BURIAL PLACES OF SWEDISH SOVEREIGNS FROM A TO Z

s_alvastra

ALVASTRA ABBEY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN ALVASTRA ABBEY (Alvastra Kloster):

01. King SVERKER I (+1156)
02. Queen ULVHILD (+1140/1150), consort of King Sverker I (burial uncertain)
03. Queen RIKISSA OF POLAND, consort of King Sverker I (burial uncertain)
04. King CHARLES VII SVERKERSSON (+1167)
05. King SVERKER II (+1210)
06. King JOHN I (+1222).

The church was ruined during the Reformation period and the tombs were lost.

mk_doberan

BAD DOBERAN (GERMANY)
BURIED IN DOBERAN MINSTER
(Bad Doberan Münster, Klosterstr.):

King ALBERT OF MECKLENBURG (+1412)

dk_darlowo

DARŁOWO (POLAND)
BURIED IN OUR LADY’S CHURCH
(Darłowo, kościół Mariacki, ul. Franciszkańska):

King ERIC XIII OF POMERANIA (+1459)

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GUDHEM ABBEY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN GUDHEM ABBEY NEAR FALKÖPING
(Gudhem, Klosterkyrka):

Queen CATHERINE SUNESDOTTER (+1252),
consort of King Eric XI

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HUSABY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN HUSABY CHURCHYARD (Husaby kyrkogård):

01. King OLAF (+1022)
02. Queen ESTRID, consort of King Olaf

pl_krakow_wawel

KRAKÓW (POLAND)
BURIED IN WAWEL ROYAL BASILICA
(Kraków, Bazylika Królewska na Wawelu):

01. King SIGISMUND VASA (+1632)
02. Queen ANNA OF AUSTRIA (+1598), consort of King Sigismund Vasa

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LEVENE (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE LEVENE ÄNG BURIAL SITE
(Stora Levene, Levene Äng, Skaravägen):

King HÅKAN THE RED (+c.1080).

It is thought that the king had been buried in one of the barrows in the burial site of Levene Äng.


LEVENE (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE ROYAL MOUND (Stora Levene, Kungskullen):

King STENKIL (+1066).

The Royal Mound had been destroyed in the past and a house was built on the site.

dk_odense

ODENSE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ST CANUTE’S CATHEDRAL
(Odense, Skt. Knuds Domkirke, Klosterbakken):

01. King JOHN II (+1513)
02. Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY (+1521), wife of King John II
03. King CHRISTIAN II (+1559)
04. Queen ELIZABETH OF CASTILE (+1526), consort of King Christian II

n_oslo_mariacki

OSLO (NORWAY)
BURIED IN ST MARY’S CHURCH (Oslo, Mariakirke):

01. King MAGNUS III ERIKSSON (+1374).
The tomb has not been preserved.
02. Queen BLANCHE OF NAMUR (+1363), consort of King Magnus III Eriksson.
The tomb has not been preserved.
03. King HÅKON MAGNUSSON (+1380).
The tomb has not been preserved.

The church had been burnt down by Swedish troops in 1523 and the ruin was demolished in 1542. Only the foundations are left.

ba_pforzheim

PFORZHEIM (GERMANY)
BURIED IN THE CHURCH OF ST MICHAEL
(Pforzheim, Schlosskirche St. Michael, Schlossberg):

Queen FREDERICA OF BADEN (+1826), consort of King Gustavus IV Adolphus

dk_ringsted

RINGSTED (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ST BENDT'S CHURCH
(Ringsted, Skt. Bendts Kirke, Sankt Bendtsgade):

01. Queen RIKISSA OF DENMARK (+1220), consort of King Eric X.
The tomb has not been preserved.
02. King BIRGER MAGNUSSON (+1321)
03. Queen MARGARET OF DENMARK (+1341), consort of King Birger Magnusson

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RISEBERGA ABBEY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN RISEBERGA ABBEY NEAR FJUGESTA
(Riseberga kloster vid Fjugesta):

Queen BRIGID OF NORWAY, consort of King Magnus Henriksson.

The church had been ruined during the Reformation period (1546) and the tomb was lost.

vt_spietro1

ROME (THE VATICAN)
BURIED IN ST PETER'S BASILICA
(Roma, Basilica San Pietro, Piazza San Pietro):

Queen CHRISTINA (+1689)

dk_roskilde

ROSKILDE (DENMARK)
BURIED IN ROSKILDE CATHEDRAL
(Roskilde, Domkirke, Domkirkepladsen):

01. Queen MARGARET (+1412)
02. King CHRISTOPHER OF BAVARIA (+1448).
The tomb has not been preserved.
03. Queen DOROTHEA OF BRANDENBURG (+1495), consort of kings Christopher of Bavaria and Christian I
04. King CHRISTIAN I (+1481)

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SKO ABBEY (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN SKO ABBEY CHURCH (Skokloster):

King CANUTE THE LONG (+1234).
The tomb has not been preserved.


STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE DOMINICAN MONASTERY
(Stockholm, Svärtbrodraklostret):

01. King ERIC XII (+1359)
02. Queen BEATRICE OF WITTELSBACH (+1359), consort of King Eric XII
03. Queen RICARDIS OF SCHWERIN (+ c. 1377/80), consort of King Albert of Mecklenburg.

The monastery and the royal tombs were demolished during the Reformation period in 1547.

s_sztokholm_riddarholm

STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN RIDDARHOLM CHURCH
(Stockholm, Riddarholmskyrka, Gymnasiegränd):

01. King MAGNUS II (+1290)
02. Queen HELVIG OF HOLSTEIN (+1324), consort of King Magnus II (probably buried in his tomb).
03. King CHARLES VIII (+1470)
04. King GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS (+1632)
05. Queen MARIA ELEANORA OF BRANDENBURG (+1655), consort of King Gustavus II Adolphus
06. King CHARLES X GUSTAVUS (+1660)
07. Queen HEDVIG ELEANORA OF HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP (+1715), consort of King Charles X Gustavus
08. King CHARLES XI (+1697)
09. Queen ULRICA ELEANORA OF DENMARK (+1693), consort of King Charles XI
10. King CHARLES XII (+1718)
11. Queen ULRICA ELEANORA (+1741)
12. King FREDERICK I (+1751)
13. King ADOLPHUS FREDERICK (+1771).
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
14. Queen LOUISE ULRICA OF PRUSSIA (+1782), consort of King Adolphus Frederick.
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
15. King GUSTAVUS III (+1792)
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
16. Queen SOPHIA MAGDALENA OF DENMARK (+1813), consort of King Gustavus III.
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
17. King GUSTAVUS IV ADOLPHUS (+1837).
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
18. King CHARLES XIII (+1818).
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
19. Queen CHARLOTTE OF OLDENBURG (+1818), consort of King Charles XIII.
Buried in a sealed vault under the Gustavian Chapel.
20. King CHARLES XIV JOHN (+1844)
21. Queen DESIDERIA (+1860), consort of King Charles XIV John
22. King OSCAR I (+1859)
23. Queen JOSEPHINE OF LEUCHTENBURG (+1876), consort of King Oscar I
24. King CHARLES XV (+1872)
25. Queen LOUISE OF THE NETHERLANDS (+1871), consort of King Charles XV
26. King OSCAR II (+1907)
27. Queen SOPHIA OF NASSAU (+1913), consort of King Oscar II
28. King GUSTAVUS V (+1950)
29. Queen VICTORIA OF BADEN (+1930), wife of King Gustavus V

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STOCKHOLM (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN HAGA CEMETERY
(Stockholm-Solna, begravningsplatsen på Haga, Hagaparken):

01. King GUSTAVUS VI ADOLPHUS (+1973)
02. Queen LOUISE MOUNTBATTEN (+1965), consort of King Gustavus VI Adolphus

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STRÄNGNÄS (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN STRÄNGNÄS CATHEDRAL
(Strängnäs, Domkyrka, Gyllenhjelmsgatan):

01. King CHARLES IX (+1611)
02. Queen CHRISTINA OF HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP (+1625), consort of King Charles IX

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TURKU (FINLAND)
BURIED IN TURKU CATHEDRAL
(Turku, Tuomiokirkko, Tuomiokirkontori):

Queen CATHERINE (Karin Månsdotter, +1612), consort of King Eric XIV

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UPPSALA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN UPPSALA CATHEDRAL
(Uppsala Domkyrka, Akademigatan):

01. King ERIC IX THE HOLY (+1160)
02. King GUSTAVUS I VASA (+1560)
03. Queen CATHERINE OF SAXE-LAUENBURG (+1535), consort of King Gustavus I Vasa
04. Queen MARGARET LEIJONHUFVUD (+1551), consort of King Gustavus I Vasa
05. Queen CATHERINE STENBOCK (+1621), consort of King Gustavus I Vasa.
Buried in the tomb of Gustavus I
06. King JOHN III (+1592)
07. Queen CATHERINE JAGIELLONIAN OF POLAND (+1583), consort of King John III
08. Queen GUNILLA BIELKE (+1597), consort of King John III.
Buried in the tomb of Gustavus I

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UPPSALA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN THE ROYAL MOUNDS IN GAMLA UPPSALA (Kungshögarna i Gamla Uppsala, Disavägen):

King ERIC THE VICTORIOUS (+995)

s_vadstena

VADSTENA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VADSTENA ABBEY CHURCH
(Vadstena Klosterkyrka, Lasarettsgatan):

01. Queen PHILIPPA OF ENGLAND (+1430), consort of King Eric XIII of Pomerania
02. Queen CATHERINE (+1450), consort of King Charles VIII

s_varnhem

VARNHEM (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VARNHEM ABBEY CHURCH
(Varnhem Klosterkyrka, Kyrkogatan):

01. King INGE I (+1105/10)
02. King CANUTE ERIKSSON (+1195)
03. King ERIC X (+1216)
04. King ERIC XI (+1250)

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VÄSTERÅS (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VÄSTERÅS CATHEDRAL
(Västerås Domkyrka, Västra Kyrkogatan):

King ERIC XIV (+1577)

s_vreta

VRETA (SWEDEN)
BURIED IN VRETA ABBEY CHURCH (Vreta Kloster vid Linköping):

01. King PHILIP (+1118)
02. Queen INGEGERD OF NORWAY, consort of King Philip
03. Queen HELENA, consort of King Inge I
04. King RAGNVALD KNAPHÖVDE
05. King MAGNUS I (+1134).
Uncertain
06. King INGE II (+c.1125).
Uncertain
07. King MAGNUS HENRIKSSON (+1161).
Uncertain, the tomb has not been preserved
08. King VALDEMAR (+1302).
Uncertain
09. Queen SOPHIA OF DENMARK (+1286), consort of King Valdemar.
Uncertain.

LIST OF SWEDISH SOVEREIGNS

KINGDOM OF SWEDEN:
HOUSE OF YNGLING
(Erik segersälls ätt)
c. 970 - 995: ERIC VI THE VICTORIOUS (Erik segersäll)
Born in c. 945.
Married Princess ŚWIĘTOSŁAWA (Gunhild) of Poland (*966/72,+1014/16). Her burial place is unknown.
Died in c. 994/995 in Gamla Uppsala.
Buried in Gamla Uppsala (now Uppsala).

c. 995-1022: OLAF (Olof skötkonung)
Born in ?
Father: King Eric the Victorious of Sweden. Mother: Queen Świętosława (Gunhild) of Poland.
Married Princess ESTRID.
His issue who reigned:
-ANUND JACOB (+c.1050),
-Ingegerd (+1050; Princess of Novgorod and Kiev),
-EMUND THE OLD (+c.1060; illegitimate),
-Astrid (Queen of Norway; illegitimate).
Died in 1021/22 in Husaby.
Probably buried in Husaby churchyard together with his Queen Estrid.

c. 1022-1050: ANUND JACOB (Anund Jakob)
Born in ?
Father: King Olaf of Sweden. Mother: Queen Estrid.
Married GUNHILD. Her burial place is unknown.
Died in c. 1050.
Burial place unknown.

c. 1050-1060: EMUND THE OLD (Emund gamle)
Born in ?
Father: King Olaf of Sweden. Mother: Edla.
Died in c. 1060.
Burial place unknown.

HOUSE OF STENKIL (Stenkilska ätten)
1060-1066: STENKIL
Born in 1028 in Aldejuborg.
Father: Ragnvald. Mother: Astrid Nialsdotter of Norway.
His issue who reigned: HALSTEN (+c. 1070).
Died in 1066 in Svitjod.
Buried in the Royal Mound in Levene (destroyed).

1066-1067: ERIC VII (Erik VII)
Burial place unknown.

1066-1067: ERIC VIII (Erik VIII)
Burial place unknown.

1066-1070: HALSTEN
Born in ?
Father: King Stenkil of Sweden.
His issue who reigned:
-PHILIP (+1118),
-INGE II (+c.1125).
Died in c. 1070.
Burial place unknown.

1070-1080: HÅKAN THE RED (Håkan Röde)
Born in Levene.
Died in c. 1080.
Buried in the Levene Äng burial site in Stora Levene.

1080-1105/10: INGE THE OLDER (Inge den äldre)
Born in ?
Father: King Stenkil of Sweden.
Married HELENA.
His issue who reigned:
-Margaret Fredkulla (+before 1130; Queen of Norway and Denmark),
-Christina (+1122; Grand Duchess of Novgorod).
Died earliest in 1105/1110.
Buried firstly in Hångers cemetery. Later his remains were translated and buried in Varnhem Church.
His consort Queen Helena was buried in Vreta Abbey (her tomb hasn't been preserved).

c. 1083-1085: BLOT SVEN
Died in c. 1085 (murdered).
Burial place unknown.

1105/10-1118: PHILIP (Filip)
Born in ?
Father: King Halsten of Sweden.
Married Dowager Queen of Denmark INGEGERD of Norway.
Died in 1118.
Buried together with his Queen Ingegerd in Vreta Abbey.

1118-c.1125: INGE THE YOUNGER (Inge den yngre)
Born in ?
Father: King Halsten of Sweden.
Married firstly Ragnhild of Tälje.
Married secondly dowager Queen of Denmark ULVHILD (+1140/1150). Burial place unknown.
Died in c. 1125 (probably poisoned).
Buried in Vreta Abbey.

c. 1125: RAGNVALD KNAPHÖVDE
Probably buried in Vreta Abbey.

c. 1125-1130: MAGNUS I NILSSON
Born in ?
Father: King Niels of Denmark. Mother: Queen Margaret Fredkulla born Princess of Sweden.
Married in 1127 Princess RIKISSA (Rycheza) of Poland.
His issue who reigned: Canute III (+1157; King of Denmark).
Died in 1134 in the Battle of Fotevik.
Buried in Vreta Abbey.

MISCELLANEOUS HOUSES (Sverkerska och Erikska ätten)
1130-1156: SVERKER THE OLDER (Sverker den äldre)
Born in ?
Father: Ulf.
Married firstly Dowager Queen of Sweden ULVHILD (+1140/1150).
Married secondly Dowager Queen of Sweden RIKISSA of Poland.
His issue who reigned: CHARLES VII (+1167; son of Ulvhild).
Died in 1156 at Alebäcks bro near Alvastra (murdered).
Buried at Alvastra Abbey (probably with his both queens). The tombs have not been preserved.

1156-1160: ERIC IX THE HOLY (Erik IX den helige)
Born in ?
Father: Jedvard
Married CHRISTINA. Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned:
-CANUTE I (+1195),
-Margaret (+1202; Queen of Norway).
Died in 1160 at Östra Aros, now Uppsala (murdered).
Buried in Uppsala Cathedral.

1160-1161: MAGNUS HENRIKSSON
Born in ?
Married BRIGID of Norway.
Died in 1161 (murdered).
Probably buried in Vreta Monastery (his tomb has not been preserved).
His Queen Brigid of Norway was buried in Riseberga Abbey (her tomb has not been preserved).

1160-1167: CHARLES VII (Karl VII Sverkesson)
Born in ?
Father: King Sverker the Older of Sweden. Mother: Queen Ulvhild.
Married in c. 1163 CHRISTINA Stigsdotter. Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned: SVERKER II (*c.1164,+1210).
Died in 1167.
Buried in Alvastra Abbey (his tomb has not been preserved).

1167-1195: CANUTE ERIKSSON (Knut Eriksson)
Born in ?
Father: King Eric IX the Holy of Sweden. Mother: Queen Christina.
His issue who reigned: ERIC X (+1216).
Died in 1195.
Buried in Varnhem Abbey Church.

1196-1208: SVERKER THE YOUNGER (Sverker den yngre)
Born in c. 1164.
Father: King Charles VII of Sweden. Mother: Queen Kristina Stigsdotter.
Married firstly Benedikta Ebbesdotter.
Married secondly: INGEGERD Birgersdotter. Her burial place is unknown.
His issue who reigned: JOHN I (*1201,+1222; son of Ingegerd).
Deposed in 1208 and exiled in Denmark.
Died in 1210 in the Battle of Gestilren.
Buried in Alvastra Abbey (his tomb has not been preserved).

1208-1216: ERIC X (Erik X Knutsson)
Born in ?
Father: King Canute Eriksson of Sweden. Mother: Queen Kristina.
Married in 1210 Princess RIKISSA of Denmark (+1220).
He was crowned in 1210 in Gamla Uppsala Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-Marianna (+c. 1252; Duchess of Pomerania),
-ERIC XI (+1250).
Died in 1216 at Visingsö.
Buried in Varnhem Abbey Church.
His Queen Rikissa was buried in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted, Denmark (her tomb has not been preserved).

1216-1222: JOHN I (Johan I Sverkersson)
Born in 1201.
Father: King Sverker the Younger of Sweden. Mother: Queen Ingegerd.
Unmarried.
He was crowned in 1219 at Linköping Cathedral.
Died in 1222 at Visingsö.
Buried in Alvastra Abbey (his tomb has not been preserved).

1222-1229 and 1234-1250: ERIC XI (Erik XI Eriksson)
Born in ?
Father: King Eric X of Sweden. Mother: Queen Rikissa of Denmark.
Married in 1244 at Östra Aros (now Uppsala) CATHERINE Sunesdotter (+1252).
He was crowned in 1224 in Gamla Uppsala Cathedral.
Deposed and exiled in Denmark 1229-1234. Restored in 1234.
Died in 1250.
Buried in Varnhem Abbey Church.
His Queen Catherine (Katarina) was buried in Gudhem Abbey.

1229-1234: CANUTE THE LONG (Knut långe)
Born in ?
Father: Holmger.
Married HELENA. Her burial place is unknown.
Died in 1234.
Buried in Sko Abbey Church (his tomb has not been preserved).

HOUSE OF FOLKUNGA (Folkungaätten)
1250-1275: VALDEMAR
Born in ?
Father: Birger jarl. Mother: Princess Ingeborg of Sweden.
Married in 1206 in Jönköping Princess SOPHIA of Denmark (+1286).
He was crowned in 1251 in Linköping Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: Rikissa (*1270,+1293; Duchess of Poland).
Deposed in 1275 and exiled in Norway to 1284, later (1284-85) in Denmark.
Died in captivity in 1302 at Nyköping Castle, Sweden.
Probably buried with his Queen Sophia at Vreta Abbey, but no tomb has been preserved (or in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm?).

1275-1290: MAGNUS II (Magnus II ladulås)
Born in ?
Father: Birger jarl. Mother: Princess Ingeborg of Sweden.
Married in 1276 in Kalmar HELVIG of Holstein (+1324).
He was crowned with his consort Helvig of Holstein in 1276 in Gamla Uppsala Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-Ingeborg (*c.1277,+1319; Queen of Denmark),
-BIRGER MAGNUSSON (+1321).
Died in 1290 at Visingsö.
Buried with his Queen Helvig in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1290-1318: BIRGER MAGNUSSON
Born in ?
Father: King Magnus II of Sweden. Mother: Queen Helvig of Holstein.
Married in 1298 in Stockholm Princess MARGARET (Martha) of Denmark (*c.1280,+1341).
Crowned with his consort Princess Margaret in 1302 at Söderköping.
Deposed in 1318 and exiled in Denmark.
Died in 1321.
Buried together with his Queen Margaret in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted, Denmark.

1319-1364: MAGNUS III ERIKSSON
(King of Norway as Magnus VII)
Born in 1316.
Father: Prince Erik of Sweden. Mother: Princess Ingeborg of Norway.
Married in 1335 in Norway Countess BLANCHE of Namur (*c.1320 Namur,+1363 Tunsberghus, Norway).
Crowned with his consort in 1336 at Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-ERIC XII (*1338/39,+1359),
-HÅKAN MAGNUSSON (*1340,+1380).
Deposed and imprisoned in 1364. Exiled in Norway from 1371.
Died in 1374 near Lyngholmen at Bømmelfjord, Norway (drowned).
Probably buried with his Queen Blanche in St Mary's Church in Oslo, Norway (demolished).

1357-1359: ERIC XII (Erik XII Magnusson)
Born in 1338/39.
Father: King Magnus III Eriksson of Sweden and Norway. Mother: Queen Blanche of Namur.
Married in 1346 Princess BEATRICE of Wittelsbach (*c. 1340,+1359).
Died in 1359.
Buried with his Queen Beatrice in the Dominican Monastery in Stockholm (demolished).

1362-1364: HÅKAN MAGNUSSON
(King of Norway as Haakon VI)
Born in 1340.
Father: King Magnus III Eriksson of Sweden and Norway. Mother: Queen Blanche of Namur.
Married in 1363 in Copenhagen MARGARET of Denmark (*1353,+1412).
His issue who reigned: Olav IV (*1370,+1387; King of Norway and Denmark).
Deposed in 1364.
Died in 1380 in Oslo.
Buried in St Mary's Church in Oslo (demolished).
His consort Queen Margaret I was buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark.

MISCELLANEOUS HOUSES
1364-1389: ALBERT OF MECKLENBURG

(Albrekt av Mecklenburg; Duke of Mecklenburg)
Born in 1340.
Father: Duke Albert II of Mecklenburg. Mother: Duchess Euphemia of Sweden.
Married firstly in 1365 RICARDIS of Schwerin (+1377/80).
Married secondly in 1396 in Schwerin Agnes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (+1434).
His issue who reigned: Albert V (*1397,+1423; Duke of Mecklenburg; son of Agnes).
Deposed in 1389 and imprisoned at Lindholmen in Scania.
Released in 1395 and exiled in Mecklenburg.
Died in 1412 at Schwerin.
Buried at Doberan Minster (now Bad Doberan in Mecklenburg).
His first consort Queen Rikardis was buried in the Dominican Monastery in Stockholm.
His second consort Duchess Agnes was buried in the Town Church in Gadebusch, Mecklenburg (Germany).

1389-1412: MARGARET I
(Margareta; Queen of Denmark and Norway)
Born in 1353 at Søborg Castle.
Father: King Valdemar IV of Denmark. Mother: Queen Helvig of Schleswig.
Married in 1363 in Copenahgen King HÅKAN MAGNUSSON VI of Norway and Sweden (*1340,+1380).
She was never crowned.
Her issue who reigned: Olav IV (*1370,+1387; King of Norway and Denmark).
Died in 1412 in Flensborg Fjord.
Buried firstly in Sorø Abbey Church. In 1413 she was reburied in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark.

1396-1439: ERIC XIII OF POMERANIA
(Erik XIII av Pommern; King of Denmark and Norway)
Born in c. 1382 in Darłowo, Pomerania.
Father: Duke Vartislav VII of Pomerania. Mother: Maria of Mecklenburg.
Married in 1406 in Lund Princess Philippa of England (*1394,+1430 Vadstena).
He was crowned in 1397 in Kalmar.
His consort PHILIPPA of England was crowned in 1406 in Lund Cathedral.
Dethroned in 1439 and returned to Pomerania.
Died in 1459 in Pomerania.
Buried in Our Lady's Church in Darłowo (Pomerania, Poland).
His Queen Philippa was buried in the Abbey Church in Vadstena.

1440-1448: CHRISTOPHER OF BAVARIA
(Kristofer av Bayern; King of Denmark and Norway)
Born in 1416.
Father: John I of Neumarkt. Mother: Catherine of Pomerania.
Married in 1445 in Copenhagen DOROTHEA of Brandenburg (*c. 1430,+1495 Kalundborg).
He was crowned in 1441 in Uppsala Cathedral.
Died in 1448 in Helsingborg, Scania.
Buried in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark (his tomb has not been preserved).

1448-57, 1464-65 and 1467-70: CHARLES VIII
(Karl Knutsson; King of Norway as Charles I)
Born in 1408/09 probably in Finland.
Father: Knut Bonde. Mother: Margareta Karlsdotter.
Married firstly in 1428 at Ekholmen in Veckholm Birgitta Turesdotter (+1436 Stockholm).
Married secondly in 1438 in Stockholm CATHERINE (Katarina) Karlsdotter (*c. 1415/20+1450).
Married thirdly in 1470 Kristina Abrahamsdotter. The marriage was morganatic.
He and his second consort Catherine were crowned in 1448 in Uppsala Cathedral.
Firstly deposed in 1457 and exiled near Gdańsk in Poland. Restored in 1464 but deposed again in 1465 and exiled in Finland. Restored again in 1467.
Died in 1470 in Stockholm.
Buried at Riddarholm Church in Stockholm.
His Queen Catherine was buried in Vadstena Abbey.

1457-1464: CHRISTIAN I
(Kristian I; King of Denmark and Norway)
Born in 1426.
Father: Diderik of Oldenburg. Mother: Hedvig of Holstein.
Married in 1449 in Copenhagen Christopher III's widow Queen DOROTHEA of Brandenburg (*c. 1430,+1495 Kalundborg).
He was crowned in 1457 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-JOHN II (*1455,+1513),
-Margaret (*1456,+1486; Queen of Scotland),
-Frederick I (*1471,+1533; King of Denmark and Norway).
Deposed in 1464.
Died in 1481 in Copenhagen.
Buried with his Queen Dorothea in Roskilde Cathedral, Denmark.

1465-1467: INTERREGNUM

1470-1497: INTERREGNUM

1497-1501: JOHN II (Johan II; King of Denmark and Norway)
Born in 1455 in Aalborg.
Father: King Christian I of Denmark-Sweden. Mother: Queen Dorothy of Brandenburg.
Married in 1478 in Copenhagen CHRISTINA of Saxony (*1461 Torgau,+1521 Odense).
He was crowned in 1497 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His consort Christina of Saxony was crowned in 1499 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-CHRISTIAN II (*1481,+1559),
-Elizabeth (*1485,+1555; Electress of Brandenburg).
Deposed in 1501.
Died in 1513 in Aalborg.
Buried firstly with his Queen Christina in the Franciscan Church in Odense.
In 1805 their remains were translated to St Canute's Cathedral in Odense, Denmark.

1501-1520: INTERREGNUM

1520-1521: CHRISTIAN II
(Kristian II; King of Denmark and Norway)
Born in 1481 in Nyborg.
Father: King John II of Sweden. Mother: Queen Christina of Saxony.
Married in 1515 in Copenhagen Princess ELIZABETH of Castile (*1501 Gent,+1526 Zwijnaarde near Gent).
He was crowned in 1520 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: Christine (*1521,+1590; Duchess of Milan).
Dethroned in 1521 and exiled in the Low Countries.
Captured and imprisoned following his restoration attempt in 1532.
Died in 1559 in captivity at Kalundborg Castle, Denmark.
Buried firstly in the Franciscan Church in Odense. In 1805 reburied in St Canute's Cathedral in Odense.
His Queen Elizabeth was firstly buried at St Peter's Cloister Church in Gent. In 1883 her remains were translated to St Canute's Cathedral in Odense, Denmark.

1521-1523: INTERREGNUM

HOUSE OF VASA (Vasaätten)
1523-1560: GUSTAVUS I VASA (Gustaf I Vasa)
Born in 1496.
Father: Erik Johansson. Mother: Cecilia Månsdotter.
Married firstly in 1531 in Stockholm CATHERINE of Saxe-Lauenburg (*1513,+1535).
Married secondly in 1536 in Uppsala MARGARET Leijonhufvud (*1516 Ekeberg, Närke,+1551 Tynnelsö).
Married thirdly in 1552 in Vadstena CATHERINE Stenbock (*1535 Torpa,+1621 Strömsholm Castle).
He was crowned in 1529 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His first consort was crowned in 1531 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His second consort was crowned in 1536 in Uppsala.
His issue who reigned:
-ERIC XIV (*1533,+1577; son of Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg),
-JOHN III (*1537,+1592; son of Margareta)
-CHARLES IX (*1550,+1611; son of Margareta).
Died in 1560.
Buried with his three queens in Uppsala Cathedral.

1560-1568: ERIC XIV (Erik XIV)
Born in 1533 in Stockholm.
Father: King Gustavus I Vasa of Sweden. Mother: Queen Catherine of Saxe-Lauenburg.
Married in 1568 in Stockholm CATHERINE (Karin) Månsdotter (*1550,+1612 Liuksala, Satakunta, Finland).
He was crowned in 1561 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His consort Catherine was crowned in 1568 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Imprisoned in December 1568 and deposed in January 1569.
Died in 1577 in Örby Castle.
Buried in Västerås Cathedral.
His Queen Catherine was buried in Turku (Åbo) Cathedral, Finland.

1568-1592: JOHN III (Johan III)
Born in 1537 at Stegeborg Castle.
Father: King Gustavus I Vasa of Sweden. Mother: Queen Margaret Leijonhufvud.
Married firstly in 1562 in Wilno (Vilnius) Princess CATHERINE Jagiellonian of Poland-Lithuania (*1526 Kraków,+1583 Stockhom).
Married secondly in 1585 in Västerås GUNILLA Bielke (*1568,+1597 Bråborg).
He was crowned with his first consort Catherine Jagiellonian in 1569 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His second consort Gunilla Bielke was crowned in 1585 in Västerås Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: SIGISMUND (*1566,+1632; son of Catherine).
Died in 1592 in Stockholm.
Buried with his both queens in Uppsala Cathedral.

1592-1599: SIGISMUND
(King of Poland as Sigismund III and Grand Duke of Lithuania)
Born in 1566 at Gripsholm Castle in Sweden.
Father: King John III of Sweden. Mother: Queen Catherine Jagiellonian of Poland-Lithuania.
Married firstly in 1592 in Kraków, Poland Archduchess ANNA of Austria (*1573 Graz,+1598 Warsaw).
Married secondly in 1605 in Kraków Archduchess Constance of Austria (*1588 Graz,+1631 Kraków).
He and his first consort were crowned in 1594 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-Ladislaus IV (*1595,+1648, King of Poland; son of Anna),
-John II Casimir (*1609,+1672, King of Poland; son of Constance).
Dethroned in 1599.
Died in 1632 in Warsaw, Poland.
Buried with his two queens in the Royal Basilica in Kraków, Poland.

1599-1604: INTERREGNUM

1604-1611: CHARLES IX (Karl IX)
Born in 1550 in Stockholm.
Father: King Gustavus I Vasa of Sweden. Mother: Queen Margaret Leijonhufvud.
Married firstly in 1579 in Heidelberg Maria of the Palatinate (*1561 Heidelberg,+1589 Eskilstuna Castle).
Married secondly in 1592 in Nyköping CHRISTINA of Holstein-Gottorp (*1573,+1625).
He was crowned with his second consort in 1607 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS (*1594,+1632; son of Christina).
Died in 1611 in Nyköping.
Buried with his two consorts, Princess Maria and Queen Christina, in Strängnäs Cathedral.

1611-1632: GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS (Gustaf II Adolf)
Born in 1594 in Stockholm.
Father: King Charles IX of Sweden. Mother: Queen Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.
Married in 1620 in Stockholm MARIA ELEANORA of Brandenburg (*1599 Königsberg/Królewiec,+1655 Stockholm).
He was crowned in 1617 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His consort Maria Eleanora was crowned in 1620 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: CHRISTINA (*1626,+1689).
Died in 1632 at the battlefield in Lützen near Lepizig, Saxony.
Buried in 1634 with his consort Queen Maria Eleanora in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1632-1654: CHRISTINA (Kristina)
Born in 1626 in Stockholm.
Father: King Gustavus II Adolphus of Sweden. Mother: Queen Maria Eleanor of Brandenburg.
Unmarried.
She was crowned in 1650 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Abdicated in 1654 in Uppsala and left for Italy.
Died in 1689 in Rome.
Buried in St Peter's Basilica in Rome, the Vatican.

HOUSE OF THE PALATINATE (Pfalziska ätten)
1654-1660: CHARLES X GUSTAVUS (Karl X Gustaf)
Born in 1622 in Nyköping.
Father: John Casimir of Palatinate. Mother: Princess Catherine of Sweden.
Married in 1654 in Stockholm HEDVIG ELEANORA of Holstein-Gottorp (*1636,+1715).
He was crowned in 1654 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His consort Hedvig Eleanora was crowned in 1654 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: CHARLES XI (*1655,+1697).
Died in 1660 in Gothenburg.
Buried with his consort Queen Hedvig Eleanora in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1660-1697: CHARLES XI (Karl XI)
Born in 1655 in Stockholm.
Father: King Charles X Gustavus of Sweden. Mother: Queen Hedvig Eleanora of Holstein-Gottorp.
Married in 1680 at Skottorp Manor, Halland Princess ULRICA ELEANORA of Denmark (*1656 Copenhagen,+1693 Karlberg near Stockholm).
He was crowned in 1675 in Uppsala Cathedral.
His consort Ulrica Eleanora of Denmark was crowned in 1680 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-CHARLES XII (*1682,+1718),
-ULRICA ELEANORA (*1688,+1741).
Died in 1697 in Stockholm.
Buried with his consort Queen Ulrica Eleanora in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1697-1718: CHARLES XII (Karl XII)
Born in 1682 in Stockholm.
Father: King Charles XI of Sweden. Mother: Queen Ulrica Eleanor of Denmark.
Unmarried.
He was crowned in 1697 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Died in 1718 in Frederikshald.
Buried in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1719-1720: ULRICA ELEANORA (Ulrika Eleonora)
Born in 1688 in Stockholm.
Father: King Charles XI of Sweden. Mother: Queen Ulrica Eleanor of Denmark.
Married in 1715 in Stockholm FREDERICK of Hesse (*1676 Kassel,+1751 Stockholm; King of Sweden 1720-51).
She was crowned in 1719 in Uppsala Cathedral.
Died in 1741 in Stockholm.
Buried with his consort King Frederick I in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

HOUSE OF HESSE (Hessiska ätten)
1720-1751: FREDERICK I (Fredrik I av Hessen)
Born in 1676 in Kassel, Hesse.
Father: Charles of Hesse-Kassel. Mother: Maria Amalia of Courland.
Married firstly in 1700 Princess Sophia Louise of Prussia (*1680,+1705).
Married secondly in 1715 in Stockholm Princess ULRICA ELEANORA of Sweden (*1688 Stockholm,+1741 Stockholm).
He was crowned in 1720 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Died in 1751 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Ulrica Eleanora in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

HOUSE OF HOLSTEIN-GOTTORP (Holstein-Gottorpska ätten)
1751-1771: ADOLPHUS FREDERICK (Adolf Fredrik)
Born in 1710 in Gottorp, Schleswig.
Father: Prince Christian Augustus of Holstein-Gottorp. Mother: Princess Albertina of Baden-Durlach.
Married in 1744 in Drottningholm near Stockholm Princess LOUISE ULRICA of Prussia (*1720 Berlin,+1782 Svartsjö).
He was crowned with his consort in 1751 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-GUSTAVUS III (*1746,+1792),
-CHARLES XIII (*1748,+1818).
Died in 1771 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Louisa Ulrica in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1771-1792: GUSTAVUS III (Gustaf III)
Born in 1746 in Stockholm.
Father: King Adolphus Frederick of Sweden. Mother: Queen Louise Ulrica.
Married in 1766 in Stockholm Princess SOPHIA MAGDALENA of Denmark (*1746 Copenhagen,+1813 Ulriksdal).
He was crowned with his consort in 1772 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: GUSTAVUS IV ADOLPHUS (*1778,+1837).
Died in 1792 in Stockholm (assassinated).
Buried with his Queen Sophia Magdalena of Denmark in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1792-1809: GUSTAVUS IV ADOLPHUS (Gustaf IV Adolf)
Born in 1778 in Stockholm.
Father: King Gustavus III of Sweden. Mother: Queen Sophia Magdalena.
Married in 1797 in Stockholm Princess FREDERICA of Baden (*1781 Karlsruhe,+1826 Lausanne). Divorced in 1812.
He was crowned with his consort in 1800 at St Olav's Church in Norrköping.
His issue who reigned:
-Sophia Wilhelmina (*1801,+1865, Grand Duchess of Baden),
-Cecilia (*1807,+1844, Grand Duchess of Oldenburg).
Deposed and abdicated in 1809. Exiled in Switzerland.
Died in 1837 in St Gallen, Switzerland.
Firstly buried in St Magni's Church in St Gallen, then in his son's castle in Moravia.
In 1845 king's remains were translated to Oldenburg and in 1884 to Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.
His Queen Frederica was buried at Castle Church of St Michael in Pforzheim, Baden.

1809-1818: CHARLES XIII
(Karl XIII; King of Norway as Charles II)
Born in 1748 in Stockholm.
Father: King Adolphus Frederick of Sweden. Mother: Queen Louise Ulrica.
Married in 1774 in Stockholm Princess HEDVIG CHARLOTTE of Oldenburg (*1759 Eutin,+1818 Stockholm).
He was crowned with his consort in 1809 in Stockholm Cathedral.
Died in 1818 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Hedvig Charlotte in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

HOUSE OF BERNADOTTE (Bernadotteska ätten)
1818-1844: CHARLES XIV JOHN
(Karl XIV Johan; King of Norway)
Born in 1763 in Pau, France.
Father: Henri Bernadotte. Mother: Jeanne de Saint Jean.
Married in 1798 in Sceaux, France DESIDERIA (Désirée) Clary (*1777 Marseilles,+1860 Stockholm).
Crowned in 1818 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His consort Desideria was crowned in 1829 in Stockholm's Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: OSCAR I (*1799,+1859).
Died in 1844 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Desideria in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1844-1859: OSCAR I (King of Norway)
Born in 1799 in Paris.
Father: King Charles XIV John of Sweden. Mother: Queen Desideria.
Married in 1823 in Stockholm Duchess JOSEPHINE of Leuchtenburg (*1807 Milan,+1876 Stockholm).
He was crowned with his consort in 1844 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned:
-CHARLES XV (*1826,+1872),
-OSCAR II (*1829,+1907).
Died in 1859 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Josephine in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1859-1872: CHARLES XV
(Karl XV; King of Norway as Charles IV)
Born in 1826 in Stockholm.
Father: King Oscar I of Sweden. Mother: Queen Josephine.
Married in 1850 in Stockholm Princess LOUISE of the Netherlands (*1828 The Hague,+1871 Stockholm).
He was crowned with his consort in 1860 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: Louise (*1851,+1926, Queen of Denmark).
Died in 1872 in Malmö.
Buried with his Queen Louise in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1872-1907: OSCAR II (King of Norway)
Born in 1829 in Stockholm.
Father: King Oscar I of Sweden. Mother: Queen Josephine.
Married in 1857 in Biebrich Princess SOPHIA of Nassau (*1836 Biebrich,+1913 Stockholm).
He was crowned with his consort in 1873 in Stockholm Cathedral.
His issue who reigned: GUSTAVUS V (*1858,+1950).
Died in 1907 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Sophia in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1907-1950: GUSTAVUS V (Gustaf V)
Born in 1858 in Drottningholm near Stockholm.
Father: King Oscar II of Sweden. Mother: Queen Sophia.
Married in 1881 in Karlsruhe, Baden Princess VICTORIA of Baden (*1862 Karlsruhe,+1930 Rome).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned: GUSTAVUS VI ADOLPHUS (*1882,+1973).
Died in 1950 in Stockholm.
Buried with his Queen Victoria in Stockholm's Riddarholm Church.

1950-1973: GUSTAVUS VI ADOLPHUS (Gustaf VI Adolf)
Born in 1882 in Stockholm.
Father: King Gustavus V of Sweden. Mother: Queen Victoria.
Married firstly in 1905 in Windsor, England Princess Margaret of Great Britain (*1882 Bagshot Park,+1920 Stockholm).
Married secondly in 1923 in London LOUISE Mountbatten (*1889 Heiligenberg, Hesse-Darmstadt,+1965 Stockholm).
He was never crowned.
His issue who reigned: Ingrid (*1910,+2000, Queen of Denmark; daughter of Margaret).
Died in 1973 in Helsingborg.
Buried with his both consorts Princess Margaret and Queen Louise at Haga Mausoleum in Stockholm-Solna.

FROM 1973: CHARLES XVI GUSTAVUS (Carl XVI Gustaf)
Born in 1946 in Haga Castle near Stockholm.
Father: Crown Prince Gustav Adolf of Sweden. Mother: Princess Sibylla of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha.
Married in 1976 in Stockholm SILVIA Sommerlath (*1943 Heidelberg).
He was never crowned.
Issue of marriage: Victoria (*1977), Carl Philip (*1979), Madeleine (*1982).

TOMBS OF SWEDISH SOVEREIGNS

01. The burial place of King ERIC THE VICTORIOUS in the Royal Mounds in Gamla Uppsala (Sweden).
02. The grave of King OLAF SKÖTKONUNG in the churchyard in Husaby (Sweden).
03. The grave of Queen ESTRID, consort of King Olaf, in the churchyard in Husaby (Sweden).





































01. A possible grave of King HÅKAN THE RED in the Levene Äng burial site in Stora Levene (Sweden).
02. The cenotaph to King INGE THE OLDER in Vreta Abbey Church (Sweden).






Tombs in Vreta Abbey Church (Sweden):
01. INGE THE YOUNGER, PHILIP and his consort Queen INGEGERD OF NORWAY.
02. The cenotaph to King RAGNVALD KNAPHÖVDE.
03. The cenotaph to King MAGNUS I NILSSON.

















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The tomb of King ERIC IX THE HOLY
in Uppsala Cathedral (Sweden)









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The tomb of King CANUTE ERIKSSON
in Varnhem Abbey Church (Sweden)






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The cenotaph to King ERIC X in Varnhem Abbey Church (Sweden).
His Queen Rikissa was buried in Ringsted (Denmark) in spite of being depicted with Eric X on the tombstone in Varnhem




01. The cenotaph to King ERIC XI in Varnhem Abbey Church (Sweden).
02. The tomb of Queen CATHERINE, consort of King Eric XI, in Gudhem Abbey (Sweden).














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The tomb of King MAGNUS II and his Queen HELVIG OF HOLSTEIN in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden)

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The tomb of King BIRGER MAGNUSSON and his Queen MARGARET OF DENMARK in St Bendt's Church in Ringsted (Denmark)






































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The tomb of King ALBERT OF MECKLENBURG in Doberan Abbey Church, Germany (the effigy of his Queen Ricardis can be seen on the tomb but she was buried in Stockholm)

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The tomb of Queen MARGARET in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)

01. The tomb of King ERIC XIII OF POMERANIA in Our Lady's Church in Darłowo (Poland).
02. The tomb of Queen PHILIPPA OF ENGLAND, consort of King Eric XIII of Pomerania in Vadstena Abbey (Sweden).






01. The tomb of King CHARLES VIII KNUTSSON in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden).
02. The tomb of Queen CATHERINE, consort of King Charles VIII Knutsson in Vadstena Abbey (Sweden).

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The tombs of King CHRISTIAN I and his Queen DOROTHEA OF BRANDENBURG in Roskilde Cathedral (Denmark)


Tombs in Odense Cathedral (Denmark):
01. The funeral monument over the tombs of King JOHN II and his Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY.
02. King JOHN II.
03. Queen CHRISTINA OF SAXONY, consort of King John II.



Tombs in Odense Cathedral (Denmark):
01. King CHRISTIAN II.
02. Queen ELIZABETH OF CASTILE, consort of King Christian II.



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The tomb of King GUSTAVUS I VASA and his Queens: CATHERINE OF LAUENBURG, MARGARET and CATHERINE STENBOCK
in Uppsala Cathedral (Sweden). Queen GUNILLA BIELKE, second consort of King John III was buried here as well

01. The tomb of King ERIC XIV in Västerås Cathedral (Sweden).
02. The tomb of Queen CATHERINE MÅNSDOTTER, consort of King Eric XIV, in Turku Cathedral (Finland).

01. The tomb of King JOHN III in Uppsala Cathedral (Sweden).
02. The tomb of Queen CATHERINE JAGIELLONIAN OF POLAND, consort of King John III, in Uppsala Cathedral (Sweden).

Tombs in the Royal Basilica in Kraków (Poland):
01. King SIGISMUND.
02. Queen ANNA OF AUSTRIA, consort of King Sigismund.

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The tomb of King CHARLES IX and his Queen CHRISTINA OF HOLSTEIN in Strängnäs Cathedral (Sweden)

01. The tomb of King GUSTAVUS II ADOLPHUS in Riddarholm Church, Stockholm (Sweden).
02. The tomb of Queen MARIA ELEANORA, consort of King Gustavus II Adolphus, in Riddarholm Church, Stockholm (Sweden).
03. The tomb of Queen CHRISTINA in St Peter's Basilica in Rome (The Vatican).
04. The cenotaph to Queen CHRISTINA in St Peter's Basilica in Rome (The Vatican).

Tombs in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden):
01. King CHARLES X GUSTAVUS.
02. Queen HEDVIG ELEANORA, consort of King Charles X Gustavus.

Tombs in Riddarholm Church, Stockholm (Sweden):
01. King CHARLES XI.
02. Queen ULRICA ELEANORA OF DENMARK, consort of King Charles XI.
03. King CHARLES XII.




Tombs in Riddarholm Church, Stockholm (Sweden):
01. Queen ULRICA ELEANORA.
02. King FREDERICK I.







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The entrance to the Gustavian Vault in Riddarholm Church, Stockholm (Sweden) where the following sovereigns are buried: King ADOLPHUS FREDERICK, his Queen LOUISE ULRICA OF PRUSSIA, King GUSTAVUS III, his Queen SOPHIA MAGDALENA OF DENMARK, King GUSTAVUS IV ADOLPHUS, King CHARLES XIII and his Queen CHARLOTTE OF OLDENBURG









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The tomb of Queen FREDERICA OF BADEN, consort of King Gustavus Adolphus IV, in the Church of St Michael in Pforzheim (Germany)












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The tombs of King CHARLES XIV JOHN and his Queen DESIDERIA in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden)

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The tomb of King OSCAR I and his Queen JOSEPHINE OF LEUCHTENBURG in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden)

Tombs in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden):
01. King CHARLES XV and his Queen LOUISE OF THE NETHERLANDS.
02. King OSCAR II and his Queen SOPHIA OF NASSAU.

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The tomb of King GUSTAVUS V and his Queen VICTORIA OF BADEN in Riddarholm Church in Stockholm (Sweden)

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The grave of King GUSTAVUS VI ADOLPHUS and his Queen LOUISE MOUNTBATTEN in Haga Park Cemetery, Stockholm (Sweden)

SWEDISH CORONATION CHURCHES
FROM A TO Z

KALMAR/SWEDEN
(the coronation church was demolished in the 16th century).
Here was crowned:
1397: Eric XIII of Pomerania

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LINKÖPING CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN
(Linköping, Domkyrka, Sankt Persgatan).
Here were crowned:
1219: John I
1251: Valdemar

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LUND CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN (Lund Domkyrka, Kyrkogatan).
Here was crowned:
1406: Philippa of England, consort of Eric XIII of Pomerania

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NORRKÖPING, ST OLAV’S CHURCH/SWEDEN
(Norrköping, St Olai kyrka, Knäppingsborgsg.).
Here were crowned:
1800: Gustavus IV Adolphus and Frederica of Baden

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SÖDERKÖPING, DROTHEM CHURCH/SWEDEN
(Söderköping, Drothemskyrka, Drothemsgatan).
Here were crowned:
1302: Birger Magnusson and Margaret of Denmark

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STOCKHOLM CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN
(Stockholm, Storkyrka, Trångsund).
Here were crowned:
1336: Magnus III and Blanche of Namur
1497: John II
1499: Christina of Saxony, consort of John II
1520: Christian II
1531: Catherine of Saxony-Lauenburg, consort of Gustavus I Vasa
1568: Catherine (Karin Månsdotter), consort of Eric XIV
1620: Maria Eleanora of Brandenburg, consort of Gustavus II Adolphus
1650: Christina
1654: Hedvig Eleanora of Holstein-Gottorp, consort of Charles X Gustavus
1680: Ulrica Eleanora of Denmark, consort of Charles XI
1697: Charles XII
1720: Frederick I
1751: Adolphus Frederick and Louise Ulrica of Prussia
1772: Gustavus III and Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
1809: Charles XIII and Hedvig Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp
1818: Charles XIV John
1829: Desideria, consort of Charles XIV John
1844: Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenburg
1860: Charles XV and Louise of the Netherlands
1873: Oscar II and Sophia of Nassau

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UPPSALA, GAMLA UPPSALA CHURCH/SWEDEN
(Gamla Uppsala Kyrka, Disavägen).
The church had been a cathedral before Uppsala Cathedral was built.
Here were crowned:
1210: Eric X
1224: Eric XI
1276: Magnus II and Helvig of Holstein

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UPPSALA CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN
(Uppsala Domkyrka, Akademigatan).
Here were crowned:
1441: Christopher of Bavaria
1448: Charles VIII and Catherine
1457: Christian I
1528: Gustavus I Vasa
1536: Margaret Leijonhufvud, consort of Gustavus I Vasa
1561: Eric XIV
1569: John III and Catherine Jagiellonian of Poland-Lithuania 1594: Sigismund and Anna of Habsburg
1607: Charles IX and Christina of Holstein
1617: Gustavus II Adolphus
1654: Charles X Gustavus
1675: Charles XI
1719: Ulrica Eleanora

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VADSTENA ABBEY CHURCH/SWEDEN
(Vadstena Klosterkyrka, Lasarettsgatan).
Here was crowned:
1552: Catherine Stenbock, consort of Gustavus I Vasa

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VÄSTERÅS CATHEDRAL/SWEDEN
(Västerås Domkyrka, Västra Kyrkogatan).
Here was crowned:
1585: Gunilla Bielke, consort of John III

SWEDISH CORONATIONS IN CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER
(Year, venue, name of the crowned):

1210 GAMLA UPPSALA: Eric X
1219 LINKÖPING: John I
1224 GAMLA UPPSALA: Eric XI
1251 LINKÖPING: Valdemar
1276 GAMLA UPPSALA: Magnus II and Helvig of Holstein
1302 SÖDERKÖPING: Birger Magnusson and Martha of Denmark
1336 STOCKHOLM: Magnus III and Blanche of Namur
1397 KALMAR: Eric XIII of Pomerania
1406 LUND: Philippa of England, consort of Eric XIII of Pomerania
1441 UPPSALA: Christopher of Bavaria
1448 UPPSALA: Charles VIII and Catherine
1457 UPPSALA: Christian I
1497 STOCKHOLM: John II
1499 STOCKHOLM: Christina of Saxony, consort of John II
1520 STOCKHOLM: Christian II
1528 UPPSALA: Gustavus I Vasa
1531 STOCKHOLM: Catherine of Saxony-Lauenburg, consort of Gustavus I Vasa
1536 UPPSALA: Margaret Leijonhufvud, consort of Gustavus I Vasa
1552 VADSTENA: Catherine Stenbock, consort of Gustavus I Vasa
1561 UPPSALA: Eric XIV
1568 STOCKHOLM: Catherine Månsdotter, consort of Eric XIV
1569 UPPSALA: John III and Catherine Jagiellonian of Poland-Lithuania
1585 VÄSTERÅS: Gunilla Bielke, consort of John III
1594 UPPSALA: Sigismund and Anna of Habsburg
1607 UPPSALA: Charles IX and Christina of Holstein-Gottorp
1617 UPPSALA: Gustavus II Adolphus
1620 STOCKHOLM: Maria Eleanora of Brandenburg, consort of Gustavus II Adolphus
1650 STOCKHOLM: Christina
1654 UPPSALA: Charles X Gustavus
1654 STOCKHOLM: Hedvig Eleanora of Holstein-Gottorp, consort of Charles X Gustavus
1675 UPPSALA: Charles XI
1680 STOCKHOLM: Ulrica Eleanora of Denmark, consort of Charles XI
1697 STOCKHOLM: Charles XII
1719 UPPSALA: Ulrica Eleanora
1720 STOCKHOLM: Frederick I
1751 STOCKHOLM: Adolphus Frederick and Louise Ulrica of Prussia
1772 STOCKHOLM: Gustavus III and Sophia Magdalena of Denmark
1800 NORRKÖPING: Gustavus IV Adolphus and Frederica of Baden
1809 STOCKHOLM: Charles XIII and Hedvig Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp
1818 STOCKHOLM: Charles XIV John
1829 STOCKHOLM: Desideria, consort of Charles XIV John
1844 STOCKHOLM: Oscar I and Josephine of Leuchtenburg
1860 STOCKHOLM: Charles XV and Louise of the Netherlands
1873 STOCKHOLM: Oscar II and Sophia of Nassau

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FOREIGN ROYAL BURIALS IN SWEDEN
DALBY: Harold III, King of Denmark
MUNKEDAL: Eystein II, King of Norway
VÄ: Gertrude of Saxony, Queen of Denmark, consort of King Canute IV
VARNHEM: Mechtilde of Holstein, Queen of Denmark, consort of King Abel.

FOREIGN CORONATIONS IN SWEDEN
LUND: Danish coronation city in the Middle Ages.

THE SWEDISH REGALIA

The most important items of the Swedish regalia are on public display at the treasury of the Royal Castle in Stockholm and include:
-The crown, the orb and the sceptre of Eric XIV from 1561,
-Gunilla Bielke’s orb and sceptre from 1585,
-Charles IX’s horn for the anointing from 1606,
-The crown, orb and sceptre of Maria Eleanora from 1620,
-The crown of Louisa Ulrica from 1751,
-The heir apparent’s crown and crowned hat of later Charles X Gustavus from 1650,
-The coronation sword of Gustavus III from 1771,
-Three princely crowns from 1771,
-The crown of Princess Hedvig Elizabeth Charlotta from 1778,
-The crown of Prince Oscar (later Oscar II) from 1844,
-The crown of Princess Eugenie from 1860,
-The crown of Prince William from 1902
and other items.

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The Crown of Eric XIV (1561)

HISTORY OF THE SWEDISH REGALIA
BY MARIUSZ PAŹDZIORA

Eric X was the first Swedish king known to have been crowned. His coronation took place in Gamla Uppsala in 1210. The Mediaeval Swedish kings were usually elected by acclamation at the Mora Stone near Uppsala, and although there is no trustworthy records of any pre-1210 coronations, it is impossible to prove that the tradition of anointing and crowning kings was not practiced by 1210. There is not much we know about the Mediaeval Swedish regalia, apart from the fact that they had existed. A letter written in 1311 mentions that King Birger Magnusson entrusted his regalia to the cathedral chapter in Uppsala. Another two sources, the Annals of Vadstena and the Sture Chronicles, recorded the redemption of two crowns belonging to King Eric XIII of Pomerania by King Charles VIII Knutsson (15th c.). The crowns were used during Eric XIII’s coronation at Kalmar (1397). The crowns were made of gold and adorned with gemstones. They disappeared for good in the times of King Christian I (reigned 1457-1464).

The accession of the Vasa Dynasty marked the introduction of the new Swedish regalia which has been preserved down to our own times. Unlike the Mediaeval Swedish kings, who had been crowned in many various churches across Sweden (Linköping, Söderköping, Stockholm, Strängnäs, Uppsala) the Vasa kings followed the tradition of being crowned in Uppsala and from 17th c. also in Stockholm. Two swords of state of King Gustavus I Vasa from 16th c. are the oldest pieces of Swedish regalia. His son Eric XIV made minutious preparations for his own coronation in 1561. He had instructed his envoy in London to study the English coronation ceremonies in order to employ them at Swedish coronations. The king ordered a new set of regalia for his coronation. The crown, the orb and the sceptre of Eric XIV had been made in 1561 and were used during subsequent Swedish coronations until the last one of Oscar II in 1873.

The crown of Eric XIV was made in Stockholm in 1561 by the Flemish goldsmith Cornelis ver Weiden. The crown, which is the corona clausa, is made of gold rim and four gold arches and eight palmettes. It is surmounted by a gold globe with a cross. The crown is set with numerous pearls and gemstones (diamonds, emeralds, rubies). It is adorned with enamel. Inside the crown there is a cap made of red velvet embroidered with gold and pearls. The ornament has been subjected to a number of alterations over the years and damaged on several occasions. The Chancellor Nils Gyllenstjerna had dropped it in 1568 at Eric XIV’s wedding banquet, and it fell off King Charles XII’s head following his coronation ceremony in 1697 when the king was mounting his horse. Dimensions: height - 23.7 cm, diameter of the rim - 18x24.4 cm, weight - 1.715 kg.
The sceptre of Eric XIV was made in Stockholm in 1561 by Hans Heidenrik. It is made of gold decorated with enamel, set with pearls and gems (diamonds, rubies and sapphires). Dimensions: length - 80.9 cm, weight - 1.417 kg.
The orb of Eric XIV was made in Stockholm in 1561 by Cornelis ver Weiden and in Antwerp by Frantz Beijer in 1568. It is made of gold and set with pearls. The Swedish orb is quite unique as it contains engraved map of the world executed by Frantz Beijer. The orb is toped with a small orb covered in blue enamel and with a cross on its top. The orb was damaged during the coronation of Charles XI in 1675 when the Chancellor of the Realm, Magnus de la Gardie, who carried it in the regalia procession, was thrown off by his horse. Dimensions: height - 16.5 cm, width - 11.8 cm, weight - 676 g.

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The Crown of Maria Eleanora (1620)

Gunilla Bjelke’s orb was made in 1585 in Stockholm by Frantz Beijer. It was made of gold and set with 27 pearls. Dimensions: height - 17.9 cm, diameter - 13.1 cm, weight - 491.5 g.
Gunilla Bjelke’s sceptre was made in 1585 in Stockholm. It was made of gold and set with 8 pearls and 12 diamonds. Dimensions: length - 68 cm, weight - 847.5 g.
Maria Eleanora’s crown was made in Stockholm in 1620 by Ruprecht Miller. It had been ordered for the wedding and coronation of the new queen because the Queen-Dowager, Christina, was still alive and used the Swedish Queen’s regalia. Maria Eleanora’s crown, which is the corona clausa, is made of gold and black and blue enamel. Richly set with diamonds and rubies. It consists of a rim and eight arches surmounted by a blue enamel globe adorned with small crowns with a cross set with diamonds on its top. In 1650 four new arches were added to the crown for the coronation of Queen Christina. In 1751 the crown underwent further alterations for the coronation of Adolphus Frederick. The crown is fitted with cap of purple atlas, gold embroidered and adorned with numerous diamonds. Dimensions: height - 18.4 cm, diameter of the rim - 17.8x21.4 cm, weight - 2.506 kg.
Maria Eleanora’s sceptre was made in Stockholm in 1620 by Ruprecht Miller. It is made of gold and it has silver gilt foot. Adorned with blue and yellow enamel and set with diamonds and rubies. Dimensions: height - 15.3 cm, weight - 410 g.
Louise Ulrica’s crown was made in 1751 in Stockholm by Andreas Almgren. The crown was commissioned for the queen’s coronation because the king was to wear Maria Eleanora’s crown. It had been designed by Jean Eric Rehn who modeled the crown on the one made in 1725 for the French Queen Maria Leszczynska of Poland. It is made of gilt silver. The crown, which is the corona clausa, consists of rim and eight arches surmounted by a blue enamel globe adorned with small crowns with a cross on its top. Originally the crown was set with 695 diamonds. Later these were replaced with polished rock crystals. The cap is made of red material embroidered with sequins. Dimensions: height - 12.6 cm, diameter of the rim - 13.1 cm, weight - 527.5 g.

Since the last Swedish coronation (1873) Swedish regalia have been displayed on a number of royal occasions such as accessions of new monarchs, royal weddings etc. In 1907 the regalia had been transferred to the vaults of the Bank of Sweden where they were kept until 1969. Since 1969 they have been on permanent exhibition in the vaults of the Treasury in the Royal Palace in Stockholm.

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The Crown of Louisa Ulrica (1751)

SWEDISH ROYAL STANDARDS

01. Royal standard of the Folkunga Dynasty, 13th c.
02. Swedish royal standard, 14th c.
03. Danish-Norwegian-Swedish royal standard of King Eric of Pomerania, 14th/15th c.
04. Swedish royal standard, 1814-1844.
05. Swedish royal standard, 1844-1905.
06. Swedish royal standard from 1906.



Select Bibliography

Flaggenbuch, Berlin 1905
Flags of Maritime Nations, Washington 1899
Fogd-Pedersen Ch.: Alverdens flag i farver, København 1970 & 1979
Kannik P.: Alverdens flag i farver, København 1956
Lagerqvist L.: Sveriges regenter: från forntid till nutid, Stockholm 1997
Lagerqvist L. & Åberg N.: Litet lexikon över Sveriges regenter, Boda Kyrkby 2004
Le Gras M. A.: Album des pavillons, guidons, flammes de toutes les puissances maritimes, Paris 1858
Neubecker O.: Fahnen und Flaggen, Leipzig 1939
Nevéus C.: Ny svensk vapenbok, Stockholm 1992
Pavillons des puissances maritimes en 1819, [Paris 1819?]
The Regalia and Treasures of the Realm, Stockholm 1987