urban V (PAPAL STATES)

 

7 YEARS:

Adolphus II (SCHAUMBURG-LIPPE)

Adolphus Frederick II (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Alexander I (BULGARIA)

Alexander IV (PAPAL STATES)

Alexander John (RUMANIA)

Alfred (SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA)

Amadeus IX (SAVOY)

Celestine III (PAPAL STATES)

Charles (BADEN)

Charles I (MECKLENBURG-GÜSTROW)

Charles VII (SWEDEN)

Charles IX (SWEDEN)

Christian I (SWEDEN)

Christopher I (DENMARK)

Conrad I (GERMANY)

Edmund I the Magnificent (ENGLAND)

Eric V (DENMARK)

Eric XI (SWEDEN)

Ernest Augustus I (SAXE-WEIMAR-EISENACH)

Ferdinand IV (HUNGARY)

Gian Galeazzo (MILAN)

Hardicanute (DENMARK)

Henry I the Bearded (POLAND)

Henry VI (GERMANY)

Inge II (SWEDEN)

Joachim Murat (NAPLES)

John XIII (PAPAL STATES)

Marie Adelaide (LUXEMBOURG)

Matthew (GERMANY)

Michael Shishman (BULGARIA)

Mieszko III the Old (POLAND)

Paschal I (PAPAL STATES)

Paul II (PAPAL STATES)

Philibert II (SAVOY)

Philip IV (NAPLES/SICILY)

René (NAPLES)

Rudolph IV the Founder (AUSTRIA)

Sancho II (CASTILE/LEÓN)

Sergius III (PAPAL STATES)

Sigismund (SWEDEN)

Trpimir II (CROATIA)

Victor Amadeus I (SAVOY)

Victor Amadeus (SICILY)

William IV (GREAT BRITAIN/HANOVER)

William IV (LUXEMBOURG)

 

6 YEARS:

Adolphus of Nassau (GERMANY)

Albert V (MECKLENBURG)

Alexander (PARMA)

Alexander (TUSCANY)

Alfonso III (ARAGON)

Aurelio (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Benedict XIII (PAPAL STATES)

Butigeidis (LITHUANIA)

Canute II the Holy (DENMARK)

Charles II (SAVOY)

Charles III (PARMA)

Charles IV/I (FRANCE/NAVARRE)

Charles X (FRANCE)

Charles X Gustavus (SWEDEN)

Charles Emmanuel IV (SARDINIA)

Charlotte (CYPRUS)

Chilperic II (FRANCE)

Christopher of Bavaria (NORWAY)

Clement X (PAPAL STATES)

Conradin of Swabia (SICILY)

Constantine I (GREECE)

Duncan I (SCOTLAND)

Edward VI (ENGLAND)

Ernest Augustus (HANOVER)

Ethelred I (ENGLAND)

Francis (SAXE-COBURG-SAALFELD)

Frederick VI (NORWAY)

Frederick VIII (DENMARK)

Garcia II (NAVARRE)

Harold III (DENMARK)

Harold IV (NORWAY)

Honorius II (PAPAL STATES)

Ivan Asen I (BULGARIA)

Jerome Bonaparte (WESTPHALIA)

John I (SWEDEN)

John XVIII (PAPAL STATES)

Joseph I (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Leo XII (PAPAL STATES)

Louis II the Younger (GERMANY)

Augustus Christian (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Ludovico il Moro (MILAN)

Mauregatus (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Michael I (PORTUGAL)

Nicholas I Romanov (POLAND)

Olav IV (NORWAY)

Peter Frederick Louis (OLDENBURG)

Philip V/II (FRANCE/NAVARRE)

Pius II (PAPAL STATES)

Pius IV (PAPAL STATES)

Pius V (PAPAL STATES)

Smilets (BULGARIA)

Spytihnev II (BOHEMIA)

Stenkil (SWEDEN)

Stephen V [VI] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen Dragutin (SERBIA)

Vratislav I (BOHEMIA)

 

5 YEARS:

Adrian II (PAPAL STATES)

Adrian IV (PAPAL STATES)

Alberico III (MASSA-CARRARA)

Albert IV (BAVARIA)

Alexander Jagiellonian (POLAND)

Callistus II (PAPAL STATES)

Canute II (SWEDEN)

Carloman II (FRANCE)

Charles VI (PARMA)

Christian I (SAXONY)

Clement XIV (PAPAL STATES)

Colin (SCOTLAND)

Edward (PORTUGAL)

Elisa Bonaparte (TUSCANY)

Emmanuel (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Ernest Augustus (BRUNSWICK)

Ernest Louis II (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Ethelbert (ENGLAND)

Formosus (PAPAL STATES)

Francis I (TWO SICILIES)

Francis (VATICAN)

Frederick I (NAPLES)

Frederick I (SAXONY)

George (SAXE-ALTENBURG)

Gregory X (PAPAL STATES)

Haakon II (NORWAY)

Harold I Harefoot (ENGLAND)

Henry VII (GERMANY)

Henry XXVII (REUSS-SCHLEIZ)

Honorius IV (MONACO)

John XXIII (VATICAN)

Joseph Bonaparte (SPAIN)

Julius III (PAPAL STATES)

Koloman I (BULGARIA)

Leo IX (PAPAL STATES)

Leopold II, duke (AUSTRIA)

Louis III (BAVARIA)

Magnus I (MECKLENBURG)

Magnus I Nilsson (SWEDEN)

Magnus IV (NORWAY)

Magnus the Good (DENMARK)

Mary I (ENGLAND)

Mary II (ENGLAND/SCOTLAND)

Olav I (NORWAY)

Ordoño III (LEÓN)

Paul Frederick (MECKLENBURG-SCHWERIN)

Peter II (SICILY)

Peter Orseolo (HUNGARY)

Philip I (BELGIUM)

Robert (PARMA)

Sixtus V (PAPAL STATES)

Soběslav II (BOHEMIA)

Stephen II [III] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen Radoslav (SERBIA)

Sweyn Knutsson (NORWAY)

Tancred (SICILY)

Wenceslas II (BRANDENBURG)

William Alexander (THE NETHERLANDS)

Zbigniew (POLAND)

 

4 YEARS:

Adolphus Frederick VI (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Alfonso IV (LEÓN)

Alfonso IV (MODENA)

Anthony (PARMA)

Bernard III (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Carloman of Bavaria (GERMANY)

Charles I (PARMA)

Charles Alexander (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Charles II (NORWAY)

Charles III (NAPLES)

Charles Christian of Saxony (COURLAND)

Clement III (PAPAL STATES)

Clovis IV (FRANCE)

Conrad I/IV (SICILY/GERMANY)

Constance (SICILY)

Dagobert III (FRANCE)

Donald I (SCOTLAND)

Donald III (SCOTLAND)

Dubh (SCOTLAND)

Edwy the Fair (ENGLAND)

Elisa Bonaparte (LUCCA)

Eric IX the Holy (SWEDEN)

Ferdinand I (ARAGON/SICILY)

Francis I Phoebus (NAVARRE)

Garcia I (LEÓN)

Halsten (SWEDEN)

Harold II (DENMARK)

Henry I (NAVARRE)

Henry Bretislav (BOHEMIA)

James VII (SCOTLAND)

Jaunutis (LITHUANIA)

John (SCOTLAND)

John II (SWEDEN)

John XI (PAPAL STATES)

Joseph I (NAPLES/SICILY)

Ladislas III the Spindle-shanks (POLAND)

Ladislas the Posthumous (BOHEMIA)

Lebrecht (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

Leopold II (ANHALT)

Louis II (BADEN)

Louis II (ETRURIA)

Louis I Napoleon (THE NETHERLANDS)

Louis Rudolph (BRUNSWICK)

Lucius III (PAPAL STATES)

Margaret Maid of Norway (SCOTLAND)

Maria (HUNGARY)

Marinus II (PAPAL STATES)

Martin IV (PAPAL STATES)

Michael I Korybut (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Miroslav (CROATIA)

Nicholas IV (PAPAL STATES)

Paul IV (PAPAL STATES)

Peter (CROATIA)

Philip of Spain (ENGLAND)

Philip VI (SPAIN)

Rudolph I (AUSTRIA)

Silvester II (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen III [IV] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen Dabiša (BOSNIA)

Theodoric III (FRANCE)

Ulászlo I (HUNGARY)

Valdemar III (DENMARK)

Victor Emmanuel III (ALBANIA)

Vladimir (BULGARIA)

Wenceslas I (HUNGARY)

 

3 YEARS:

Albert of Waldstein (MECKLENBURG)

Alexander I (GREECE)

Amadeus (SPAIN)

Anthony Florian (LIECHTENSTEIN)

Béla I (HUNGARY)

Benedict III (PAPAL STATES)

Benedict IV (PAPAL STATES)

Bermudo I (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Boleslas III the Red (BOHEMIA)

Callistus III (PAPAL STATES)

Carloman I (FRANCE)

Charles I (AUSTRIA)

Charles VII Albert (GERMANY)

Charles the Fat (FRANCE)

Charles Frederick (ANHALT-BERNBURG)

Clement IV (PAPAL STATES)

Clotaire I the Old (FRANCE)

Conrad of Mazovia (POLAND)

Daumantas (LITHUANIA)

Edmund (SCOTLAND)

Edward the Martyr (ENGLAND)

Eric II (DENMARK)

Eugene II (PAPAL STATES)

Frederick I (AUSTRIA)

Frederick Charles (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Frederick William (SAXE-MEININGEN)

Géza I (HUNGARY)

Gregory V (PAPAL STATES)

Helen (BOSNIA)

Henry I (CASTILE)

Henry II the Pious (POLAND)

Henry (SICILY)

Henry of Carinthia (BOHEMIA)

Innocent XIII (PAPAL STATES)

Ivan Ladislas (BULGARIA)

James II (ENGLAND)

John George I (ANHALT-KÖTHEN)

John George IV (SAXONY)

Leo VII (PAPAL STATES)

Louis III (FRANCE)

Louis VIII (FRANCE)

Magnus II (NORWAY)

Maximilian (MILAN)

Nicholas II (PAPAL STATES)

Nicholas III (PAPAL STATES)

Peter I (SICILY)

Pukuveras (LITHUANIA)

Ramiro II (ARAGON)

Samuel Aba (HUNGARY)

Sergius II (PAPAL STATES)

Sergius IV (PAPAL STATES)

Simeon II (BULGARIA)

Stephen VII [VIII] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen VIII [IX] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen Ostojic (BOSNIA)

Svetoslav Suronja (CROATIA)

Urban IV (PAPAL STATES)

William Louis (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Zdeslav (CROATIA)

 

2 YEARS:

Abel (DENMARK)

Albert I of Habsburg (BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Albert (SCHWARZBURG-RUDOLSTADT)

Alexander VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Anastasius III (PAPAL STATES)

Blot Sven (SWEDEN)

Boris II (BULGARIA)

Canute the Great (NORWAY)

Charles I/III/IV (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/HUNGARY)

Charles I (NORWAY)

Charles Albert of Bavaria (BOHEMIA)

Childeric II (FRANCE)

Clement IX (PAPAL STATES)

Conrad II Otto (BOHEMIA)

Constantine III (SCOTLAND)

Eberhard II (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Edward (SCOTLAND)

Emmanuel II (PORTUGAL)

Eric I Bloodaxe (NORWAY)

Eric XII (SWEDEN)

Ethelbald (ENGLAND)

Favila (ASTURIAS-LEÓN)

Frederick Eugene (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Frederick William (BRUNSWICK)

George I, king (SAXONY)

Gregory XV (PAPAL STATES)

Guy of Lusignan (CYPRUS)

Haakon III (NORWAY)

Håkan Magnusson (SWEDEN)

Hardicanute (ENGLAND)

Henry Probus (POLAND)

Henry of Valois (LITHUANIA/POLAND)

Henry (PORTUGAL)

Henry the Pious (SAXONY)

Honorius IV (PAPAL STATES)

Iljko (CROATIA)

Innocent VII (PAPAL STATES)

Ivailo (BULGARIA)

James I (MONACO)

Joan the Mad (CASTILE)

John IX (PAPAL STATES)

Joseph II Bonaparte (NAPLES)

Lazar Branković (SERBIA)

Leopold VII/II (AUSTRIA/BOHEMIA/GERMANY/HUNGARY)

Louis I (ETRURIA)

Louis II (FRANCE)

Louis X/I (FRANCE/NAVARRE)

Louis Eugene (WÜRTTEMBERG)

Otto I (HUNGARY)

Ordoño IV (LEÓN)

Philip (FRANCE)

Philip I (CASTILE)

Pier Luigi (PARMA)

Przemysl II (POLAND)

Richard III (ENGLAND)

Sigismund of Luxembourg (BOHEMIA)

Stephen II (CROATIA)

Stephen IV (HUNGARY)

Stephen V (HUNGARY)

Stephen Tomasevic (BOSNIA)

Svarnas (LITHUANIA)

Svatopluk (BOHEMIA)

Svitrigaila (LITHUANIA)

Tomislav II (CROATIA)

Treniota (LITHUANIA)

Urban III (PAPAL STATES)

Vaisivilkas (LITHUANIA)

Victor II (PAPAL STATES)

Vincent II (MANTUA)

William of Holland (GERMANY)

 

1 YEAR OR LESS:

Adrian III (PAPAL STATES)

Adrian V (PAPAL STATES)

Adrian VI (PAPAL STATES)

Aed (SCOTLAND)

Albert II (GERMANY)

Alfonso II (NAPLES)

Alfonso III (MODENA)

Alpin (SCOTLAND)

Anastasius IV (PAPAL STATES)

Anthony (PORTUGAL)

Augustin I (MEXICO)

Benedict V (PAPAL STATES)

Benedict VI (PAPAL STATES)

Benedict XI (PAPAL STATES)

Berenguela I (CASTILE)

Bezprym (POLAND)

Boleslas IV the Brave (BOHEMIA)

Boniface VI (PAPAL STATES)

Celestine II (PAPAL STATES)

Celestine IV (PAPAL STATES)

Celestine V (PAPAL STATES)

Chaka (BULGARIA)

Charles II the Short (HUNGARY)

Charles II (PARMA)

Charles Anthony (HOHENZOLLERN)

Christian II (SWEDEN)

Christian VIII Frederick (NORWAY)

Christian Philip (WALDECK)

Clement II (PAPAL STATES)

Conrad I of Brno (BOHEMIA)

Damasus II (PAPAL STATES)

Duncan II (SCOTLAND)

Edmund II Ironside (ENGLAND)

Edward (ANHALT)

Edward V (ENGLAND)

Edward VIII (GREAT BRITAIN)

Eleanor (NAVARRE)

Eric VII (SWEDEN)

Eric VIII (SWEDEN)

Ferdinand Albert (BRUNSWICK)

Ferdinand II (NAPLES)

Ferdinand IV (GERMANY)

Ferdinand IV (TUSCANY)

Francis II (FRANCE)

Francis II (TWO SICILIES)

Francis IV (MANTUA)

Francis Hyacinth (SAVOY)

Frederick III (PRUSSIA)

Frederick Christian (SAXONY)

Frederick Francis (MECKLENBURG-STRELITZ)

Frederick of the Palatinate (BOHEMIA)

Fruela II (LEÓN)

Gabriel Radomir (BULGARIA)

Gelasius II (PAPAL STATES)

George I (WALDECK)

George II Terter (BULGARIA)

Gregory VI (PAPAL STATES)

Gregory VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Gregory XIV (PAPAL STATES)

Harold II (ENGLAND)

Innocent V (PAPAL STATES)

Innocent IX (PAPAL STATES)

Ivan VI (RUSSIA)

Ivan Asen III (BULGARIA)

Ivan Stephen (BULGARIA)

James III (CYPRUS)

Jane Grey (ENGLAND)

Joachim Ernest (ANHALT)

Jobst of Moravia (GERMANY)

John I (CYPRUS)

John I (FRANCE/NAVARRE)

John XVII (PAPAL STATES)

John XXI (PAPAL STATES)

John Paul I (VATICAN)

Koloman II (BULGARIA)

Ladislas II (HUNGARY)

Ladislas III (HUNGARY)

Ladislas III Henry (BOHEMIA)

Lando (PAPAL STATES)

Leo V (PAPAL STATES)

Leo VI (PAPAL STATES)

Leo VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Leo XI (PAPAL STATES)

Louis I (SPAIN)

Louis V (FRANCE)

Louise Hippolite (MONACO)

Lucius II (PAPAL STATES)

Lulach the Simple (SCOTLAND)

Magnus II (SWEDEN)

Marcellus II (PAPAL STATES)

Marinus I (PAPAL STATES)

Martin II (SICILY)

Mieszko the Staggerer (POLAND)

Milan Obrenovic II (SERBIA)

Mindaugas II (LITHUANIA)

Mitso Asen (BULGARIA)

Peter IV (PORTUGAL)

Philip II (SAVOY)

Pius VIII (PAPAL STATES)

Pius III (PAPAL STATES)

Ragvald Knaphövde (SWEDEN)

Robert I (FRANCE)

Roger III (SICILY)

Romanus (PAPAL STATES)

Rudolph I Habsburg (BOHEMIA)

Sancho III (CASTILE)

Silvester III (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen IV [V] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen VI [VII] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen IX [X] (PAPAL STATES)

Stephen the Blind (SERBIA)

Sweyn Forkbeard (ENGLAND)

Theodore II (PAPAL STATES)

Ulrica Eleanora (SWEDEN)

Umberto II (ITALY)

Urban VII (PAPAL STATES)

Valentine (PAPAL STATES)

Victor III (PAPAL STATES)

Vladivoj (BOHEMIA)

Wenceslas II, duke (BOHEMIA)

Wenceslas III (BOHEMIA/POLAND)

William III (SICILY)

William of Wied (ALBANIA)