BURIAL CHURCHES OF RUMANIAN SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

 

CURTEA DE ARGEȘ (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN CURTEA DE ARGEȘ MONASTERY (Mănăstirea Curtea de Argeș, Bulevardul Basarabilor):

 

1. King CHARLES I (+1914)

 

2. Queen ELIZABETH OF WIED (+1916), consort of King Charles I

 

3. King FERDINAND I (+1927)

 

4. Queen MARIE OF EDINBURGH (+1938), consort of King Ferdinand I

Her heart is kept in the treasury of the National History Museum in Bucharest

 

 

CURTEA DE ARGEȘ (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN THE CHAPEL BY THE MONASTERY (Mănăstirea Curtea de Argeș, Bulevardul Basarabilor):

 

King CHARLES II (+1953)

 

 

IAȘI (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN THE MONASTERY OF THREE HOLY PATRIARCHS (Iași, Mănăstirea Sfintii Trei Ierarhi, Strada Trei Ierarhi):

 

Prince ALEXANDER JOHN CUZA (+1873)

 

 

LAUSANNE (SWITZERLAND)

BURIED IN THE CEMETERY OF BOIS-DE-VAUX (Lausanne, cimetière Bois-de-Vaux, sect. L41, no 660, Route de Chavannes):

 

Queen Mother, Princess HELEN OF GREECE (+1982), consort of King Charles II of Rumania

 

LIST OF RUMANIAN SOVEREIGNS 1859-1947

 

PRINCIPALITY OF RUMANIA 1859-1881

(Ottoman fief until 1878):

1859-1866: ALEXANDER JOHN (Alexandru Joan Cuza)

Born in 1820 in Bârlad.

Married in 1844 HELENA (Elena) Rosetti (*1825 Iași,+1909 Piatra Neamț).

Deposed in 1866 and exiled in France, Austria and Germany.

Died in 1873 in Heidelberg.

Buried firstly at Ruginoasa, later reburied in the Monastery of the Three Holy Patriarchs at Iași.

His consort Princess Helena was buried in Solești in the churchyard by the Church of St Nicholas.

 

 

HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN (Dinastia Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)

1866-1881: CHARLES I (Carol I; King from 1881)

 

KINGDOM OF RUMANIA 1881-1947:

HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN (Dinastia Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen)

1881-1914: CHARLES I (Carol I)

Born in 1839 in Sigmaringen.

Father: Prince Karl Anton of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Mother: Princess Josephine of Baden.

Married in 1869 in Neuwied Princess ELIZABETH of Wied (*1843 Neuwied,+1916 Curtea de Argeș).

He and his consort were crowned in 1881 at the Patriarchal Cathedral in Bucharest.

Died in 1914 in Sinaia.

Buried with his Queen Elizabeth at the Monastery of Curtea de Argeș.

 

 

1914-1927: FERDINAND I

Born in 1865 in Sigmaringen.

Father: Prince Leopold of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen. Mother: Princess Antonia of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.

Married in 1893 in Sigmaringen Princess MARIE of Edinburgh (*1875 Eastwell Park, Kent,+1938 Sinaia).

He and his consort were crowned in 1922 at the Orthodox Coronation Cathedral in Alba Iulia, Transylvania.

His issue who reigned:

-CAROL II (*1893,+1953),

-Elizabeth (*1894,+1956; Queen of Greece),

-Marie (*1900,+1961; Queen of Yugoslavia).

Died in 1927 in Sinaia.

Buried with his Queen Marie at the Monastery of Curtea de Argeș.

 

 

1930-1940: CHARLES II (Carol II)

Born in 1893 in Sinaia.

Father: King Ferdinand I of Romania. Mother: Queen Marie of Edinburgh.

Married firstly in 1918 in Odessa Joana Lambrino (*1898 Roman,+1953 Paris). Marriage was annulled in 1919.

Married secondly in 1921 in Athens Princess HELEN (Elena) of Greece (*1896 Athens,+1982 Lausanne). Divorced in 1928.

Married thirdly in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro Elena Lupescu (*1899 Hertza, Moldavia,+1977 Estoril, Portugal).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned: MICHAEL I (*1921; son of Helen).

Abdicated in 1940 and left Romania for Portugal.

Died in 1953 in Estoril, Portugal.

Buried firstly with his third wife Elena Lupescu in the Church of São Vicente de Fora in Lisbon.

In 2003 king's remains were translated to Rumania and buried in a small chapel standing beside the monastery of Curtea de Argeș.

His second consort Princess and Queen Mother Helen of Greece was buried in the Cemetery of Bois-de-Vaux in Lausanne, Switzerland.

 

 

1927-1930 and 1940-1947: MICHAEL I (Mihai I)

Born in 1921 in Castle Peleș, Sinaia.

Father: King Charles II of Romania. Mother: Princess Helen of Greece, the Queen Mother.

Married in 1948 in Athens Princess ANNE of Bourbon-Parma (*1923 Paris,+2016 Morges, Switzerland). Buried in the Archbishopric and Royal Cathedral of Curtea de Argeș (Rumania).

He was never crowned.

Issue of marriage: Margarita (*1949); Elena (*1950); Irina (*1953); Sophia (*1957); Maria (*1964).

Deposed by his father in 1930, restored in 1940.

Deposed by the communists in 1947 and forced to leave Rumania (1948).

Exiled in Italy (1948), Switzerland (1949-50), England (1950-55) and again in Switzerland (from 1955).

 

 

REPUBLIC OF RUMANIA FROM 1947

 

 

SOLEȘTI (RUMANIA)

BURIED IN THE CHURCHYARD OF THE CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (Solești, curtea bisericii Sfântul Nicolae):

 

Princess HELENA CUZA (+1909), consort of Prince Alexander John

 

RUMANIAN REGALIA

 

The most important items of the Rumanian regalia include:

-King Charles I’s Couronne d’Acier, or the Iron Crown (1881),

-Queen Elizabeth’s Crown (1881),

-King Ferdinand I's Sceptre (1922),

-Queen Marie’s Crown (1922),

-King Charles II's Sceptre (1940)

The Iron Crown of King Charles I is kept at permanent exhibition at Pelișor Palace in Sinaia.

The remaining Rumanian regalia are safeguarded in the Rumanian National Historical Museum in Bucharest (Muzeul National de Istorie a Romaniei) where they are on permanent exhibition.

 

 

RUMANIAN CORONATIONS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER

(Year, venue, name of the crowned):

1881 BUCHAREST: Charles I and Elizabeth of Wied

1922 ALBA IULIA: Ferdinand I and Marie of Edinburgh

FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN RUMANIA:

ALBA IULIA:

1. Isabella Jagiellonian of Poland, Queen of Hungary, consort of King John I

2. John II Sigismund, King of Hungary

BUCHAREST:

William of Wied, Prince of Albania

CENAD:

Ladislaus IV, King of Hungary

IGRIȘ:

1. Andrew II, King of Hungary

2. Yolande de Courtenay, Queen of Hungary, consort of King Andrew II

ORADEA:

1. Beatrice of Luxembourg, Queen of Hungary, consort of King Charles I Robert

2. Ladislaus I, King of Hungary

3. Maria, Queen of Hungary

4. Sigismund of Luxembourg, King of Hungary, Bohemia and German King and Emperor

5. Stephen II, King of Hungary

 

 

 

 

RUMANIAN CORONATION CHURCHES

 

ALBA IULIA, ORTHODOX CORONATION CATHEDRAL

(Alba Iulia, Catedrala Ortodoxa, Biserica de Incoronare, Strada Mihai Viteazul).

 

Here were crowned:

1922: Ferdinand I and Marie of Edinburgh

 

BUCHAREST, PATRIARCHAL CATHEDRAL (București, Catedrala Patriarhiei, Aleea Dealul Mitropoliei).

 

Here were crowned:

1881: Charles I and Elizabeth of Wied

 

Select Bibliography

Burke's Royal Families of the World, vol. I: Europe and Latin America, London 1977

Flags of All Nations, London 1930

Flaggenbuch, Berlin 1905

Lord Twining: European Regalia, London 1967