BURIAL CHURCHES OF SOVEREIGNS OF PARMA FROM A TO Z

 

FIDENZA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CAPUCHIN CONVENT (Fidenza, Convento Cappuccino, Viale S. Francesco):

 

Duchess HENRIETTA D'ESTE (+1777), consort of Duke Anthony I

 

 

FONTEVIVO (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE ABBEY CHURCH OF ST BERNARD (Fontevivo, Chiesa abbaziale San Bernardo, Piazza Repubblica):

 

Duke FERDINAND I (+1802)

 

His heart was buried in the Basilica of Santa Maria della Steccata in Parma.

 

 

ISOLA BISENTINA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF ISOLA BISENTINA ON THE LAKE BOLSENA (Monastero dell'Isola Bisentina sul Lago di Bolsena):

 

1. Duke PIER LUIGI (+1547)

 

2. Duchess GEROLAMA ORSINI (+1570), consort of Duke Pier Luigi

 

 

NOVA GORICA (SLOVENIA)

BURIED IN KOSTANJEVICA MONASTERY (Nova Gorica, Frančiškanski samostan Kostanjevica, Škrabčeva ulica):

 

Duchess LOUISE MARIE OF FRANCE (+1864), consort of Duke Charles III

 

 

PARMA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE BASILICA OF SANTA MARIA DELLA STECCATA (Parma, Basilica di Santa Maria della Steccata, Strada Giuseppe Garibaldi):

 

01. Duke OTTAVIO (+1586)

 

02. Duke ALEXANDER (+1592)

 

03. Duchess MARIA OF PORTUGAL (+1577), consort of Duke Alexander

She was buried in the tomb of Duke Alexander.

 

04. Duke RANUCCIO I (+1622)

 

05. Duke EDWARD I (+1646)

His heart was buried in the church of St Sixtus in Piacenza.

 

06. Duke RANUCCIO II (+1694)

 

07. Duchess MARGARET OF SAVOY (+1663), consort of Duke Ranuccio II

 

08. Duchess ISABELLA OF MODENA (+1666), consort of Duke Ranuccio II

 

09. Duchess MARIA OF MODENA (+1684), consort of Duke Ranuccio II

 

10. Duke FRANCIS I (+1727)

 

11. Duchess SOPHIA DOROTHEA OF NEUBURG (+1748), consort of Duke Francis I

 

12. Duke ANTHONY I (+1731)

 

13. Duke PHILIP I (+1765)

 

The mausoleum in the vault of Santa Maria della Steccata had been constructed in 1823 by the order of Duchess Marie Louise. All rulers of Parma and their consorts, previously buried in the demolished Church of St Peter in Parma, were reburied here.

 

 

PARMA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST THERESA (Parma, Chiesa carmelitana di Santa Teresa):

 

Duchess MARGARET DE' MEDICI OF TUSCANY (+1679), consort of Duke Edward I

 

The church had been badly bombed in 1944 and the ruins were demolished after the war.

 

 

PIACENZA (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST SIXTUS (Piacenza, Chiesa di San Sisto, Via San Sisto):

 

Duchess MARGARET OF HABSBURG (+1586), consort of Duke Ottavio

 

 

PRAGUE (CZECH REPUBLIC)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF ST VITUS (Praha, chram sv. Vita):

 

Duchess MARIA AMELIA OF AUSTRIA (+1804), consort of Duke Ferdinand

 

 

ROME (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE VERANO CEMETERY (Roma, Cimitero del Verano, Piazzale del Verano):

 

Duchess MARIA THERESA OF SAVOY (+1879), consort of Duke Charles II

 

 

SAINT DENIS (FRANCE)

BURIED IN SAINT-DENIS ABBEY (La basilique Saint-Denis, Place de la Légion d’Honneur):

 

Duchess LOUISE ELIZABETH OF FRANCE (+1759), consort of Duke Philip

 

Her tomb was destroyed during the French Revolution.

 

 

SAN LORENZO DE EL ESCORIAL (SPAIN)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF SAN LORENZO (El Monasterio de El Escorial, Avenida Juan De Borbón Y Battemberg):

 

Duke CHARLES I BOURBON (+1788)

 

LIST OF SOVEREIGNS OF PARMA 1545-1860

 

DUCHY OF PARMA 1545-1802 (created in 1545):

HOUSE OF FARNESE (Dinastia Farnesiana)

1545-1547: PIER LUIGI

Born in 1503 in Rome.

Father: Alessandro Farnese, later Pope Paul III. Mother: Silvia Ruffini.

Married in 1519 in Rome GEROLAMA Orsini (*c. 1504 Rome,+1570 Viterbo).

His issue who reigned: OTTAVIO (*1524,+1586).

Died in 1574 at Piacenza (murdered).

Buried with his consort Duchess Gerolama in the Monastery of Isola Bisentina on the Lake Bolsena.

 

 

1547-1586: OTTAVIO

Born in 1524 in Rome.

Father: Duke Per Luigi of Parma. Mother: Silvia Ruffini.

Married in 1538 in Rome Dowager Duchess of Tuscany MARGARET of Habsburg (*1522 Pamele/Oudenaarde,+1586 Ortona).

His issue who reigned: ALEXANDER (*1545,+1592).

Died in 1586 in Parma.

Buried firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

His consort Duchess Margaret of Habsburg was buried in the Church of San Sixtus in Piacenza.

 

 

1586-1592: ALEXANDER (Alessandro)

Born in 1545 in Rome.

Father: Duke Ottavio of Parma. Mother: Duchess Margaret of Habsburg.

Married in 1565 in Brussels Princess Maria of Portugal (*1538 Lisbon,+1577 Parma).

His issue who reigned: RANUCCIO I (*1569,+1622).

Died in 1592 at St Waast, Low Countries.

Buried with his consort, firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

 

 

1592-1622: RANUCCIO I

Born in 1569 in Parma.

Father: Duke Alexander of Parma. Mother: Duchess Maria of Portugal.

Married in 1600 in Rome MARGARET Aldobrandini (*1588 Capodimonte,+1646 Parma).

His issue who reigned:

-EDWARD I (*1612,+1646),

-Victoria (*1618,+1649; Duchess of Modena).

Died in 1622 in Parma.

Buried firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma. Burial place of Duchess Margaret is unknown.

 

 

1622-1646: EDWARD I (Odoardo I)

Born in 1612 in Parma.

Father: Duke Ranuccio I of Parma. Mother: Duchess Margaret Aldobrandini.

Married in 1628 in Florence Princess MARGARET de' Medici of Tuscany (*1612 Florence,+1679 Parma).

His issue who reigned: RANUCCIO II (*1630,+1694).

Died in 1646 at Piacenza.

Buried firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

His consort Duchess Margaret was buried in the Church of St Theresa in Parma (demolished).

 

 

1646-1694: RANUCCIO II

Born in 1630 in Casalmaggiore, Cremona.

Father: Duke Edward I of Parma. Mother: Duchess Margaret de' Medici of Tuscany.

Married firstly in 1660 in Turin Princess MARGARET YOLANDE of Savoy (*1635 Turin,+1663 Parma).

Married secondly in 1664 in Modena Princess ISABELLA d'Este of Modena (*1635 Modena,+1666 Colorno near Parma).

Married thirdly in 1668 in Modena Princess MARIA d'Este of Modena (*1644 Modena,+1684 Parma).

His issue who reigned:

-Margaret (*1664,+1718; Duchess of Modena; daughter of Isabella),

-FRANCIS (*1678,+1727; son of Maria),

-ANTHONY I (*1679,+1731; son of Maria).

Died in 1694 in Parma.

Buried with his three consorts, firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

 

 

1694-1727: FRANCIS (Francesco)

Born in 1678 in Parma.

Father: Duke Ranuccio II of Parma. Mother: Duchess Maria of Modena.

Married in 1696 in Parma SOPHIA DOROTHEA of Neuburg (*1670 Neuburg,+1748 Parma).

Died in 1727 in Piacenza.

Buried with his consort, firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

 

 

1727-1731: ANTHONY (Antonio)

Born in 1679 in Parma.

Father: Duke Ranuccio II of Parma. Mother: Duchess Maria of Modena.

Married in 1728 in Parma Princess HENRIETTA d'Este of Modena (*1702 Modena,+1777 Borgo San Donnino).

Died in 1731 in Parma.

Buried firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, in 1823 reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

His consort Duchess Henrietta was buried in the Capuchin Convent in Fidenza.

 

 

HOUSE OF BOURBON (Dinastia di Borbone)

1731-1735: CHARLES I (Carlo; King of Spain as Charles III, King of Naples as Charles VII)

Born in 1716 in Madrid.

Father: King Philip IV of Naples. Mother: Queen Isabella of Parma.

Married in 1738 at Gaeta Princess Maria Amalia of Poland-Saxony (*1724 Dresden,+1760 Madrid).

His issue who reigned:

-Maria Louisa (*1745,+1792; Roman Empress and Queen of Bohemia and Hungary),

-Charles IV (*1748,+1819; King of Spain),

-Ferdinand IV (*1751,+1825; King of Naples).

Died in 1788 in Madrid.

Buried together with his Queen Maria Amalia of Poland-Saxony in the Monastery of San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Spain.

 

 

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Casa d'Asburgo)

1735-1740: CHARLES II (Carlo II; Archduke of Austria, Roman Emperor as Charles VI, German King, King of Bohemia, Croatia, Hungary, Naples and Sicily)

Born in 1685 in Vienna.

Father: Archduke Leopold VI of Austria. Mother: Archduchess Eleanor Magdalen of Palatinate-Neuburg.

Married in 1708 in Barcelona Princess ELIZABETH CHRISTINA of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (*1691 Wolfenbüttel, +1750 Vienna).

His issue who reigned: MARIA THERESA (*1717,+1780).

Died in 1740 in Vienna.

Buried with his consort Duchess Elizabeth Christina in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

1740-1748: MARIA THERESA (Maria Teresa; Archduchess of Austria, Queen of Bohemia, Croatia and Hungary)

Born in 1717 in Vienna.

Father: Duke Charles VI of Parma. Mother: Duchess Elizabeth Christina of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.

Married in 1736 in Vienna Duke FRANCIS STEPHEN of Lorraine, later Emperor Francis I Stephen (*1708 Luneville,+1765 Innsbruck).

Her issue who reigned:

-Joseph II (*1741,+1790; Roman Emperor),

-Marie Amalie (*1746,+1804; Duchess of Parma),

-Leopold II (*1747,+1792; Roman Emperor),

-Marie Caroline (*1752,+1814; Queen of the Two Sicilies),

-Ferdinand (*1754,+1806; Duke of Massa-Carrara),

-Marie Antoinette (*1755,+1793; Queen of France).

Died in 1780 in Vienna.

Buried with her consort Emperor Francis I Stephen in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

 

 

HOUSE OF BOURBON (Dinastia di Borbone)

1748-1765: PHILIP (Filippo)

Born in 1720 in Madrid.

Father: King Philip V of Spain. Mother: Queen Isabella of Parma.

Married in 1739 at Alcala de Henares Princess LOUISE ELIZABETH of France (*1727 Versailles,+1759 Versailles).

His issue who reigned:

-Isabella (*1741,+1763; Archduchess of Austria),

-FERDINAND I (*1751,+1802),

-Maria Louisa (*1751,+1819; Queen of Spain).

Died in 1765 at Alessandria.

Buried firstly in the Church of St Peter in Parma, later reburied in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

His consort Duchess Louise Elizabeth of France was buried in Saint Denis Abbey, France.

 

 

1765-1802: FERDINAND (Ferdinando)

Born in 1751 at Parma.

Father: Duke Philip I of Parma. Mother: Duchess Elizabeth of France.

Married in 1769 at Colorno Archduchess MARIA AMELIA of Austria (*1746 Vienna,+1804 Prague).

His issue who reigned: Louis I (*1773,+1803; King of Etruria).

Died in 1802 at Fontevivo near Parma.

Buried in the Abbey Church of St Bernard in Fontevivo.

His consort Duchess Maria Amelia of Austria was buried in the Cathedral of St Vitus in Prague.

 

 

1802-1814: FRENCH OCCUPATION

 

 

DUCHY OF PARMA 1814-1859:

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (Casa d'Asburgo)

1814-1847: MARIE LOUISE (Empress of the French)

Born in 1791 in Vienna.

Father: Emperor Francis I of Austria. Mother: Empress Maria Theresa of the Two Sicilies.

Married firstly in 1810 at St Cloud Emperor Napoleon I of the French (*1769 Ajaccio,+1821 St Helena).

Married secondly and morganatically in 1821 in Parma Count Adam von Neipperg (*1775 Vienna,+1829 Parma).

Married thirdly and morganatically in 1834 in Parma Count Charles de Bombelles (*1785 Versailles,+1856 Versailles).

Her issue who reigned: Napoleon II (*1811,+1832; nominal Emperor of the French).

Died in 1847 in Vienna.

Buried in the Capuchin Church in Vienna.

Her first consort Emperor Napoleon I was buried at the Dome des Invalides in Paris.

Her second consort Count Adam von Neipperg was buried in the Basilica of S. Maria della Steccata in Parma.

 

 

HOUSE OF BOURBON (Dinastia di Borbone)

1847-1848: CHARLES II (Carlo II; King of Etruria as Louis II, Duke of Lucca as Charles I)

Born in 1799 in Madrid.

Father: King Louis I of Etruria. Mother: Queen Maria Louisa of Spain.

Married in 1820 at Turin Princess MARIA THERESA of Savoy (*1803 Rome,+1879 San Martino in Vignale).

His issue who reigned: CHARLES III (*1823,+1854).

Exiled in 1848 following an insurrection. Abdicated in 1849 in Weistropp, Saxony.

Died in 1883 at Nice.

Buried in the Chapel of the Villa Borbone at Viareggio.

His consort Duchess Maria Theresa was buried in the Verano Cemetery in Rome.

 

 

1848-1854: CHARLES III (Carlo III)

Born in 1823 at Lucca.

Father: Duke Charles II of Parma. Mother: Duchess Maria Theresa of Savoy.

Married in 1845 at Frohsdorf Princess LOUISE MARIE of France (*1819 Paris,+1864 Venice).

His issue who reigned:

-ROBERT (*1848,+1907),

-Alicia (*1849,+1935; Grand Duchess of Tuscany).

Died in 1854 at Parma (assassinated).

Buried in the Chapel of the Villa Borbone at Viareggio.

His consort Duchess Louise Marie of France was buried in Kostanjevica Monastery at Nova Gorica, modern Slovenia.

 

 

1854-1859: ROBERT (Roberto)

Born in 1848 in Florence.

Father: Duke Charles II of Parma. Mother: Duchess Louise Marie of France.

Married firstly in 1869 in Rome Princess Maria of the Two Sicilies (*1849 Gaeta,+1882 Biarritz).

Married secondly in 1884 at Castle Fischborn Princess Maria Antonia of Portugal (*1862 Bronnbach,+1959 Berg/Luxembourg).

His issue who reigned:

-Marie Louise (*1870,+1899; Princess of Bulgaria; daughter of Maria),

-Zita (*1892,+1989; Empress of Austria, Queen of Bohemia and Hungary; daughter of Maria Antonia),

-Felix (*1893,+1970; Grand Duke of Luxembourg; son of Maria Antonia).

Deposed in 1859.

Died in 1907 at Villa Pianore near Lucca.

Buried with his first consort Princess Maria of the Two Sicilies in the Chapel of the Villa Borbone in Viareggio.

 

 

1860: PARMA ANNEXED TO THE KINGDOM OF ITALY

 

 

VIAREGGIO (ITALY)

BURIED IN THE CHAPEL OF THE VILLA BORBONE (Viareggio, la Capellina Sepolcreto di San Carlo Borromeo, Viale dei Tigli):

 

1. Duke CHARLES II (+1883)

 

2. Duke CHARLES III (+1854)

His heart was buried in the Basilica of Santa Maria della Steccata in Parma in the urn placed in the tomb of Duke Alexander.

 

3. Duke ROBERT (+1907)

 

4. Duchess MARIA PIA OF THE TWO SICILIES (+1882), consort of Duke Robert

 

 

VIENNA (AUSTRIA)

BURIED IN THE CAPUCHIN CHURCH (Wien, Kapuzinerkirche, Neuer Markt):

 

1. Duke CHARLES VI (+1740)

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

2. Duchess ELIZABETH CHRISTINA OF BRUNSWICK-WOLFENBÜTTEL (+1750), consort of Duke Charles VI

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

3. Duchess MARIA THERESA (+1780)

Her heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

4. Emperor FRANCIS I STEPHEN (+1765), consort of Duchess Maria Theresa

His heart was buried in the Augustinian Church in Vienna.

 

5. Duchess MARIE LOUISE (+1847)