BURIAL CHURCHES OF SAXON SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

 

ALTENBURG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CASTLE CHURCH (Altenburg, Schlosskirche; Heinrich Gottfried Trost Weg/Schlossberg):

 

Electress MARGARET OF AUSTRIA (+1486), consort of Elector Frederick II the Gentle

 

 

DRESDEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF THE HOLY TRINITY (Kathedrale St. Trinitatis/Hofkirche, Theaterplatz):

 

01. Elector FREDERICK AUGUSTUS II (+1763)

 

02. Electress MARIA JOSEPHA OF AUSTRIA (+1757), consort of Elector Frederick Augustus II

 

03. Elector FREDERICK CHRISTIAN (+1763)

 

04. Electress MARIA ANTONIA OF BAVARIA (+1780), consort of Elector Frederick Christian

 

05. King FREDERICK AUGUSTUS I THE JUST (+1827)

 

06. Queen MARIA AMALIA OF PALATINATE-ZWEIBRÜCKEN (+1828), consort of King Frederick Augustus I

 

07. King ANTHONY THE GOOD (+1836)

 

08. Queen MARIA THERESA OF AUSTRIA (+1827), consort of King Anthony the Good

 

9. King FREDERICK AUGUSTUS II (+1854)

 

10. Queen MARIA LEOPOLDINA OF BAVARIA (+1877), consort of King Frederick Augustus II

 

11. King JOHN (+1873)

 

12. Queen AMALIA AUGUSTA OF BAVARIA (+1877), consort of King John

 

13. King ALBERT (+1902)

 

14. Queen CAROLINE VASA (+1907), consort of King Albert

 

15. King GEORGE (+1904)

 

16. King FREDERICK AUGUSTUS III (+1932)

 

FREIBERG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CATHEDRAL OF FREIBERG (Freiberger Dom, Domgasse):

 

01. Duke HENRY THE PIOUS (+1541)

 

02. Duchess CATHERINE OF MECKLENBURG (+1561), consort of Duke Henry the Pious

 

03. Elector MAURICE (+1553)

 

04. Elector AUGUSTUS (+1586)

 

05. Electress ANNE OF DENMARK (+1585), consort of Elector Augustus

 

06. Electress AGNES HEDVIG OF ANHALT (+1616), consort of Elector Augustus

 

07. Elector CHRISTIAN I (+1591)

 

08. Electress SOPHIA OF BRANDENBURG (+1622), consort of Elector Christian I

 

09. Elector CHRISTIAN II (+1611)

 

10. Electress HEDVIG OF DENMARK (+1641), consort of Elector Christian II

 

11. Elector JOHN GEORGE I (+1656)

 

12. Electress MAGDALEN SYBILLA OF PRUSSIA (+1659), consort of Elector John George I

 

13. Elector JOHN GEORGE II (+1680)

 

14. Electress MAGDALEN SYBILLA OF BAYERUTH (+1687), consort of Elector John George II

 

15. Elector JOHN GEORGE III (+1691)

 

16. Electress ANNE SOPHIA OF DENMARK (+1717), consort of Elector John George III

 

17. Elector JOHN GEORGE IV (+1694)

 

18. Electress ELEANOR OF SAXE-EISENACH (+1696), consort of Elector John George IV

 

 

KRAKÓW (POLAND)

BURIED IN WAWEL ROYAL BASILICA

(Kraków, Bazylika Królewska na Wawelu):

 

Elector FREDERICK AUGUSTUS I THE STRONG (+1733)

 

His viscera were buried in the Capuchin Church in Warsaw and his heart was buried in the Holy Trinity Cathedral in Dresden.

 

 

LEIPZIG (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE DOMINICAN CHURCH OF ST PAUL (Leipzig, Universitätskirche St. Pauli/Kirche des Dominikanerklosters):

 

Electress ELIZABETH OF BAVARIA (+1484), consort of Elector Ernest

 

This historical church was demolished by the communist regime of the GDR in 1968.

 

 

MEISSEN (GERMANY)

BURIED IN MEISSEN CATHEDRAL (Meissen, Dom, Domplatz):

 

1. Elector FREDERICK I THE WARLIKE (+1428)

 

2. Electress CATHERINE OF BRUNSWICK-LÜNEBURG (+1442), consort of Elector Frederick I the Warlike

 

3. Elector FREDERICK II THE GENTLE (+1464)

 

4. Elector ERNEST (+1486)

 

5. Duke ALBERT THE BOLD (+1500)

 

6. Duchess SIDONIA OF BOHEMIA (+1510), consort of Duke Albert the Bold

 

7. Duke GEORGE I THE BEARDED (+1539)

 

8. Duchess BARBARA OF POLAND (+1534), consort of Duke George I the Bearded

 

 

PRETZSCH (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST NICHOLAS (Pretzsch, Stadtkirche St. Nikolaus, Elbstr.):

 

Electress CHRISTIANE EBERHARDINE OF BRANDENBURG-BAYERUTH (+1727),

consort of Elector Frederick Augustus I the Strong

 

 

WEIMAR (GERMANY)

BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF SAINTS PETER AND PAUL (Weimar, Stadtkirche St. Peter und Paul, Herderplatz):

 

Electress AGNES OF HESSE (+1555), consort of Elector Maurice

 

LIST OF SAXON SOVEREIGNS 1423-1918

 

ELECTORATE OF SAXONY 1423-1806:

HOUSE OF WETTIN (Wettiner)

1423-1428: FREDERICK I THE WARLIKE (Friedrich I. der Streitbare)

Born in 1370.

Father: Count Frederick III of Thuringia. Mother: Countess Catherine von Henneberg.

Married in 1402 CATHERINE of Brunswick-Lüneburg (+1442 Grimma).

His issue who reigned:

-FREDERICK II (*1412,+1464),

-Catherine (*1421,+1476; Electres of Brandenburg).

Died in 1428 at Altenburg.

Buried with his consort Electress Catherine in Meissen Cathedral (she has no separate tomb).

 

 

1428-1464: FREDERICK II THE GENTLE (Friedrich II. der Sanftmütige)

Born in 1412 in Leipzig.

Father: Elector Frederick I of Saxony. Mother: Electress Catherine of Brunswick-Lüneburg.

Married in 1431 in Leipzig Princess MARGARET of Austria (*c. 1416 Wiener Neustadt,+1486 Altenburg).

His issue who reigned:

-Anna (*1437,+1512; Electress of Brandenburg),

-ERNEST (*1441,+1486),

-ALBERT I (*1443,+1500).

Died in 1464 in Leipzig.

Buried in Meissen Cathedral.

His consort Electress Margaret of Austria was buried in the Castle Church at Altenburg.

 

 

1464-1486: ERNEST (Ernst; ruled together with Albert I until 1485)

Born in 1441 in Meissen.

Father: Elector Frederick II of Saxony. Mother: Electress Margaret of Austria.

Married in 1460 in Leipzig Princess ELIZABETH of Bavaria (*1443,+1484 Leipzig).

His issue who reigned: Christina (*1461,+1521; Queen of Denmark, Norway and Sweden).

Died in 1486 at Colditz.

Buried in Meissen Cathedral.

His consort Electress Elizabeth of Bavaria was buried in the Dominican Church of St Paul in Leipzig (demolished).

 

 

1464-1500: ALBERT THE BOLD (Albrecht der Beherzte; Duke of Saxony. Ruler together with Ernest)

Born in 1443 at Grimma.

Father: Elector Frederick II of Saxony. Mother: Electress Margaret of Austria.

Married in 1459 at Cheb Princess SIDONIA of Bohemia (*1449,+1510 Tharandt).

His issue who reigned:

-GEORGE I (*1471,+1539),

-HENRY THE PIOUS (*1473,+1541).

Died in 1500 at Emden.

Buried with his consort Duchess Sidonia of Bohemia in Meissen Cathedral.

 

 

1500-1539: GEORGE I THE BEARDED (Georg I. der Bärtige; Duke of Saxony)

Born in 1471 at Meissen.

Father: Duke Albert of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Sidonia of Bohemia.

Married in 1496 in Leipzig Princess BARBARA of Poland (*1478 Sandomierz,+1534 Leipzig).

His issue who reigned: Magdalene (*1507,+1534; Electress of Brandenburg).

Died in 1539 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Duchess Barbara of Poland in Meissen Cathedral.

 

 

1539-1541: HENRY THE PIOUS (Heinrich der Fromme; Duke of Saxony)

Born in 1473 in Dresden.

Father: Duke Albert of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Sidonia of Bohemia.

Married in 1512 in Freiberg Princess CATHERINE of Mecklenburg (*1487,+1561 Torgau).

His issue who reigned:

-MAURICE (*1521,+1553),

-AUGUSTUS (*1526,+1586).

Died in 1541 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Duchess Catherine of Mecklenburg in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1541-1553: MAURICE (Moritz)

Born in 1521 in Freiberg.

Father: Duke Henry the Pious of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Catherine of Mecklenburg.

Married in 1541 in Marburg AGNES of Hesse (*1527 Marburg,+1555 Weimar).

Died in 1553 in the Battle of Sievershausen near Lehrte.

Buried in Freiberg Cathedral.

His consort Electress Agnes of Hesse was buried in the Church of St St Peter and Paul in Weimar.

 

 

1553-1586: AUGUSTUS (August)

Born in 1526 in Freiberg.

Father: Duke Henry the Pious of Saxony. Mother: Duchess Catherine of Mecklenburg.

Married firstly in 1548 in Torgau Princess ANNE of Denmark (*1532 Haderslev,+1585 Dresden).

Married secondly in 1586 in Dessau Princess AGNES HEDVIG of Anhalt (*1573 Dessau,+1616 Sonderburg).

His issue who reigned: CHRISTIAN I (*1560,+1591; son of Anna).

Died in 1586 in Dresden.

Buried with his both consorts in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1586-1591: CHRISTIAN I

Born in 1560 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Augustus of Saxony. Mother: Electress Anna of Denmark.

Married in 1582 in Dresden Princess SOPHIA of Brandenburg (*1568 Zechlin,+1622 Dresden).

His issue who reigned:

-CHRISTIAN II (*1583,+1611),

-JOHN GEORGE I (*1585,+1656).

Died in 1591 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Electress Sophia of Brandenburg in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1591-1611: CHRISTIAN II

Born in 1583 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Christian I of Saxony. Mother: Electress Sophia of Brandenburg.

Married in 1602 in Dresden Princess HEDVIG of Denmark (*1581 Frederiksborg Castle/Hillerød,+1641 Lichtenburg).

Died in 1611 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Electress Hedvig of Denmark in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1611-1656: JOHN GEORGE I (Johann Georg I.)

Born in 1585 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Christian I of Saxony. Mother: Electress Sophia of Brandenburg.

Married firstly in 1604 in Dresden Sibylla Elizabeth of Württemberg (*1584 Mömpelgard,+1606 Dresden).

Married secondly in 1607 at Torgau Princess MAGDALEN SYBILLA of Prussia (*1587 Königsberg/Królewiec,+1659 Dresden).

His issue who reigned: JOHN GEORGE II (*1613,+1680; son of Magdalen Sibylla).

Died in 1656 in Dresden.

Buried with his both consorts in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1656-1680: JOHN GEORGE II (Johann Georg II.)

Born in 1613 in Dresden.

Father: Elector John George I of Saxony. Mother: Electress Magdalen Sibylla of Prussia.

Married in 1638 in Dresden Princess MAGDALEN SYBILLA of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (*1612 Bayreuth,+1687 Dresden).

His issue who reigned: JOHN GEORGE III (*1647,+1691).

Died in 1680 at Freiberg.

Buried with his consort Electress Madgalen Sibylla of Brandenburg-Bayreuth in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1680-1691: JOHN GEORGE III (Johann Georg III.)

Born in 1647 in Dresden.

Father: Elector John George II of Saxony. Mother: Electress Magdalen Sibylla of Brandenburg-Bayreuth.

Married in 1666 in Copenhagen Princess ANNE SOPHIA of Denmark (*1647 Copenhagen,+1717 Lichtenburg).

His issue who reigned:

-JOHN GEORGE IV (*1668,+1694),

-FREDERICK AUGUSTUS I (*1670,+1733).

Died in 1691 at Tübingen.

Buried with his consort Electress Anne Sophia of Denmark in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1691-1694: JOHN GEORGE IV (Johann Georg IV.)

Born in 1668 in Dresden.

Father: Elector John George III of Saxony. Mother: Electress Anne Sophia of Denmark.

Married in 1692 in Leipzig Princess ELEANOR of Saxe-Eisenach (*1662 Friedewald,+1696 Pretzsch).

Died in 1694 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Electress Eleanor of Saxe-Eisenach in Freiberg Cathedral.

 

 

1694-1733: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS I THE STRONG (Friedrich August I. der Starke;

King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania as Augustus II from 1697)

Born in 1670 in Dresden.

Father: Elector John George III of Saxony. Mother: Electress Anne Sophia of Denmark.

Married in 1693 in Dresden CHRISTIANE EBERHARDINE of Brandenburg-Bayeruth (*1671 Bayeruth,+1727 Pretzsch).

His issue who reigned: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS II (*1696,+1763).

Died in 1733 in Warsaw.

Buried in the Royal Basilica in Cracow, Poland.

His consort Electress Christine was buried in the Church of St Nicholas in Pretzsch.

 

 

1733-1763: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS II

(Friedrich August II.; King of Poland and Grand Duke of Lithuania as Augustus III from 1733)

Born in 1696 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Frederick Augustus I of Saxony. Mother: Electress Christiane Eberhardine of Brandenburg-Bayeruth.

Married in 1719 in Vienna Archduchess MARIA JOSEPHA of Austria (*1699 Vienna,+1757 Dresden).

His issue who reigned:

-FREDERICK CHRISTIAN (*1722,+1763),

-Maria Amalia (*1724,+1760; Queen of Spain),

-Maria Anna (*1728,+1797; Electress of Bavaria),

-Carl Christian (*1733,+1796; Duke of Courland).

Died in 1763 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Electress Maria Josepha in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1763: FREDERICK CHRISTIAN (Friedrich Christian)

Born in 1722 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Frederick Augustus II of Saxony. Mother: Electress Maria Josepha of Austria.

Married in 1747 in Dresden Archduchess MARIA ANTONIA of Bavaria (*1724 Nymphenburg near Munich,+1780 Dresden).

His issue who reigned:

-FREDERICK AUGUSTUS III (*1750,+1827),

-ANTHONY I (*1755,+1836).

Died in 1763 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Electress Maria Antonia in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1763-1806: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS III

(Friedrich August III.; King of Saxony from 1806 as Frederick Augustus I the Just)

 

KINGDOM OF SAXONY 1806-1918:

HOUSE OF WETTIN (Wettiner)

1806-1827: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS I THE JUST (Friedrich August I. der Gerechte; Duke of Warsaw 1807-1815)

Born in 1750 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Frederick Christian of Saxony. Mother: Electress Maria Antonia of Bavaria.

Married in 1769 in Dresden MARIA AMALIA of Palatinate-Zweibrücken (*1752 Mannheim,+1828 Dresden).

He was never crowned.

Died in 1827 in Dresden.

Buried with his consort Queen Maria Amalia in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1827-1836: ANTHONY THE GOOD (Anton der Gütige)

Born in 1755 in Dresden.

Father: Elector Frederick Christian of Saxony. Mother: Electress Maria Antonia of Bavaria.

Married firstly in 1781 in Dresden Princess Caroline of Sardinia (*1764 Turin,+1782 Dresden).

Married secondly in 1787 in Dresden Archduchess MARIA THERESA of Austria (*1767 Florence,+1827 Leipzig).

He was never crowned.

Died in 1836 at Pillnitz near Dresden.

Buried with his both consorts, Princess Caroline and Queen Maria Theresa, in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1836-1854: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS II (Friedrich August II.)

Born in 1797 in Dresden.

Father: Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Mother: Princess Carolina Maria of Parma.

Married firstly in 1819 in Dresden Archduchess Caroline of Austria (*1801 Vienna,+1832 Dresden).

Married secondly in 1833 in Dresden Princess MARIA LEOPOLDINA of Bavaria (*1805 Munich,+1877 Wachwitz).

He was never crowned.

Died in 1854 at Brennbüchel, Tyrol.

Buried with his both consorts, Archduchess Caroline and Queen Maria Leopoldina, in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1854-1873: JOHN (Johann)

Born in 1801 in Dresden.

Father: Prince Maximilian of Saxony. Mother: Princess Carolina Maria of Parma.

Married in 1822 in Dresden Princess AMALIA AUGUSTA of Bavaria (*1801 Munich,+1877 Dresden).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned:

-ALBERT (*1828,+1902),

-GEORGE (*1832,+1904),

-Anna (*1836,+1859; Grand Duchess of Tuscany).

Died in 1873 at Pillnitz near Dresden.

Buried with his Queen Amalia Augusta in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1873-1902: ALBERT

Born in 1828 in Dresden.

Father: King John of Saxony. Mother: Queen Amalia of Bavaria.

Married in 1853 in Dresden Princess CAROLINE Vasa (*1833 Vienna,+1907 Dresden).

He was never crowned.

Died in 1902 at Szczodre (Sybilin/Sibyllenort), Lower Silesia.

Buried with his Queen Caroline in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1902-1904: GEORGE (Georg)

Born in 1832 at Pillnitz.

Father: King John of Saxony. Mother: Queen Amalia of Bavaria.

Married in 1859 in Lisbon Princess Maria Anna of Portugal (*1843 Lisbon,+1884 Dresden).

He was never crowned.

His issue who reigned: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS III (*1865,+1932).

Died in 1904 at Pillnitz.

Buried with his consort Princess Maria Anna of Portugal in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

 

 

1904-1918: FREDERICK AUGUSTUS III (Friedrich August III.)

Born in 1865 in Dresden.

Father: King George of Saxony. Mother: Princess Maria Anna of Portugal.

Married in 1891 in Vienna Princess Louise of Tuscany (*1870 Salzburg,+1947 Brussels). Divorced in 1903 in Dresden.

He was never crowned.

Abdicated in 1918.

Died in 1932 at Sibyllenort (Szczodre/Sybilin), Lower Silesia (now Poland).

Buried in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity in Dresden.

His consort Princess Louise of Tuscany was buried at Sigmaringen.

 

 

REPUBLIC OF GERMANY SINCE 1918

 

 

Select Bibliography

Flaggenbuch, Berlin 1905

 

Helfricht J., Die Wettiner. Sachsens Könige, Herzöge, Kurfürsten und Markgrafen, Leipzig 2007

 

FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN SAXONY (except burials of rulers from other German states):

LICHTENSTEIN

Sophia of Schönburg-Waldenburg, Princess of Albania, consort of Prince William of Wied

PANČICY-KUKOW (PANSCHWITZ-KUCKAU)

1. Charles Christian of Saxony, Duke of Courland

2. Francisca Krasińska, Duchess of Courland, consort of Duke Charles Christian

MEISSEN

Adelaide of Meissen, Queen of Bohemia, consort of King Přemysl Otakar I